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Libraries and Research Data Curation: Barriers and Incentives for Preservation, Sharing, and Reuse
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Libraries and Research Data Curation: Barriers and Incentives for Preservation, Sharing, and Reuse

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Discussion of the role of academic libraries in the curation, preservation, and sharing of research data, particularly with regard to addressing barriers and providing incentives. Four specific tools ...

Discussion of the role of academic libraries in the curation, preservation, and sharing of research data, particularly with regard to addressing barriers and providing incentives. Four specific tools are presented: EZID, data use agreements (DUAs) in the Merritt/DataShare repository, DataUp, and DMPTool.

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  • Copyright © 2013 by The Regents of the University of CaliforniaThis work is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license
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Libraries and Research Data Curation: Barriers and Incentives for Preservation, Sharing, and Reuse Libraries and Research Data Curation: Barriers and Incentives for Preservation, Sharing, and Reuse Presentation Transcript

  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Libraries and Research Data CurationBarriers and Incentives for Preservation, Sharing, and ReuseStephen AbramsUniversity of California Curation CenterCalifornia Digital Librarywww.cdlib.org/uc3
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Why is data curation important? Accelerating scientific progress Enabling appropriate scrutiny and verification of results Promoting integrity and debate Facilitating new collaborations Avoiding needless duplication of effort Increasingly, complying with institutional policies, publicationrequirements, and funder mandatesCf. White and Teds (2011), “Making the case for research data management” DCC briefingpaper, www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/briefing-papers/making-case-rdm
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013The library’s role A continuation of its long-standing mission and practice toconnect patrons with content of interest in meaningful waysacross barriers of space and timeCf. Tenopir et al. (2012), “Academic librarians and research data services: Preparation and attitudes,” 78thIFLA General Conference and Assembly, Helsinki, conference.ifla.org/past/ifla78/116-tenopir-en.pdf Offering solutions that enhance the natural points ofalignment between the scholarly research and informationlifecyclesPublishReuseShareCreateDiscoverCollectPreserveAccessResearchResearch CurationCurationScholarly lifecycle Information lifecycle
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Addressing barriers to adoption Critical issues on both the demand… Poor discoveryand supply side … Unfamiliar processes Loss of control Inadequate guidanceCf. Schäfer et al. (2011), Baseline Report on Drivers and Barriers in Data Sharing, hdl:10013/epic.39262 Better access to tools and resourcesEmbedded best practicesData use agreementsData management planningData publication and citationn2t.net/ezid datashare.ucsf.edu merritt.cdlib.org dmptool.orgdataup.org
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Data publication and citation Provide the same infrastructural support for data that existsfor traditional publications Unique, actionable identifiers Stable citation Bi-directional references between publications and the data thatunderlay their analysis, synthesis, and summarization Discovery via disciplinary portals, catalogs, and web searches Use and impact metricswww.flickr.com/photos/fotobib/5555065521 www.flickr.com/photos/minhmeoinfo/4597866532
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Data publication and citation Provide the same infrastructural support for data that existsfor traditional publicationshttp://n2t.net/ezid ARK and DOI identifiers Descriptive metadata Resolution targets Aggregation by DataCite(and soon) Primo and Web of Knowledge
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Embedded best practices Data curation is an unfamiliar set of concepts, practices, andjargon to most researcherswww.flickr.com/photos/vixon/116447718
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Embedded best practices Data curation is an unfamiliar set of concepts, practices, andjargon to most researchers It’s easier to augment systems than change behaviors Embed curation best practices into tools and workflows alreadyused by researcherswww.flickr.com/photos/34067077@N00/4576265327 www.flickr.com/photos/wealthofhealth4/6919840647
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Embedded best practices Excel is often the database of choice for many researchers Excel add-in and Azure web service Automates … Best practices check Data description Persistent identifier andcitation generation Repository submissionhttp://dataup.cdlib.org/2013 Innovation Award winner
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Embedded best practices Excel is often the database of choice for many researchers Excel add-in and Azure web service Automates … Best practices check Data description Persistent identifier andcitation generation Repository submission ONEShare repositoryhttp://merritt.cdlib.org/m/oneshare_datauphttp://n2t.net/ark:/90135/q13j39xf2013 Innovation Award winner
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Embedded best practices Excel is often the database of choice for many researchers Excel add-in and Azure web service Automates … Best practices check Data description Persistent identifier andcitation generation Repository submission ONEShare repositoryhttp://merritt.cdlib.org/m/oneshare_dataup DataONE federationhttp://dataone.org/http://cn.dataone.org/onemercury2013 Innovation Award winner
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Embedded best practices Excel is often the database of choice for many researchers Excel add-in and Azure web service Automates … Best practices check Data description Persistent identifier andcitation generation Repository submission ONEShare repositoryhttp://merritt.cdlib.org/m/oneshare_dataup DataONE federationhttp://dataone.org/ So you don’t need to know … Metadata schema XML syntax Identifier registration Packaging standards Submission protocol Aggregation/harvestingmechanism2013 Innovation Award winner
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Data use agreements Maintain control over the dissemination of research resultsthrough click-through DUAs Assert explicit license requirements and terms of use Notification of consumer acceptanceCf. Brazhnik and Jones (2007), “Anatomy of data integration,” Journal of Biomedical Informatics 40(3): 252-69, doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2006.09.001http://datashare.ucsf.edu/
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Data use agreements Maintain control over the dissemination of research resultsthrough click-through DUAs Assert explicit license requirements and terms of use Notification of consumer acceptanceCf. Brazhnik and Jones (2007), “Anatomy of data integration,” Journal of Biomedical Informatics 40(3): 252-69, doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2006.09.001http://datashare.ucsf.edu/
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Data use agreements Maintain control over the dissemination of research resultsthrough click-through DUAs Assert explicit license requirements and terms of use Notification of consumer acceptanceCf. Brazhnik and Jones (2007), “Anatomy of data integration,” Journal of Biomedical Informatics 40(3): 252-69, doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2006.09.001From: no-reply-merritt@ucop.eduSubject:Merritt DUA acceptanceName: Stephen AbramsAffiliation: California Digital LibraryCollection: UCSF DataShareObject: Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD)Date: 2013-05-3109:50:34PDTTerms of use: As part of this agreement, Consumer submits to the followingstatements:(1) I will receive access to de-identified data and will not attempt to establish theidentity of any of the study subjects.(2) I will share these data only with my immediate co-workers, and I will not transferthese data to other research groups. I understand that these data are available toother research groups through the process by which I obtain them.(3) I will require anyone in my group who utilizes these data, or anyone with whom Ishare these data to comply with this data use agreement...http://datashare.ucsf.edu/
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Data use agreements Maintain control over the dissemination of research resultsthrough click-through DUAs Assert explicit license requirements and terms of use Notification of consumer acceptanceCf. Brazhnik and Jones (2007), “Anatomy of data integration,” Journal of Biomedical Informatics 40(3): 252-69, doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2006.09.001 Next steps … Disciplinary survey of current DUA practice Collaborate with Creative Commons to establish “model” DUAs
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Data management planning Researchers are being asked to plan for data curation byinstitutional policy and as a pre-condition for publication andgrant fundingCf. Office of Science and Technology Policy (2013), Increasing Access to the Results of Federally FundedScientific Research, www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/ostp_public_access_memo_2013.pdf
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Data management planning provides guidance and resources for managing plans Edit, publish, and share DMPs Customizable for funding agency requirements Customizable for general, disciplinary, and institutional resources 19 requirement templates 43 resource sets Next steps … DMPTool2: Follow-ondevelopment –Sloan Foundation Outreach andtraining – IMLShttp://dmptool.org/http://blog.dmptool.org/
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Removing barriers, providing incentives “Access to and sharing of data are essential for the conductand advancement of science”— Arzberger et al. (2004), “Promoting access to public research data forscientific, economic, and social development,” Data Science Journal 3: 135-52, doi:10.2481/dsj.3.135 Libraries are a natural partner for the research community Deep and broad experience in the curation, preservation, anddissemination of digital assets Subject area specialization inscience, technology, engineering, and mathematics Collaborations with campus IT groups and data centers
  • Future of Scientific Publishing: Open Access to Manuscripts and Big DataStanford University, June 27, 2013Removing barriers, providing incentives Libraries are a natural partner for the research community Effective discovery through … Data publication and citation Maintain control through … Data use agreements Familiar processes through … Embedded best practices Guidance and resources through …Data management planningwww.slideshare.net/UC3/uc3-librariesandcurationbarriersandincentiveswww.cdlib.org/uc3uc3@ucop.edun2t.net/ezid datashare.ucsf.edu merritt.cdlib.org dmptool.orgdataup.org