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Mobile Loving: Sexting & Well-being

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  • 1. Sexpertise 2014 February 13, 2014 Sexting and well-being among heterosexual young adults and young gay and bisexual men in the United States
  • 2. Sexting: sharing sexually suggestive photos or messages through cell phones and other media Lenhart A. Teens and Sexting. Pew Internet and American Life Project; 2009. Available at: http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/Teens-and-Sexting/Overview/Findings.aspx. Accessed August 15, 2011.
  • 3. Sexting and Health  Risky?  Safe?  Neither?
  • 4. 1 in 5 teens have sent nude or semi-nude pictures or video of themselves 1 in 3 young adults have sent nude or semi-nude pictures or video of themselves Women are more likely than men to have sent nude or semi-nude pictures or video of themselves National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unwanted Pregnancy, Cosmogirl.com: Sex and Tech: Results of a Survey of Teens and Young Adults. Available at: http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/SEXTECH/PDF/SexTech_Summary. pdf.
  • 5. 83% of young adult women 75% of young adult men 21% of young adult women 30% of young adult men 15% of young adult women 23% of young adult men Sent pictures or messages to a boyfriend/ girlfriend Sent pictures or messages to someone they wanted to date or hook up with Sent pictures or messages to someone they only knew online
  • 6. What is the relationship between sexting and well- being among heterosexual young adults?
  • 7. Recruitment • Recruited through Facebook ads • Referred friends via WebRDS
  • 8. (N=3,448) Sex Male 51.60% Female 48.40% Race/Ethnicity White 72.80% Black 5.10% Hispanic/Latino 8.50% American Indian/Alaska Native 1.00% Asian/Asian Pacific Islander/NH 11.80% Other 3.60% 2 or more 2.80% Unknown 3.00% Region Northeast 36.30% Midwest 23.30% South 28.50% West 11.90%
  • 9. 435 (57%) 96 (13%) 214 (28%) Never Sexted Received Only Both Sent and Received Sent Only Sexting Status
  • 10. Conclusions •Sexting is a prevalent behavior • Sexting is a reciprocal behavior • More likely among young adults who are sexually active • Males receive sexts more often than females • Sexting is NOT associated with sexual risk outcomes • Sexting is NOT associated with psychological correlates Gordon-Messer, D., Bauermeister, J. A., Grodzinski, A., & Zimmerman, M. (2012). Sexting among young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52 (2013). 301-306. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.05.013
  • 11. What is the relationship between sexting and well-being among young men who have sex with men (YMSM)?
  • 12. Recruitment
  • 13. N = 1,507 Mean(SD)/N(%) Age 20.80 (.12) Race/Ethnicity White 987 (65.5%) Black 131 (8.7%) Latino 256 (17.0%) Asian/Pacific Islander 58 (3.8%) Multiracial 54 (3.6%) Other 21 (1.4%) Sexual Identity Gay 1389 (92.2%) Bisexual 45 (3.2%) Other 68 (4.6%) Educational Attainment Less than high school degree 54 (3.6%) High school degree 318 (21.1%) Technical/Associate Degree 89 (5.9%) Some College 733 (48.6%) College 220 (14.6%) Some graduate school 93 (6.2%)
  • 14. 189 (12.6%) 158 (10.5%) 1138 (75.6%) Sexting Status Never Sexted Received Only Sent Only Both Sent and Received
  • 15. • Sexting is prevalent among young gay and bisexual men. Psychological Well-being • No association with depression symptoms or self- esteem scores. • Anxiety symptoms are slightly higher among those who Sent & Received sexts when compared to those who Receive only. Sexual behaviors • Sexters more likely to be sexually-active, yet their sexting behavior is not associated with sexual risk practices. Conclusions Bauermeister, J. A., Yeagley, E., Meanley, S., & Pingel, E. S. (2013). Sexting among young men who have sex with men: Results from a national survey. Journal of Adolescent Health, (2013), 1-6. Retrieved from 1016/j.jadohealth.2013.10.013
  • 16. 57.0% 13.0% 2.0% 28.0% 12.6% 10.5% 1.3% 75.6% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% Never Sexted Received Only Sent Only Sent & Received Heterosexual Gay & Bisexual Sexting Prevalence • More prevalent among gay and bisexual young adult men than heterosexual young adults Sexting and Health • Sexting is linked to sexual activity, yet not associated with sexual risk outcomes • Limited support for relationship between sexting and psychological well- being
  • 17. Discussion • Risky sexual behavior? • Standalone safer sex practice? • New take on an age-old practice?
  • 18. Essential Tolerable Bonus Deal Breaker Think about what might be important to you if you decide to send or receive sexts. Examples: being in a relationship with recipient, being partially clothed, etc.
  • 19. Things to Consider • Communication • How can you communicate with a partner about sexting? • Relationship Dynamics • How will this affect my relationship? Benefits? Consequences? • What happens if the relationship ends? • Digital/Online Safety and Privacy • Who am I sexting? Will anyone else see the sext? • What makes sexting safer? Riskier? • How does the platform affect how safe or risky it is? Facebook, SnapChat, Tinder, Grindr, OkCupid, email, text message?
  • 20. Thank You! Questions?