Ham radio

2,501 views
2,304 views

Published on

Ham Radio is hobby

Published in: Education
0 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,501
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ham radio

  1. 1. Gujarat Institute of Amateur Radio Gandhinagar Block No.64/1,Gh-type, Sector-23, Gandhinagar-382 023 Phone No. 23 23 73 88 [email_address] Visit: www. giar.org
  2. 2. Disaster Management and HAM Radio
  3. 3. In any disaster…. Communication is the first casualty
  4. 4. Let us look at the recent Disaster…….
  5. 5. 26 th December, 2004 Indian Ocean
  6. 6. Tsunami hits the land <ul><li>An undersea earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) </li></ul><ul><li>At a magnitude of 8.9 , the earthquake generated a tsunami that was among the deadliest disasters in modern history. </li></ul>
  7. 7. On 26 th January, 2001 8:43 A.M.
  8. 8. At 08:46 AM…… <ul><li>The Kachchh District of Gujarat was hit by an earthquake of intensity 6.9 on Richter scale according to IMD. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the worst earthquake occurred in the country during the last 180 years . </li></ul>
  9. 9. And the re was Telecommunication black-out… <ul><li>The earthquake had destroyed or severely damaged 147 Telephone Exchanges. </li></ul><ul><li>The STD circuits, fibber cables and STD services were disrupted. </li></ul><ul><li>Total 1 lakh telephone connections in exchanges were not functioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Optical fibber cable and copper cables were broken at innumerable places due to building collapse and falling debris. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ham community came to Res cue
  11. 11. Only HAM Worked Morbi - 1979 Machhu Dam Burst Communications Blackout
  12. 12. During 1982-83 Amreli Cyclone and Porbandar Flood <ul><li>Only means of communication was HAM Radio </li></ul>
  13. 13. Kandala cyclone - 1998 <ul><li>Only HAMs could make communication to reach the areas of Operation </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2005 Tsunami <ul><li>Established HF and VHF link for Naval Air Base Station. </li></ul><ul><li>Helped locating 60 missing people. </li></ul><ul><li>Helped some people to communicate with their family members. </li></ul><ul><li>Helped Resource Mobilization in absence of sufficient manpower. </li></ul>
  15. 15. What is HAM Radio <ul><li>It is a scientific hobby like pen-friends. </li></ul><ul><li>HAM Radio is an wireless equipment, while operator is known as HAM. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>It is the hobby of two way radio communication (distinct from broadcast or commercial radio ) mainly with a view to encourage experimentation a nd intercommunication with other amateurs on a personal basis. </li></ul>
  17. 17. DEFINITION <ul><li>Defined by international convention : </li></ul><ul><li>A service of self-training , intercommunication and technical investigation by duly authorised persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Is “HAM” an acronym ?
  19. 19. <ul><li>NO </li></ul><ul><li>Word made taking first letter of the names of three SCIENTIEST pioneer in this field </li></ul><ul><li>H ertz, A ngstrom and M arcony </li></ul><ul><li>H elp A ll M ankind </li></ul>
  20. 20. How to become a HAM ?
  21. 21. ELIGIBILITY <ul><li>CITIZEN OF INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>AGE NOT LESS THAN 14 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>QUALIFYING EXAMINATION(S) </li></ul><ul><li>( Minimum qualification ?) </li></ul>
  22. 22. EXAMINATION DETAILS <ul><li>WRITTEN TEST </li></ul><ul><li>Part-A </li></ul><ul><li> Radio Theory & Practice </li></ul><ul><li>(Exemption to B.E. Electronics) </li></ul><ul><li> Part-B </li></ul><ul><li> National & International Radio Rules & Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>MORSE </li></ul><ul><li> (i) Sending </li></ul><ul><li> (ii) Receiving </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Examination Center </li></ul><ul><li>Examination Fees </li></ul>EXAMINATION DETAILS
  24. 24. LICENCE - Categories <ul><li>ADVANCE GRADE </li></ul><ul><li>GRADE I </li></ul><ul><li>GRADE II </li></ul><ul><li>RESTRICTED GRADE </li></ul><ul><li>SHORT WAVE LISTENERS </li></ul>LICENCE
  25. 25. LICENCE - Procedure LICENCE <ul><li>Procedure Time </li></ul><ul><li>Licence Fees </li></ul><ul><li>Any Extra Expenditure ? </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>EXAMINATIONS CONDUCTED BY MONITORING STATIONS OF WPC </li></ul><ul><li>LICENCE ISSUED BY WIRELESS PLANNING AND COORDINATION WING (WPC), NEW DELHI </li></ul>By whom licence is issued ?….
  27. 27. CALL SIGN <ul><li>VU2CPV VU- INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>W2XP W- USA </li></ul><ul><li>VE1BSA VE- CANADA </li></ul><ul><li>G0KJA G- UK </li></ul><ul><li>DL2AD DL- GERMANY </li></ul><ul><li>6Y5SM 6Y- JAMAICA </li></ul><ul><li>VK6HT VK- AUSTRALIA </li></ul><ul><li>9M2SS 9M- MALAYSIA </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>YL - Young Lady </li></ul><ul><li>(All feminine operator are YL, regardless of age or marital status. ) </li></ul><ul><li>XYL- Wife ( Is she ex- young lady !!!!) </li></ul><ul><li>OM- Old Man ( Though he is YOUNG !) </li></ul><ul><li>OB - Old Boy </li></ul><ul><li>73 - Wish you all the best </li></ul><ul><li>88 - Love and Kisses </li></ul><ul><li>Dx - Distance Station </li></ul><ul><li>Wx - Weather </li></ul><ul><li>LL - Land Line </li></ul>Some interesting abbreviations
  29. 29. How HAM Radio works ?
  30. 30. Mainly - two types of equipments used <ul><li>HF </li></ul><ul><li>VHF </li></ul>
  31. 31. DIPOLE ANTENNA
  32. 32. PORTABLE HF/VHF SETS SIMPLE DIPOLE ANTENNA CAR BATTERY
  33. 33. RADIO COMMUNICATION SERVICES Ionosphere Affected Region Control Room
  34. 36. Some restrictions…. <ul><li>NO THIRD PARTY MESSAGES </li></ul><ul><li>NO RELIGIOUS, POLITICAL OR COMMERCIAL DISCUSSION </li></ul><ul><li>RESTRICTION ON TRANSMITTING SONGS AND MUSIC </li></ul>
  35. 37. Scrambler…. What is it ???….
  36. 38. <ul><li>How Ham Radio differs from other communications? </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial licence holder gets only a spot frequency while Ham Operator gets privilege of bands of frequencies. </li></ul><ul><li>Comm. Licence holder have to pay royalties while Ham pays few rupees per year. </li></ul><ul><li>Ham Operator installs, operates and maintains his station himself while in comm. different agencies play different roles. </li></ul>
  37. 39. Hams Worldwide
  38. 41. VU2RG
  39. 42. WARC THE ONLY HOBBY GOVERNED BY INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION THE WORLD ADMINISTRATIVE RADIO CONFERENCE GENEVA
  40. 43. RULES INDIA <ul><li>INDIAN TELEGRAPH ACT, 1885 </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN WIRELESS TELGRAPHS (AMATEUR SERVICE) RULES 1984 </li></ul>W P C
  41. 44. HAMS IN ACTION <ul><li>STORMS </li></ul><ul><li>FLOODS </li></ul><ul><li>CYCLONES </li></ul><ul><li>EARTHQUAKES </li></ul><ul><li>FOREST FIRES </li></ul><ul><li>ACCIDENTS </li></ul><ul><li>EXPEDITIONS </li></ul><ul><li>MOTOR RALLIES </li></ul>
  42. 45. SPAN <ul><li>SPEECH </li></ul><ul><li>MORSE CODE </li></ul><ul><li>SLOWSCAN TV </li></ul><ul><li>FAX </li></ul><ul><li>RTTY </li></ul><ul><li>AMTOR </li></ul><ul><li>PACKET </li></ul><ul><li>SATELLITE (OSCAR) </li></ul>
  43. 46. AMSAT AMATEUR RADIO SATELLITE CORPORATION A NON- PROFIT ASSOCIATION FORMED BY HAMS IN USA JAPAN AUSTRALIA GERMANY CANADA
  44. 47. HAMSAT LAUNCHED BY ISRO ON 05/05/05 HAMSAT is a microsatellite for providing satellite based Amateur Radio Services to the national as well as the international community of Amateur Radio Operators (HAMs).
  45. 48. Reference <ul><li>Handbook for Amateur Radio </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By Gujarat Institute of Amateur Radio </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Rs. 100/- </li></ul>
  46. 49. FURTHER READING <ul><li>GUIDE TO AMATEUR RADIO IN INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>BY SAAD ALI </li></ul><ul><li>HANDBOOK OF AMATEUR RADIO </li></ul><ul><li>BY ARRL </li></ul><ul><li>HAM NEWS </li></ul><ul><li>BY NIAR </li></ul><ul><li>QST </li></ul><ul><li>BY ARRL </li></ul><ul><li>CQ AMATEUR RADIO </li></ul><ul><li>BY CQ, USA </li></ul>
  47. 51. Impact <ul><li>Trained more then 600 participants in 10 Batches at Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad and Jamnagar </li></ul><ul><li>New licenses obtained 125 </li></ul><ul><li>Two VHF Repeater stations raised </li></ul><ul><li>National Hamfest Held for the first time in the state – November 8-9, 2003 at Gandhinagar </li></ul><ul><li>Participated in Tsunami Rescue operation </li></ul><ul><li>Established Club Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Arranged many awareness program in schools, colleges, organizations etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Published full flagged study guide for Ham License Exam </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized by State (GSDMA) and Government of India </li></ul>
  48. 52. Impact
  49. 53. THANKS
  50. 54. KD5ESI KD5ESI                          KALPANA CHAWLA NASA/JSC MAIL CODE CB HOUSTON TX 77058 USA http:// www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/chawla.html
  51. 55. VU2HBZ VU2FJZ DAPEGAON, LATOOR OCTOBER 1993
  52. 56. VU2XMX Ham Radio Control Room for Amarnath Pilgrimage - 1996 VU2HBZ
  53. 67. A mateur    R adio  on the        I nternational          S pace            S tation
  54. 71. THANKS

×