Delhi then and now (2)


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Delhi then and now (2)

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  2. 2. Delhi Delhi officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT) is thelargest metropolis by area and thesecond-largest metropolis bypopulation in India. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the worldby population with 16.7 million inhabitants in the Territory at the2011 Census. There are nearly 22.2 million residents in thegreater National Capital Region urban area (which also includesthe citiesNoida, GreaterNoida, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon and Faridabad along with othersmaller nearby towns). The name Delhi is often also used toinclude urban areas near the NCT, as well as to refer to New Delhi,the capital of India, which lies within the metropolis. Althoughtechnically a federally administeredunion territory, the politicaladministration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resemblesthat of a state of India with its own legislature, high courtand anexecutive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister. NewDelhi, jointly administered by both the federal Government ofIndia and the localGovernment of Delhi, is also the capital of theNCT of Delhi.
  3. 3. Geography of Delhi The National Capital Territory of Delhi is spread over an area of 1,484 km2 (573 sq mi), of which 783 km2 (302 sq mi) is designated rural and 700 km2(270 sq mi) urban. Delhi has a maximum length of 51.9 km (32 mi) and the maximum width of 48.48 km (30 mi). There are three local bodies (statutory towns) namely, Municipal Corporation of Delhi (area is 1,397.3 km2 or 540 sq mi), New Delhi Municipal Committee (42.7 km2 or 16 sq mi) and Delhi Cantonment Board (43 km2 or 17 sq mi). Delhi is an expansive area, in its extremity it spans from Narela in the north to Ghitorni in the south. Najafgarh is the furthest point west and Seemapuri is its eastern extremity. The NCR encompasses towns south and east of the said border, namely Ghaziabad, Noida, Faridabad and Gurgaon. Oddly, the main expanse of Delhi does not follow a specific geographical feature. The main city area of Delhi does not end until Arjangarh in the South, Anand Vihar in the east and Singhu in the north and Nangloi in the west. The terrain of Delhi shows great variation. It changes from plain agricultural fields in the north to dry, arid hills (an offshoot of the Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan) in the south and west. There used to be large natural lakes in the southern part of the city, but most have now dried up. Most of Delhi, including New Delhi, is situated on the western banks of the river Yamuna which separates the main city from eastern suburbs, although there is a good connectivity between the eastern and western sides, with a number of road and railway bridges as well as the Delhi Metro.
  4. 4. Geography of Delhi Delhi is located at 28.61°N 77.23°E, and lies in northern India. It borders the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the east and Haryana on the north, west and south. During British Raj it was adjacent to the province of Punjab and still historically and culturally tied closely to the region of Punjab. Almost entirely within the Gangetic plains, two prominent features of the geography of Delhi are the Yamuna flood plains and the Delhi ridge. The low-lying Yamuna flood plains provide fertile alluvial soil suitable for agriculture but are prone to recurrent floods. Reaching up to a height of 318 m (1,043 ft), the Delhi ridge forms a dominating feature in this region. It originates from the Aravalli Range in the south and encircles the west, northeast and northwest parts of the city. Yamuna, a sacred river in Hinduism, is the only major river flowing through Delhi. Another river called the Hindon River separates Ghaziabad from the eastern part of Delhi. Delhi falls under seismic zone-IV, making it vulnerable to major earthquakes, but earthquakes have not been common in recent history. Delhi has the third highest tree-cover among cities in India. Delhi was one of the worlds ten most polluted cities in the 1990s, with vehicles producing 70% of the polluting emissions. In 1996 the Centre for Science and Environment started a public interest litigation in the Supreme Court of India that ordered the conversion of Delhis fleet of buses and taxis to be run onCompressed Natural Gas and banned the use of leaded petrol in 1998. In 2003, Delhi won the United States Department of Energy’s first ‘Clean Cities International Partner of the Year’ award for ‘‘bold efforts to curb air pollution and support alternative fuel initiatives’’.
  5. 5. Geography of Delhi Location of Delhi in India. Coordinates: 28°36′36″N 77°13′48″E Country IndiaGovernment • Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit (INC) • Lt. Governor Tejendra KhannaArea • Federal district 177.0 km2 (68.3 sq mi) • Land 159.0 km2 (61.4 sq mi) • Water 18.0 km2 (6.9 sq mi)Elevation 0–125 m (0–409 ft)Population (2011 estimate) • Federal district 11,007,835• Density 3,886/km2 (10,065/sq mi)• Metro 16,314,838 • Demonym Delhite Time zone EST (UTC-5) • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) ZIP code(s) 20001- 20098 , 20201-20599 Area code(s) 202
  6. 6. History of Delhi Human habitation was probably present in and around Delhi during the second millennium BC and before, and continuous inhabitation has been evidenced since at least the 6th century BC. The city is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, legendary capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata. Settlements grew from the time of the Mauryan Empire (c. 300 BCE).Remains of seven major cities has been discovered in Delhi. Anang Pal of the Tomara dynasty founded the city of Lal Kot in AD 736.
  7. 7. History of Delhi The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history, including a history as the capital of several empires. The earliest architectural relics date back to theMaurya Period (c. 300 BC); since then, the site has seen continuous settlement. In 1966, an inscription of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (273-236 BC) was discovered near Srinivaspuri, which is near Noida. Two sandstone pillars inscribed with the edicts of Ashoka were brought to by Firuz Shah Tughluq in the 14th century. The famous Iron pillar near the Qutub Minar was commissioned by the emperor Kumara Gupta I of the Gupta dynasty (320-540) and transplanted to Delhi during the 10th century. Eight major cities have been situated in the Delhi area. The first five cities were in the southern part of present-day Delhi. Though settlements have been dated to have been taking place in Delhi for millenia, there is no record to stand by that claim. Delhi is generally considered a close to 5000-year old city, as per Ancient Indian text The Mahabharata, since the first ever mention of the city is found in this religious scripture. Therefore, except the scripture, archaeological evidences to book the citys Ancient history are as good as nought. As a result, Delhis Ancient history finds no records and this period may be regarded as the lost period of its history. Extensive coverage of Delhis history begins with the onset of the Delhi Sultanate in the 12th century. Since then, Delhi had been the seat of Islamic and British rulers until Indias independence in 1947. The core of Delhis tangible heritage is Islamic, spanning over 7 centuries of Islamic rule over the city, with some British-styled architectures and zones in Lutyens Delhidating to the British rule in India. Whatever records exist of Delhi- in the form of scriptures or archaeological evidences, they crown Delhi as the Capital city of some empire or the other all through, with minor random breaks in between, making Delhi one of the longest serving Capitals in the world.
  8. 8. Tourism in Delhi Being one of the most historic capitals in the world, Delhi has many tourist sites. This is a list of Delhis tourist sites. In Old Delhi, there are attractions like mosques, forts and other monuments that represent Indias history. The important places in Old Delhi include the majestic Red Fort. New Delhi, on the other hand, is a modern city designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. New Delhi houses many government buildings and embassies, apart from places of historical interest. The Qutub Minar, Red Fort and Humayuns Tomb are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Delhi is the capital city of India. A fine blend of old and new, ancient and modern, Delhi is a melting pot of cultures and religions. Delhi has been the capital of numerous empires that ruled India, making it rich in history. The rulers left behind their trademark architectural styles. Delhi currently has many renowned historic monuments and landmarks such as the Tughlaqabad fort, Qutub Minar, Purana Quila, Lodhi Gardens, Jama Masjid, Humayuns tomb, Red Fort, andSafdarjungs Tomb. Modern monuments include Jantar Mantar, India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Laxminarayan Temple, Lotus temple and Akshardham Temple. New Delhi is famous for its British colonial architecture, wide roads, and tree-lined boulevards. Delhi is home to numerous political landmarks, national museums, Islamic shrines, Hindu temples, green parks, and trendy malls.
  9. 9. Tourism in Delhi Delhi is at par with any other city in the world. It can boast of a new international airport and the new metro rail which is a convenient mode of travel for the common man. The Delhi Metro is one of the fastest ways to commute in Delhi and has transformed public transport in the city so much so that the Metro line has become the life-line of New Delhi. Recently a superfast airport express has been put in service to connect the airport with the central part of New Delhi. The many flyovers which have been constructed at whooping costs showcase Delhi as a modern city. Pragati Maidan is another tourist destination. It is a large area of land covered with pavilions which can house exhibitions from other states as well as countries. It is a permanent construction for International Trade Fairs. Delhi has a mix of the traditional and modern. Where you might see the latest car on the road, there might be a bullock cart alongside.It is a melting pot of all kinds of people and a visit to this wonderful city is a must.
  10. 10. Development and Infrastructure Delhi Tourism and Transportation Development Corporation (DTTDC) is an undertaking of the Government of Delhi, India, that was established in December 1975 for the purpose of promoting tourism and related services in the city of Delhi. It has an authorized share capital of Rs. 10.00 crores and a paid up capital of Rs. 6.28 crores. It is involved in several other activities, some of which do not fall under the core activity of promotion of tourism, such as the selling of liquor. This particular activity, however, provides the corporation with revenue that can be utilized in tourism or other related development activities for the National Capital Region of Delhi. The Corporation constructs flyovers as part of the development of infrastructure for easy commuting by tourists in Delhi. The revenue for the construction of some of the flyovers in Delhi has been generated from a share of profit that the Corporation earns from the sale of Country made Liquor (CL). The Corporation charges a flat rate of profit, a margin of Rs.6 per bottle of country liquor, of which a share of Rs.5/- has been fixed as a contribution towards the construction of flyovers. The construction is carried out by the Engineering Division of the Corporation.
  11. 11. Disaster management The State of Delhi has been prone to disasters. Over the years these disasters have caused extensive damage to life and property and have adversely impacted economic development. The Government of NCT of Delhi (GoD) recognized the need to have a proactive, comprehensive and sustained approach to disaster management to reduce the detrimental effects of disasters on overall socio-economic development of the State.
  12. 12. DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND MITIGATION PLAN The State Plan for preparedness and mitigation attempts to protect the lives and properties of the people of Delhi from potentially devastating hazards by the implementation of an effective long term Delhi Disaster Management Policy. The initiatives under this plan lay down certain objectives and suggest definitive strategies leading to the achievement of goals in a set time frame. The ultimate goal for the Government of Delhi with respect to various hazards is to have prepared communities in a way that when the hazards strike, there is little or no loss of life; least number of injuries and the losses to property and infrastructure are not critical. The State of Delhi has been prone to various disasters both natural as well as manmade. The Government of NCT of Delhi recognized the need to have a proactive, comprehensive and sustained approach to disaster management to reduce the detrimental effects of disasters on overall socio-economic development of the State. Further, on a day-to-day basis, Delhi is at risk to numerous hazards, such as earthquake, flood, bomb-blasts, other acts of terrorism, fires, industrial and nuclear, biological & chemical hazards, flash floods, building collapses, road accidents, water logging, etc.
  13. 13. Transport in Delhi Delhi has significant reliance on its transport infrastructure. The city has developed a highly efficient public transport system with the introduction of the Delhi Metro, which is undergoing a rapid modernization and expansion. There are 5.5 million registered vehicles in the city, which is the highest in the world among all cities most of which do not follow any pollution emission norm (within municipal limits), while the Delhi metropolitan region (NCR Delhi) has 11.2 million vehicles. Delhi and NCR lose nearly 42 crores (420 million) man-hours every month while commuting between home and office through public transport, due to the traffic congestion. Therefore serious efforts, including a number of transport infrastructure projects, are under way to encourage usage of public transport in the city.
  14. 14. Transport in Delhi  Road transport  Buses  Auto-Rickshaws  Taxis  Taxi and Auto Fare Calculator  Cycle-Rickshaws  Major Arteries  inner Ring Road  Outer Ring Road  Expressways and Highways  Rail transport  Metro  Ring Railway Inter-state transport  Railway connectivity  Road  Highways  Bus services  Airports
  15. 15. Metro Rapid increase of population coupled with large-scale immigration due to high economic growth has resulted in ever increasing demand for better transport, putting excessive pressure on the citys existent transport infrastructure. Like many other cities in the developing world, the city faces acute transport management problems leading to air pollution, congestion and resultant loss of productivity. In order to meet the transportation demand in Delhi, the State and Union government started the construction of an ambitious Mass Rapid Transit system, known as Delhi Metro in 1998. The project started commercial operations on December 24, 2002. It has set many performance and efficiency standards ever since and is continuously expanding at a very rapid pace. As of 2010, the metro operates 5 lines with a total length of 190 km and 132 stations while several other lines are under construction
  16. 16. Delhi Metro lines in operationName Number Terminals Length (km) Stations Rolling stock Dilshad Red 1 Garden – 25.09 21 23 trains Rithala Jahangirpuri –Yellow 2 HUDA City 45 34 40 trains Centre Noida City Centre – 3 Yamuna Bank – 47.40 42 43 trains Dwarka Sector 9 Blue 4 Yamuna Bank – 6.25 5 4 trains Anand ViharGreen 5 Inderlok – 15.15 14 13 trains Mundka Violet line is also operational- from Badarpur to Central Secretariat
  17. 17. Economy With an estimated net State Domestic Product (FY 2010) of Rs.157,817 Crores in nominal terms and ~Rs.630,000 Crores in PPP terms, Delhi is the largest commercial center in northern India.In 2010, Delhi had a per capita income of Rs.135,820 at current prices, the third highest in India after Chandigarh and Goa as of 2010. Delhis GDP (at 2004-05 prices), on an average, has registered an astonishing 10.7% growth for the past five years, making it one of the fastest emerging city in the region. The tertiary sector contributes 70.95% of Delhis gross SDP followed by secondary and primary sectors, with 25.20% and 3.85% contribution, respectively. Delhis workforce constitutes 32.82% of the population showing an increase of 52.52% between 1991 and 2001. Delhis unemployment rate decreased from 12.57% in 1999–2000 to 4.63% in 2003. In December 2004, 636,000 people were registered with various employment exchange programmes in Delhi.
  18. 18. Economy In 2001 the total workforce in all government (union and state) and quasi-government sector was 620,000. In comparison, the organised private sector employed 219,000. Key service industries include information technology, telecommunications, hotels, banking, media and tourism. Delhis manufacturing industry has also grown considerably as many consumer goods industries have established manufacturing units and headquarters in and around Delhi. Delhis large consumer market, coupled with the easy availability of skilled labour, has attracted foreign investment in Delhi. In 2001, the manufacturing sector employed 1,440,000 workers while the number of industrial units was 129,000. Construction, power, telecommunications, health and community services, and real estate form integral parts of Delhis economy. Delhi has Indias largest and one of the fastest growing retail industries. As a result, land prices are booming and Delhi is currently ranked the 7th most expensive office hotspot in the world, with prices at $145.16 per square foot. As in the rest of India, the fast growth of retail is expected to affect the traditional unorganized retail trading system.
  19. 19. MCD Elections MCD Delhi Elections 2012 Schedule-: Here you will find every bit of details about the Delhi Election 2012 Schedule, Results, Winning Candidates and latest news on Munciple Corporation of Delhi Police for 272 seats / wards. MCD Election 2012 Voting 15-Apr-2012 (Sunday) Counting MCD Election Result 2012 17-Apr-2012 (Tuesday) Responsibilities of the MCD-: - Maintenance of Roads neighborhood - Birth & Death Certificates - Devlopment & Maintenance of parks - Devlopment & Maintenance of community centers - MCD schools - Drainage & Garbage system maintenance - Street light maintenance - Child Programme immunisation - Medical facilities / health centers - Complete Devlopment of neighborhood
  20. 20. Social Science Project Made By – Tushar Goyal Class – 10 – B On behalf of the whole class. Thank You.