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The research data probleman article about data, but no data
What citation offers• To aid scientific reproducibility• To provide fair credit• To ensure scientific transparency and reasonable accountability• To aid in tracking the impact, including – helping data authors verify use of their data and – helping future data users identify how others have used the data
DataCiteGerman National Library of Economics (ZBW) Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical InformationGerman National Library of Science and Technology (TIB) (CISTI)German National Library of Medicine (ZB MED) Technical Information Center of DenmarkGESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany Institute for Scientific & Technical Information (INIST-Australian National Data Service (ANDS) CNRS), FranceETH Zurich, Switzerland TU Delft Library, The Netherlands The Swedish National Data Service (SNDS) The British Library , UK California Digital Library (CDL), USA Office of Scientific & Technical Information (OSTI), USA Purdue University Library
EZID: long-term identifiers made easy take control of the management anddistribution of your research, share and get credit for it, and build your reputation through its collection and documentation Primary Functions 1. Create persistent identifiers 2. Manage identifiers over time 3. Manage associated metadata over time
Current EZID Clients A partial listUC Berkeley Library (on behalf of the UC Berkeley The Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR)campus) Sponsored accounts: Open Context Dryad Digital Repository CRCNS.orgUC San Diego Library (on behalf of the UC San Diego Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Centercampus)American Astronomical Society (AAS) LabArchivesCentre national de documentation National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)pédagogique (CNDP)Cornell Institute for Social & Economic USGS/Earth Sciences Data ClearinghouseResearch (formerly National Biological Info. Infrastructure)
New features in trial or active development• Service replicas: manager and resolver• URN (Uniform Resource Name) support (urn:uuid:)• Suffix pass-thru: do NT and get N/ST/S for free• Tombstone/incubation/... surrogate pages, id status (reserved or public), and multiple targets• Identifier status: reserved or public• Content negotiation and inflections: ? ?? / .• ARK community and governance, eg, registries
Service replicas• EZID is an id manager that populates N2T – It tolerates down time – Other id manager services might one day populate N2T• N2T (Name-to-Thing) is an id resolver that ... – It is very intolerant of down time, since it services all access requests for locations and metadata – N2T was designed with global replication in mind
URN support• N2T and EZID are agnostic about kinds of things, names, and metadata – Digital, physical, abstract, living, fictional, groups, etc. – Any metadata & known profiles (DataCite, Dublin Kernel) – ARK, DOI, URN, Handle, IVOA, LSID, PMID, etc., requiring namespace “write” permission, eg, via DataCite• In test: Uniform Resource Names (URNs) – urn:uuid namespace
Under the hood keysmithing terms:bows, shoulders, blades, tips, covers
Suffix pass-thru: NT gets N/ST/S for freeIdea: if name N points to target T, then requests for N extended by any suffix N/S can take you to T/S• For dataset doi:10.5072/Big4 with 10,000 nameable components, – Register and manage 10,001 names or 1 name? – Eg, http://x.y.z/foo/Big4/db/table/cell/45-8.txt could be reached with doi:1.5072/Big4/table/cell/45-8.txt• In test with ARKs. Conflict with other resolvers?
Tombstone and other surrogate pagesTombstone, incubation, and other surrogate pages (probation?) auto-generated from metadata, eg, http://n2t.net/ezid/tombstone/id/ark:/20775/bb3243444z
Reserved identifiers and multiple targets• Some ids must be created and managed (reserved) before going public, eg, for manuscript preparation• In test: infrastructure for multiple targets and multiple instances of any metadata element• What should user experience be for multiple targets? – Present a menu of targets (burden of choice)? – One target chosen for them (burden of inflexibility)?
Identifier (ARK) inflections: ? ?? / .• Inflect: change endings w.o. creating new words – Terminal ? means “I want metadata”, which is similar to linked data content negotiation (also in EZID test) – Terminal ?? means “I also want support metadata” – Drawing board: / could mean “I want a landing page” and . could mean “I want the usual computable thing”• Allow inflections beyond ARKs to DOIs/URNs?
Example: http://n2t.net/ark:/13030/qt0349g1rh? Renninger, Heidi; Phillips, Nathan; Hodel, Donald. “Comparative hydraulic and anatomic properties in palm trees (Washingtonia robusta) of varying heights”. 2009-04-29. ark:/13030/qt0349g1rh HTML content with embedded comments in ANVL/ERC and RDFerc:who: Renninger, Heidi,; Phillips, Nathan,; Hodel, Donald,what: Comparative hydraulic and anatomic properties in palm trees (Washingtonia robusta) of varying heightswhen: 2009-04-29where: ark:/13030/qt0349g1rh
ARK community and governance• ARKs soon to have a mailing list• Topics: governance, community, standardization• Registry maintenance: shoulders and NAANs• N2T consortium with alternative EZID-like services
For information• http://www.cdlib.org/services/uc3/ezid • Understanding ids and conventions (shoulders, etc) • Choosing the right identifier (ARK vs DOI? ARK and DOI?) • EZID FAQs and N2T vision • EZID Service Guidelines • EZID Handout/brochure • EZID webinars & slidesContact Joan Starr at firstname.lastname@example.org
For (even) more informationEZIDhttp://n2t.net/ezid/http://www.cdlib.org/services/uc3/ezid/UC Curation Centerhttp://email@example.comUC3 webinar serieshttp://www.cdlib.org/uc3/uc3webinars.htmlUC3/CDLStephen Abrams David LoyLisa Colvin Mark ReyesPatricia Cruse Abhishek SalveScott Fisher Tracy SenecaErik Hetzner Carly StrasserGreg Janée Joan StarrJohn Kunze Marisa StrongMargaret Low Perry Willett
Questions? by Horia Varlan http://www.flickr.com/photos/horiavarlan/4273168957/in/photostream/