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UKSG 2014 Breakout Session - Disruptions in a complex ecology: the future of scholarly communications
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UKSG 2014 Breakout Session - Disruptions in a complex ecology: the future of scholarly communications


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  • First four from Henry OldenburgLast has become increasingly important over past few years, as performance management and assessment has become a bigger part of the research landscape
  • Science as an open enterprise
  • Publication not just about dissemination: it’s a vital step in the competition for credit and scholarly reputation. It’s how researchers build the credit to win new research grants and advance in their careersChoices about where to publish are informed not just by the kinds of drivers I’ve just been talking about, but by hard-headed views about which journal will help me get most creditAll this underpinned by systems at national and institutional levels which reward researchers for publications in top journalsSo while perceptions of lower quality for OA publications may be wrong, they are realUncertainties about IP, and reluctance to give away rightsCosts for universities and funders; but also for publishers (existing ones and start ups); and lots of uncertainties about both
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    • 1. Disruptions in a complex ecology: the future of scholarly communications? Michael Jubb Research Information Network UKSG: Harrogate 14 and 15 April 2014
    • 2. Purposes of scholarly communications  registering research findings, their timing, and the person(s) responsible  reviewing and certifying findings before publication  disseminating new knowledge  preserving a record of findings for the long term efficiency and effectiveness of research  rewarding researchers for their work
    • 3. Purposes of scholarly communication (2)  discoverable  accessible  intelligible  assessable  usable  Royal Society, Science as an Open Enterprise, 2012
    • 4. Mechanisms for scholarly communication  oral: lectures, seminars, conference presentations, tele-conferences  written: theses, working papers, pre- prints, books, journal articles, blogs, wikis, emails  public vs restricted audience  peer-reviewed/quality-assured or not?
    • 5. Players and stakeholders: and their interests  researchers  universities and research institutes  funders  libraries  publishers  learned societies
    • 6. The Research Landscape: Funders and Do-ers Elsevier, International Comparative Performance of the UK Research Base, 2013: a Report for BIS
    • 7. Sources of funds: international differences
    • 8. Where research is done
    • 9. Collaboration
    • 10. Research Data
    • 11. Publishers  no. of publishers: c 2k  no. of journals: c 28k (10k in WoK, 18k in SCOPUS)  no. of articles: c 2m a year
    • 12. Publishers (2) revenues (geog): c52% US c32% EMEA c12% Asia/Pacific c 4% other revenues (source): 70+%library subs 16% corporate 4% adverts 3% memberships 4% other Mark Ware and Michael Mabe, The STM Report: An overview of scientific and scholarly journal publishing, 2013
    • 13. Quality assurance and peer review  who?  editors and editorial boards  publishers’ editorial staff  reviewers  types  single-blind, double blind, open
    • 14. Quality assurance and peer review (2)  issues  fairness and bias  delays  inefficiency (repeat submissions and reviews)  data and reproducibility  overload  new types  soundness not significance  cascade  portable  open and interactive  post-publication Mark Ware Peer Review: An Introduction and Guide, Publishing Research Consortium 2013
    • 15. Open Access: the routes  Fully-OA journals with APC  Fully-OA journals no APC  Hybrid journals  Delayed free access journals  Repository pre-print  Repository accepted ms
    • 16. Open Access: Global take-up 2012  Fully-OA journals with APC 5.5%  Fully-OA journals no APC 4.2%  Hybrid journals 0.5%  Delayed free access journals 1.0%  Repository pre-print 6.4%  Repository accepted ms 5.0%
    • 17. Service infrastructure  subscription agents and other intermediaries  navigation:  abstracts and indexes  citation services  linking services  library systems  reference management services  semantic enrichment  OA infrastructure  green and gold  metadata standards  text and data mining
    • 18. Some issues for the future  balance between sustainability and innovation  future of peer review  future of journals
    • 19. Thank you Questions? Michael Jubb and Debby Shorley, The Future of Scholarly Communications, Facet, 2013