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  • 1. UKTI Nuclear Conference  27th – 28th, 29th  January 2014 Market Briefing   Supporting The Nuclear Industry 
  • 2. UKTI Nuclear Conference  27th – 28th, 29th  January 2014 Market Briefing – Supporting The Nuclear  Industry    Spain (Spanish Nuclear Forum)
  • 3. Nuclear energy, electricity for everyone. THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF THE SPANISH NUCLEAR INDUSTRY www.foronuclear.org
  • 4. Nuclear Energy in Spain Current situation of nuclear Energy in Spain    8 reactors at 6 locations  2 reactors in dismantling process  7,865 Mwe installed power: 7.27% of total  56,815 GWh produced in 2013: 20,8% of total  Avoids anual emission of between 30 and 40 million tons of CO2  Generates over 32% of emission-free electricity  Avoids importing 100 million petroleum barrels per year    www.foronuclear.org
  • 5. The Spanish Nuclear Industry  A competitive, consolidated and experienced industry:  Supports the operation of the Spanish nuclear powerplants  Caters to an ever-growing international nuclear market  Present throughout the entire nuclear cycle Participates in R+D programs: advanced reactors, nuclear fusion  (ITER) and high energy physics Actively co-operates with international organizations:  WANO, NEI, EPRI, NEA/OECD and IAEA www.foronuclear.org
  • 6. The Spanish Nuclear Industry Internationalization of the Spanish nuclear industry Energy Nuclear www.foronuclear.org
  • 7. What is the Spanish Nuclear Forum? Association of companies that support activities related to nuclear energy Co-ordinates activities of common interest to the industry Two tasks: Influence Facilitate Goal: Achieve the long term operation of Spanish nuclear power plants www.foronuclear.org
  • 8. Capacities of the Nuclear Industry www.foronuclear.org
  • 9. Fuel Manufacturing This factory is located in Juzbado (Salamanca,  Spain) and belongs to the ENUSA Industrias Avanzadas Group A highly qualified team that centers its activities  upon the first stage of the nuclear fuel cycle From the start of its operation in 1985, they have manufactured and provided over  17,000 fuel elements Exports over 65% of its production www.foronuclear.org
  • 10. Equipment Goods Capacities: from manufacturing main equipment to  turboalternators, valves or equipment for fuel  storage, both dry and in pools Provides equipment both to Spanish nuclear power  plants and to sites in the United Kingdom, South  Korea, South Africa, Taiwan, Japan, China, etcetera. Over 80% of its annual production is destined to exports www.foronuclear.org
  • 11. Engineering and Services Wide experience in industrial services for the nuclear  sector, both national and international Capable of developing large electric generation  projects Provides services to all types of reactors during  construction, operation and maintenance of nuclear  power plants Leads the field in nuclear operator training www.foronuclear.org
  • 12. Engineering and Services Carries out a wide variety of engineering and design  for the ITER Project, through European Union  contracts or with other national or international  organizations With projects in over 40 countries Exports over 60% of its annual production, and some companies even 100% www.foronuclear.org
  • 13. Radioactive waste management In Spain, radioactive waste is managed by the public company  ENRESA Low and medium activity waste: the very low, low and medium level waste storage  center in El Cabril (Córdoba, Spain) Used fuel: it is stored in the plant pools or in dry storage  when the pools are full or being dismantled ATC (Centralised Storage Facility): Villar de  Cañas (Cuenca, Spain)  Important economic motor for the area, and a source of employment Dismantling of nuclear and radioactive sites  www.foronuclear.org
  • 14. Conclusions The Spanish nuclear industry: The internationalization of nuclear activities is a tendency that has  consolidated over the last few years Nuclear companies have strived to retain and increase their capacities in  order to reach an ever growing international market The industrial nuclear sector is consolidated and prestigious, and generates  wealth and employment It is also: A niche of nuclear activity A focus of qualified employment An international source of prestige A generator of the Spanish national trademark www.foronuclear.org
  • 15. www.foronuclear.org @ForoNuclear www.foronuclear.org
  • 16. Spanish NPP Decommissioning overview   Civil Nuclear Energy Showcase, UK  27-29 January 2014  Carlos Gómez (José Cabrera NPP D&D Project)
  • 17. Introduction Introduction   LICENSING PROCEDURES, STANDARDS AND REQUIREMENTS Dismantling and Decommissioning of nuclear installations have reached an industrial stage and  are now a mature technology.  The wide dissemination of knowledge and best practice in the decommissioning  provides the  basis to keep and enhance the existing high level of expertise in this field.   In  Spain,  economic  provisions  have  been  planned  and  the  regulatory  framework  has  been developed. The  licensing procedures, standards and requirements and the relative roles 17 the of implementer and the licensing authorities are  consolidated  and  being  improved  with  the  lessons learned in each Project. 
  • 18. Introduction Introduction  NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS INVOLVED IN THE DECOMMISSIONING Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism (MINETUR) Nuclear Safety Council (CSN) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment (MAGRAMA) ENRESA • Responsible for granting of permits & licenses • Responsible  for defining  the policy : management  radwaste & spent  nuclear fuel    • Solely and only responsible for nuclear safety & radioprotection • All authorization issues for MITYC are subject to an obligatory & biding report  from CSN    •  Jointly with CSN participates in licensing process drawing up the  Environmental Impact  Assessment      • In charge of the safe management, storage & disposal of radioactive waste • Responsible for decommissioning    
  • 19. Introduction Introduction  BOUNDARY CONDITIONS OF THE DECOMMISSIONING IN SPAIN During dismantling the license is transferred Regulatory framework for decommissioning Waste disposal available Decommissioning fundings Companies involvement Public involvement El Cabril Disposal LILW VLLW ENRESA RINR LILW&VLLW El Cabril HLW&GTCC ISFSI / ATC Waste producers. Included prix kWh (new taxes 2012) Spanish Companies EIA D&D Authorizations Centralised Temporary Storage HLW
  • 20. Spanish D&D Framework  SPANISH STRATEGY AND DECOMMISSIONING POLICY  UNESA, Unión Española de las Compañías Eléctricas is one professional organization which represents the Spanish Utilities interests. Regarding Dismantling, UNESA has issued the standard contract UNESA-ENRESA to cover the radioactive waste management and Dismantling of NPP.  The mentioned contract defines the activities generic program, the way to coordinate those activities and the responsible entity in the process, where the basic milestones are: The Cessation of Operation. The Ownership Transference to ENRESA. The Dismantling Start Date. The Decommissioning Statement. The Site Return.
  • 21. Spanish D&D Framework  SHUTDOWN REFERENCE SHEDULE TRANSFERENCE RETURN TO ENRESA TO OWNER 46 months (3 years) Communication of Shutdown to the Ministry Start Decommissioning Planning ( 1 year) ( 3 years) Removal Transference Last core fuel of core fuel Agreement cooling (>=1 year) BOUNDARY CONDITIONS OF THE DECOMMISSIONING Basic Study + Planning Start: DDP SFMP DDP (Rev. 0) SFMP (Rev. 0) EIR (Rev. 0) Request for Municipal license BSS: Basic Study on Strategies BSS: Basic Study on Strategies DDP: Decommissioning && Dismantling Plan DDP: Decommissioning Dismantling Plan SFMP: Spent Fuel Management Plan SFMP: Spent Fuel Management Plan EIR: Environmental Impact Report EIR: Environmental Impact Report DDP (Rev. 1) SFMP (Rev. 1) EIR (Rev. 1) Doc. EURATOM Authorization for final shutdown and conditions Dismantling Decommissioning Permit Declaration
  • 22. Regulatory Framework  SPANISH NUCLEAR REGULATION Regulation on Nuclear and Radioactive Facilities (RD 836/1999, modified by RD 35/2008) states the requirements that the operation and decommissioning licensees have to satisfy to accomplish the decommissioning of a Nuclear Facility, according to:  Chapter V “Modifications of the facility”, Article 28 (Cease of the operation) and  Chapter VI “Dismantling Authorization and Decommissioning Declaration” Two basic ministerial authorizations for the decommissioning (Beginning and End):  Dismantling Permit. Allows to implement the D&D Plan. It entitles the holder to start the decontamination, equipment disassembly, structure demolition and material removal activities to allow in the end the full or restricted release of the site.  Decommissioning Declaration. Frees the licensee from his responsibility. In the case of the restricted release of the site shall define the use restrictions that are applicable and the entity responsible for maintaining them and watching they are complied with.
  • 23. Regulatory Framework COMPETENT AUTHORITY LICENSE Ministerial Authorizations for decommissioning l anot a N i Ministry of Industry National Safety Council Ministry of Environment Environmental Impact Statement Permit related on Physical Protection of Nuclear material Local Authority Work License Project Data required Art. 37 EURATOM naepo u E r European Commission Application of Nuclear Safeguards. EURATOM A comprehensive and extensive Regulatory Framework!
  • 24. Spanish experience  Experience of Spanish decommissioning projects. Vandellós I NPP den aeL s noss eL r  SPANISH DECOMMISSIONING PROJECTS (ENRESA) PIMIC José Cabrera NPP
  • 25. Spanish experience  SPANISH DECOMMISSIONING PROJECTS (ENRESA)
  • 26. Spanish experience  JOSE CABRERA NPP DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT JC NPP Shutdown GAS NATURAL FENOSA is a gas and electricity company with a power generation capacity of 13.700 MW. It was the owner of the following nuclear power plants: •Jose Cabrera NPP (100%) •Trillo NPP (34,5%) •Almaraz NPP (11,29%) José Cabrera NPP ceased its commercial operation on 30 April 2006, after nearly 40 years of operation (1968/2006). At this moment began a definitive shutdown transition period.
  • 27. Spanish experience  JOSE CABRERA NPP DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT JC NPP Strategy selected.  ENRESA selected as the more favorable option the immediate dismantling, THREE YEARS after the definitive shutdown.  ENRESA proposed to undertake the total and immediate dismantling of the NPP, including the dismantling of all the structures, systems equipment and components, followed by the demolition of buildings, finalizing with the management of the generated wastes, and the restoration and liberation of the site Regulations on Radioactive and Nuclear Installations, establishes that before the decommissioning Authorization, the owner will have to carry out: • Unload the spent fuel of reactor and fuel storage pool • Conditioning of radioactive waste generated during the operation
  • 28. Spanish experience JOSE CABRERA NPP DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT  Life cycle of JC NPP SITE RETURN TO OWNER TRANSFERENCE TO ENRESA 1963 1968 CONSTRUCTION 2006 OPERATION Spent Fuel Cask Lic & Const ISFSI Lic & Const TRANSITION 2017 DISMANTLING AND DECOMMISSIONING 2003-6 2004-7 2009 Fuel to ISFSI D&D Planning 2010 2003-9 LICENSING DOCUMENTATION 2010-17 Execution D&D DISMANTLING AND DECOMMISSIONING PLAN 28 PREPARATION ENRESA RESPONSIBILITY GNF RESPONSABILITY TO ACT
  • 29. Spanish experience JOSE CABRERA NPP DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT  Shutdown Phase prior to decommissioning (2006 – 2010)  Future Professional Plan  Communication Plan  Relicensing Plan (shutdown phase)  Waste Management Plan  Irradiated Fuel Management Plan  ISFSI construction and Spent Fuel relocation  Primary Circuit Decontamination 29 The Dismantling Authorization and Transference of Responsibility from Gas Natural Fenosa to ENRESA took place in February 2010
  • 30. Spanish experience  JOSE CABRERA NPP DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT Decommissioning Performance Plans ENRESA transf.
  • 31. Spanish experience  JOSE CABRERA NPP DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT Decommissioning works before transference to ENRESA (February 2010 until today)
  • 32. Spanish experience  JOSE CABRERA NPP DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT CE-2 CE-2 Destination: El Cabril Destination: ISFSI / ATC GTCC/ SF Container Max. activation zones LARGE COMPONENTS DISASSEMBLY (2013-2015)
  • 33. Spanish experience  JOSE CABRERA NPP DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT JC NPP Final situation Initial Final situation & Return to owner 2010 Dismantling and Decommissioning
  • 34. Spanish experience  OTHER DECOMMISSIONING PROJECTS 6 th GRWP General Schedule. Basic planning scenario
  • 35. Thank you for yor attention Questions ? Carlos Gómez (Jose Cabrera NPP D&D Project)
  • 36. UKTI Nuclear Conference 27th – 28th, 29th January 2014 Market Briefing – Supporting The Nuclear Industry Japan
  • 37. Country Briefing Japan Dr Keith Franklin First Secretary (Nuclear) British Embassy Tokyo UNCLASSIFIED
  • 38. The next 15 minutes • Nuclear generation in Japan • Nuclear decommissioning in Japan
  • 39. Nuclear Power Stations in Japan
  • 40. Nuclear Generation in Japan • No reactors currently running • Restart policy • Fuel imports • Overseas new-build • Politics
  • 41. Nuclear Decommissioning • Fukushima Dai-ichi – Roadmap • Others?
  • 42. Progress at Reactor 4
  • 43. Civil Nuclear Export Showcase 2014 Market Briefings & Seminars Organization Outline & Present Activities of International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning (IRID) Kiyoshi OIKAWA Director, IRID 無断複製・転載禁止 技術研究組合 国際廃炉研究開発機構 ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 44. IRID is a Research & Development Consortium Basic role is: Fully committing to technology R&D that helps the decommissioning project of Fukushima Daiichi NPS as an urgent subject, based on which enhancing the technological basis for nuclear decommissioning for the future. Contents of operation are: ✓R&D for nuclear decommissioning ✓Promoting the international/domestic alliance for decommissioning ✓Human resource development for R&D Establishment: August 1, 2013 ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 45. Overall Relationship Council for the Decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi NPS (Chaired by the Minister of METI) Implementation of Mid-and-long-term Roadmap Outputs/Outcomes of R&D program Electric Utilities & Plant Manufacturers Expertise for future decommissioning projects IRID Management Functions TEPCO Headquarters F1 Site Operation Integrated management of R&D projects Project Group A Project Group B Project Group C R&D project A-1 R&D project B-1 R&D project C-1 R&D project A-2 R&D project B-2 R&D project C-2 Contractors & Sub-contractors Advice from international community Joint study/research with partners ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 46. IRID as “Open Platform” for Collaboration International Advisors Board of Directors Advices from organizational governance & management aspects Alliance/ collaborative study Technological vendors Research institutes, etc. Integrated management of R&D projects ✓Planning of overall research strategy ✓Coordination & optimization Needs at site/ Supply of equipment Collaborative study Project -A Joint Research/ International Collaboration Joint business Sharing results Project -B ✓Discussion on innovative ideas, technologies and projects Technological advices OECD/NEA - Accident analysis - Others IAEA - Review mission - Others International Expert Group Innovative ideas/ technology proposals Business and research institutions all over the world ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 47. Overview of Fukushima Daiichi Units 1-4  The state of progress for decommissioning varies with each unit. Unit1: Hydrogen explosion. Cover was installed. *Most of the fuel has fallen down into the PCV. Unit2: *Fuel debris exist the core part, lower plenum and PCV. Unit3: Hydrogen explosion. *Fuel debris exist the core part, lower plenum and PCV. Unit4: Hydrogen explosion. Cover for fuel removal was installed. Started fuel removal at 18 Nov. 2013. *Fuel debris location is estimated location. Unit 1 Covering Structure Spent Fuel Pool (SFP) Primary Containment Vessel (PCV) Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) Reactor Building Water Injection Unit 2 Blow-out Panel (now closed) Water Injection Unit 3 gantry Crawler Crane Unit 4 Covering Structure Finished removing rubbles on the building Started removing fuels Water Injection Fuel Debris Vent Contaminated Water ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 48. Outline of Mid and Long Term Roadmap  Mid and long term roadmap was revised in June 2013.  Phased approach was confirmed.  The roadmap has shifted into the Phase-2, by having started fuel removal from Unit 4 SFP. st Step 1 2013 2011 November December Step 2 Phase 1 Cold shutdown achieved •Achieve cold shutdown •Significantly reduce radiation releases Period up to the   commencement of the removal of the fuel from the spent fuel pool (within 2 years) 1 half of 2020 30 to 40 years in (fast case) the future Phase 2 Phase 3 Period up to the commencement of the retrieval of the fuel debris (within 10 years) Period up to the completion of decommissioning measures (30 to 40 years in the future) Started first fuel removal from Unit 4 SFP on Nov. 18, 2013 ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 49. Planned Schedule for Unit 1-4  Removal of fuel at Unit 4 was started from November 2013 (one month earlier than the initial plan).  Retrieval of fuel debris will be started from the first half of FY 2020 (the earliest case). Nuclear Fuel removal from SFPs (target schedule) Fuel debris retrieval (target schedule) Unit 1 First half of FY2017(the earliest case) ~ Second half of FY2017 First half of FY2020 ~ Second half of FY2022 Unit 2 Second half of FY2017(the earliest case) ~ First half of FY2023 First half of FY2020 ~ Second half of FY2024 Unit 3 First half of 2015 Second half of FY2021(the earliest case) ~ First half of FY2023 Unit 4 November 2013 ー (one month earlier than the initial plan) ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 50. Steps for Fuel Debris Retrieval on the premise of the Existing Flooding Method  The most reliable method of fuel debris retrieval at present is considered to remove the fuel debris by keeping them covered with water to reduce the risk of radiation exposure during the work process. HP :Technical holding points Phase 1 2012 Phase 2 Phase 3 By 1st half in 2020 2013 Step 1: Reactor Building Decontamination Leaking Location (Lower PCV) HP Identified Enough HP Water Level achieved Leaking Location HP (Upper PCV) Identified PCV Internal Inspection and Sampling PCV Investigation from outside Defueling HP Method Developed Enough HP Water Level achieved Step 8: Step 5: Step 2: RPV Internal Inspection and Sampling ▽Open RPV Step 3: Lower PCV Repair Step 4: PCV Half Flooding After 20-25 years Step 6: Upper PCV Repair 51 Step 7: PCV/RPV Full Flooding Step 9: Defueling Debris processing/ HP disposal methods developed ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 51. Building Internal Decontamination DS pit SFP Equipment hatch RPV PCV Fuel debris airlock Torus Steam dryer Steam-water separator Turbine Building  Development of remotely operated decontamination devices that meet the contamination conditions in the field in order to improve the work environment such as surveying and repairing leaks in the PCV to prepare for fuel debris retrieval. Waterproofing Leak High-pressure water jet decontamination device Dry ice blast decontamination device Blasting/collecting decontamination device ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 52. Open air Robot for Inspection and Repair of PCV Device ① Survey robot of Vent pipe joint ② Quadruped walking robot ( &Flat vehicle ) ③ Robot for surveying the upper part of the S/C Characteristics Approach joints between bent pipes and the D/W from between the vent pipe and concrete wall with adhering itself to the surface of the outside of the vent pipe Be used to ascertain conditions inside the S/C, such as the presence of leaks from near the area beneath the vent pipe. Check for leaks from structures at the top of the S/C, which is high up (Approx. 3m at its highest), after accessing it from the catwalk outside the Torus. ① Survey robot of Vent pipe joint PCV ③ Robot for surveying the upper part of the S/C Close-up camera (with platform) Extendable mast PCV Vent pipe ベント管 Robot adhesion ロボット location 吸着位置 ② Quadruped walking robot Quadruped walking robot Vent pipe sleeves Sand cushion drain lines PCV Ven t pip 1 crawlers e 3 S/C 2 Torus survey 4 Flat vehicle Bellows cover 900 ~ 500 3000 mm mm Approx. 約 6 5 Survey robot ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 53. Submersible Robot Develops device Robot for ④ Submersible robot surveying submersed ⑤ Floor walking torus walls robot ⑥ Robots for surveying the bottom part of the S/C ⑥ Robots for Surveying the bottom part of the S/C Characteristics Be used to check for damages at building penetration seals with remotely operated (used in very narrow places) by an operator viewing a video screen. Walk on the floor underneath the water and uses ultrasound to check for leaks in distant places. Check for damages on the outside of the S/C, on structures on the outside and on penetration pipes, with adhering itself to the outer surface of the S/C to ④ Submersible robot Movable camera Magnetic wheels Observation camera S/C Inner circumference of S/C Seismic resistant support Ascent/descent thrusters (front, back, left, right) bot f ro ute o o ple ロボット lr amtrave Ex Up down Column support Outer circumference of S/C Camera PCV Ven t pip 1 e 3 S/C Robot Forward thrusters Taurus walls Horizontal thrusters ⑤ Floor walking robot Vertical thrusters Horizontal Thrusters 2 4 6 S/C 5 S/C Tracer Taurus Walls Ultrasound Ultrasonic sensor (sonar) Crawlers Camera Robot ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 54. Investigation of the PCV Interior  Inserting survey equipment through Unit 1 X-100B ✓ A crawler device that can transform and move along gratings stably after being inserted into the PCV from narrow access pipe (X-100B penetration seal: inner diameterφ100mm). [PCV cross-section] X-100B [D/W 1FL] D/W 1F Grating A enlarged view X-100B Existing guide pipe When traveling along guide pipe Dosimeter Cable Existing Guide pipe Guide pipe CCD camera Thermometer Running device A section PCV Grating D/W subfloors Transformation X-6 : Survey route ( proposed ) High radiation level PCV internal survey route (proposed) When traveling on grating Device concept image ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 55. Steps for Fuel Debris Retrieval on the premise of the Existing Flooding Method  The most reliable method of fuel debris retrieval at present is considered to remove the fuel debris by keeping them covered with water to reduce the risk of radiation exposure during the work process. HP :Technical holding points Phase 1 2012 Phase 2 Phase 3 By 1st half in 2020 2013 Step 1: Reactor Building Decontamination Leaking Location (Lower PCV) HP Identified Enough HP Water Level achieved Leaking Location HP (Upper PCV) Identified PCV Internal Inspection and Sampling PCV Investigation from outside Defueling HP Method Developed Enough HP Water Level achieved Step 8: Step 5: Step 2: RPV Internal Inspection and Sampling ▽Open RPV Step 3: Lower PCV Repair Step 4: PCV Half Flooding After 20-25 years Step 6: Upper PCV Repair Step 7: PCV/RPV Full Flooding Step 9: Defueling Debris processing/ HP disposal methods developed ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 56. Request for Information (RFI) of Innovative Approach for Fuel Debris Retrieval Objectives of RFI: The purpose of this RFI is to solicit information from industry, academia, and government affiliated agencies on issues rerated to designing innovative approaches to fuel debris retrieval. This RFI is not a funding opportunity. Responses to the RFI will be used only for planning additional R&D programs Schedule: 2013 ✓November 29 : Website is open ✓Mid December : Procedure for RFI is to be announced 2014 ✓End of January : Deadline of RFI ✓Feb/March : Review of responses ✓Late April : Project Workshop RFP of C/S and F/S to be followed ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 57. Topics for RFI Topic-A: Internal PCV/RPV Status Investigation ✓A-1: Conceptual study on innovative approaches ✓A-2: Technologies for internal PCV/RPV status investigation Topic-B: Fuel-Debris Retrieval from PCV/RPV ✓B-1: Conceptual study on Innovative approaches [Example] Conceptual idea of retrieving fuel debris from PCV and RPV without submerging PCV, the comparison to the submersion scenario, etc. (a) Accessing and removal of fuel debris from Top side of PCV/RPV under water. (b) Accessing and removal of fuel debris from Top side of PCV/RPV in atmospheric condition. (c) Accessing and removal of fuel debris from lateral side of PCV/RPV in atmospheric condition. (d) Accessing and removal of fuel debris from bottom side of PCV/RPV in atmospheric condition. ✓B-2: Technologies for Fuel-Debris Retrieval Innovative approach ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 58. Program Structure MAR/APR, 2014 MAR/APR, 2015 PHASE 2 Theme PHASE 1 A-1 RFI for C/S B-1 RFP for C/S Theme RFI for F/S A-2 B-2 RFP for F/S PHASE 3 R&D project Selection Funding C/S Funding RFP F/S Funding RFP Selection (3 to 5 projects) (potential) R&D project Selection Funding Selection (3 to 5 projects) if not selected C/S or R&D No Funding Others Project Workshop #1 (potential) Preliminary/Design Selection Funding RFP (potential) R&D project Selection Funding RFP Project Workshop #2 (potential) Visit IRID WEB for more information! http://www.irid.or.jp http://www.irid.or.jp/fd (for RFI) ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 59. Thank you for your attention 無断複製・転載禁止 技術研究組合 国際廃炉研究開発機構 ©International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning
  • 60. UKTI Nuclear Conference  27th – 28th, 29th  January 2014 Market Briefing – Supporting The Nuclear  Industry  Turkey  
  • 61. Contents • Nuclear Energy in Turkey – Energy – Nuclear Energy Projects – Business Opportunities
  • 62. Energy • Turkey’s energy bill was $60bn in 2012. • It is estimated that Turkey’s demand for electricity will increase at an annual rate of 6-8% between 2009 and 2023. • For Turkey to meet its energy demand, significant investments are necessary in the energy sector, estimated around US$130 billion by 2023. • Turkey’s energy dependency is currently at 70% with; 92% of oil 98% of gas imported causing over 50% of current account deficit(CAD). • Turkey plans to reform energy production to meet increasing demand and aims to become a transit hub for energy transportation in the region. • Turkey is aiming to increase energy production using domestic energy sources; coal, renewable energy and nuclear energy. Type your title and date here 00/00/0000
  • 63. Energy Challenges and Opportunities: Challenges: Need for new legislations and regulations Competitive environment, Tax problems. Opportunities: Turkey’s goal of becoming an energy hub, Increasing need for energy, High potential natural resources, Geographic advantages Type your title and date here 00/00/0000
  • 64. Nuclear Energy Projects • Turkey is planning to build 3 nuclear power plants by 2023 • The Turkish Prime Minister announced a notice to facilitate and speed up the procedures for nuclear energy in 2012 • The first nuclear power plant project, Akkuyu is contracted to Russia and the second nuclear plant which will be built in Sinop is contracted to Japan/France. Trakya region which is the European part of Turkey is considered for the 3 rd nuclear power plant to be built Type your title and date here 00/00/0000
  • 65. Nuclear Energy Projects • In May 2010 Turkish government and Russian government signed an agreement for Rosatom to build, own and operate the Akkuyu plant of four 3rd generation VVER 1200 MWe reactors as a US$ 20 billion project. Rosatom, through Atomstroyexport and Inter RAO UES, will finance the project and start off with 100% equity in the Turkish project company set up to build, own and operate the plant. In December 2011 the project company Akkuyu Nukleer Santral Elektrik Uretim had filed applications for construction permits and a power generation license, as well as an environmental impact assessment by the deadline, with a view to starting construction in 2015 and finishing the first unit at the end of 2020. According to the agreement between Russia and Turkey, all the work that does not require high tech will be carried out by Turkish companies. The construction work(excluding nuclear island), environmental impact assessment, studies on the construction site, etc. will be contracted to local companies Type your title and date here 00/00/0000
  • 66. Business Opportunities • As there is a lack of experience and knowledge the Turkish Government is in need of working with an international nuclear consultancy firm to map the project and also to be able to manage the project • Project management • Legal and regulatory advice • Training • Supply Chain Capability Building • Physical and cyber security • Supply Chain Opportunities and nuclear island components within Main Contractor Russia Type your title and date here 00/00/0000
  • 67. Contacts Umay Uysal Trade Manager British Embassy, Sehit Ersan Caddesi No. 46/A, Cankaya, Ankara Tel: +90-312-455-3258  Email: umay.uysal@fco.gov.uk www.ukinturkey.fco.gov.uk
  • 68. UKTI Nuclear Conference  27th – 28th, 29th  January 2014 Market Briefing   Supporting The Nuclear Industry