Speech•Remember your speech is designed to be spoken not read, thiswill effect your language choices.•A speech is NOT an essay read aloud, it must be designed to bepresented and thus be engaging (recognise that you have anaudience)•Introduction– address your audience, welcome them to the event you arespeaking at– introduce yourself, your topic and your contention in theopening address– You must refer to your audience in your opening and throughoutyour response– E.g. “Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome to… (introduce yourevent)”. Or “Delegates, welcome to this years …conference on…”I’m sure all the voters here tonight agree”
Speech•Use cue cards with key points to help you remember yourspeech, do NOT read from a pre prepared speech.•Practice in front of an audience & in timed conditions to reducenerves and increase fluency•Choose appropriate language. Either formal or informaldepended on your persona, audience and event.•Your introduction may start with a ‘hook’, this may include ananecdote (story), a reference to well known event in the media orfrom History or by posing a question which you will go on toanswer.•Ask yourself: Why should your audience care about this issue?How is it relevant to their lives?
Speech• You MUST have a PERSONA (someone who caresabout this topic, you cannot present as yourself)• Decide what TONE your piece will have, humorous,outraged, attacking, reasoned? Your tone needs to beappropriate to your persona and will help determinewhat persuasive techniques you use.• The body of your argument should generally followessay structure (use TEEL) you should have at leastthree supporting arguments which each form threebody paragraphs
Speech• Consciously use signposting (firstly, secondly), connectives(moreover, furthermore, however, in contrast) and persuasivedevices (e.g. attacks, inclusive language, humour appeals toauthority, appeals to fear, statistics, rhetorical questions)• Also include a rebuttal of opposing arguments.– A rebuttal is where you recognise what your opponentsmight say and then explain why they are wrong.– E.g. “While some commentators may claim that … this wayof thinking is illogical because…”• A powerful conclusion should reiterate your contention andleave your audience with a clear message a direction of whatyou want them to believe or do and why.
Standard Structure Hook Formal Introduction 1stArgument (Use TEEL Structure for this paragraph) 2ndArgument (Use TEEL Structure for this paragraph) 3rdArgument (Use TEEL Structure for this paragraph) Rebuttal of possible opponents Conclusion• Note: This is the standard structure of a persuasive speechand you may deviate from it. For example, you may includeyour rebuttal after your second and third paragraphs.However, this structure should be used as a guide.
The Writing Process1. Complete your speech plan & get it approved2. Complete your research so that you know yourtopic, arguments and possible rebuttal very well3. Write up a draft of your speech in a WordDocument4. Include body language and delivery notes toemphasise certain words, pause, speak loudly etc.5. Practice delivering your speech and seek feedback6. Convert your speech into dot point cue cards7. Practice delivering your speech and seek feedback
CriteriaCriterion 1 (12 marks)Knowledge and use of the chosen content:•Effective and appropriate exploration of the complexities of the chosen content•Accurate and detailed acknowledgement of sources usedCriterion 2 (6 marks)Coherence and development of ideas and effective structure of the whole presentation:•Structure appropriate to the form•Effective election of & appropriate structuring of ideas•Coherent ordering and development of ideas•Clear signposting of arguments•Persona and audience appropriate to topicCriterion 3 (6 marks)Control of the features of spoken English:•Control of appropriate oral language conventions•Effective and accurate vocabulary appropriate to purpose, persona & audience•Expressiveness and fluencyCriterion 4 (6 marks)Effective interaction with audience and controlled use of non-verbal aspects of language•Obvious engagement with audience•Appropriate development of persona•Engaging opening and strong finish•Ability to use non-verbal aspects of language such as tone/pitch/gestures etc. appropriately and effectively
RulesTiming•2 minutes, 30 seconds – knock on desk•3 minutes – timekeeper says “time”•3 minutes, 30 minutes – presenter is stoppedIf a student refuses or is not prepared to present when called…– Talk to student after class, explaining to them the consequences of refusing topresent– Notify BEN of 1strefusal– Students receive a second chance to present but lose a whole grade (i.e. C+ = D+)– If the student presents during the next lesson (i.e. at the second opportunity),their maximum grade can only be a B
Presentation Procedure• All students should be ready to begin presenting from thesecond English lesson in the first week of term – immediatelyafter the holidays!• Call for volunteers – allow the volunteers to go first (however,they do not receive any extra grades for volunteering).• Once all volunteers have presented (or if no one volunteers),begin to pull names out of a hat (or other random selectionprocess). Names should only be pulled out for that lesson –students should be ready for each English lesson that theyattend in case that is the day.• Record time taken on the assessment sheet.