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Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
Oral manifestation of AIDS
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Oral manifestation of AIDS

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Oral Diagnosis I …

Oral Diagnosis I
Third Year

Published in: Health & Medicine
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  • 1. ‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بسم‬ Early signs and symptoms of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) Oral manifestation of HIV
  • 2. Early signs and symptoms of AIDS • Once HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) enters human body, the immune system comes under attack. • The virus multiplies in the lymph nodes and slowly begins to destroy helper T cells (CD4 lymphocytes) — the white blood cells that coordinate the entire immune system after that there will be signs and symptoms.
  • 3. Early signs and symptoms of AIDS
  • 4. Early infection -brief flu-like illness. -Signs & symptoms may appear after 2 - 4 weeks after becoming infected. • Fever • Headache • Sore throat • Swollen lymph glands • Skin Rash
  • 5. Later infection The person may remain symptom-free for eight or nine years or more. But as the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, mild infections or chronic symptoms will appear: • Swollen lymph nodes — often one of the first signs of HIV infection • Diarrhea • Weight loss • Fever • Cough and shortness of breath
  • 6. Latest phase of infection By the time AIDS develops the immune system has been severely damaged, making the body susceptible to opportunistic infections. • Soaking night sweats • Shaking chills or fever higher than 100 F (38 C) for several weeks • Dry cough and shortness of breath • Chronic diarrhea • Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on the tongue or in the mouth • Headaches • Blurred and distorted vision • Weight loss • Fatigue • shaking chills
  • 7. Oral manifestation of HIV
  • 8. Fungal lesions • Candidiasis • Histoplasmosis • Cryptococcus Neoformans
  • 9. Viral lesions • Herpes Simplex • Herpes Zoster • Human Papillomavirus Lesions • Cytomegalovirus • Hairy Leukoplakia and Epstein-Barr Virus
  • 10. BACTERIAL LESIONS • Periodontal Disease • MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM-INTRACELLULARE
  • 11. NEOPLASTIC LESIONS • Kaposi's Sarcoma • LYMPHOMA
  • 12. OTHER ORAL LESIONS ASSOCIATED WITH HIV DISEASE • Oral Ulceration • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura • Salivary Gland Disease and Xerostomia
  • 13. conclusion • Doctors, dentists, nurses, etc. should also have frequent AIDS tests. • Early testing is essential to stop the spread of the disease and for person survival.
  • 14. References - HIV In Site Knowledge Base Chapter June 1998 Deborah Greenspan, DSC, BDS, University of California San Francisco. http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=kb-04-01-14 - http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiv- aids/DS00005/DSECTION=symptoms
  • 15. Thanks

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