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Teardown of the Galaxy S4: Dozuki, the team behind iFixit 2013

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Andrew Goldberg, Technical Writer …

Andrew Goldberg, Technical Writer
After a brief stint in Marine Engineering at Cal Maritime, where he tinkered with big diesel engines and visited South America on the Training Ship Golden Bear, Andrew studied General Engineering at Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo. While there, he was quickly absorbed by his studies in Mechatronics, a multidisciplinary field of engineering that focuses on the combination of several kinds of engineering to design awesome systems. Currently, Andrew is one of the lead Technical Writers at iFixit and a key producer of their renowned Device Teardowns.

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  • pictures of hipsters taking pictures of food dot tumblr dot com
  • you may notice we haven ’ t found the processor yet
  • it took some reflow desoldering and hunting, but here it is hiding underneath the RAM
  • Samsung recently came under fire for using tin solder that comes from highly dangerous mines in Indonesia .
  • Friends of the Earth raised the issue with a visible #makeitbetter campaign —including signs in front of Samsung's office.
  • from here on, we ’ re removing several small assemblies from the back of the display. each holds a few small components.
  • first out is the headphone jack
  • next up is the front-facing camera, used for dual camera mode, video chatting, and taking selfies
  • earpiece speaker et al
  • closeup of ambient light sensor, IR sensor
  • nearly complete
  • one last IC hiding in the wings
  • Transcript

    • 1. @MedTechConfs #mdmeast
    • 2. Teardown of the Galaxy S4Andrew GoldbergTechnical WriterDozuki, the team behind iFixit
    • 3. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 4. vvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS• iFixit: Who we are, what we do, and theimportance of repair.• Galaxy S4 Teardown: A look inside and outat their Samsung’s newest flagshipsmartphone.vvWhere are we going?
    • 5. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSOnline Platform forCreating &Distributing VisualInstructions &Capturing Data
    • 6. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Marketing / BD / Hats Upon Hats!‣ I spend most of my time encouraging peopleto take things apart & convincing companiesto make it easier for them to do so.‣ I like building & rebuilding things: ask me howto fix your sink or remodel your kitchen.WHO’S THISGUY?
    • 7. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSWe’re Fromhere“Happiesttown inamerica”-Oprah
    • 8. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSWe Wrote...six laptop repair manuals.
    • 9. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSGorgeous,Glossy photomanuals...just 15 dollars each.
    • 10. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS...(Silence)
    • 11. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSback-up plan:put the content online for free
    • 12. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSOur web trafficexploded
    • 13. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSToday, iFIXIT.com hosts repairmanuals numbering in theTHOUSANDS
    • 14. vvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS• We are building an online community ofpeople sharing repair know-how.• We will make it :EASY for anyone to share repairknowledgeSIMPLE for people to fix their devicesvvvv
    • 15. vvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSrepair 1.0
    • 16. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS1990:how to bea mechanFigure it outRepair manualsTrade school
    • 17. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS2013:how to bea mechanvv
    • 18. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSrepair 2.0Learn from the world
    • 19. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSmillionsof people use iFIXIT to fixtheir own things
    • 20. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 21. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSUmbrellas!Umbrella repair in India.
    • 22. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSEarl kaplanFixing PCs for kids.
    • 23. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSREPAIRANYWHERE
    • 24. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSNow people can follow alongin the field
    • 25. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSElectronics goeverywhere.Repair manuals should, too.
    • 26. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 27. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSOur manuals areopen sourceand free.
    • 28. vvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSvvvvin 2005, the u.s.buried electronicscontaining:‣ 77 million pounds of lead‣ 183 thousand pounds of mercury‣ 1.3 million pounds of arsenic
    • 29. vvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSvvReduce, Reuse,repair. Then recycle.
    • 30. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSFix the worldWe can fix anything.
    • 31. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSSo, we likedevices...a lot.a lot, a lot.
    • 32. vvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSiphone 5Disassembled
    • 33. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 34. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 35. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSluke FTW
    • 36. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 37. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSTools of the trade‣ Pro Tech Toolkit‣ Lots of bits (just in case)‣ Precision tweezers‣ Loads of prying tools‣ And of course, The Spudger‣ Magnetic Mat‣ Dry erase grid keeps track of screws‣ Strong magnetic backing keeps them in place
    • 38. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSTech specs: Display‣ 5" display with a resolution of 1920 x 1080 at 441 ppiiPhone 54” Retina display1136x640 (326 ppi)GS45” Super AMOLED1920 x 1080 (441 ppi)BB Z104.2” display1280x768 (356 ppi)Nexus 44.7” WXGA IPS1280 x 768 (320 ppi)HTC One4.7” Super LCD31920x1080 (468 ppi)
    • 39. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 40. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 41. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 42. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 43. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSGee, I can do that!Shipping the phone with a separate battery in thebox forces users to get in there and perform abattery install before they have even started usingthe phone!
    • 44. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSGalaxy s4 vs. iphone5A quick comparison
    • 45. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSCheap, Plastic FeelSolid, PremiumProduct
    • 46. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSGalaxy S45.38”2.75”0.31”iPhone 54.87”2.31”0.30”Height:Width:Thickness:sizing them up
    • 47. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSsee!“slim”, Modular designDetractors say modular design comes at price—increased device thickness.With the GS4 just 0.01” thicker than an iPhone 5,Samsung has proven you can use a responsible,modular design without sacrificing a slim body.
    • 48. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS“Life Companion”features:Some useful, some questionable.
    • 49. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSSmart pause
    • 50. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSAir view / air gesture
    • 51. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSdual” camera mode
    • 52. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSpohtpof.tumblr.com
    • 53. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSon to the devicecarnage!
    • 54. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 55. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 56. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 57. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 58. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSTech specs: battery‣ A huge 2600 mAh battery!!!‣ Up from GS3 (2100 mAh)‣ Mainly goes to powering the newer hardware‣ Only 7 hours of talk timeZ10‣3.8 Volts‣1800 mAh‣10 Hours of Talk on 3G‣13 days of StandbyNexus 4‣3.8 Volts‣2100 mAh‣10+ Hours of TalkiPhone 5‣3.8 Volts‣1440 mAh‣8 Hours of Talk
    • 59. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 60. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 61. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 62. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 63. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSflashback to gs3
    • 64. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSgs2
    • 65. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSofficial samsungteardown
    • 66. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSfeaturing:superdetailedmysterycomponents9-2 HSPA+ 21 Mbps Modemchip“This modem chip is 3 timesfaster than its former 3G network,and provides 21 Mbps downloadspeed. This is fast.”
    • 67. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSoriginal Gs
    • 68. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSWhat’s it made of?
    • 69. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSWhat’s lighter &stronger thanaluminum?it’s lighter thanaluminum & can bequite strong.
    • 70. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSflashback to gs3
    • 71. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSSo, When you add:A little heat +magnesium +the air we breathemagnesium oxide and a little bit ofmagnesium nitrideyou get:and...
    • 72. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSfire!
    • 73. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSfire!
    • 74. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSWhat’s lighter &stronger thanaluminum?fire!
    • 75. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 76. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 77. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 78. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 79. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSspeaker assemblyLess hardcore than the HTC One’s dualfront speakers (with that fancy Beats Audiosticker), but still packing a solid punch.
    • 80. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 81. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 82. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 83. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 84. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSTech specs: Camera‣ A Whopping 13 MP Rear Camera‣ Can capture 1080p HD Video @ 30fps‣ LED flash‣ Backside-Illumination‣ 2 MP front-facing camera (720p HD Video)HTC One Nexus 4 Galaxy S4iPhone 52.1 MP 1.3 MP 2 MP 1.2 MP4 MP 8 MP 13 MP 8 MPfrontrear
    • 85. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS13 mp rear camera
    • 86. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 87. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 88. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 89. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSCurrent events‣ HTC One’s 4 MP camera is a blatant socialchallenge‣ “More pixels doesn’t mean better images”‣ Despite a product (Titan II) that had a 16 MP camera‣ Essentially:More pixels = Smaller pixel size = More noise = Poorer images
    • 90. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 91. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSsim/microsdxc boardNice and modular, but hard to remove because of adhesive.
    • 92. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSQualcomm MDM9215M 4GGSM/UMTS/LTE modemQualcomm PM8917 powermanagementARM Holdings MBG965HSamsung K3QF2F200E 2 GB LPDDR3 RAMToshiba THGBM5G7A4JBA4W 16 GB eMMC Qualcomm WCD9310 audiocodecBroadcom BCM4335 Single-Chip 5G Wi-Fi MAC/Baseband/Radio
    • 93. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSTech specs: storage‣ 2 GB RAM‣ 16, 32, or 64 GB internal memory‣ Support for microSDXC memory cards‣ (expandable up to 64 GB)HTC One Nexus 4 BB Z10iPhone 52 GB 2 GB 2 GB 1 GB32 GB 8, 16 GB 16 GB 16, 32, 64GBNo No 0-32 GB MicroSD NoRAMMemoryExp?
    • 94. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Skyworks SKY85303-11 2.4 GHz, 256 QAMWLAN/Bluetooth® Front-End Module.
    • 95. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSSkyworks 77619 power amplifier module for quad-band GSM/EDGEQualcommWTR1605L seven-band 4G LTE chip (same one found in the Nexus 4)SWA GNF09Broadcom 20794S1A standalone NFC chipMaxim MAX77803 microcontrollerSilicon Image 8240BOMHL 2.0 transmitterQualcomm PM8821power management IC
    • 96. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 97. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Concealed under the Samsung LPDDR3 IC is theSnapdragon 600 APQ8064T 1.9 GHz Quad-Core CPU.
    • 98. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSTech specs:Processor‣ For the US / Europe:‣ Snapdragon 600‣ APQ8064T 1.9 GHz Quad-Core CPU.‣ For everywhere else:‣ Exynos 5 Octa‣ (4) powerful Cortex A15 chips clocked at 1.6 GHz‣ (4) power-saving Cortex A7 chips running at 1.2 GHz.
    • 99. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSgeekbench scoresKorean variant (SHV-E300S)Will be the fastest device on the planet.
    • 100. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSWhy the variation?"We use multiple different sources. Its a sourcing issue."- J.K. Shin, co-CEO of SamsungHe said the general public wont really notice or care. Henoted that the company chose processors that couldprovide a similar consumer experience.There are, currently, 3 variants of the GalaxyS4:GT-I9500 – Exynos 5 Octa 1.6 GHz without LTEGT-I9505 – Snapdragon 600 1.9 GHz with LTESHV-E300S –Exynos 5 Octa 1.8 GHz with LTE
    • 101. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALStin mining effects:– destroying forests– farmland,– choking coral reefs– devastating communities in
    • 102. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALStin mining effects:
    • 103. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSsamsung response1) Admits using Bangka tin2) Publicly committed to find an industry-wide solutionto end the damage.“Its time Apple followed Samsungs lead by comingclean about its whole supply chains too.”- Craig Bennett, Director of Policy and Campaigns
    • 104. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSRemaining peripherals
    • 105. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 106. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Headphone Jack‣ Status LED‣ First of two IR sensors
    • 107. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 108. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 109. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Front Camera‣ 2 MP
    • 110. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 111. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Earpiece speaker‣ IR blaster‣ Sensor array hosting:‣ Ambient light sensor‣ Second IR sensor.
    • 112. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 113. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSair view / air gestureThe placement of the two IR sensors on either side of theearpiece speaker explains how Samsungs new Air View/AirGesture feature operates.Essentially, by comparing IR light reflected from yourhand into each of the sensors, the phone can tracksideways motion as you gesture without touching thescreen.
    • 114. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 115. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Next out is the vibrator motor‣ A linear oscillator vibration motor‣ Starting to see a little more adhesive‣ Same kind we see in:‣ Nexus 4‣ Galaxy Nexus
    • 116. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Mobile High-Definition Link‣ Using Mobile High-definition Link (MHL) technology Samsung Smartphone enabledmonitors and HDTVs can run your mobile content such as movies, games and apps inHD on the big screen for a more enjoyable viewing experience.USB On-The-Go
    • 117. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ Mobile High-Definition LinkUSB On-The-GoMHDL
    • 118. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSUSB-OTG
    • 119. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSSensirion SHTC1 humidity and temperature sensorRF1119
    • 120. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALSS1029 6914 voice microphone
    • 121. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 122. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 123. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS‣ This chip is responsible for the S4s super-sensitivetouchscreen, which even works with gloves.
    • 124. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 125. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS
    • 126. vvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS• The battery can be replaced in seconds, without any tools.• Very easy to open and access internal components.• There are only 11 screws in the entire device, all standardPhillips #0 (no proprietary or security sizes).• Most of the smaller components are modular and can bereplaced individually, but several of them are adhered inplace, increasing replacement difficulty.• The glass is fused to both the display and the displayframe, increasing repair costs.• Youll have to go through the entire phone in order toreplace the front panel, since everything is built into theback of it.vvWhat makes it an 8 outof 10?
    • 127. vvvvVISIT IFIXIT.COM FOR THOUSANDS OF REPAIR MANUALS¿QUESTIONS?
    • 128. @MedTechConfs #mdmeast

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