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Diuretic
Diuretic
Diuretic
Diuretic
Diuretic
Diuretic
Diuretic
Diuretic
Diuretic
Diuretic
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Diuretic

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Oral Diagnosis I …

Oral Diagnosis I
Third Year

Published in: Health & Medicine
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  • 1. DiureticDiuretic Done by:Done by: Abdulrahman Al-SulaimanAbdulrahman Al-Sulaiman (Oral diagnosis )(Oral diagnosis ) Prepared to:Prepared to: Dr.loay Jaber Dr.Ayman AliDr.loay Jaber Dr.Ayman Ali
  • 2.  A diuretic is a substance that removes water fromA diuretic is a substance that removes water from the body by promoting urine formation and thethe body by promoting urine formation and the loss of salt (sodium).loss of salt (sodium).  And it is considered as a drug used to increaseAnd it is considered as a drug used to increase urine output. Diuretics are prescribed for theurine output. Diuretics are prescribed for the treatment of edema (the accumulation of excesstreatment of edema (the accumulation of excess fluids in the tissues of the body), which oftenfluids in the tissues of the body), which often occurs as the result of disease of the kidneys,occurs as the result of disease of the kidneys, liver, lungs, or heart. Diuretics are also used toliver, lungs, or heart. Diuretics are also used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).treat hypertension (high blood pressure).
  • 3. USES OF DIURETICSUSES OF DIURETICS  TREATMENT OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURETREATMENT OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE  TREATMENT OF FLUID RETENTION (including heart failure,TREATMENT OF FLUID RETENTION (including heart failure, kidney failure, cirrhosis)kidney failure, cirrhosis)  TREATMENT OF HEART FAILURE (Spironolactone andTREATMENT OF HEART FAILURE (Spironolactone and Eplerenone)Eplerenone)  PREVENTION OF CALCIUM KIDNEY STONESPREVENTION OF CALCIUM KIDNEY STONES  TREATMENT OF NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUSTREATMENT OF NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS  TREATMENT OF RENAL TUBULAR ACIDOSISTREATMENT OF RENAL TUBULAR ACIDOSIS  TREATMENT OF MENIERE'S DISEASETREATMENT OF MENIERE'S DISEASE
  • 4. Why do I need to take a diuretic?Why do I need to take a diuretic?  Diuretics are sometimes calledDiuretics are sometimes called "water pills." They are used to treat"water pills." They are used to treat congestive heart failure (CHF), highcongestive heart failure (CHF), high blood pressure (hypertension), orblood pressure (hypertension), or edema (water retention). Diureticsedema (water retention). Diuretics are also prescribed for certain kindsare also prescribed for certain kinds of kidney or liver diseases.of kidney or liver diseases.
  • 5. How do diuretics work?How do diuretics work?  There are 3 types of diuretic medicines. EachThere are 3 types of diuretic medicines. Each type works a little differently, but they all lowertype works a little differently, but they all lower the amount of salt and water in your body, whichthe amount of salt and water in your body, which helps to lower your blood pressure.helps to lower your blood pressure.  1. Thiazide diuretics1. Thiazide diuretics  2. Potassium-sparing diuretics2. Potassium-sparing diuretics  3. Loop-acting diuretics3. Loop-acting diuretics
  • 6. What if I am taking otherWhat if I am taking other medicines?medicines?  Other medicines that you may beOther medicines that you may be taking can increase or decrease thetaking can increase or decrease the effect of diuretics. These effects areeffect of diuretics. These effects are called an interaction. Be sure to tellcalled an interaction. Be sure to tell your doctor about every medicineyour doctor about every medicine and vitamin or herbal supplementand vitamin or herbal supplement that you are taking, so he or she canthat you are taking, so he or she can make you aware of any interactions.make you aware of any interactions.
  • 7. Common side effects:Common side effects:  WeaknessWeakness  Muscle crampsMuscle cramps  Skin rashSkin rash  Increased sensitivity to sunlight (withIncreased sensitivity to sunlight (with thiazide diuretics)thiazide diuretics)  Throwing upThrowing up  DiarrheaDiarrhea  CrampsCramps  Dizziness or lightheadednessDizziness or lightheadedness  Joint painJoint pain
  • 8. THANK YOUTHANK YOU
  • 9. THANK YOUTHANK YOU

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