MEDICAL EMERGENCIES IN THE DENTAL OFFICE
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation course
CPR COURSE CONTENTS
PREPARATION & MEDICO LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS
Dr Nallan Chytanya
Lecturer in Oral Medicine
Department of Biomedical Dental Sciences
College of Dental Sciences
P - positioning
A - airway
B - breathing
C - circulation
D - definitive treatment
ALS Airway/ Ventilation Methods
Module three: ACLS
Epinephrine to manage cardiac antidysrhythmic drugs
Dopamine, stimulates alpha and beta receptor for
treatment of hypotension .
Morphine analgesic , opioid agonist
Atropine drug of choice for bradycardia
Recognition of unconsciousness:
1. Lack of sensory stimulation
2. Lack of protective reflex
3. Inability to maintain airway
Supine position and alert staff member
Elevation of feet above heart level ( 10-15 degrees)
Remove any head supports like pillows and head rests.
Firm and stable lying area.
Member 2 should gather the emergency kit and portable
oxygen system & bring to the emergency site
Mean while, chin lift head tilt procedure: for airway
Look listen and feel technique
Medico legal aspects:
Legal aspects of the practice of medicine.
A jury must find the plaintiff proved the following things:
That the dentist was at fault
That the dentist’s fault --cause of injury to the patient
That the injury must be compensated by money
The judge tells the jury that negligence is :
Doing something that an prudent dentist would not do
Not doing something that a prudent dentist would do
under the same or similar circumstances
The failure to practice ordinary care.
Those possessing special training and experience and
whom the court has acknowledged to possess the
education necessary to offer opinion may testify.
Forseability of the emergency
Medical emergencies were unpredictable.
Higher likelihood of emergency helps-explain the higher
expectation of care
Many people -- fear and anxiety -- upcoming dental
Their fear and anxiety cause --metabolic changes & fear,
anger frustration-- waiting for long time in waiting room
add to the metabolic changes.
Grounds for Malpractice Liability
A. Lack of Informed Consent
B. Intentional Misconduct
C. Breach of therapeutic promise
D. Patient injury from dangerous treatment-related activities
E. Patient injury from defective treatment related products
F. Negligence – substandard care delivery
Informed consent should be obtained, a dentist
explain a patient the following information in detail:
Reason for care and treatment
Nature of treatment
Risks involved & expectation of success
Possible results if the patient does not undergo care
and treatment or does not follow instructions.
All office members -- familiar with proper CPR technique
& maintain current CPR certification.
Expected to be more prepared to prevent or to treat
Dentist should be keep in touch with lawyer and seek