Byron Washom's Microgrid Guest Lecture


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Updated presentation on UC San Diego's microgrid delivered by Byron Washom, Director of Strategeic Energy Initiatives

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Byron Washom's Microgrid Guest Lecture

  1. 1. Local Impact, National Influence, Global Reach UC San Diego’s Leadership in Energy Sustainability MAE 124/ESYS 103 April 7, 2011 Byron Washom, Director, Strategic Energy Initiatives
  2. 2. With a daily population of over45,000, UC San Diego is the size and UC San Diego Operates a 42 MWpeak Microgridcomplexity of a small city.As a research and medicalthe energy density ofcommercial buildings Campus Quick Factsinstitution, we have FOUR times12 million sq. ft. of buildings,$200M/yr of building growthSelf generate 82% of annualdemand•30 MW natural gas Cogen plant•2.8 MW of Fuel Cells contracted•1.2 MW of Solar PV installed, additional2 MW planned
  3. 3. 3 Empowering Business in Real Time © Copyright 2010, OSIsoft LLC All rights Reserved.
  4. 4. UCSD Self Generates 82% of its own electricity
  5. 5. Creating a Green Smart MicrogridUCSD’s Microgrid will embody all 7Smart Grid Functions envisioned bythe Energy Independence &Security Act, 2007RESCO $2M program with CAEnergy Commission will deploy:• Advanced master controller formicrogrids• Optimizer re- scheduler platformfor dynamic market signals allowoptimization of storage and supply• Real time data acquisition foranalysis
  6. 6. Smart Grid – Largest Plant Power Generation Energy Transmission & Distribution AMI Management Support Dashboard Convergence of Energy & Information12 Empowering Business in Real Time © Copyright 2010, OSIsoft LLC All rights Reserved.
  7. 7. Campus Energy Dashboard Map
  8. 8. Energy Dashboard Sample Computer Sciences Engineering Dept• Overall Energy Usage • Individual Circuit Meters Meters • EBU3B Server Room Monitor Panel T1203B• Main Power Meter • EBU3B 4th Floor Lighting • EBU3B 3rd Floor Lighting• Breakdown of Power Usage • EBU3B 2nd Floor Lighting • EBU3B Server Room UPS Minitoring Panel • EBU3B Emergency Lighting Monitoring• CSE Building Sub- Panel E0222A Monitoring Main Mechanical Sub Station Meters • MP0102• Building Machine Room • • Monitoring Panel T1203C in Server Room EBU3B 1st Floor Lighting• Building Overall Lighting • Monitoring Panel T1203A in Server Room• Building Mechanical Load • Monitoring Panel M Server Room Equipment• Building Plug Loads • EBU3B Basement Lighting • EBU3B Main Building Power Sub Station A • EBU3B Main Building Power Sub Station B • EBU3B Elevator Load • Chilled Water Loop Flow
  9. 9. 1.2 MW Installed on Campus PV
  10. 10. San Diego Region Receives 19% of Total US Clean Renewable Energy Bonds
  11. 11. US Treasury Allocated $154M to the San Diego Region to Increase Solar Systems by 20% Bank of America just $154M funded a $4M UCSD CREB at ~2% net interest rate, 15 years
  12. 12. 900 kW Off Campus Sites with CREBs
  13. 13. Request for 900 kW issued for 5 Off CampusSites: roof & ground; fixed & dual axis tacking 2.0 Acres
  14. 14. Installed On Campus PV11/18/2010 UC San Diego 30
  15. 15. Potential for Another 2 MW of PV Integrated with Storage Jacobs School of Engineering
  16. 16. Solar Forecasting
  17. 17. Cloud Types
  18. 18. UCSD’s Trade Street Warehouse Request for Proposals for 3 Different Roof Loadings Common SoCal Characteristics Roof Loading Restrictions• Constructed in 1988• 152k sq ft clear roof space• Due to structural loading restrictions, the winning PV will be the system design that meets the loading restrictions indicated in the figure to the right while maximizing PV power generation• Very applicable to high PV strategy 11/18/2010 UC San Diego 35
  19. 19. Los Angeles/Orange County Warehouse Roof Market OntarioLos Angeles Puente Hills Anaheim 36
  20. 20. Governor Designated San Diego as the Latest Innovation Hub San Diego iHub Now Joins California’sInnovation Corridor to Advance State’s Economic Innovation and Global Competitiveness The San Diego iHub wil be focused on the convergence of three clusters: mobile health, biofuels, and solar energy and energy storage
  21. 21. Solar PV plant output variability (partly-cloudy day, 10-second time-step) Potential voltage control and power quality issues due to PV variability Energy storage on distribution PV Generation circuits may be essential21KV Circuit Customer Load Added value – Back up power supply for Energy Storage emergency management
  22. 22. car 1.5MWh Energy Storage Building
  23. 23. UCSD’s Electric VehicleEnergy Storage Programs
  24. 24. White House Release 3-30-11• Paving the way for advanced vehicles: The President has set an ambitious goal of putting 1 million electric vehicles on the road by 2015. To help us get there, the President’s FY 2012 Budget proposes – a redesigned $7500 tax credit for consumers, – competitive grants for communities that encourage the adoption of electric vehicles, – funding for R&D to drive innovation in advanced battery technology. – calling on Congress to move forward with policies that can help unlock the promise of natural gas vehicles.
  25. 25. Smart City San Diego …A collaborative approach from strategy to execution
  26. 26. UCSD-GE-SDG&E-City of San Diego-CleanTech San Diego Collaborative
  27. 27. 3 Proposed Projects …Accelerate EV Infrastructure Build OutDrive Energy Efficiency – Gain Full Utilization of Smart Grid Demand Response ProgramsDevelop Sustainability Index
  28. 28. Electrification of the TransportationSector Is Essential to a Smart Grid  Utilize smart technology to enable rapid electric vehicle growth while ensuring safe, reliable and efficient power delivery for consumers. UCSD, SDG&E and GE will demonstrate smart technologies to identify when and where charging will occur, as well as work with electric vehicle owners to better manage charging loads.
  29. 29. Electrification of the TransportationSector Is Essential to a Smart Grid  R&D systems to power electric vehicles through clean, renewable energy sources, such as solar and biogas fuel cells. UCSD, GE and SDG&E will test the technical and economic feasibility of achieving zero tailpipe emissions, leveraging UCSD’s extensive solar and fuel cell renewable energy generation infrastructure.
  30. 30. Electrification of the TransportationSector Is Essential to a Smart Grid  Study consumer behavior to better understand their decisions and identify additional electric vehicle initiatives. The collaborators plan to enlist a consumer focus group comprised of 50 UCSD students, faculty, and staff who will be offered commercial leases on electric vehicles, charging their vehicles through UCSD’s planned electric vehicle infrastructure.
  31. 31. Additional Mitigation Measure for High PVPenetration is with “Endgame” PV Charging of EV
  32. 32. UCSD’s Legacy Infrastructure Enables Zero Carbon Emissions, DC to DC On Peak Charging• Funded $3.5 of Solar PV • Funded $17M Fuel Cell
  33. 33. Nissan, Mitsubishi, can provide thelast link of the DC-DC Charging Stations Access to DC PowerNeed Zero Sum Reallocation ofDOE funding for DC-DC rectifierand storage equipment &installation costs
  34. 34. Second-Life for PHEV/BEV Batteries
  35. 35. Second-Life for PHEV/BEV Batteries• Findings from the UC Davis Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center indicate that PEV batteries— after they are no longer suitable for use in the vehicle—could potentially be repurposed for a second-life use in stationary storage applications, providing valuable services to the grid, the utilities, and electricity customers.• The UC Berkeley study Strategies for Overcoming Battery First‐Cost Hurdles found that revenue streams generated from these second -use applications could be used to significantly reduce the upfront cost of batteries and therefore PEV ownership.
  36. 36. 2011 Testing Plans at UCSD• NREL will announce soon that industry and academia are being a led by the CA Center for Sustainable Energy (CCSE) to give batteries from PHEV and BEV a unique comprehensive study of the feasibility, durability, and value of Li-ion batteries for second use applications• The project will begin with a comprehensive techno-economic analysis addressing all aspects of a battery’s lifecycle in search of the best second-use strategies, followed by a comprehensive field test program at UCSD to verify findings, particularly life of batteries.• The batteries will be integrated with PV on UCSD’s microgrid to: – Provide validated tools and life data to industry for battery re-use – Recommendations for PHEV/BEV battery design and manufacturing practices – Identify the necessary regulatory changes to encourage secondary battery use – Assess the economic benefit of second uses
  37. 37. Energy Storage Strategic Vision Goal: “to work with PIER Energy Storage Program Team, industry experts, utility representatives and other leading practitioners to develop specific targets and milestones as well as specific actions necessary for development and deployment of energy storage technologies in California …. The purpose of the targets and milestones is to clearly identify the 2020 Energy Storage vision and goals over time that the RD&D activities must be working toward achieving.”68
  38. 38. Purpose of a vision: • Provide thought leadership to help state’s leaders and regulatory agencies make decisions on energy policy • Offer a framework that consolidates or integrates detailed analyses conducted by other institutions (e.g. E3, EPRI, SNL/DOE, CAISO, FERC, SDG&E, SCE) with an assessment of the technologies and expected rates of innovation • Suggest next steps for CA policymakers, regulators, and for CEC/PIER research69
  39. 39. Approach for California 2020 Energy Storage Vision• Consider several scenarios for deployment of Energy Storage technologies in California • Scenarios may provide different baselines for defining possible targets and milestones, and for projecting the effects of technological developments• Use scenarios to contextualize specific actions • Feasibility, practicality and cost-effectiveness of specific actions may vary under different scenarios • Starting place must be in identifying system and application needs70
  40. 40. Be the World’s…  Most efficient Solar Integrated Storage system  First “Smart” system discharging and charging based on solar forecasts and market prices First system to mitigate the negative impacts of solar intermittency on distribution circuit Most diverse mix of energy storage applications Largest aggregate capacity installed at a university Most cited published project
  41. 41. “The use of the many complimentarytechnologies and their integration intothe grid is revolutionary, and it candemonstrate Smart Grid concepts areaffordable and secure sources ofenergy … “Petar Ristanovic, CAISO Chief TechnologyOfficer, July 8, 2010
  42. 42. CAISO in July 2010 expressed theirinterest to the CEC in the developmentand demonstration of UCSD’srenewable based microgrids and howit can be integrated with overalloperation of the power grid includingparticipation in CAISO’s ancillaryservices and participating loadmarkets.
  43. 43. Deep Situation Awareness• CAISO recognizes UCSD’s highly integrated microgrid infrastructure with self generation, thermal and electric energy storage, solar forecasting, Demand Response, renewable generation, its own 69 kV substation and extensive metering and monitoring. – Therefore, with CEC funding to UCSD, CAISO has committed to collaborate in real time data management for testing and demonstration of a data intensive, real time anytical software, and how a Smart Grid can participate in the ISOs markets.
  44. 44. Demand Responses Week of Aug 23 2010
  45. 45. “What is the best part about your job at UCSD?” LA Times reporter“The inability to exceed the imagination of my UCSD colleagues.” Byron Washom
  46. 46. UC San DiegoLocal Impact, National Influence, Global Reach