LIBRARY TRANSFORMATION
                               THROUGH ROBOTICS




                                               ...
THE REINVENTION OF UMKC'S MILLER NICHOLS LIBRARY
THROUGH ROBOTICS HAS BEEN DRIVEN BY TWO PRIMARY
                         ...
THE CHANGING NATURE OF LEARNING




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
THE FISCAL REALITIES OF HIGHER EDUCATION
                 1973    2004    Growth
Average
Space per
Student
(gsf)
         ...
UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT KANSAS CITY
                          • part of the University of Missouri
                     ...
MILLER NICHOLS LIBRARY
                         • built in 1969 and had a floor added in 1991
                            ...
REINVENTING MILLER NICHOLS LIBRARY
                         • Services, reader spaces, and classrooms
                    ...
INITIAL DESIGN CONCEPT
                          First design emphasized innovation
                           and collab...
BUDGET CONSTRAINTS FORCE A NEW CONCEPT

                          Reduced funding created smaller
                       ...
TRADITIONAL ALTERNATIVE TO FINDING NEW SPACE IN
                                 EXISTING LIBRARIES
                      ...
BENEFITS OF REMOTE STORAGE

         • Can be a financially responsible alternative to building a
                        ...
THE UMKC PROJECT
                         • Common thinking: Remote storage
                           options are a compr...
ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION
                          The library staff began to seek alternative
                           sol...
OUR STORAGE OPTION
                         • We became intrigued by the possibilities of a
                           new...
THE quot;ROBOTquot;
                         • We found the robotic system to
                           be:
             ...
THE ROBOT AND THE LIBRARY
                              • The robot will become a dynamic
                                ...
THE ROBOT CHANGES OUR THINKING
                         • We stopped thinking that we needed a
                           ...
THE ROBOT AS A CATALYST FOR CHANGE
                         • Space reclaimed will allow for
                           fl...
SELECTING A VENDOR


  • Several factors came into play:
       – the majority of our collections will be in the robot
   ...
THE SELECTION PROCESS
                          • We issued a RFP
                          • Competitive bid process
    ...
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
                                         DESIGN PARAMETERS
                             ...
DESIGN PARAMETERS

                                        Long Rows are most efficient

                                 ...
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;:
  DESIGN PARAMETERS




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
Patterns of language, music & information organization




Bar code




Text formatted for a book           Music formatte...
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
THANK YOU




COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES
2009 CONFERENCE
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Library Transformation Through Robotics

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Sharon Bostick, Dean of Libraries, UMKC University Libraries, and Bryan Irwin, design architect from Sasaki, presentation given at Computers in Libraries 2009 in Washington, DC.
LIBRARY TRANSFORMATION THROUGH ROBOTICS, was attended by an audience of 100 librarians and IT folks. The automated storage and retrieval system robot being installed at UMKC's Miller Nichols Library generated a lot of interest. Many people were intrigued by the design and the opportunities for innovative service.

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Transcript of "Library Transformation Through Robotics"

  1. 1. LIBRARY TRANSFORMATION THROUGH ROBOTICS (BENNETT ROBOT WORKS) Sharon Bostick, Ph.D., Dean of Libraries University of Missouri Kansas City Bryan Irwin, AIA, Principal Sasaki Associates Boston, Massachusetts COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  2. 2. THE REINVENTION OF UMKC'S MILLER NICHOLS LIBRARY THROUGH ROBOTICS HAS BEEN DRIVEN BY TWO PRIMARY FACTORS • The changing nature of learning in higher education • Fiscal constraints COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  3. 3. THE CHANGING NATURE OF LEARNING COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  4. 4. THE FISCAL REALITIES OF HIGHER EDUCATION 1973 2004 Growth Average Space per Student (gsf) 300 880 295% (SCUP – 2004 figure is estimate) Average size of American home (gsf) 1,500 2,349 157% (NPR) COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  5. 5. UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI AT KANSAS CITY • part of the University of Missouri system • urban campus • 12 schools on two campuses 3 Libraries : • Miller Nichols Library • Health Sciences Library • Dental Library COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  6. 6. MILLER NICHOLS LIBRARY • built in 1969 and had a floor added in 1991 • Building full by 1999 • Added information commons in 2000 set the tone for the type of public spaces needed for the future COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  7. 7. REINVENTING MILLER NICHOLS LIBRARY • Services, reader spaces, and classrooms were secondary and tended to be available only as stack space allowed • Costs of maintenance and expansion rising dramatically • Electronic and print collections continue to grow • Funding bodies reluctant to support larger buildings COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  8. 8. INITIAL DESIGN CONCEPT  First design emphasized innovation and collaboration and included traditional stack space  Growth potential of collection was five to ten years COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  9. 9. BUDGET CONSTRAINTS FORCE A NEW CONCEPT  Reduced funding created smaller building plan--unable to accommodate all of the existing collection or growth COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  10. 10. TRADITIONAL ALTERNATIVE TO FINDING NEW SPACE IN EXISTING LIBRARIES • Remote Storage of Collection Material – usually not part of a library building – often at a considerable distance from the library – sometimes shared storage facilities – requires delivery system – users must wait for items COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  11. 11. BENEFITS OF REMOTE STORAGE • Can be a financially responsible alternative to building a larger library with traditional stacks • Most facilities are secure from physical damage and theft • Least used items can be put in storage, while leaving the more heavily used items on shelves onsite • Retrieval is systematic COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  12. 12. THE UMKC PROJECT • Common thinking: Remote storage options are a compromise; on site storage the preferred option COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  13. 13. ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION  The library staff began to seek alternative solutions to increase growth potential  An existing remote storage option with the University of Missouri System would mean a one to two day delivery time COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  14. 14. OUR STORAGE OPTION • We became intrigued by the possibilities of a newer type of alternative storage, a robotic automated, high density storage and retrieval system (ASRS) COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  15. 15. THE quot;ROBOTquot; • We found the robotic system to be: – a cost effective solution to our collection space concerns – A source of opportunities for having very flexible space for emerging library needs – An environmentally friendly system, with low energy needs and a green roof – An opportunity to create a stunning design as a campus feature – a catalyst for the evolution of our philosophy of library services and access COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  16. 16. THE ROBOT AND THE LIBRARY • The robot will become a dynamic design and service feature of our re-imagined facility • It will enable us to align ourselves for the future and the innovative growth of the university • Our books will be safe and secure, retrieved in a few minutes COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  17. 17. THE ROBOT CHANGES OUR THINKING • We stopped thinking that we needed a bigger library to hold our collections • We became excited about the idea that a large part of our collection, but not all, would be in the robot • Multiple delivery points enable creative use of space • Item can be called up from anywhere, anytime and retrieved at a library pickup point • New faculty book delivery service makes this transparent COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  18. 18. THE ROBOT AS A CATALYST FOR CHANGE • Space reclaimed will allow for flexibility in our services • We can expand the information commons concept • We can test new ideas • We can create support and encourage a collaborative learning environment • We will have space have flexible space to adapt to changing needs COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  19. 19. SELECTING A VENDOR • Several factors came into play: – the majority of our collections will be in the robot – approximately 200,000 of our most current or heavily used titles will be on traditional open shelves – most of our special collections will go into the robot, including rare recordings from our sound archives – Bins were the most efficient for general books but a shelving solution was best for the sound recordings and some special collections—a hybrid solution. COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  20. 20. THE SELECTION PROCESS • We issued a RFP • Competitive bid process • HK Systems was the successful bidder • Architects are working with them to design the structure to house it. COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  21. 21. IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;: DESIGN PARAMETERS Basic Premise behind the ASRS: Super high density shelving bins accessed only by automated forklift and delivered to staff stations at the end of the rows COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  22. 22. DESIGN PARAMETERS Long Rows are most efficient Location of quot;pick stationsquot; determines staff layout Most efficient at approximately 60 feet high Daylight is a liability COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
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  27. 27. IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;: DESIGN PARAMETERS COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  28. 28. IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;: DESIGN PARAMETERS COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  29. 29. IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;: DESIGN PARAMETERS COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  30. 30. IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;: DESIGN PARAMETERS COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  31. 31. IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;: DESIGN PARAMETERS COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
  32. 32. IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;: DESIGN PARAMETERS COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
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  35. 35. IMPLEMENTING THE quot;ROBOTquot;: DESIGN PARAMETERS COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
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  39. 39. Patterns of language, music & information organization Bar code Text formatted for a book Music formatted for a player piano Music formatted for a musician COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE
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  46. 46. THANK YOU COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES 2009 CONFERENCE

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