Oral manifestation of AIDS

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Oral Diagnosis I
Third Year

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Oral manifestation of AIDS

  1. 1. ‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بسم‬ Early signs and symptoms of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) Oral manifestation of HIV
  2. 2. Early signs and symptoms of AIDS • Once HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) enters human body, the immune system comes under attack. • The virus multiplies in the lymph nodes and slowly begins to destroy helper T cells (CD4 lymphocytes) — the white blood cells that coordinate the entire immune system after that there will be signs and symptoms.
  3. 3. Early signs and symptoms of AIDS
  4. 4. Early infection -brief flu-like illness. -Signs & symptoms may appear after 2 - 4 weeks after becoming infected. • Fever • Headache • Sore throat • Swollen lymph glands • Skin Rash
  5. 5. Later infection The person may remain symptom-free for eight or nine years or more. But as the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, mild infections or chronic symptoms will appear: • Swollen lymph nodes — often one of the first signs of HIV infection • Diarrhea • Weight loss • Fever • Cough and shortness of breath
  6. 6. Latest phase of infection By the time AIDS develops the immune system has been severely damaged, making the body susceptible to opportunistic infections. • Soaking night sweats • Shaking chills or fever higher than 100 F (38 C) for several weeks • Dry cough and shortness of breath • Chronic diarrhea • Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on the tongue or in the mouth • Headaches • Blurred and distorted vision • Weight loss • Fatigue • shaking chills
  7. 7. Oral manifestation of HIV
  8. 8. Fungal lesions • Candidiasis • Histoplasmosis • Cryptococcus Neoformans
  9. 9. Viral lesions • Herpes Simplex • Herpes Zoster • Human Papillomavirus Lesions • Cytomegalovirus • Hairy Leukoplakia and Epstein-Barr Virus
  10. 10. BACTERIAL LESIONS • Periodontal Disease • MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM-INTRACELLULARE
  11. 11. NEOPLASTIC LESIONS • Kaposi's Sarcoma • LYMPHOMA
  12. 12. OTHER ORAL LESIONS ASSOCIATED WITH HIV DISEASE • Oral Ulceration • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura • Salivary Gland Disease and Xerostomia
  13. 13. conclusion • Doctors, dentists, nurses, etc. should also have frequent AIDS tests. • Early testing is essential to stop the spread of the disease and for person survival.
  14. 14. References - HIV In Site Knowledge Base Chapter June 1998 Deborah Greenspan, DSC, BDS, University of California San Francisco. http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=kb-04-01-14 - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiv- aids/DS00005/DSECTION=symptoms
  15. 15. Thanks

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