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"The meeting point between the Internet of things and the Smart Cities" Luis Muñoz

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  • 1. SmartSantander: The Meeting Point between the Internet of Things and the Smart City Prof. Luis Muñoz Laboratories for R+D+I in Telecommunications, 39005-Santander; Spain University of Cantabria luis@tlmat.unican.es
  • 2. Outline • Internet of Things (IoT). – Integrating IoT in the Future Internet. • IoT impact on network behavior. • Looking for a research with a true impact. • Smart Cities: The paradise for the living labs. • SmartSantander. – What, why and how? – Technologies and services – Experimentation support and tools • Conclusions.Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 3. Internet of Things (1/3) • Heterogeneous devices/objects such as RFID, smart cards, sensors, actuators, … • Machine to machine (M2M) term is used instead of IoT. However, M2M is a subset of IoT. • Standardization activities in the ETSI conducted by ETSI TC M2M. – Smart metering. – E-Health. • New Long Term Evolution (LTE) profile, fitting M2M requirements, under discussion.Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 4. Internet of Things (2/3) • ITU-T work on ubiquitous sensor networks (USN)Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 5. Internet of Things (3/3) • Plethora of heterogeneous devices accessing to the NGN backbone through a plethora of access networks. • IoT architecture definition encompassing: – Protocols and interfaces – Services • European projects to monitor at time being: – IoT-A (Internet of Things Architecture; IP) – IoT-i (Internet of Things Initiative; CA) – SmartSantander (IP) – BUTLER (IP) – OUTSMART (PPP-FI)Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 6. IoT impact on network behavior • The presence of a huge number of heterogeneous IoT devices imposes a set of open questions about the performance of access networks (mainly wireless). • It is not yet valid to make an approach just based on simplified analytical models or simulations. • A much more ambitious approach is needed.Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 7. Looking for a research with trueimpact (1/2) • A lot of Future Internet research has crystallized in terms of relevant publications, prototypes and simulations. • Just as an example: Too many RFCs, some of them very successful: – Mobile IPv4 (RFC 3344, Charles Perkins) – Mobile IPv6 (RFC3775) – Raptor Codes (RFC 5053) • However is this enough?Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 8. Looking for a research with a trueimpact (2/2) • There is a need to provoke a higher impact. – Increasing end-user involvement ⇒ Increases social awareness concerning research – Prioritizing innovation • Which are the tools?Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 9. Smart cities: The paradise forliving labs • Smart cities represent a unique ecosystem which fits the requirements of research driven by innovation. – End-users (citizens) – Local authorities and their requirements, constraints, interests,… – Service and technology providers (SMEs, companies,…). – ResearchersCourse on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 10. SmartSantander and the living labs • Smart Santander aims at deploying a unique Internet of Things infrastructure for carrying out experimental research in the framework of a city • The infrastructure has to provide support to the – Research community – End-users (inhabitants, local authorities,…) – Service providers • …and has to be SUSTAINABLECourse on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 11. What is SmartSantander about? • SmartSantander aims at providing a European experimental test facility for the research and experimentation of architectures, key enabling technologies, services and applications for the Internet of Things (IoT) in the context of the smart city. 20.000 IoT devicesCourse on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 12. Why Smart-Z with Z = Santander? • Smart Santander was perceived from the very beginning as a golden opportunity for lining up the vectors of the value chain: – Research centers – Industry, in particular SMEs – Other agents • SmartSantander is not only for researchers... – Smart services for Santander city and citizens – Traffic management in the city (outdoors parking areas, traffic monitoring, control loading areas, ...) + environmental impactCourse on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 13. How is SmartSantander becominga reality? • Phased roll-out and deployment: Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Time November 2011 November 2012 August 2013 Scale 2.000 IoT devices 5.000 IoT devices 20.000 IoT devices Resources Mainly WSN nodes and More heterogeneity Federated with other GWs WSNs, RFID, GW FIRE facilities Facility Basic experi-mentation Advanced tools for Advanced cross-testbed services support experimentation tools Application Transport, metering, TBD TBD domains environment Basis for 1st call experiments Basis for 2nd call experiments Call publication: Sep ‘11 Call publication: Sep ‘12 Experiments: Dec ‘11 – Jul ‘12 Experiments: Dec ‘12 – Jul ‘13Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 14. Technologies and Services • Phase 1 deployment – 1300 installed on lamp posts • 650 targeted to service provision (Temperature, Relative Humidity, Noise Levels) • 650 targeted to experimentation – 325 buried in the asphaltCourse on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 15. Technologies and Services • Full-meshed network architecture – Topology controlled by experimenter possible – Reprogrammable over-the-air – 802.15.4 transceiver dedicated for experimentation Load/Unload Area Streetlight Digimesh Link Parking sensor: Sensor node with one transceiver (Digimesh) 802.15.4 Link Parking sensor node. To be deployed buried in the asphalt. At the corresponding load/unload Repeater: Sensor node with two WiFi/GPRS, area, bus stop or handicapped-reserved space. transceivers (Digimesh and 802.15.4) ethernet Link SmartSantander Repeater. To be deployed at available street Gateway: Node with communication with Backbone lights or traffic lights. sensor networks (Digimesh and 802.15.4) Gateway. Connected to Internet/Intranet. and communication with external networks Radio link (WiFi, GPRS, ethernet)Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 16. Technologies and Services • Pilot deployment already up and running – 3 clusters. – 150 Waspmotes with dual transceiver: • 100 sensing environmental conditions (Temperature and/or CO index). • 50 parking occupancy status. – 3 Gateways for connection with the Portal Server – Duality experimentation-service provisionCourse on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 17. Technologies and Services • From the lab to the hostile outdoor scenario!!Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 18. Technologies and Services • Additional testbeds increasing the heterogeneity – Smart campus, Guildford, UK • 350 freely programmable IoT experimentation nodes: – 250 wireless sensor nodes in an office environment providing energy consumption at desk, light, temperature, motion, and noise. – 100 embedded Linux gateway devices (Ethernet, Wifi, Bluetooth). – Lübeck testbed deployment • 320 wireless sensor nodes with USB backbone, indoor. • 60 wireless sensor nodes without wired backbone, outdoor. – Belgrade testbed deployment • 20 mobile devices, deployed on public buses. – Equipped with GPRS, GPS, temperature, humidity, air pressure, CO, CO2 and NO2. – Access to data and re-programming possible. • Additional 60 devices available, but for data access only.Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 19. Expected experimentation supportand tools • Tools supporting of the entire experimentation cycle – Open APIs with appropriate documentation. – Transparent and seamless. – Secure. Specification – Resource selection – Reservation – Execution control – Configuration specs – Scheduling – Event injection – Provisioning of images – Deployment and – Monitoring – Definition of KPIs, configuration – Data collection debug & log info – Logging Specification phase Setup phase Execution phaseCourse on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 20. Summer school • Dates: 29/08 - 02/09 2011. • Venue: Kotor, Montenegro. • The aims of the summer school are to: – Survey fundamental and applied aspects of the Internet of Things. – Provide hands-on experience for experimentally-driven IoT research on one of the leading European IoT research facilities. – SmartSantander tutorial - how to use the platform and how to apply for funding available to run experiments. • Lectures: Each day will feature lectures with subsequent discussions around important IoT research themes and technology areas:Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services www.senzations.net UIMP, August 2011
  • 21. Conclusions (1/2) • IoT represents a new paradigm for the Internet of the Future. – New architecture, protocols, interfaces and services to be conceived. • New approach to the research: – End user involvement needed but NOT user driven. – Higher impact. – Innovation as a key axis. • Living labs are becoming a relevant ecosystem – Smart cities represent an appropriate instantiation of the living labs.Course on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011
  • 22. Conclusions (2/2) • SmartCity for experimentation: – Wide possibilities for experimentation (protocols experimentation, data and knowledge engineering, WSN management, services and applications). – Open platform. • Real-world environment. • Open Calls for experimentation: – Call publication: Early September 2011 – Call close: 5 weeks after – Call budget: TBC - (up to 1.2 M€ for both phases) – Number of partners per experiments: 1-3 (TBC) – Max. requested funding per experiment 200KCourse on Smart Cities and Innovation in Services UIMP, August 2011