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Space-based Information and Solutions for Disaster Management and Emergency Response

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United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007

United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007

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  • 1. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency ResponseUnited Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop:Space-based Information and Solutions for Disaster Management and Emergency Response" “United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response – UN-SPIDER” United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 2. United Nations Platform for Space-based Informationfor Disaster Management and Emergency ResponseFirst Image from Space … 24 October 1946 United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 3. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response 50 Years of Space Exploration - Over 800 Satellites Up There • All began in 1957 with the launch of Sputnik 45 countries have launched satellites 800 satellites up there; 63 launches in 2006Photo credit: NASA Meteorological Satellites – Earth Observation Satellites – Communication Satellites – Global Navigation Satellite Systems How do we ensure that all countries can access and use space-based information to support the full disaster management cycle ? United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 4. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response Space-based Solutions …Satellite communications help warn people who are at risk, especially in remote areasThey help connect a disaster zone to the outside world Images from earth observing satellites help assess the damage caused by disasters like earthquakes, volcano eruptions, oil spills and floods. Global navigation satellite systems enable us to obtain positional information on events that have to be mapped United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 5. United Nations Platform for Space-based Informationfor Disaster Management and Emergency Response United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 6. United Nations Platform for Space-based Informationfor Disaster Management and Emergency Response Complex Emergencies United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 7. United Nations Platform for Space-based Informationfor Disaster Management and Emergency Response The Shaping of UN-SPIDER UNISPACE III 1999 STDM Since 2000 Action Team 7 2001 - 2004 Regional Workshops 2000 - 2004 General Assembly 2004 The Munich Vision 2004 ad hoc Expert Group 2005 - 2006 WCDR COPUOS 2005 2006 UN SPIDER GA/RES/61/110 United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 8. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response General Assembly A/RES/61/110• The United Nations General Assembly agreed to establish the “United Nations Platform for Space- based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER)” as a programme within the United Nations to provide universal access to all types of space-based information and services relevant to disaster management by: • being a gateway to space information for disaster management support; • serving as a bridge to connect the disaster management and space communities; and • being a facilitator of capacity-building and institutional strengthening. United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 9. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response General Assembly A/RES/61/110• Mission statement: “Ensure that all countries have access to and develop the capacity to use all types of space-based information to support the full disaster management cycle”. CBERS United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 10. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response UN SPIDER Activities (A/AC.105/894)A Gateway to Space-based Information for Disaster Management Support 1. Compilation of Information 2. Access to Information 3. Awareness Raising 4. Outreach Activities 5. Regional and Country ProfilesA Bridge to Connect the Disaster Management and Space Communities 6. Support to Communities of Practice (CoP) 7. Knowledge Management and Transfer 8. Platform for Fostering AlliancesA Facilitator of Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening 9. Support to National Activities 10. Support to Establishing National Planning and Policies 11. Support to Capacity Building United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 11. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response UN SPIDER Activities (A/AC.105/894)Geneva Liaison Office: contribute to disseminating and integrating the work of the programme within the disasterreduction and humanitarian response communities in Geneva. United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 12. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response UN-SPIDER CornerstonesCommitment or indication ofcommitment from: UNOOSA Vienna UN-SPIDER Team Beijing OfficeAustria, China, Germany Bonn Officeand Switzerland, Algeria, Geneva Liaison OfficeArgentina, Chile,Colombia, Ecuador,Finland, India, Indonesia,I. R. Iran, Italy, Morocco,Nigeria, Romania,Russian Federation,Saudi Arabia, SouthAfrica, Syrian ArabRepublic, and Turkey. Network of Regional National Focal Points Support Offices United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 13. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response UN-SPIDER – Cornerstones Network of Regional Support UN-SPIDER Team Offices - Regional and national centres of expertise in the use of space technology in disaster management which agree to form a network for implementing the activities of the programme in their respective regions in a coordinated manner. These Regional Support Offices should be leading national or regional Network of National Focal Points institutions with notable expertise inRegional Support Offices the use of space technology for disaster management. United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 14. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response UN-SPIDER Cornerstones National Focal Points – the UN-SPIDER Team national institutions representing the disaster management and/or space application communities that are nominated by their respective government to work with UN-SPIDER to strengthen national disaster management planning and policies and in the implementation of specific national Network of National Focal PointsRegional Support activities that incorporate space- Offices based technology solutions to support disaster management. United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 15. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response Building Upon Opportunities• International Charter Space and Major Disasters• GEOSS (Group on Earth Observations – GEO)• Sentinel Asia• Servir• RESPOND United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 16. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response International Charter Space and Major Disasters• An International agreement among Space Agencies to support with space-based data and information relief efforts in the event of emergencies caused by major disasters. Disaster response Multi-satellite data acquisition planning • Fast data turn-around – priority acquisition Archive retrievals and spacecraft tasking Data processing at pre-determined level Space Agency contribution in image/data Space Agency initiative for value-added-data fusion United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 17. United Nations Platform for Space-based Informationfor Disaster Management and Emergency Response European Space Agency (ESA) ERS, ENVISAT Centre national détudes spatiales (CNES) SPOT Canadian Space Agency (CSA) RADARSAT Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) IRS National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) POES, GOES Argentinas Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales (CONAE) SAC -C Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) ALOS United States Geological Survey (USGS) LANDSAT Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC) UK, Nigeria, Algeria, Turkey China National Space Agency (CNSA) FY, SJ, ZY satellite series United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 18. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response UN Activations of the Charter in 2007Total number of activations until 21 September 2007: 41 United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 19. United Nations Platform for Space-based Informationfor Disaster Management and Emergency Response Two Disasters – Two Outcomes Peru Earthquake - 15 Aug 2007 Uganda Floods – Sep/Oct 2007 United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 20. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response GEOSS• GEOSS: A Global, Coordinated, Comprehensive and Sustained System of Observing Systems• GEO, the Group on Earth Observations - An Intergovernmental Organization with 71 Member Countries (15 from Africa), the European Commission and 46 Participating Organizations.• Improve and coordinate observation systems; Provide easier and more open data access; Foster use (science, applications, capacity building).• … to answer Society’s need for informed decision making• and next: The Cape Town Ministerial Summit 2007 - 28-30 November 2007 United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 21. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency ResponseGEOSS Focuses on Nine Societal Benefit Areas1. Reduction and Prevention of Disasters2. Human Health and Epidemiology3. Energy Management4. Climate Change5. Water Management6. Weather Forecasting7. Ecosystems8. Agriculture9. Biodiversity United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 22. United Nations Platform for Space-based Informationfor Disaster Management and Emergency Response It is all connected …A Single Problem Requires Many Data SetsA Single Data Set Serves Many Communities United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 23. United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response UN SPIDER Activities (A/AC.105/894)A Gateway to Space-based Information for Disaster Management Support 1. Compilation of Information 2. Access to Information >> Knowledge Portal (WG 3) 3. Awareness Raising 4. Outreach Activities 5. Regional and Country ProfilesA Bridge to Connect the Disaster Management and Space Communities 6. Support to Communities of Practice (CoP) 7. Knowledge Management and Transfer (WG ) 8. Platform for Fostering Alliances User Requirements: DI-06-09 (WG 1) Horizontal Coordination (WG 2)A Facilitator of Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening 9. Support to National Activities 10. Support to Establishing National Planning and Policies 11. Support to Capacity Building (WG 4) United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007
  • 24. United Nations Platform for Space-based Informationfor Disaster Management and Emergency Response United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UN-SPIDER www.unoosa.org Tel: (+43 1) 26060-4951 THANK-YOU United Nations International UN-SPIDER Workshop - Bonn, Germany– 29 - 31 October 2007

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