Small Fruit Variety UpdateJim Luby lubyx001@umn.edu
Testing in Univ. of Minnesota    Strawberry Program   Yield Trial        3 locations (Grand Rapids, Chanhassen,         ...
Testing in Univ. of Minnesota    Blueberry Program   Yield Trial        Becker and Grand Rapids        10-16 plants    ...
Testing in Univ. of Minnesota Bramble    Program   Field and High Tunnel Trials        Grand Rapids, Morris, Crookston
Features of 2010 Strawberry             Yield Trial   Excellent snow cover    in 2009-10   Little winter injury   Poor ...
2                                                                      Yield vs Berry Wt - HRC                         22....
2                                                      Morris - Yield vs Berry wt               22.0                      ...
Yield vs Berry wt - Gr. Rapids (Mulched)2               25.0                                    Valley Sunset             ...
Yield vs Berry wt - Gr. Rapids (Mulched)                                       Valley Sunset2                   20        ...
Favorite Early Season Strawberry Varieties for                 Minnesota   Annapolis     Ag Canada - Nova Scotia    Stre...
Favorite Early Season Strawberry Varieties for                      Minnesota   Honeoye     Cornell – over 30 years ago!...
Favorite Early Midseason Strawberry Varieties for                   Minnesota   Cavendish     Ag Canada – Nova Scotia   ...
Favorite Early MidseasonStrawberry Varieties for Minnesota    Kent      Ag Canada – Nova Scotia     Strengths      Med-...
Favorite Late Midseason Strawberry Varieties for MinnesotaMesabi   Strengths   Very Hardy    Very Productive   Attracti...
Favorite Late Midseason Strawberry Varieties for                  Minnesota Glooscap  Strengths   Very hardy   Very pro...
Favorite Late Season Strawberry Varieties for                     Minnesota   Jewel    Strengths     Outstanding flavor ...
Favorite Late Season Strawberry Varieties for                   MinnesotaWinona  Strengths   Productive   Very vigorous ...
RecentIntroductionsItasca (MNUS 138)   Early season  Strengths   Productive   Good cold hardiness   Resistant to folia...
Recent Introductions   Wendy     Ag Canada - Nova      Scotia     Early Season    Strengths     Excellent flavor    Pr...
RecentIntroductionsL’Amour   Early midseason  Strengths   Bright Red Attractive berries   Large calyx   Large sized be...
Recent Introductions   Valley Sunset      Ag Canada - Nova Scotia    Strengths     Very Late Season     Very Large fru...
Recent Introductions   Darselect     France     Late midseason    Strengths     Attractive     Flavorful     well-pr...
Recent Introductions   Cabot     Ag Canada – Nova Scotia     Late season    Strengths     Super Large Fruit     Attra...
Recent Introductions   Brunswick     Ag Canada – Nova Scotia     Midseason    Strengths     Super Larger Fruit     At...
Floricane-fruiting (“Summer”)                     Raspberries   Killarney - early midseason,    root rot resistant   Boy...
Primocane-fruiting (“Fall”) Raspberries for MNField   Jaclyn – ripens early August, large dark fruit   Double Delight - ...
Primocane Fruiting Blackberries   Tunnel Culture   Prime-Jan   PrimeArk 45
BlueberriesHardy                             Not-quite- Chippewa                          hardy Northblue               ...
Coming in 2009 – A New Blueberry for Minnesota                 ‘Superior’ Blueberry   Latest cultivar of Zone 3-4 cultiva...
Mean yield from 1993-2010 of blueberries      planted 1989 at Becker, MN                                           Superio...
Yield (lb/bush) of Blueberries at Becker, MN                             planted 1989, harvested 1993-201014.0012.0010.00 ...
Mean yield from 1991-2006 of blueberries   planted 1989 at Grand Rapids, MN                                           Supe...
Mean berry weight from 1993-2010 ofblueberries planted 1989 at Becker, MN                                    Superior     ...
Plant Characteristics of Blueberry VarietiesCultivar       Yield potential   Hardiness   Plant size (ht   Season   Machine...
Fruit Characteristics of Blueberry Varieties    Cultivar       Berry size   Flavor            Firmness    Chippewa       M...
Currants and Gooseberries   Red and white currants (Ribes sativum    and other species)   Red         Red Lake        ...
Primocane Raspberry               Recommendations    Recommended                       For TrialAut Bliss         WI   NY ...
Summer Bearing Raspberry RecommendationsRecommended                       For TrialBoyne         WI   NY   ON   MI   Canby...
Purple Raspberry   Royalty- large, tart   Brandywine - very large, sweet
Web Resources   Minnesota Fruit Web Site       http:// Fruit.cfans.umn.edu   Cornell Univ. Nursery Guide for Berry Crop...
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UMN 2010 Small Fruit Variety Update

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University of Minnesota small fruit variety update from the 2010 season. Presented by Dr. Jim Luby at the 2011 MFVGA conference in St. Cloud, MN.

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UMN 2010 Small Fruit Variety Update

  1. 1. Small Fruit Variety UpdateJim Luby lubyx001@umn.edu
  2. 2. Testing in Univ. of Minnesota Strawberry Program Yield Trial  3 locations (Grand Rapids, Chanhassen, Morris)  3 plots (15 feet)  Harvested 2 years, observational data
  3. 3. Testing in Univ. of Minnesota Blueberry Program Yield Trial  Becker and Grand Rapids  10-16 plants  Harvested until 20 years old, observational data
  4. 4. Testing in Univ. of Minnesota Bramble Program Field and High Tunnel Trials  Grand Rapids, Morris, Crookston
  5. 5. Features of 2010 Strawberry Yield Trial Excellent snow cover in 2009-10 Little winter injury Poor Establishment at Grand Rapids Spring Frost at Grand Rapids Warm, early season
  6. 6. 2 Yield vs Berry Wt - HRC 22.0 20.0 Valley Sunset0 18.0 Darselect 16.0 LAmour Kent Honeoye Cavendish Berry wt (g) 14.0 Itasca1 12.0 Winona Wendy Jewel Brunswick 10.0 Annapolis Mesabi Glooscap 8.0 6.00 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 Yield (1000 lb/A)2 Yield vs Berry Wt - HRC 18 Valley Sunset 160 14 Darselect Clancy Honeoye Itasca Berry wt (g) 12 Winona Ovation Brunswick LAmour Kent Kent0 10 Jewel Annapolis Darselect Mesabi Wendy LAmour Cavendish Glooscap 8 69 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Yield (1000 lb/A)
  7. 7. 2 Morris - Yield vs Berry wt 22.0 Valley Sunset0 20.0 18.0 Cavendish Berry wt (g) Clancy 16.01 14.0 Honeoye Wendy Winona Brunswick Itasca 12.0 Annapolis Jewel 10.0 Mesabi Glooscap0 8.0 6.0 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 Yield (1000 lb/A)2 Morris - Yield vs Berry wt 14 Valley Sunset 130 12 Darselect Berry wt (g) 11 Brunswick LAmour Kent Kent 100 Clancy Jewel Cavendish Mesabi Honeoye 9 Cavendish Wendy Itasca 8 Winona L’Amour Annapolis9 7 Glooscap 6 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Yield (1000 lb/A)
  8. 8. Yield vs Berry wt - Gr. Rapids (Mulched)2 25.0 Valley Sunset 20.0 Darselect0 Berry wt (g) L’Amour Annapolis Itasca 15.0 Winona Wendy Kent Cavendish Brunswick Mesabi Honeoye 10.0 Glooscap Jewel1 5.0 0.00 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 Yield (1000 lb/A) Yield vs Berry wt - Gr. Rapids (Unmulched) 25.0 Valley Sunset 20.0 Darselect Itasca Berry wt (g) 15.0 L’Amour Annapolis Honeoye Cavendish Wendy Winona Kent Mesabi Brunswick 10.0 Jewel Glooscap 5.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 Yield (1000 lb/A)
  9. 9. Yield vs Berry wt - Gr. Rapids (Mulched) Valley Sunset2 20 18 Ovation 16 Clancy L’Amour 140 Berry wt (g) Winona Brunswick 12 Cavendish Wendy 10 Annapolis Honeoye Darselect Jewel 8 Itasca Sable Mesabi Glooscap Kent0 6 4 2 09 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Yield (1000 lb/A) Yield vs Berry wt - Gr. Rapids (Unmulched) 16 Valley Sunset 14 Ovation 12 Darselect Winona Clancy Brunswick Berry wt (g) 10 L’Amour Cavendish 8 Annapolis Wendy Honeoye Mesabi 6 Sable Glooscap Jewel Kent 4 2 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Yield (1000 lb/A)
  10. 10. Favorite Early Season Strawberry Varieties for Minnesota Annapolis  Ag Canada - Nova Scotia Strengths  Good winter hardiness and Photo from Nourse Farms vigor  Med-Large fruit  Very Productive Problems  Light (orangey) color  Fair flavor - better in north  Somewhat soft but tough skin
  11. 11. Favorite Early Season Strawberry Varieties for Minnesota Honeoye  Cornell – over 30 years ago!  Early (mid)Season Strengths  Excellent winter hardiness and vigor  Very Productive Photo from Nourse Farms  Good flavor - better in north and on sandy soils Problems  Color can be very dark in heat  Soft flesh  Medium size fruit
  12. 12. Favorite Early Midseason Strawberry Varieties for Minnesota Cavendish  Ag Canada – Nova Scotia Strengths Cavendish, Nourse Farms  Large fruit  Good flavor  Good winter hardiness and vigor  Very Productive  Mod firm fruit Problems  Color can be blotchy
  13. 13. Favorite Early MidseasonStrawberry Varieties for Minnesota  Kent  Ag Canada – Nova Scotia Strengths  Med-Large fruit  Good flavor  Very Productive  Good winter hardiness and vigor Problems  Mod soft fruit – problem in hot weather  Color can be blotchy  Very susceptible to leaf diseases
  14. 14. Favorite Late Midseason Strawberry Varieties for MinnesotaMesabi Strengths Very Hardy  Very Productive Attractive berries Creamy texture Problems Medium size Soft in hot weather June Yellows Intolerant of high soil pH
  15. 15. Favorite Late Midseason Strawberry Varieties for Minnesota Glooscap Strengths  Very hardy  Very productive, tough plants  Good flavor  Medium-large fruit Problems  Soft  Dark in hot weather  May have June Yellows
  16. 16. Favorite Late Season Strawberry Varieties for Minnesota Jewel Strengths  Outstanding flavor and texture  Very attractive  Very firm  Large fruit Photo from Nourse Farms  Moderate to high yield Problems  Moderate hardiness  Use in Southern MN  Northern MN if you like to live dangerously
  17. 17. Favorite Late Season Strawberry Varieties for MinnesotaWinona Strengths  Productive  Very vigorous  Med-Large berries  Disease resistant  Peach flavor Problems  Irregular shaped berries  Berries held close to crown  Skin softness in hot or wet weather  Alternative to Jewel in Northern Minnesota
  18. 18. RecentIntroductionsItasca (MNUS 138)  Early season Strengths  Productive  Good cold hardiness  Resistant to foliar diseases  Attractive berries  Tough skin  Resistant to red stele root rot  Good processing Problems  Medium sized berries  Moderately soft flesh  Tangerine flavor  Susceptible to Phytophthora cactorum crown rot
  19. 19. Recent Introductions Wendy  Ag Canada - Nova Scotia  Early Season Strengths  Excellent flavor Problems  Medium siz fruit  Moderate Productivity
  20. 20. RecentIntroductionsL’Amour  Early midseason Strengths  Bright Red Attractive berries  Large calyx  Large sized berries  Firm flesh  Moderately Resistant to foliar diseases  Excellent balanced flavor  Good processing Problems  Productive ?  Winter hardiness ?
  21. 21. Recent Introductions Valley Sunset  Ag Canada - Nova Scotia Strengths  Very Late Season  Very Large fruit  Tough skin  Good flavor Problems  Less firm than Jewel  Medium Productivity  Winter hardiness ???
  22. 22. Recent Introductions Darselect  France  Late midseason Strengths  Attractive  Flavorful  well-presented fruit  soft but tough skin Problems  Moderate yield  Winter hardiness ???
  23. 23. Recent Introductions Cabot  Ag Canada – Nova Scotia  Late season Strengths  Super Large Fruit  Attractive  Firm Problems  Moderate yield  Winter hardiness  Flavor  Plant making
  24. 24. Recent Introductions Brunswick  Ag Canada – Nova Scotia  Midseason Strengths  Super Larger Fruit  Attractive  Firm Problems  Moderate yield  Winter hardiness  Flavor  Plant making
  25. 25. Floricane-fruiting (“Summer”) Raspberries Killarney - early midseason, root rot resistant Boyne – early, susc to anthracnose Prelude (new) - early Nova - early midseason OAM W2 (new) – Late midseason  selected at River Falls, WI, large bright red, slightly soft fruit, apparently hardy Latham - late midseason
  26. 26. Primocane-fruiting (“Fall”) Raspberries for MNField Jaclyn – ripens early August, large dark fruit Double Delight - early, productive, medium size and firmness, hardy Autumn Bliss - early, medium size, good flavor, moderate yield Autumn Britten – early, good flavor, firm, early, similar season and better fruit than Aut Bliss, but less productive Polana – early, medium size fruit, susc to Verticillium wilt and Phytophthora root rot Tunnels  Autumn Britten  Polana  Anne – yellow fruit  Caroline - 7-10 days earlier than Heritage, larger fruit, excellent flavor and firmness
  27. 27. Primocane Fruiting Blackberries Tunnel Culture Prime-Jan PrimeArk 45
  28. 28. BlueberriesHardy Not-quite- Chippewa hardy Northblue  Patriot Northland  Reka Polaris St. Cloud  Bluegold Superior  Jersey  Bluecrop Northcountry (landscape) Northsky (landscape)
  29. 29. Coming in 2009 – A New Blueberry for Minnesota ‘Superior’ Blueberry Latest cultivar of Zone 3-4 cultivars (1 wk later than Northblue) Most productive cultivar at Zone 3 test site (Gr. Rapids, MN) Upright growth habit Size  4-5 ft Ht x 4-5 ft Diam White floral display Maroon foliage
  30. 30. Mean yield from 1993-2010 of blueberries planted 1989 at Becker, MN Superior St. Cloud Patriot Northblue Friendship Bluecrop 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 Yield (lb/bush)
  31. 31. Yield (lb/bush) of Blueberries at Becker, MN planted 1989, harvested 1993-201014.0012.0010.00 Bluecrop 8.00 Friendship 6.00 Northblue Patriot 4.00 St. Cloud 2.00 Superior 0.00 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  32. 32. Mean yield from 1991-2006 of blueberries planted 1989 at Grand Rapids, MN Superior St. Cloud Patriot Northblue Friendship Bluecrop 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 Yield (lb/bush)
  33. 33. Mean berry weight from 1993-2010 ofblueberries planted 1989 at Becker, MN Superior St. Cloud Patriot Northblue Friendship Bluecrop0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 Berry weight (g/berry)
  34. 34. Plant Characteristics of Blueberry VarietiesCultivar Yield potential Hardiness Plant size (ht Season Machine x spread in harvest feet)Chippewa High Excellent 4.5 x 4 Mid Good?Northblue High Excellent 3x4 Mid Fair?Polaris Med-High Very good 4x4 Early Good?Northland High Very good 4x4 Mid Fair?St. Cloud Med - High Very good 5x4 Early Good?Superior Med-High Excellent 4x4 Late unknownNorthcountry Med Very good 2.5 x 4 Early Poor?Northsky Low Very good 2x3 Mid Poor?Bluegold Med Good 4x4 Mid UnknownReka Med Good 4x4 Mid UnknownPatriot Med Good 4.5 x 4 Early Fair?Jersey Low - Med Fair 5x5 Late V. GoodBluecrop Low-Med Fair 5x5 Mid V. Good
  35. 35. Fruit Characteristics of Blueberry Varieties Cultivar Berry size Flavor Firmness Chippewa Med-large Sweet Good Northblue Large Tart Fair Polaris Med Sweet, aromatic Exc Northland Med Mild Good St. Cloud Med Sweet Good Superior Med Sweet/tart good Northcountry Small Lowbush - mild Poor Northsky Small Lowbush - sweet Poor Bluegold Med Sweet/tart V. Good Reka Med-Large Sweet/tart V. Good Patriot Large Tart, aromatic Good Jersey Med Mild Good Bluecrop Large Sweet - mild V. good
  36. 36. Currants and Gooseberries Red and white currants (Ribes sativum and other species) Red  Red Lake  Rovada White  White Imperial  Primus www.noursefarms.com  Blanka Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum)  Titania  Ben Sarek  Crusader  Consort Gooseberry  Hinomakki Red  Pixwell
  37. 37. Primocane Raspberry Recommendations Recommended For TrialAut Bliss WI NY MI Anne WI ON MIAut Britten WI ON Aut Britten MICaroline WI NY ON MI Caroline ONHeritage WI NY MI Double Delight WIPolana WI ON Himbo Top NYRuby WI Jaclyn NY ON MISummit WI Joan J ON Josephine NY ON Polka NY Red River WI
  38. 38. Summer Bearing Raspberry RecommendationsRecommended For TrialBoyne WI NY ON MI Canby WI ONCanby NY MI Chemaines ONEncore NY Claudia NYFestival WI Cowichan, ONK81-6 Encore WI ON MI NYKillarney WI Esquimalt ONLatham WI K81-6 WI MI MINova WI ON MI Prelude WIPrelude NY Qualicum ON MITitan Saniich ON NY Tulameen ON
  39. 39. Purple Raspberry Royalty- large, tart Brandywine - very large, sweet
  40. 40. Web Resources Minnesota Fruit Web Site  http:// Fruit.cfans.umn.edu Cornell Univ. Nursery Guide for Berry Crops  http://www.fruit.cornell.edu/berry/nurseries/nurseries.html
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