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Historical Foundations

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  • 1. HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS
  • 2. THE GREEKS
    • Relation between state and citizens
    • Voting as a method of choosing government
    • Property owners only
    • Educated only
    • Balanced Society
    • Happiness
    • Tranquility
  • 3. THE MIDDLE AGES
    • St. Thomas Aquinas
    • Natural v. Civil Law
    • Civil Disobedience
      • Foundation of Bill of Rights
  • 4. THE MAGNA CARTA
    • Limits on King’s Power
      • First Social Contract
      • Accountability of Government
      • HABEAS CORPUS
      • DUE PROCESS
      • TRIAL BY JURY
  • 5. PETITION OF RIGHT
    • Early 1600
    • King Charles I
    • Parliament
    • No Taxation without Representation
  • 6. Social Contract
    • Thomas Hobbes
    • Government is a contract with the people
    • Voluntary
    • Self-Preservation
  • 7. John Locke
    • Industrial Revolution
      • Capitalism-Adam Smith
    • Freedom and Choice from self-initiative, not class edict
    • Inalienable Rights
      • Self Determination
    • Property ownership
      • Second Treatise on Government
  • 8. Locke and American Foundations
    • Declaration of Independence
      • Right to Overthrow
      • Inalienable Rights
    • Preamble to the Constitution
      • We, the People
    • The Constitution
      • Checks and Balance
      • Division of Power
  • 9. ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS
    • 1688
    • William and Mary of Orange
    • British Constitution
    • Colonial Law
    • Bill of Rights—U.S. Constitution
  • 10. BY 1750 IN COLONIAL AMERICA
    • Stable/Prosperous
    • Self-Governing
    • Representative Assemblies
    • Virginia House of Burgesses
    • Voting/Property
    • Court System/Bill of Rights