IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF IRRIGATION PROJECT THROUGH PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT –A CASE STUDY OF WAGHAD IRRIGATION PROJECT, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA Dr. Sanjay Belsare Executive Engineer, Palkhed Irrigation Division, Water Resources Department, Govt. of Maharashtra, India
MAHARASHTRA WATER SECTORIMPROVEMENT PROJECT (M.W.S.I.P.)
SALIENT FEATURES OF WAGHAD IRRIGATION PROJECTType of Dam : Earthen Dam with Masonry SpillwayMaximum Height of Dam : 47 MLive Storage : 72.20 M.Cum. (2550 Mcft.)Year of Commissioning : 1980-81Length of Main Canal : R.B.C. 45 Km (5100 Ha.) : L.B.C. 15 Km (1650 Ha.)Culturable Command Area : 9642 Ha.Irrigable Command Area : 6750 Ha.Average Annual Rainfall : 750 mm.Main Crops : Grapes, Flowers Onion, Vegetable, G.Nut, Wheat, Gram, Jowar, Paddy.No. of Farmers : 15926Average Land Holding : 0.50 to 1.00 Ha.Total No.of WUA : 24 Nos. ( 20 on WRBC & 4 On WLBC)
PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT (PIM)• FUNCTIONS OF WATER USERS ASSOCIATIONS • Equitable distribution of water amongst its members • Operation & Maintenance of Canal System • Collection of Water Charges • Resolve Dispute amongst Members • Representing Interest of Farmers & Coordinating with Government Departments• BENEFITS TO FARMERS • Water Entitlement • Assured Supply of Water • Freedom of Cropping Pattern • Conjunctive Use
PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT (PIM)• BENEFITS TO SYSTEM • Sense of Ownership of Irrigation System among Farmers • Efficient Use of water • Sustainable Management of Water Resources • Saving in Operation & Maintenance Cost
HISTORY OF WUAs ON WAGHAD PROJECT • Commissioning of Project : 1980-81 • Formation of WUAs (Pilot Status) : 1991 • Irrigation Management Transfer to PLA : 2005 • WUAs are Reconstituted as per MMISF Act : 2006 24 10000 No. of WUAs 19 Area coverage (ha) 15 17 8000 6000 9 4000 3 4 2000 0 1991 1993 1995 1997 2001 2002 2004
ACHIEVEMENTS (Before & After Formation of WUAs) Before Formation After transfer of Sr. Description of Federation of management to WUAs No. WUAs (1980-90) Project Level (2005-08) 1 Average Area Irrigated in Hectare 3212 9139 2 Mode of Water Supply Area Basis Volumetric Basis Average Water charges Recovery in 3 0.3 Million 2.2 Million Rs. 60 % Average Percentage of Recovery of (of the water billed 4 100 % Water Charges for the actual irrigated area) 36 % Kharif, 5 Crop pattern 64 % Rabbi, Crop Freedom 0 % H.W Transparent & 6 Water Entitlement No Entitlement Enforceable Water Entitlement for WUAs Water saving due to efficient water 7 - 30 % management
IMPACT OF WUA • Project Commissioned in 1980-81 • Project Status Up to 1991: -- 3 WUA were established at the tail i.e. Jay Yogeshwar, Banganga, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule – Potential Utilisation: For 3 WUAs of Tail - 10 % For Total Project - 18 % • Project Status 1991 Onwards: -- Assured Water Quota (Water Entitlement) – Freedom for Cropping Year Status for 3 WUAs of Status for Waghad Project Tail Area Irrigated Grape Area ICA Irrigated Area Grape Area Area (Ha) (Ha) (Ha) (Ha)(Including Wells) (Ha) 1991-92 119 6 3212 340 (BeforeFormation 6750 of WUA) 2006-07 1143 307 9139 3700
IMPACT ON INCOME, POVERTY & GROWTH OF WUA• Before formation of WUAs traditional crops were grown i.e. Rice, Bajra, Jowar, Wheat, Gram etc• After formation of WUAs high value crops were grown i.e. Grapes, Vegetables, Flowers, etc• Earlier labours used to migrate, now there is labour employment round the year Year Average Income / ha./year Average Income / ha./year in Command outside Command 1991-92 Rs. 25000 Rs. 4000 2006-07 Rs. 1,05,000 Rs. 15000
IMPACT ON WATER USE EFFICIENCY AND EQUITY OF WUA• Earlier traditional crops were grown with the help of Flood irrigation methods• Now the modern methods of irrigation are used i.e. Drip irrigation, Sprinkler irrigation for growth of cash crops i.e. Grapes, Sugarcane, Flowers, etc• Every WUA / farmer is getting his share of water• Regulator reports to MWRRA about the actual delivery of water against water entitlement• Farmers have become confident and are now trying new techniques, ideas, materials and crops. PLWUA has now registered Waghad Agricultural Producer Company (WAPCO) to market & process agricultural produce of farmers.
• Waghad PLWUA has hosted their own website www.waghadproject.org to raise awareness and promote PIM.• Waghad Irrigation project has been receiving National Productivity Award of the Govt. of India since last five years.• PLWUA have entered into a Tri - Party agreement with Agriculture Dept & Gargi Educational Institute to improve agricultural productivity & income Contract Farming.
DIGNITARIES COMMENTS Mr. John Briscoe, Country Director, World Bank Ms. Constance Barnard, Director, Sustainable Development, World Bank Congratulations to the WUAs for I am very impressed by the all its achievements. It is goodwork the farmers in your area are doing. To see how people can improve their livesThe PLA is a very important institution & their childrens future through hard work which has made a good start.
PHOTO GALLERY Photographs Showing OngoingRehabilitation Work of Waghad Project
Ongoing Rehabilitation Work of Waghad Right & Left Bank Canal View of Waghad R.B.C. View of Waghad R.B.C.from Dam Top before work from Dam Top after work
Photographs Showing Ongoing RehabilitationWork of WUA Works of Waghad Project Under MWSIP Photographs Showing Rehabilitation Work of Minor No.5 of WRBC (Under Ganesh WUA Dindori)
Photographs Showing Ongoing Construction Work of WUA Office Buildings Under MWSIP