Cybernetics and Second-order Cybernetics

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Presentation of Heylighen, Francis, and Joslyn, Cliff, (2001). Cybernetics and Second-order Cybernetics. In R.A. Meyers (ed.), Encyclopedia of Physical Science & Technology, 3rd ed. New York: Academic …

Presentation of Heylighen, Francis, and Joslyn, Cliff, (2001). Cybernetics and Second-order Cybernetics. In R.A. Meyers (ed.), Encyclopedia of Physical Science & Technology, 3rd ed. New York: Academic Press.

Introduction to Informatics
PhD in Informatics
Human-Computer Interaction Design Track
Indiana University Bloomington
Fall 2012

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  • 1. Cybernetics andSecond-Order Cyberneticsinfo 501Introduction to InformaticsProf. Johan J. BollenOmar Sosa TzecPhD in InformaticsFall 2012
  • 2. cybernetics •The science of effective government •Communication and Control •Relations modelling •Autonomy •Self-organization •Cognition •The role of the observer systems •Artificial and Natural second-order cybernetics
  • 3. second-order cybernetics is about •Relational Concepts •Circular Processes •Goal-Directedness and Control •Cognition
  • 4. relational concepts variety constraint entropy information dynamics
  • 5. circular processes self-application self-organization •Attractors closure feedback cycles •Negative •Positive
  • 6. goal-directedness and control goal- mechanisms law of directedness of control requisite •Autopoietic & Allopoietic •Buffering variety Systems •V(E) >= V(D) - V(R) - K •Feedforward •Essential Variables •Feedback components control of control hierarchies systems
  • 7. Components of Control Systems system goal representation decision information processing perception action observed dynamics affected variables variables disturbances environment
  • 8. cognition requisite modelling knowledge relation •Increasing constraint •Endo-models •Selectivity on choosing •Observation, the world, the appropriate action and inaccurate predictions •Heuristic Knowledge learning and constructivist model building epistemology •Constructivism •Coherence •Learning •Invariance •Homeostasis •Social construction of reality
  • 9. insights •Modelling systems is a complicated activity when treated with rigor. But conceptually, it’s fascinating. •Second-order Cybernetics engages transdisciplinary approaches. •Informatics is derived in part from Cybernetics.inquiry & reflection •What is the cybernetic approach for HCI Design? •Does it make sense?
  • 10. Thank you!referenceHeylighen, Francis, and Joslyn, Cliff. (2001).Cybernetics and Second-order Cybernetics. In R.A. Meyers(ed.), Encyclopedia of Physical Science & Technology, 3rded. New York: Academic Press.