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A STUDY TO STRENGTHEN LISTENING ACQUISITION IN ENGLISH LEARNERS
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A STUDY TO STRENGTHEN LISTENING ACQUISITION IN ENGLISH LEARNERS

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Bienvenidos a nuestro sitio virtual de la UNIVERSIDAD MAGISTER en Slide Share donde podrá encontrar los resultados de importantes trabajos de investigación prácticos producidos por nuestros profesionales. Esperamos que estos Mares Azules que les ponemos a su disposición sirvan de base para otras investigaciones y juntos cooperemos en el Desarrollo Económico y Social de Costa Rica y otras latitudes.

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  • 1. UNIVERSIDAD MAGISTER FACULTAD DE EDUCACIÓN CARRERA DE LICENCIATURA EN LA ENSEÑANZA DEL INGLÉS TESIS PARA OPTAR POR EL GRADO DE LICENCIATURA EN LA ENSEÑANZA DEL INGLÉS A STUDY TO STRENGTHEN LISTENING ACQUISITION IN ENGLISH LEARNERS BACH. MARIELA GUTIÉRREZ PÉREZ 2013
  • 2. We need to teach listening in our schools as a skill. Why is it not taught? [ It is] crazy” “ Julian Treasure
  • 3. GENERAL OBJECTIVE To diagnose the listening issues and the use of listening strategies applied during the listening acquisition process.
  • 4. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES  To determine the issues that interfere the most with effective listening comprehension.  To identify the types of listening strategies applied by learners in and out of the classroom.  To assess the listening level of learners through the application of an evaluation
  • 5. INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE APRENDIZAJE created in 1965 Vision and Mission Program under consideration
  • 6. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
  • 7. SOME FACTORS THAT AFFECT LISTENING COMPREHENSION TEXT INTERLOCUTOR TASK LISTENER PROCESS English level Top-down Speech rate Hesitation Speaker’s gender Stress and rhythm Nature of the activity Morphological changes Word order Type of input Memory Affection Bottom-up processing Age Parallel Speaker’s culture or ethnic group Type of listening skill attention Background knowledge Adapted from: Rubin, J. (1994). A Review of Second Language Listening Comprehension Research. The Modern Language Journal, 78: 199-221.
  • 8. TYPES OF LISTENING STRATEGIES ACHIEVEMENT STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE RESPONSE AVOIDANCE REPAIR PRO-ACTIVE STRATEGIES PLANNING, MONITORING, EVALUATING, REPLANNING, PROBLEM SOLVING
  • 9. AUTHENTIC AURAL MATERIAL Authentic recordings are those in which there are “people speaking naturally and without the purposes of language learning in mind” (Field, 2009,p.270).
  • 10. METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK  DATA COLLECTION INSTRUMETS: Open-ended questionnaire, likert scale and diagnostic listening test  VARIABLES: Listening Comprehension Problems Listening Strategies Listening Comprehension Level Available-to-everyone-resources
  • 11. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONS OF RESULTS
  • 12. GENERAL COMPARISON OF THE ASPECTS THAT INFLUENCE LISTENING COMPREHENSION, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013 80 70 60 TEXT INTERLOCUTOR LISTENER PROCESS TASK OTHERS 50 40 30 20 10 0 Always, often and sometimes Occasionally, almost never and never
  • 13. FREQUENCY OF LISTENING PRACTICE IN AND OUT OF THE CLASSROOM, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 always often sometimes almost never never
  • 14. TYPES OF IMMEDIATE STRATEGIES SUGGESTED BY THE PARTICIPANTS, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013 ACHIEVEMENT STRATEGIES AVOIDANCE STRATEGIES "pay attention to sentence or word stress" "look for the meaning of unknown words and their pronunciation" "look for the meaning of unknown words" "avoid figuring out the meaning I usually translate it "translate into Spanish in my mind while I listen" Look for unknown words in the dictionary of unknown words for me"
  • 15. GENERAL PARTICIPANTS' LISTENING LEVEL, SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA, 2013 PARTS OF THE SKILLS EVALUATED TEST SECTION I to listen selectively and listen for PERCENTAGE OF CORRECT ANSWERS 70 details SECTION II to discriminate details 42 SECTION III to infer and predict 49 SECTION IV listening for main ideas 28 SECTION V listening for general understanding 57 TOTAL 47
  • 16. PERCENTAGE OF THE MOST USED LISTENING RESOURCES RESOURCES AND MATERIALS FOR LISTENING PRACTICE OUT OF THE CLASSROOM IN THE CLASSROOM websites for listening purposes 80 54 videos 73 93 movies 100 60 TV series 87 0 music 87 100 Textbook 33 87
  • 17. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS  Unawareness of the aspects that can influence comprehension  Willingness to practice and the recognition of the importance frequent practice has.
  • 18. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS  Unawareness of what listening strategies really are.  Poor listening sub-skills.  Evident preference for the use of authentic resources.
  • 19. PROPOSAL TO DEVELOP METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS OF ENGLISH LISTENING ACQUISITION BY THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A EIGHT-DAY-DURATION WORKSHOP FOR LANGUAGE LEARNERS
  • 20. GENERAL OBJECTIVE To implement metacognitive listening lessons through the use of natural and authentic aural texts.
  • 21. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES  To describe the main aspects that can significantly have an effect in comprehension.  To provide examples of achievement, avoidance, repair and proactive listening strategies.  To appraise which listening strategies work best depending on the listener needs and listening task.
  • 22. PURPOSE OF THE WORKSHOP  The general enhancement performance and strategies of listening  The implementation of new resources and equipment addressed to metacognitive instruction
  • 23. SAMPLE OF SESSIONS FOR THE METACOGNITIVE-LISTENING WORKSHOP SESSION PROGRESS OBJECTIVE OF HOURS NUMBER TOPICS AND LEARNING ACTIVITIES Introduction to metacognitive stages in listening 6 36 7 Application of metacognitive strategies applied to a movie-video clip and a song (2 hours) Application of metacognitive stages in 5 groups ( each group is assigned a short audio to analyze in the class with the use of digital flash voice recorder (2 hours)
  • 24. OTHER SUGGESTED MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT QUANTITY ITEM OR MATERIAL APPROXIMATE COST 5 Sony Digital Flash Voice Recorder ¢ 268.500 (ICD-PX312) 1 per instructor e-Book Goh, C. and Vandergrift, L. (2011). Teaching and Learning Second Language Listening: Metacognition in action. ¢ 21.892 1 per classroom LCD Television ¢ 199.900 1 for the Institution Listening Magazine Subscription: Yes! Digital Magazine (www.yes-mag.com) ¢ 19.778
  • 25. DEMONSTRATION OF A METACOGNITIVE LISTENING ACTIVITY BASED ON AUTHENTIC MATERIAL
  • 26. I believe that every human being needs to listen consciously in order to live fully” Julian Treasure THANK YOU FOR ACTIVELY LISTENING TO ME!