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The study of standard and non standard variation uc


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  • 1. THE STUDY OF STANDARD AND NON-STANDARD VARIATION FOUND IN LOVE ACTUALLY MOVIE Aprilliya Kartika S. Diana Chandra Agnes Kenya Winanti Fina Yulianti Undergraduate Conference Sanata Dharma University
  • 2.  The aim of this study : to analyze the use of standard and non-standard dialect found in a movie entitled “Love Actually.  The importance of the research: 1. For a language learner : to be open-minded 2. For a member of society : to understand the use of particular variation appropriately 3. For a novice English language teacher : to help student learn better INTRODUCTION
  • 3. How is the use of standard and non-standard variation in Love Actually Movie? RESEARCH PROBLEM
  • 4. The paper will focus on standard and non- standard variation used by the Prime Minister and Nathalie in the Love Actually movie. Thus, the scenes that are analyzed only the scenes of Prime Minister and Natalie. Second, the variation meant in this paper is the dialect used by those two characters. LIMITATION
  • 5. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Has been standardized Used in education & government as the official language, Prestigious, high class Standard Variation Does not through any standardization process Used in the home & with close friends, less prestigious, lower/middle class. Non- Standard Variation
  • 6. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Dialect Linguistics varieties which are distinguishable by vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation . Social Factors Socioeconomi c class Gender Social Network
  • 7. o Research Method o Research instrument o Research procedure METHODOLOGY
  • 8. Socioeconomic class Gender Social network Dialect FINDINGS AND RESEARCH RESULT
  • 9. Prime Minister  Upper Class  Standard Natalie  Lower Middle Class  Non-standard SOCIOECONOMIC CLASS
  • 10. Prime Minister  Man  Standard and Non- Standard Natalie  Woman  Standard and Non- Standard Example: Prime Minister : “Yes and I'm sorry about all the cock-ups.” SOCIOECONOMIC CLASS
  • 11. Standard : US President, Public Prime Minister Non – Standard : family, staff SOCIAL NETWORK
  • 12. Example Prime Minister : “Right, Thanks, Alex. I don't think we're making progress here.” (US President) Prime Minister : “I'm gonna hide somewhere.” (family) EXAMPLE
  • 13. Standard : Colleague Natalie Non – Standard : Family Example : Natalie : “Did you see what I did?” (Colleague) Natalie : “Oh, where the fuck is my fucking coat?” (family) SOCIAL NETWORK
  • 14. 1. Influencing factors : Socioeconomic class & Social network Gender does NOT influence 2. Relation PM  Upper Class  Standard Socioeconomic Class Natalie  Lower Midlle Class  Non – Standard CONCLUSION
  • 15. Standard : Colleague Social Network Non – Standard : Family and Inferior CONCLUSION
  • 16.  Bergmann, A., Hall, K. C., Ross, S. M. 2007. Language Files: Materials for an Introduction to Language and Linguistics. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press.  Ferguson, C, A. 1966. On sociolinguistically oriented language surveys. The Linguistic Reporter 8(4): 1-3. (Reprinted in Language structure and language use, ed. by A. Dil, Standford University Press, 1971). Retrived from PA145&dq=standard+and+non- standard+language+definition&ots=j37DeUF7T9&sig=lCOasW3Wc- Y8q1QUuksDT41KrpI&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=standard%20and%20no n-standard%20language%20definition&f=false on April 6, 2013.  Holmes, J. 2008. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. 3rd ed. London: Longman.  O’grady, W., Acrhibald, J., and Miller, JR. 2005.Contemporary Linguistics. New York : Bedford/ St. Martin’s.  Wardaugh, R. 1992. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Cambrigde: Blackwell.  Script Source: retrieved on on April 6, 2013. REFERENCEES