R&D and Innovation in support of
current operations
Prof Graham Fairhall
Chief Science and Technology Officer
National Nuc...
Background
•UK long history of nuclear energy
•R&D over past 60 years has
underpinned nuclear development
•Significant R&D...
UK Objectives
Building a Future: R&D and Innovation
1. Fission-related research programme consistent
with the UK’s nuclear...
Current civil nuclear programme
•Magnox, Advanced Gas Reactor
and Sizewell PWR reactor
operation
•Fuel cycle plant operati...
Capabilities
• Extensive R&D capabilities in UK across nuclear fuel cycle with subject matter experts in key
areas
- examp...
Approach to R&D

Active glove box experiments

Laboratory scale fuel development
Lab scale
Non active

Pilot plant
Non act...
Integrated multi-scale modelling

Reactor
core

Reactor
System
Components

Reactor
Simulation

Strategic
Assessments

Fuel...
Nuclear R&D Facilities
UK Nuclear Universities
•Over 300 full time academics in nuclear
research
•30 collaborative projects, 30 Universities
•Inv...
Process plant inspection
1. Black Cell

2. CAD
Recreations

Inspections

3. Engineered
Mock-ups
10

4. Inspection
Solution...
Current reactor support
Examples of R&D
•

Post Irradiation Examination of fuel
and materials

•

Reactor core modelling

...
Support for spent fuel management
Fast
reactors

ADS
cycle
Thermal
Reactors

Fuel Cycle Modelling using
ORION software

Fu...
Legacy waste management
Range of facilities from early nuclear programmes
•

Fuel storage ponds

•

Waste silos and tanks
...
Deep geological disposal R&D
Package Performance
Waste Performance
Post Closure
Understanding
UK Inventory
Spent Fuel
High...
Innovation – waste management and
decommissioning

Muon tomography

Robotics –
Lasersnake

Characterisation – underwater s...
Summary
•Major R&D programmes over the past 60 years supported the development of the UK
nuclear industry
•Extensive capab...
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Graham Fairhall. National Nuclear Laboratory. 28th January

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  • New approaches to clean-up of legacy
  • Graham Fairhall. National Nuclear Laboratory. 28th January

    1. 1. R&D and Innovation in support of current operations Prof Graham Fairhall Chief Science and Technology Officer National Nuclear Laboratory 1 Presentation title - edit in the Master slide
    2. 2. Background •UK long history of nuclear energy •R&D over past 60 years has underpinned nuclear development •Significant R&D programmes ongoing within National Nuclear Laboratory and industry •Over 30 UK Universities involved in nuclear research
    3. 3. UK Objectives Building a Future: R&D and Innovation 1. Fission-related research programme consistent with the UK’s nuclear aspirations (fuel, reactors, fuel cycles, waste management, decommissioning, disposal). 2. World-leading facilities supporting national and international customers 3. International R&D programmes with UK as a partner. 4. Nuclear innovation to underpin commercial success in domestic and global markets. 3
    4. 4. Current civil nuclear programme •Magnox, Advanced Gas Reactor and Sizewell PWR reactor operation •Fuel cycle plant operations •Legacy waste and decommissioning programme •Spent fuel management and waste management •Disposition of Plutonium and Uranium • 4 Geological disposal of radioactive
    5. 5. Capabilities • Extensive R&D capabilities in UK across nuclear fuel cycle with subject matter experts in key areas - examples: Fuel development, nuclear physics, materials, actinide science, waste behaviour, robotics, waste processing, environmental science ..) •Extensive capability in UK Universities undertaking basic science and supporting industry •Significant industry focussed R&D and capabilities in a range of companies – large nuclear organisations e.g Sellafield Ltd and smaller companies •Majority of applied R&D capability in National Nuclear Laboratory 5Wide range of experimental and modelling skills •
    6. 6. Approach to R&D Active glove box experiments Laboratory scale fuel development Lab scale Non active Pilot plant Non active 6 Full scale vitrification development facility Lab scale Active Full scale active Sellafield site
    7. 7. Integrated multi-scale modelling Reactor core Reactor System Components Reactor Simulation Strategic Assessments Fuel assembly Fuel Element & Cladding Fission gas release Unit processes VASP LAMMPS ENIGMA Microscale Mesoscale - 7 NEXUS ANSYS-FLUENT ORION Integration codes and SAFETY CASES Engineering components Modelling & Simulation Capability System TOOLS CODES
    8. 8. Nuclear R&D Facilities
    9. 9. UK Nuclear Universities •Over 300 full time academics in nuclear research •30 collaborative projects, 30 Universities •Involvement of national laboratories and industry and international universities / labs •Examples: DIAMOND (Waste management/ decommissioning), AMASS (waste disposal), MBase (actinide separation), NNUMAN (manufacturing and fuel), BIGRAD (environmental/ waste behaviour), Fuel cladding, materials .. 9
    10. 10. Process plant inspection 1. Black Cell 2. CAD Recreations Inspections 3. Engineered Mock-ups 10 4. Inspection Solutions
    11. 11. Current reactor support Examples of R&D • Post Irradiation Examination of fuel and materials • Reactor core modelling • Reactor and station plant chemistry • Materials behaviour • In situ inspection techniques • Fuel design and licensing for life extension • Spent fuel dry storage and disposal assessments 11
    12. 12. Support for spent fuel management Fast reactors ADS cycle Thermal Reactors Fuel Cycle Modelling using ORION software Fuel storage 12 Magnox reprocessing flowsheet R&D
    13. 13. Legacy waste management Range of facilities from early nuclear programmes • Fuel storage ponds • Waste silos and tanks • Windscale Pile • Reprocessing facilities • Vaults Major R&D programmes to: • Reduce radioactive hazard • Accelerate the programme • 13 Reduce the costs Waste sampling
    14. 14. Deep geological disposal R&D Package Performance Waste Performance Post Closure Understanding UK Inventory Spent Fuel High level waste Novel Wasteforms 14 Radionuclides in the Environment
    15. 15. Innovation – waste management and decommissioning Muon tomography Robotics – Lasersnake Characterisation – underwater swarms and Radball 15 Thermal treatment of waste
    16. 16. Summary •Major R&D programmes over the past 60 years supported the development of the UK nuclear industry •Extensive capabilities and subject matter experts in Universities, the National Nuclear Laboratory and industry undertaking basic research through to industrially applied R&D •R&D programmes underpinning current nuclear operations and legacy waste management and decommissioning 16
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