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21st Century Skills in Social Studies Classrooms
 

21st Century Skills in Social Studies Classrooms

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A presentation for the Ohio Council for Social Studies

A presentation for the Ohio Council for Social Studies

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    21st Century Skills in Social Studies Classrooms 21st Century Skills in Social Studies Classrooms Presentation Transcript

    • Making Collections Come to Life
      Promoting 21st Century Skills in Social Studies Classrooms
    • 21st Century Skills for Social Studies
      Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
      Contextual Learning Skills
      Communication
      Information and Media Literacy
      Creativity and Innovation Skills
      Collaboration Skills
    • history
      An interpretative narrative concerning aspects of what happened in the past and the relationships between events and humanity; the end product of historiography as either the process of writing history or the study of that process…A distinguishing feature of history…is its methodology, which relies heavily on the critical use of documentary sources created by or about the society under scrutiny. Primary sources are those produced near the event under investigation; secondary sources are works of other, later writers.
      The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology. Timothy Darvill.
      Oxford University Press, 2008.
    • history
      An interpretative narrative concerning aspects of what happened in the past and the relationships between events and humanity; the end product of historiography as either theprocess of writing historyor the study of that process…A distinguishing feature of history…is its methodology, which relies heavily on the critical use of documentary sources created by or about the society under scrutiny. Primary sources are those produced near the event under investigation; secondary sources are works of other, later writers.
      The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology. Timothy Darvill.
      Oxford University Press, 2008.
    • A Primary Source is…
      • An artifact of its time
      • A first-hand account of an historic event
      A Secondary Source is…
      A commentary or analysis of a historical event based on primary sources
      Clara Barton, ca. 1860 – 1865
      Brady National Photographic Art Gallery
      Still Picture Records Section, Special Media Archives Services Division, National Archives
    • Examples
      Primary Sources
      Journal or diary
      Letters
      Newspaper articles
      Pamphlets
      Photographs
      Clothing
      Original buildings
      Broadsides
      Artifacts
      Cartoons
      Maps
      Recipes
      Secondary Sources
      Text book
      Book or article about an event
      Wikipedia
      Documentaries
      Ulysses S. Grant Document Box, 1864
      Ohio Historical Society
    • Wait a minute...
      What’s Wrong with Secondary Sources?
      Historians use both primary and secondary sources
      Secondary sources tell us:
      • Who is that?
      • What’s going on here?
      • Context
      • Clues to find out more
      Portrait of an Unidentified Woman
      Ohio Historical Society
    • Confederate National Flag
      Division of the History of Technology Armed Forces History
      National Museum of American History
      Smithsonian Institution, Behring Center
      Lent by John McLean Hazen
      Lincoln’s Hat
      Division of Social History, Political History
      National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution Behring Center
      Transfer from the U.S. War Department
      Patriotic Cover (Envelope) Bessie L. Cullen Collection National Postal Museum.
      Smithsonian Institution
      Long Abraham Lincoln a Little Longer, Frank Bellew Harper's Weekly, November 26, 1864 HarpWeek.com
      Some Examples of Primary Sources
    • Why Use Primary Sources?
      Expose students to multiple perspectives
      Help students develop analytical abilities
      Help students relate to events on a human level
      Social Studies Skills and Methods standards
      And primary sources are fun!
      Gettysburg Address, wordle.com
    • Take Another Look
      Primary Source
      Secondary Source
      Major General
      William T. Sherman
      Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
      Researcher finds photograph in the archives
      Researcher writes a book on the Civil War
    • Selecting Primary Sources
      Things to Consider
      Interest
      Reading Level
      Length
      Points of View
      Variety
      Dorothea Dix Letter to Dr. Flowers Regarding Appointment of Nurse, 1862
      Ohio Historical Society
      Unidentified African American Soldier in Union Uniform with Wife and Two Daughters, ca. 1863-1862
      Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
    • Where to Locate Primary Sources
      Ohio Historical Society
      www.ohiohistory.org
      OhioPix
      www.ohiohistory.org/ohiopix
      Ohio Memory
      www.ohiomemory.org
      American Memory
      http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/
      National Archives
      www.archives.gov
      Local Historical Societies and Public Libraries
      National Colors of the Black Brigade of Cincinnati 1862
      Ohio Battleflag Collection
      Ohio Historical Society
    • Primary Source Activity
      Develop the Skills of Historians
      Analyze
      Synthesize
      Support an argument
      Project-based learning
    • Primary Source Activity
      Develop the Skills of Historians
      Analyze
      Synthesize
      Support an argument
      Project-based learning
      21st Century Learning Skills- Critical Thinking
      Exercise sound reasoning
      Make complex choices
      Understand interconnections
      Frame, analyze and solve problems
    • Who’s That Lady?Description:Doing the Work of Historians
      Break into groups
      Consider the phrase “The First Lady”
      Quick, toss out 5 descriptive words and write each word on your activity sheet
      Make a sentence using those words
    • Activity – Who’s that Lady?
      Now we’ll look at some sources
      Come up with 5 new descriptive words based on your evidence and write each word on a card
      Make a sentence using those words
      Share your sentences with the class
    • CONGRATUATIONS!
      You’ve just made history!
      What differences did you see between your two sentences?
      Why?
    • Curating in the Classroom
      Because of your demonstrated knowledge of Ohio history and your considerable skill in the analysis and interpretation of primary source materials, you and your colleagues have been selected to be guest curators of the Ohio Historical Society and to develop a museum exhibit panel which will tell the story of immigration in Ohio
    • Curating in the Classroom
      Each group has a packet of primary sources
      Pick 5
      Name your exhibit (What is the unifying theme of your five sources?)
      Create your exhibit
      Share with the class
    • Why do it?
      It enables participants to create their own narrative
      Participants develop a thesis and support it using primary sources
      Participants need to analyze the sources to determine which best support their narrative
      It’s creative and collaborative!
    • Works for almost any subject
      Participants form a historical narrative based on primary sources in a packet that is topic-specific
      African Americans and the law
      Migration to Ohio
      Women’s Rights
      The possibilities are endless!
    • 21st Century Skills
      Technology and Social Studies
      http://coolmaterial.com/roundup/if-historical-events-had-facebook-statuses/
    • Social Studies 2.0
      PostComment
      TagUploadembedShareFriend
      FANLikeretweetCREATEMashup
    • Instead of an exhibit, how about a video?
      Created using Microsoft Photo Story 3 for Windows - Free Download
    • PowerPoint
      FREE Alternatives
      OpenOffice IMPRESS
      Open Source Software
      Google docs Presentations
      Advantage: Easy to share!
      slideshare
    • History as Conversation
      In January 2008, the Library of Congress launched a pilot program on Flickr
      Not only did people look; but they tag, favorite, share, comment,
      and enhance the Prints and Photographs catalog records with new information!
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress
    • Social Media
      facebook
      twitter
      blogs
      flickr
      youtube
    • Social Media
      facebook
      twitter
      blogs
      flickr
      youtube
    • Questions?
      Thank you