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Synergies and tensions
in UK energy policy
Jim Watson, Research Director
UK Energy Research Centre
Ener...
Energy policy and energy systems
Large scale technology, such as electric light and
power systems, incorporate not only te...
Balancing energy policy goals?
Our energy security is best served
by minimising our exposure to the
volatile global fossil...
Balancing energy policy goals?
Security of supply, affordability, and
playing our part in combating
climate change. And th...
Reducing GHG emissions:
good progress, but will it continue?
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1990 1995 2000 2005 201...
0
100
200
300
400
2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012
Index(2000=100)
Gas Electricity
Gas prices have
trebled since 2000
El...
Click to add titlePrice rises and fuel poverty
Source: Department of Energy and Climate Change
Energy security is high on the agenda
for many reasons:
 High energy prices since mid 2000s
 UK’s shift back to net ener...
-200.0
-100.0
0.0
100.0
200.0
300.0
400.0
500.0
600.0
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
TWh
Exports Pipeline Imports LNG ...
Tensions between policy goals
Click to add titleTensions between policy goals
Tensions between policy goals
Fracking has become a national
debate in Britain – and it’s one
that I’m determined to win. ...
3. Innovation systems & developmentMeeting energy policy goals:
a return to energy planning?
The electricity market is disappearing:
government making investment decisions
Even if this is temporary, need to be aware...
Click to add title
Thanks
http://www.ukerc.ac.uk
@UKERCHQ @watsonjim2
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Synergies and tensions in UK energy policy, Jim Watson, UKERC

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By Prof Jim Watson, UKERC
Presented at Energy Systems Conference organised by the Energy Institute and Elsevier, on 24-25 June 2014, in London, United Kingdom.

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Transcript of "Synergies and tensions in UK energy policy, Jim Watson, UKERC"

  1. 1. Click to add title Synergies and tensions in UK energy policy Jim Watson, Research Director UK Energy Research Centre Energy Systems Conference, London, 24-25 June 2014
  2. 2. Energy policy and energy systems Large scale technology, such as electric light and power systems, incorporate not only technical and physical things such as generators, transformers and high-voltage transmission lines, but also utility companies, electrical manufacturers and reinforcing institutions such as regulatory agencies and laws Thomas Hughes, American Genesis (1989)
  3. 3. Balancing energy policy goals? Our energy security is best served by minimising our exposure to the volatile global fossil fuel markets, enhancing our energy efficiency and maximising home-grown low carbon energy, as well as cleaner indigenous reserves, such as natural gas, to help ease the low carbon transition Ed Davey, March 2014
  4. 4. Balancing energy policy goals? Security of supply, affordability, and playing our part in combating climate change. And that for me is the order Michael Fallon, 2nd Dec 2013
  5. 5. Reducing GHG emissions: good progress, but will it continue? 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Emissions:mtCO2(equiv) CO2 emissions Other GHGs Total GHGs Source: Department of Energy and Climate Change CO2 emissions are down 19% since 1990
  6. 6. 0 100 200 300 400 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Index(2000=100) Gas Electricity Gas prices have trebled since 2000 Electricity prices have doubled since 2000 Affordability: Domestic gas & electricity prices But energy has become more expensive: rising prices and bills
  7. 7. Click to add titlePrice rises and fuel poverty Source: Department of Energy and Climate Change
  8. 8. Energy security is high on the agenda for many reasons:  High energy prices since mid 2000s  UK’s shift back to net energy importer  Geopolitics and conflicts  Impacts of extreme weather  Ageing and/or inadequate infrastructure Security debates often focus on international risks, but many risks are closer to home A secure energy system: but can this be maintained?
  9. 9. -200.0 -100.0 0.0 100.0 200.0 300.0 400.0 500.0 600.0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 TWh Exports Pipeline Imports LNG Imports Net Imports Source: DECC Maintaining energy security From gas exporter to importer / trader A secure energy system? from gas exporter to importer
  10. 10. Tensions between policy goals
  11. 11. Click to add titleTensions between policy goals
  12. 12. Tensions between policy goals Fracking has become a national debate in Britain – and it’s one that I’m determined to win. If we don’t back this technology, we will miss a massive opportunity to help families with their bills and make our country more competitive. Without it, we could lose ground in the tough global race David Cameron, August 2013
  13. 13. 3. Innovation systems & developmentMeeting energy policy goals: a return to energy planning?
  14. 14. The electricity market is disappearing: government making investment decisions Even if this is temporary, need to be aware of the risks and tensions, e.g.  We don’t know which low carbon technologies will be most cost effective  Risks of stifling radical change: demand side response; decentralised generation; a more plural energy market  Heat and transport decarbonisation are even more uncertain: need for experimentation, innovation & learning 3. Innovation systems & developmentMeeting energy policy goals: a return to energy planning?
  15. 15. Click to add title Thanks http://www.ukerc.ac.uk @UKERCHQ @watsonjim2
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