Essay structurepptx
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Essay structurepptx

on

  • 1,317 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,317
Views on SlideShare
977
Embed Views
340

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0

1 Embed 340

http://infoden.edublogs.org 340

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Essay structurepptx Presentation Transcript

  • 1. ESSAY WRITING Structure
  • 2. WHAT‟S THE DIFFERENCE… …between analytical, persuasive, expository and argumentative writing? Four types of essay:
  • 3. ANALYTICAL WRITING
  • 4. STRUCTURE IS CRUCIAL!  How you structure your essay is vitally important.  It adds to the „readability‟ of your writing.  If you structure is confusing to your teacher or exam assessor, you will lose marks.
  • 5. HOW TO STRUCTURE Introduction Body Paragraphs (2-4 depending on detail included in your writing and examples used). Conclusion
  • 6. ESSAY STRUCTURE The overall essay structure is like an hourglass: The introduction starts broadly by introducing the topic and the materials to be discussed. It then narrows in focus down to a specific contention, much in the way that an hourglass narrows from top to centre. The body of the essay focuses on specific evidence, and is narrow in focus like the centre of the hourglass. The conclusion extends from the narrow argument and once again situates the essay in a broader context, like the bottom of the hourglass.
  • 7. INTRODUCTION  You may define key words/concepts if necessary.  Explain your position.  State your contention and indicate the direction your discussion will take.  In your introduction you need to include a “spoiler” of what each of your body paragraphs will discuss. So I will know from reading just your introduction, what you will talk about in each paragraph. This needs to be done in different words to what you will use in the paragraphs.
  • 8. STOP! DO NOT PASS GO! DO NOT TALK ABOUT ANYTHING IN YOUR INTRODUCTION THAT YOU WILL NOT TALK ABOUT IN ANY OF YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS! SIMILARLY, DO NOT TALK ABOUT ANYTHING IN YOUR BODY PARAGRAPH THAT HAS NOT BEEN BRIEFLY OUTLINED IN YOUR INTRODUCTION!
  • 9. 1. Begin your introduction generally. Be sure to state the title and author of the text. 2. Create a few sentences that specifically lead toward your contention. 3. Focus in on the purpose of your essay. Write your contention. You want it to be both clear and engaging for the reader.
  • 10. EXAMPLE – USING THE DYSTOPIAN FICTION QUESTION Dystopian fiction has seen a recent resurgence in popularity, and now more novelists than ever are writing books, film scripts and short stories speculating on the future of our socio-political world. One work that has been cited as a constant influence is Orwell‟s „1984‟, primarily because of the bleak landscape that Orwell paints for us, not only in terms of the landscape but also in terms of the lack of political and social freedom offered the antagonist Winston Smith. It is these areas that I shall be discussing throughout this essay, suggesting how these factors make this novel the ubiquitous dystopian work. Have I been successful? What else could I do?
  • 11. BODY PARAGRAPHS  Each paragraph makes ONE point or presents ONE idea.  You must use appropriate quotes, examples, and evidence from the text to support your point. Try to put the example in to some sort of context i.e. „This can be seen when Winston first speaks to Julia‟.  Don‟t repeat yourself in your quote – it is there to support what you have said, not just say the same thing again.  Refer back to the question at points during your essay.
  • 12. T.E.E.L  Topic sentence: the focus / main point of the paragraph  Evidence: support the point with well-chosen evidence from the text  Explanation: explain the significance of the evidence and how it supports the point  Link: link your overall point/idea/argument back to the essay topic and potentially link forward to the next paragraph.
  • 13. Topic Sentence Evidence (from the text) Explanation Link
  • 14. TOPIC SENTENCE  Is a little “spoiler.”  It is essentially a one sentence summary of what you are going to discuss in the rest of your paragraph.  The reader should be able to know what to expect in the rest of the paragraph by just reading the topic sentence.
  • 15. EVIDENCE AND EXPLANATION  If you want to mix up the order – go for it!  You can refer to other works if you so wish – show me that you are a student of literature, not just this novel!  You need, at some point, to discuss the language techniques Orwell uses, even if it just using some terminology, for example,‟ This simile suggests that…‟, or „This structured dialogue between……reemphasises the rigid relationship they share…‟  Do not narrate the story…
  • 16. LINKING SENTENCE  This is a mini one sentence conclusion.  How does your body paragraph prove, add to or summarise what your overall idea/argument?  You need to refer back to the essay question.  Depending on the flow of your essay you may like to also link to your next paragraph – this cannot be done without careful planning however.
  • 17. CONCLUSION  Sum up your argument.  Restate your contention.  You need to end strongly – do not raise any new points! Have you come to any new ideas? Reached a decision on an argument?  You need to avoid just repeating the same ideas in the same vocab.
  • 18. Begin your conclusion specifically. Now ask yourself “What is the bigger picture of my essay?”. Do not repeat what you have already said. Show the reader the bigger picture. The conclusion should widen to a more general finish. Try to finish your essay by arriving at a bigger idea.
  • 19. PRACTICE QUESTION 1984 is a novel that is more about social control and conformity than it is about political control. Discuss. What to do? PLAN (PPPPP). If you do not plan, how are you going to;  Avoid repetition?  Choose appropriate events, actions, characters and quotes?  Separate your writing into perfectly coherent and cohesive paragraphs?  Write a structured, beautifully flowing essay?  Know what you want your conclusion to be – what‟s the point of your essay?  Pass?!
  • 20. IT‟S ASKING YOU ABOUT TWO AREAS…  Political control  Social control So, draw up two quick tables or brainstorms – one for each area, with examples of each. Then, draw up your conclusion – do you agree or not? Is it one or the other or a combination of both? It‟s up to you but you‟ll base your conclusion on evidence you have already given in the main body of the essay. Introduction – tell me what you are going to be discussing and what your contention is – spoiler alert!