Click to add title
The Need for Green Technologies
Jim Watson, Research Director
UK Energy Research Centre
Green Technolog...
Overview
1. Global sustainability challenges
2. Sustainable innovation: some considerations
3. Conclusions
Source: Rockstrom et al (2009)
Planetary boundaries
(Quoted by UNEP International Resource Panel, 2012)
Global material use continues to rise
Source: IEA WEO Special Report (2013)
Greenhouse gas emissions
are rising rapidly
Energy-related CO2 emissions
Source: IUCN and IWA
Resources are interdependent:
energy-food-water nexus
Rising consumption = rising prices?
Oil prices (1970-2011)
Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy (2011)
0
20
40
60...
Rising consumption = rising prices?
Lithium prices (1950-2010)
Source: UKERC Materials Availability Handbook (2013)
Rising consumption = rising prices?
Rare earth ore prices (1920-2012)
Source: UKERC Materials Availability Handbook (2013)
Access to resources is not equitable:
The case of energy consumption
Per capita consumption, 2011 (mtoe) from BP Statistic...
Source: UNEP International Resource Panel (2012)
Can resource use be decoupled
from economic development?
Energy and climate change:
Resource and impact decoupling needed
Source: IEA World Energy Outlook (2012)
Different pathways to sustainability
Source: IEA World Energy Outlook (2012)
Source: German Advisory
Council on Global Change
* CO2 only. Trajectories have
66% chance of compliance
Source: German Adv...
Innovation in ‘green technologies’:
some considerations
3. Innovation systems & development1. Innovation systems
 Innovation covers a spectrum of ‘technology stages’:
from R&D t...
Source: McKinsey, 2010
Many ‘negative cost’,
easy measures?
Not all technologies are
at same stage
New infrastructures are...
2. Economic incentives and carbon
pricing
3. From R&D to deployment:
An uncertain (and expensive) road?
Source: The Carbon...
4. Globalisation of innovation:
A stronger role for developing countries
Source: Financial Times, 29th Nov 2011
Indigenous support
for technological
capabilities
National Innovation System
Skills & know-how for
operation &
maintenance...
‘In many cases, such as driving low-carbon growth or
decarbonising energy systems, large scale system-wide
changes need to...
‘Industrial economies have become locked in to fossil fuel-
based technological systems through path a dependent
process d...
3. Innovation systems & developmentConclusions
 The world faces a series of related sustainability
challenges, many of wh...
Click to add title
Thanks
http://www.ukerc.ac.uk
https://twitter.com/watsonjim2
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Need for Green Technologies, by UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) Research Director Jim Watson, September 2013

459 views
324 views

Published on

UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) Research Director Professor Jim Watson talks about "The Need for Green Technologies" at the Green Technologies: Drivers, Barriers and Gatekeepers ASSAf / Dept of Science and Technology Symposium, 10 September 2013.

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
459
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Need for Green Technologies, by UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) Research Director Jim Watson, September 2013

  1. 1. Click to add title The Need for Green Technologies Jim Watson, Research Director UK Energy Research Centre Green Technologies: Drivers, Barriers and Gatekeepers ASSAf / Dept of Science and Technology Symposium, 10th Sep 2013
  2. 2. Overview 1. Global sustainability challenges 2. Sustainable innovation: some considerations 3. Conclusions
  3. 3. Source: Rockstrom et al (2009) Planetary boundaries
  4. 4. (Quoted by UNEP International Resource Panel, 2012) Global material use continues to rise
  5. 5. Source: IEA WEO Special Report (2013) Greenhouse gas emissions are rising rapidly Energy-related CO2 emissions
  6. 6. Source: IUCN and IWA Resources are interdependent: energy-food-water nexus
  7. 7. Rising consumption = rising prices? Oil prices (1970-2011) Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy (2011) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 $/barrel($2011)
  8. 8. Rising consumption = rising prices? Lithium prices (1950-2010) Source: UKERC Materials Availability Handbook (2013)
  9. 9. Rising consumption = rising prices? Rare earth ore prices (1920-2012) Source: UKERC Materials Availability Handbook (2013)
  10. 10. Access to resources is not equitable: The case of energy consumption Per capita consumption, 2011 (mtoe) from BP Statistical Review of World Energy (2012)
  11. 11. Source: UNEP International Resource Panel (2012) Can resource use be decoupled from economic development?
  12. 12. Energy and climate change: Resource and impact decoupling needed Source: IEA World Energy Outlook (2012)
  13. 13. Different pathways to sustainability Source: IEA World Energy Outlook (2012)
  14. 14. Source: German Advisory Council on Global Change * CO2 only. Trajectories have 66% chance of compliance Source: German Advisory Council on Global Change Different pathways to sustainable energy in 2050
  15. 15. Innovation in ‘green technologies’: some considerations
  16. 16. 3. Innovation systems & development1. Innovation systems  Innovation covers a spectrum of ‘technology stages’: from R&D to commercial deployment  Innovation is not a linear process – it is networked and involves multiple relationships between actors  Innovation can include the development of new technologies and products; but also associated social, institutional and organisational changes  Increasing recognition that government policy has a role to play in supporting innovation at many stages
  17. 17. Source: McKinsey, 2010 Many ‘negative cost’, easy measures? Not all technologies are at same stage New infrastructures are needed too 2. Green innovation will be diverse: Carbon abatement technologies
  18. 18. 2. Economic incentives and carbon pricing 3. From R&D to deployment: An uncertain (and expensive) road? Source: The Carbon Trust
  19. 19. 4. Globalisation of innovation: A stronger role for developing countries Source: Financial Times, 29th Nov 2011
  20. 20. Indigenous support for technological capabilities National Innovation System Skills & know-how for operation & maintenance 4. Globalisation of innovation: A stronger role for developing countries Accumulation of technological capacity Knowledge & expertise behind technology Technology transfer New production capacity Capital goods, services & designs
  21. 21. ‘In many cases, such as driving low-carbon growth or decarbonising energy systems, large scale system-wide changes need to happen in a relatively short space of time. This presents both costs to the environment and potentially costs to growth.’ OECD (2011) Towards Green Growth 5. Can green innovation be accelerated?
  22. 22. ‘Industrial economies have become locked in to fossil fuel- based technological systems through path a dependent process driven by technological and institutional increasing returns to scale. This condition, termed carbon lock-in, arises through a combination of systematic forces that perpetuate fossil fuel- based infrastructures in spite of their known environmental externalities and the apparent existence of cost-neutral or cost effective remedies’ Greg Unruh (2000) ‘Understanding carbon lock-in’ 5. Can green innovation be accelerated?
  23. 23. 3. Innovation systems & developmentConclusions  The world faces a series of related sustainability challenges, many of which require urgent action  There’s a need to use resources more efficiently and mitigate the impacts of resource use  Green innovation will be essential in many sectors to meet these challenges successfully  Actions by government, businesses and civil society will need to take into account national, sectoral and other differences between technologies and contexts  In many cases, systemic change will be required to decouple growth from negative environmental impacts
  24. 24. Click to add title Thanks http://www.ukerc.ac.uk https://twitter.com/watsonjim2

×