Turku – The Oldest City in Finland• Turku is Finland’s historical centre for culture and education • The oldest city in Finland (1229 ) • The first university in Finland, Turun akatemia (Academia Aboënsis), was founded in 1640• The spiritual centre of Finland • Turku Cathedral was inaugurated in the year 1300 • The residence of the bishop since the Middle Ages (the archbishop since the 19th century) • Turku, the Finnish Christmas City, has declared Christmas Peace at the Old Great Square since the 1320s.
A City of Higher Education• Turku University and Åbo Akademi University• 35 000 university and higher education students• Turku University is a top-level research university, world rank 201.¹• Åbo Akademi University is the most international university in Finland²• The campus Turku Science Park, premises more than 250 000 m² and approx. 14,000 jobs• Sources: ¹ University of Jiao Tong 2006, ² Ministry of Education 2006
Population• Inhabitants in Turku Region ca. 300 000• A bilingual city, Swedish-speaking inhabitants approx. 5 %• Many Swedish-speaking institutions: • theater (oldest in Finland) • newspaper (oldest in Finland) • University• Other than Finnish- and Swedish-speakers 7 %
Administrative organization of the City of Turku City Council Chairperson Seppo Lehtinen City Board Chairperson Minna Arve Mayor Aleksi RandellDeputy Mayor of Competence Deputy Mayor of Services Deputy Mayor of Jouko K. Lehmusto Maija Kyttä Environmental Affairs Jarkko Virtanen • Turku Municipal Health Care and Social Services • Turku Municipal Property Corporation• Turku University of Applied Sciences• Early Childhood Education • Cultural Services Office • Port of Turku• Basic Education • Turku City Theatre • Turku Municipal Facilities Corporation• General Upper Secondary Education • Turku Philharmonic Orchestra • Environmental and City Planning Department• Vocational Education • Turku City Library • Turku Municipal Waterworks Corporation• Adult Education • The Museum Centre of Turku •Turku Municipal Property Services• Education Department • Centre of Sport Services • Turku Municipal Engineering Corporation • Youth Department • Regional Rescue Board of Southwest Finland • Turku Municipal Green Area Corporation • Turku Municipal Housing Corporation
The Economy• Turku is the economical centre in the region• An extensive range of education supports the versatile business structure• The following matters are emphasised within the competence and business activities: • The strengthening of the competence basis • The cooperation between business life and research • The increase of companies and their international competitiveness • The attractiveness and internationalisation of the City of Turku• The five leading fields are • The bio field • ICT • The Maritime industry • Logistics • Tourism
The EconomyExamples of Companies:• Bayer Schering Pharma, Wallac (PerkinElmer Life Sciences), Orion Pharma, Turku Science Park (Ericsson, Siemens, Stonesoft, Tieto), STX Europe, Elomatic, Leaf, TelesteSuccess stories from Turku:• Xylitol• Largest ever cruisers in the world• Mirena-intrauterine contraceptive
International cooperationActive cooperation partner in the Baltic Sea regionEspecially environmental issues and logistical development• St. Petersburg Twin city to Turku since 1953 A special Turku Centre to be established in order to promote trade and network building between actors in Southwest Finland - St. Petersburg and Northwest Russia• Stockholm Port cooperation (regular ship traffic, app. 4 million passengers / year) Biocelex Ltd., a joint venture of Turku Science Park and Karolinska Institutet, combines business and science• China A cooperation agreement with the city of Tianjin (11 million inhabitants) since the year 2000 Cooperation in the fields of educational institutions and business development Export of the maritime cluster know-how
An Active City of CultureA City of Music Several events: Ruisrock, 2nd oldest festival in Europe Turku Music Festival (classical music) Turku Philharmonic OrchestraA City of Literature Writers, poets and comic strip artists A new awarded main libraryA City of Theatre The City Theatre (1st municipal theatre in Finland) Åbo Svenska Teater (oldest in Finland) two dance theatresA City of Sports Ice hockey, football, athletics (hometown of e.g. Paavo Nurmi)
The European Capital of Culture• The city of Turku and the city of Tallinn are the Capitals of Culture in 2011• The Capital of Culture year extends beyond just one year. The preparations have been going on for a decade and the process continues in the future• Key words: well-being, internationality, creative businesses and cultural export• The Capital of Culture year will have a permanent impact on the city, on the cultural environment, on the way we work and on everyone who takes part• Thousands of individual events during the year• New exhibition and event centre Logomo.