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Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
Prednison
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Prednison

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Oral Diagnosis I …

Oral Diagnosis I
Third Year

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  • 1. What is prednisone? • Prednisone is in a class of drugs called steroids. Prednisone reduces swelling and decreases the body's ability to fight infections. • Prednisone is used to treat many different conditions. It is used to treat endocrine (hormonal) disorders when the body does not produce enough of its own steroids. It is also used to treat many disorders such as arthritis, lupus, severe psoriasis, severe , and Crohn's disease.ulcerative colitisasthma,
  • 2. What is the most important information that should be known about prednisone? suddenly if you have beenprednisone• Do not stop taking taking it for a few weeks. You may need a gradual reduction in dosage before you stop taking this medication. • prednisone should be taken with food or milk to lessen .stomach upset • Carrying some type of medical identification that will let others know that the patient is taking prednisone in the case of an emergency.
  • 3. How does prednisone work? In part, prednisone acts as an immunosuppressant. The immune system protects you against foreign bacteria and viruses. In some illnesses, the immune system produces antibodies that become overactive and cause undesirable effects. These illnesses are referred to as “autoimmune diseases.” Prednisone suppresses the production of antibodies. This suppression can make it slightly harder for you to fight off infection, but also stabilizes the immune system if it is overactive. Prednisone also works against inflammation to reduce heat, redness, swelling, and pain. When beginning prednisone, there is a small chance that it may cause serious increased weakness for a short period of time. Therefore, it may be necessary for you to be hospitalized for the first few days for observation
  • 4. Who should not take prednisone? • Do not take prednisone if you have a serious bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. Prednisone weakens the body's immune response and thus its ability to fight infection. • Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have ·kidney disease, ·liver disease, or heart disease,blood pressure·high ·ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, or stomach ulcers, ·hypothyroidism, ·a psychiatric condition, ·osteoporosis, ·myasthenia gravis, ·diabetes mellitus, or ·any other medical conditions.
  • 5. Who should not take prednisone? • You may not be able to take prednisone, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above. • Prednisone is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether prednisone will harm an unborn baby. Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant. • Prednisone passes into breast milk. Do not take prednisone without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
  • 6. How should I take prednisone? • Take prednisone exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more or less than is prescribed for you. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you. • Take each dose with a full glass of water. • Take prednisone with food or milk to lessen stomach upset. • Measure the liquid with the dropper provided or with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup. Ask your pharmacist for a dose-measuring spoon or cup if you do not have one. • If you are taking one dose daily, take that dose before 9 a.m. if possible, to follow the body's natural cycle. If you take more than one dose daily, space the doses evenly throughout the day as directed by your doctor.
  • 7. How should I take prednisone? • Do not stop taking prednisone suddenly if you have been taking it for a few weeks. You may need a gradual reduction in dosage before you stop taking this medication. • Carry some type of medical identification that will let others know you are taking prednisone in the case of an emergency. • Store prednisone at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
  • 8. What happens if I miss a dose? • If you take one dose daily, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if you don't remember until the next day, skip the dose you missed and take only your regular daily dose. • If you take more than one dose daily, you can either take the missed dose as soon as you remember, or you can take two doses at the next dose time. • If you take one dose every other day, take the missed dose as soon as you remember, then go back to your regular every-other-day schedule.
  • 9. What happens if I overdose? • Seek emergency medical attention. A single large dose of this medication is unlikely to cause symptoms or death. An overdose is more likely to be caused by a chronic overdose--large doses taken over a period of time. • Symptoms of an overdose include obesity (especially around the stomach); a round face; increased hair growth (especially around the face); acne; bruising; increased blood pressure; swollen hands, feet, or ankles (fluid retention); and sore or weak muscles.
  • 10. What should be avoided while taking Prednisone? • Avoid sources of infection. Wash your hands frequently and keep them away from the mouth and eyes. Your immune system may be weakened while taking prednisone. • Do not receive any immunizations during treatment with prednisone without first talking to your doctor.
  • 11. What are the possible side effects of prednisone? • If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking prednisone and seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor immediately: ·an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; or hives); ·increased blood pressure (severe headache or blurred vision); or ·sudden weight gain (more than 5 pounds in a day or two).
  • 12. • Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take prednisone and talk to your doctor if you experience ·insomnia; ·nausea, vomiting, or stomach upset; ·fatigue or dizziness; ·muscle weakness or joint pain; ·problems with diabetes control; or ·increased hunger or thirst. What are the possible side effects of prednisone?
  • 13. • Other side effects that occur only rarely, usually with high doses of prednisone, include ·acne, ·increased hair growth, ·thinning of the skin, ·cataracts, ·glaucoma, ·osteoporosis, ·roundness of the face, and ·changes in behavior. • Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome. What are the possible side effects of prednisone?
  • 14. Caution is advised when using this drug in the elderly because they may be more sensitive to its side effects, especially osteoporosis Caution is also advised when using this drug in children. It may slow down a child's growth rate if given for prolonged periods . So there must be Monitoring of child's height and growth rate regularly
  • 15. This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy There have been rare reports of harm to an unborn baby when it is used during pregnancy Infants born to mothers who have been using this medication for an extended time may have low levels of corticosteroid hormone.
  • 16. What other drugs will affect prednisone? • Do not take any other over-the-counter or prescription medications, including herbal products, during treatment with prednisone without first talking to your doctor. Many other medicines can interact with prednisone resulting in side effects or altered effectiveness of the medications
  • 17. references Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 4.02.-1: Revision Date: 2/14/03 2: national laibrary of midcine web site
  • 18. Thanks!

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