Old Testament Overview

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God reveals exciting truths about His nature through the pages of the Old Testament. We can discover many spiritual gems by knowing the story of the Old Testament and how the various books of the …

God reveals exciting truths about His nature through the pages of the Old Testament. We can discover many spiritual gems by knowing the story of the Old Testament and how the various books of the Bible fit into that story. John Beene taught an Overview of the Old Testament at the November 20, 2011 congregational worship. The class included timelines, pictures, and maps to help the scriptures come to life. Listen to the lessons, view the Power Point presentation, and use the Old Testament Timelines to further your own study of God's story in the Old Testament.

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  • IntroductionSuper excited to be sharing about the Old TestamentLove the Old TestamentSo much we can learn about GodOld Testament we get to see God interact with mankindGod laid foundation for NT – can’t understand NT without OTGod spent 2,000 years revealing His plan for mankindFocus only on NT, you see 100 years of God’s revelationMany truths God didn’t rewrite after JesusGod expected us to use all of His WordYou can not know the fullness of God without digging into OTFor many OT is difficult to understandSeems like irrelevant historyMiss the gems of the OTOne way we can vastly improve our understandingKnow the overall story of the OTKnow the story from start to finish
  • Story of Old TestamentGod created the worldGod chose Abraham to reveal God to the worldAbraham’s descendants grew into nation of IsraelIsraelites were enslaved in EgyptGod used Moses to lead Israel out of EgyptIsrael conquered the land God promised themFor a time Israel was led by JudgesGod gave them a king & established under Saul, David, & SolomonBut Israel turned to other godsGod split the nation into northern Israel & southern JudahBoth turned away from God & sent prophets to call to repentanceRefused to repent so God usedAssyrians to destroy the north & they would be no moreBabylonians destroyed the south but God spared some exilesExiles of Judah were later allowed to rebuildLeft waiting for the MessiahKnow how books of Bible fit into that storyOur goal today – know the storySee the story of the Old TestamentSee how the books of Bible fit into that storyBy knowing context you will understand moreEntice you to go and studyReceive lessons God has for us thereTimelineMany dates are debatable – Focus on progression, not specific datesBreak down into 2 categories17 Historical books: Genesis-EstherTell events of the Old TestamentMostly in Chronological order22 Books of Poetry & Prophecy: Job-MalachiWritten during historical booksServe various purposesOffer some additional historyImportant to know how they fit into history to understandBreakdown our timeline into 5 sections, roughly 20-25 minutes eachWon’t cover every event on timeline but hope to make these available online
  • Start with first huge chunk of our timelineCovering anywhere from 3,000 yrs to 18 billion yrs of human historyGenesis – JudgesZoom in
  • Genesis tells us about the beginning
  • God created the heavens and the earthCreated Adam & Eve – can’t show picture of them in churchAdam & Eve sinned against God
  • Romans 5:12 Sin entered the world creating divide with GodRest of Bible – God winning men back to Him
  • Gen 6:1 Men populated worldMankind’s time before God’s plan of salvationResult?
  • Gen 6:5 Thoughts of men were on evil all the time
  • Flood – Gen 6-7Saved humanity through one family’s faithIncredible story of standing up for God no matter whatMen populated world againGod begins His salvation plan
  • Abraham chosen to reveal GodGenesis 12:3World knew very little about GodGod chose one man’s family to change thatWhole world would get to see & know God through Abraham’s familyCalled to go, Abraham leaves to go to distant landGod promised Abraham that his children would own this landBut not yet
  • Genesis 15:16 Sin of Amorites hasn’t reached full measure
  • Galatians 3:6-7Paul says our walk with God is like Abraham’sWhen you look at Abraham’s time with God you seeTheir friendshipAbraham’s faithGod’s amazing graceThat’s how we are to walk with God
  • IsaacJacob
  • Where God built Abraham’s faith through unwavering supportGod built Jacob’s faith through disciplineGod changed his name to Israel
  • Has 12 Sons whose descendants would become 12 tribes of Israel
  • JosephOne of Jacob’s sonsIs thrown into a pit by his brothers & becomes a prince of EgyptGreat story of God’s providence – hard times have a purposeGenesis 45:7 Joseph’s hardships put him in position to save his family
  • Jacob & family move to Egypt
  • During this time Job is likely writtenDate is widely debatedFavor time before Moses because there’s no mention of Israel or LawSeveral other things pointing to this time but nothing rock solid
  • Job 1:8God allowed Satan to destroy a righteous man’s lifeJob remained faithful despite suffering
  • Most of Job – Group session to convince Job that Job sinnedJob 42:7Job’s calamity was not because of Job’s sinBecause most is one conversation – Best to study broadlyNot a little here and thereMust know context of conversationJob is unique book – very relatable when going through hard timesBack to Israel’s story
  • Exodus 1-2 covers 300-400 yearsRest of Exodus covers 1-2 years
  • Exodus 1Israelites grew in number over several generations.Enslaved by Egyptians
  • God chose MosesSaved him at birthdayEducated by Israelites & EgyptiansForced Moses to flee
  • Exodus 3Moses is sent to Egypt to tell Pharoah “Let my people go”God sends 10 astonishing plaguesDevastating the world’s most powerful nationAt end, slaves leave having plundered the EgyptiansMoses led God’s people through the sea & killed Egyptian armyExodus 6:7, 7:5God’s coming out partyGod of Israel devastated Egypt & their godsGod made it known – I am God and these are my peoplePrior God was known to Abraham’s familyNow the world knew
  • 40 years later, miles away, the people of Jericho said Joshua 2:11
  • Exodus 193 months from EgyptGod descended onto Mt Sinai & gave Israel the lawMost think God gave 10 Commandments (Exodus 20)God gave them many other lawsLaws are writtenExodus 20-40LeviticusNumbers 5-9, 15, 18-19, 28-30
  • LeviticusAt this time Leviticus is written Leviticus – Almost all law 24 out of 27 chaptersLeviticus 8-10 tells of beginning of priesthoodToughest books to study
  • Study to see heart of GodRomans 7:12 the law is holyWhy did God command these things?To teach toLove & honor HimLove one another
  • Leviticus 26 – great class on parentingGave expectationsSpells out reward for obedienceSpells out consequences for disobedienceExactly what we should do with our children
  • So Israel is at Mt SinaiNumbersNumbers 1:2 God commanded census = Numbers
  • Numbers 10 leave Mt SinaiNumbers 13-14Spy out the Promise LandLack of faith
  • Exodus 14:4 Lets choose a leader and go back
  • Exodus 14:33 children will take land but you will die in desertNumbers accounts for 40 years in the wilderness
  • DeuteronomyMoses farewell speechDeuteronomy is Moses explaining law at end of lifeMoses focuses on heart of the law
  • Deut 6:5DeuteronomyAlso tells of Israel conquering land east of JordanMoses dies leaving Joshua in chargeIsrael is on edge of Promise Land ready to enter the land
  • Joshua
  • Josh 1:6
  • Joshua leads Israel to conquer the Promise LandWalls of Jericho fallingOne man, Achan’s sin defeats IsraelThe day the sun stood stillDivision of land
  • Period of Judges
  • Settled into Promise LandCycle of judges Forgot God Served other gods Handed to raiders Judges delivered Judge died
  • Great judges likeDeborahGideonSamsonJudges 21:25 Dark time – no king – only one King could really fill the need
  • During time of JudgesRuthLove story of redemption
  • About Ruth - Ruth 2:11-12God saves a non-Israelite RuthRewards her giving heartMakes her a mother in the genealogy of Israel’s king David & later Jesus
  • ConclusionConcludes part oneGod created the worldMen sinnedGod chose Abraham to teach the world God’s natureThrough the Exodus God announced to the world “He is God”God gave the Law through MosesUsed Joshua to conquer the promise landIsrael is in the Promise Land led by judges
  • TimelineFirst part covered 2,000 to 18 billion yearsFrom here out roughly 200 year segmentsGod progresses in the amount of revelationLeft off with judges ruling IsraelZoom in
  • United Kingdom1 Samuel first history book in this period
  • 1 Samuel 1-7 Samuel – the last significant & arguable greatest judgeSamuel Both judge & prophetIncredible man of God
  • 1 Samuel 8:5People said “Appoint a king to lead us, such as all the other nations have.”
  • 1 Samuel 8:7 God responded “They have rejected Me as their king.”Israelites weren’t satisfied that God was leading themThey wanted to be like others with a king, a strong government, etcWe can look at other religious groups with the same envy at timesGod instructs Samuel to appoint Saul king – the first king of Israel
  • 1 Samuel 9-11 Saul becomes kingSaul starts out on right trackHe becomes conceited & more concerned with what others think of him
  • While Saul was king, Samuel anoints David to be the next kingDavid wasn’t impressive in appearance1 Samuel 16:7 “The Lord does not look at the things man looks at. Man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”Acts 13:22 “I have found David son of Jesse a man after my own heart.”
  • 1 Samuel 17 David kills Goliath
  • 1 Samuel 18-31 King Saul tries to kill David
  • 1 Samuel ends with Saul’s death2 Samuel – David’s Reign
  • David becomes kingDavid was the conquering kingExpands Israel’s bordersJerusalem becomesCapital Center of worship
  • 2 Samuel 11-12 David & BathshebaGod shows graceDavid still boar consequences of his sin
  • 1 ChroniclesCovers same period of timeFocuses on David & his descendantsPsalmsDuring this time many of Psalms were writtenPsalms is a collection of songsSongs of praise, worship, thanks, confession & prayerWritten throughout Old TestamentPsalm 90 attributed to MosesSome attributed to end of Old TestamentHalf are attributed to DavidSome to Solomon & others of David & Solomon’s lifeNot written all at once, but a collection of written songsValuable truths about GodShow us how to express ourselves to God
  • Some give us more insight into how David felt in certain eventsPsalm 57 David is fleeing from Saul
  • Psalm 51 following David’s sin with Bathsheba
  • Some of our songs come from Psalms – Psalm 61:2 “Lead me to the rock that is higher than I”
  • Many valuable ways to study PsalmsSee what they teach you about GodSee what they say about how God wants us to express ourselvesHe wants us to be open & realSometimes just reading straight through gets tediousBreak it up and read portionsSome of greatest value – use them to guide you prayerread a littleimitate in prayerwrite your own psalm to GodLargest book in Bible dedicated to teaching us to be expressive to GodThat alone is a lesson many miss
  • David’s reign comes to an end1 Kings 1-11 – Solomon1 Kings & 2 Chronicles start with Solomon as king
  • Solomon, David’s son, becomes kingSolomon asks God for wisdom & God is pleased
  • God gave Solomon wisdom & power expanding the kingdom
  • WisdomPeople traveled from all over the world to learn from Solomon1 Kings 4:32 “He spoke three thousand proverbs.”
  • Purpose
  • Prov 1-9 primarily advice of father to son, perhaps David to Solomonspeaks of the value of wisdommuch about avoiding ungodly womencan be read straight throughProverbs 10 and onward are short sayings of wisdomUnderstand them in context of whole BibleNot always absolute truth & not intended to be – general truths
  • Prov 10:4 “Lazy hands makes a man poor, but diligent hands bring wealth.”Is every diligent, hard-working person you know wealthy? NO Principle though is true and has applicable meaning – work hardGreat words of insight
  • apply that to the job
  • Great morsels to memorize
  • Song of SongsSong of romance between a man and a womanWording is very intimate as lovers praise each others physical attributesMany try to make it into an analogy for God & the churchI think God wants to show married couples how to be more intimateWant to spice up your marriage, study this together & write your own
  • Wife may not appreciate “your teeth are like a flock of sheep just shorn”
  • Wealth1 Kings 10:27 “The king made sliver as common in Jerusalem as stones.
  • Nation expands
  • Building of TempleHome of the Ark of the CovenantSeat of worship for Israel
  • 1 Kings 11:1-3 “King Solomon, however, loved many foreign women… from nations the Lord had told the Israelites, ‘You must not intermarry’… and his wives led him astray.”Many wives lead to worship of other gods1 Kings 11:9-13 God promises to divide nation
  • Ecclesiastes
  • EcclesiastesAttributed to Solomon & hopefully near end of his lifeBook has more impact when you know his lifeSolomon sought happiness inWisdomPleasures – wealth, projects, folly, womenApplied his God given wisdom to finding happinessIn pursuits, he Discovered
  • Come to the conclusion
  • ConclusionOnce Israel settled into the Promise LandSamuel led as a prophet and judgePeople asked for a kingKing Saul whom God rejectedKing David & God used David to write many PsalmsKing Solomon & gave us the Proverbs, Ecclesiastes & Song of SongsLeave withIsrael united under SolomonBut because of His sin, God foretold of a division of Israel
  • Divided Kingdom
  • IntroductionWhere we left offSolomon has led Israel to worship other godsGod has promised to divide the nationsBack to the StoryRehoboam, Solomon’s son becomes kingIsrael asks Rehoboam to lower taxes
  • Israel which diminished in size after Solomon
  • Nations split in twoJeroboam became king of 10 tribes to the North = IsraelRehoboam remained king of Judah & Benjamin in South = Judah
  • JeroboamFearing people would go to Jerusalem to worship1 Kings 12:28 Made two golden calves “Here are your gods who brought you out of Egypt”Set up altars of worship in Dan & BethelSet up new festivals and priestsImitated God’s ways but worshipping other gods
  • Rehoboam1 Kings 14:22 “did evil in the eyes of the Lord”Exemplified how most of the next 210 years would be
  • Summary of Divided NationTimelineNorthern kings of Israel on topSouthern kings of Judah on bottomBooks of 1 & 2 Kings tell us their historyGo back and forth between kings of Israel & Judah2 Chronicles mirrors the story focusing on kings of JudahIsrael Establishes new place of worship & turns to other gods19 kings9 different families sat on the throne – lot of instabilityNone were righteous
  • Nadab 1 Kings 15:25 “he did evil in the eyes of the Lord”
  • JudahTurns away from God as well & worship other godsRighteous kings like Asa
  • JudahTurns away from God as well & worship other godsRighteous kings like Asa1 Kings 15:11 “Asa did what was right in the eyes of the Lord”Brought reform and lead Judah to serve GodSome kings started off righteous but left GodSeveral rejected GodFamily of David remained on the throne
  • At times, Israel & Judah were enemies & other times alliesNot going to discuss each king but highlight someSamaria becomes capital of the North
  • Ahab & Jehoshaphat
  • Ahab Marries the wicked Jezebel & Made Baal & Asherah the official gods of Israel1 Kings 16:33 “did more to provoke the Lord… than did all the kings of Israel before him”
  • JehoshaphatDid what was right in God’s sight2 Chronicles 17:3-4 “He did not consult the Baals but sought the god of his father and followed his commands rather than the practices of Israel.”Led an evangelistic chargeSent teachers throughout Judah & later IsraelTo teach people God’s lawsJehoshaphat however allied himself with Ahab
  • Period of the prophets begins 2 Kings 17:13 “the Lord warned Israel & Judah through all his prophets”Had been prophets beforeUnique succession of prophets that
  • 2 Kings 17:13 “turn from your evil ways and keep my commandments”
  • Elijah & Elisha Didn’t write any books but their story captured in 1 & 2 KingsBars represent span of their ministryWork was primarily to the Northern Israel
  • 1 Kings 18 Elijah defeating Ahab’s prophets of Baal on Mt Carmel2 Kings 2 Chariots of fire and passing of the torch to Elisha2 Kings 6 Elisha sees army of God “Those who are with us are more than those who are with them.”
  • Israel succession of wicked kings continuesJudah – three generations of righteous fall – Joash, Amaziah & Uzziah
  • Assyria is a rising nation in MesopotamiaThey begin attacking IsraelConquer other nationsBecoming a true empireAt this point in historyAssyrian borders are growing from middle green to light greenSee Israel & Judah highlightedPrimary threat to Israel
  • Jonah 1:1 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it” (2Kg 14:25)Nineveh – a key city of the Assyrian empire, Israel’s enemyGod cared for other nations too
  • Jonah tries to run, gets swallowed by a fish, & goes to Nineveh
  • People of Nineveh repent, delaying God’s wrath, & Jonah gets madJonah is an easy person to relate toGo see what lessons God has for you there
  • Timeline – add in JonahNorthern ProphetsWhile the line of wicked kings continues in Israel, God sends 2 more prophetsProphets spoke primarily to one nation, but also addressed the other
  • Amos – the shepherd2 Kings 14 speaks of God giving them success under Jeroboam IIIn Amos we see that success led to pride & complacencyAmos 6:1 “Woe to you who are complacent in Zion, and to you feel secure on Mount Samaria” – be careful about reading this – sounds like America
  • Amos 7:11 “Jeroboam will die by the sword, and Israel will surely go into exile”Amos pronounces judgment but like most, he speaks of restoration
  • HoseaHosea was sent to the North & offered his prophecy through an exampleHosea 1:2 “Take to yourself an adulterous wife and children of unfaithfulness, because the land is guilty of the vilest adultery in departing from the Lord.”Hosea marries a Gomar, a prostitute, & she has three sons from other menHosea pronounces God’s judgment against Israel
  • Amazing turn of eventsHosea 3:1 “Go show your love to your wife again though she is loved by another and is an adulterous. Love her as the Lord loves the Israelites”Hosea had to buy his wife back to show God’s love & graceHosea condemns but speaks to God’s desire to forgiveAmos & Hosea spoke of Israel’s pending destruction & restoration
  • Southern ProphetsAt same time God sends two prophets to Judah & JerusalemIsaiahProphecies during righteous & unrighteous kingsEven under righteous kings, need for people to repentCovers good and bad timesPronounces judgmentFor Judah to repentPronounces judgment on Judah & IsraelAlso gives good newsGod would destroy their enemies – Assyria, Moab, Egypt, etcTells of God’s future King Jesus & His KingdomSo many prophecies that apply to us:
  • Isaiah predicted many things long before they come to passKnowing Isaiah can build your faith
  • MicahContemporary of Isaiah in Jerusalem – shared some materialCondemns sin of Jerusalem & SamariaToo speaks of Jesus & His kingdomMicah 5:2 “Bethlehem… out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, who origins are from of old, from ancient times.”
  • Micah 7:18 “Who is a God like you, who pardons sin and forgives the transgression… You do not stay angry forever but delight to show mercy.”Contemporary prophets speaking to Israel & Judah
  • God sent the prophets to say
  • 2 Kings 17:3-6
  • Assyria conquers Israel Israel ceased to existJonah goes to Nineveh & Assyria repentsProphets go to God’s people Israel but they refuse to listenAssyria conquers IsraelSurely, we can never grow comfortable in who we are but must always seek to obey our God.
  • ConclusionRecapAfter Solomon led Israel astrayNation was torn in twoNorthern IsraelSouthern JudahBoth nations did not remain faithful to the LordIsrael – turned to other gods and never returnedJudah – had ups and downs with righteous & unrighteous kingsSee God reach out to non-Israelites by sending Jonah to NinevehGod sent prophets to call the people backElijah, Elisha, Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, & MicahBut the people did not listenGod used the Assyrians to destroy the northern nation of IsraelJudah remains
  • TimelineJudah’s Final YearsSlight overlap with last time lineJudah’s timeline2 Kings & 2 Chronicles give us the history of this timeJudah’s kings are along top with righteous kings boxed inBottom events important to Judah at this timeStart with Hezekiah is king of JudahAssyrian Empire has wiped out Israel & threatening JudahWhat happened to people of North
  • Most Israelites deported to AssyriaArea became known as SamariaSome Israelites remained
  • King of Assyria moved foreign people in to resettle SamariaPeople entered God’s land but didn’t know GodReport sent to Assyria king
  • 2 Kings 17:26 “The people you deported and resettled in the towns of Samaria do not know what the god of that country requires. He has sent lions among them, which are killing them off.”King of Assyria sent back an Israelite priest to teach about GodWorshipped God and also worshipped other gods
  • Samaria became a mixed people – Both in family & religionSource of animosity between Jews & Samaritan even in Jesus’ day
  • Hezekiah At time of Israel’s destruction by Assyrians, Couple of books mentioned last weekMicah & Isaiah prophesying in JerusalemMuch of Isaiah’s ministry was with HezekiahHezekiah was king
  • 2 Kings 18:5 “Hezekiah trusted in the Lord, the God of Israel. There was no one like among all the kings of Judah, either before him or after him.”Assyrians threaten JerusalemAssyrians conquered Israel – fear understandableHezekiah humbly went before God
  • 2 Kings 19:6-7 Isaiah said “Do not be afraid… He will return to his own country, and there I will have him cut down with the sword.”2 Kings 19:35 Angel killed 185,000 AssyriansKing of Assyria returned home and was assassinated
  • Near end of life, Hezekiah shows Judah’s wealth to ambassadors from a far off, seemingly insignificant country called Babylon
  • Manasseh
  • 2 Kings 21:6 “He did much evil in the eyes of the Lord”Sacrificed his sons in firePracticed sorceryErected idols to other gods in the Temple
  • 2 Kings 21:16 “Shed so much innocent blood that he filled Jerusalem from end to end”
  • 2 Kings 21:12 “I am going to bring such disaster on Jerusalem and Judah that the ears of everyone who hears of it will tingle.”2 Chronicles tells that Assyrians attackedDragged Manasseh away by a hook in his noseManasseh repented & was restored to the Jerusalem’s throneManasseh tried to bring the people back to GodSubjects to Assyria – loss of independence as nation never to be regained
  • NahumAssyria still a world power – Nineveh a capital cityRemember Jonah sent to Nineveh & they repentedNahum spoke to Judah of Nineveh’s fall
  • Nahum 1:15-2:1 “Celebrate your festivals, O Judah and fulfill your vows. No more will the wicked invade you; they will be completely destroyed. An attacker advances against you, Nineveh”Must have seemed to Judah, Assyrians would always be in controlGod says otherwiseEncouraging word to God’s peopleBabylon would conquer AssyriaNahum prophesied minute details of Nineveh’s fallAncient writings confirm Nahum predicted correctly
  • After Manasseh, Amon continues wickednessJosiah brings about reformLast righteous king
  • 2 Chronicles 34:2 “He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord and walked in the ways of his father David, not turning aside to the right or to the left.”Josiah restores the Temple & finds Book of the LawGreatest reforms in history of Israel
  • Celebrate a great Passover2 Chronicles 35:18 “None of the kings of Israel had ever celebrated such a Passover as did Josiah”Josiah’s impact even reached the righteous remaining in IsraelStill plenty of unrighteous in the land
  • ZephaniahAround time of Josiah’s reformsLots of sin to repent ofZeph 1:14-15 “The great day of the Lord is near – near and coming quickly… That day will be a day of wrath, a day of distress and anguish, a day of trouble and ruin, a day of darkness and gloom” Jerusalem was still doomed because of Manasseh’s sin“Day of the Lord” pointed to God’s judgment, used many times, not all pointing to one eventhere speaks of coming hard times on Jerusalem & their fallprophets often use similar language to point to different eventspeople want it to point to one thing causing misunderstandingGoal not just to condemn but to call to repent
  • Zeph 2:2-3 “Before the fierce anger of the Lord comes upon you… Seek the Lord… perhaps you will be sheltered on the day of the Lord’s anger.”Josiah & Zephaniah fought to turn the people back to God
  • Josiah goes to battle with Egypt & is killedEgypt takes control of Judah subjecting their kingsRemaining kings are wickedJudah worships other godsHabakkuk
  • Wickedness reigns in JerusalemPoses 2 questions to GodHab 1:2 “Why do you tolerate wrong?” speaking of Judah’s ungodliness1:6 God – I’m preparing the Babylonians to punish Judah
  • Hab 1:13 “Why are you silent while the wicked swallow up those more righteous than themselves?” – why Babylon over Judah2:8 God – Don’t worry, I’ll punish Babylon too
  • Hab 3:2 “I stand in awe of your deeds, O Lord”
  • JoelDifficult to date – this is one possibility, could be laterJoel 1-2 speak of armies of locust
  • Joel 2:13 “Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love”Promises to relent if they repentProphets spoke of God’s love & mercy
  • Judah’s FallDuring final kings of JudahBabylon wins major victory over Egypt becoming world powerBabylon invades & subjects JudahBabylon attacks JerusalemDeporting some exilesKing Nebuchadnezzar begins final attack on JerusalemJeremiahDates back to before reforms of Josiah past Jerusalem’s destructionNot chronological – difficult to know what’s happeningPronounces judgment & destruction, gives some history
  • Called the weeping prophetHe faced tough timesLast few years, maybe only righteous one left in JerusalemPreaching doom to people didn’t want to hear itNo one seems to listen but he keeps preachingFaces intense persecutionBeaten & put in stocksArrested – kept preaching even while imprisonedThrown in cistern to dieShares his weaknessJer 1:6 I don’t know how to speak
  • Jer 25:11 – 70 years in exile, then Babylon punished
  • Babylon laid siege to Jerusalem for 3yrs2nd exiles takenLeaving only the doomed in Jerusalem with JeremiahJer 37-39 tells of the final years of Jerusalem
  • 2 Chronicles 36:15-20 – Jerusalem destroyedIn response, Jeremiah wrote Lamentations
  • Speaks of the devastation of Jerusalem, the hardship during siegeFamine, women eating their childrenJerusalem burned to the groundPalace, temple, walls, every major building destroyed
  • Lam 3:22 “Because of the Lord’s great love we are not consumed, for his compassions never fail. They are new every morning; great is your faithfulness.” – still a ray of hope for few survivors if they repent
  • Judah ceases to exist
  • Remaining people are exiled to Babylon – only poor left behind
  • ObadiahTo neighboring nation of EdomEdom were descendants of Esau, brother of Jacob in GenesisBrothers of IsraelEdom & Israel were constantly at warApparently Edom celebrated Jerusalem’s destructionGod didn’t like that
  • ConclusionAfter Israel was conquered by AssyriansJudah continued 130 yearsRighteous kings like Hezekiah & Josiah led people to GodWickedness of Manasseh and the rest brought God’s wrathGod sent the prophetsTo rebuke & encourage – calling the people back to GodGreat examples with valuable lessons for usGod destroyed Jerusalem & Spared a remnant sending them to exile in Babylon
  • IntroductionGod sent Babylonians to destroy Judah & JerusalemMost survivors deported to BabylonTimelineExile & ReturnBeginning of timelineEvents we covered last week2 Kings & 2 Chronicles tell us about the end of Judah & JerusalemProphets we covered last weekNow – what happened to the exilesStart with events before Jerusalem was destroyedNebuchadnezzar is emperor of Babylonian empireBabylon attacks cities of Judah & makes subjects of BabylonDaniel - 1st book of prophecy in exile
  • Daniel is taken to BabylonDanielBook – mix of history & prophecyNot completely chronologicalDaniel 1-6 give historical eventsDaniel 7-12 prophecy that occurred during historical eventsDaniel was taken to Babylon 6-8 years before 1st major exilesLikely a teen or early 20sChosen to be trained to “serve in the king’s palace” (Dan 1:4)
  • Daniel & friends stand up for God in in the face of deathDaniel 3:17-18 “The God we serve is able to save us… but even if he does not, we want you to know, O king, that we will not serve your gods”
  • Daniel repeatedly showed God was in controlDaniel says of Nebuchadnezzar Dan 2:37 “The God of heaven has given you dominion”
  • God even humbles Nebuchadnezzar, a pagan king exclaims, “Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and exalt and glorify the King of heaven, because everything he does is right and all his ways are just. And those who walk in pride he is able to humble.”
  • While Daniel serves in Nebuchadnezzar’s court,Babylon attacks Jerusalem1st group of exiles – over 3,000 taken to BabylonEzekiel was one of those taken
  • EzekielEzekiel speaks to the exilesDaniel is serving in in the palace of BabylonEzekiel is speaking to the exilesJeremiah is prophesying in Jerusalem
  • Ezekiel 1-24 predict the coming siege and destruction of JerusalemEzekiel sees several visions & uses strange visual illustrationsSees the chariot of God, Lays on side for year eating food cooked over excrementSees sin of people in JerusalemWhy did Ezekiel speak to exiles of Jerusalem’s destruction?
  • Ezekiel 24:24 “When this happens, you will know that I am the Sovereign Lord.”Ezekiel 25-32 Ezekiel pronounces judgment against other nations
  • 2nd set of exiles taken & Jerusalem is destroyed
  • Ezekiel 33:21 survivor from Jerusalem comes to report to Ezekiel “The city has fallen!”
  • Ezekiel 33-48 Ezekiel’s message changes – Speaks of the coming restorationUltimately points to fulfillment in Jesus and the churchEzekiel 36:25-27 “I will cleanse you from all your impurities… I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees”3rd group of exiles taken
  • Daniel gives more historyBabylonian ruler Belshazzar disrespected GodDaniel 5:23 “You did not honor the God who holds in His hand your life.”
  • Daniel 5:30 “That very night Belshazzar… was slain and Darius the Mede took over the kingdom.”Persia conquers Babylon under Persian Emperor Cyrus
  • Daniel concludes with some wild visionsUsing symbolism to tell of future eventsMany think these point to end of time, but not necessarilyDaniel 10-12Predicts coming wars between Persia, Greece, Egypt & other people around Palestine – the area that was IsraelSo accurate critics claim it was written afterward
  • Daniel concludes while Cyrus is Emperor of Persia & in control of Middle East
  • Now we come to book of Ezra
  • Ezra 1:2-3 “This is what Cyrus king of Persia says: ‘The Lord, the God of heaven… has appointed me to build a temple for him at Jerusalem… Anyone of his people… let him go up to Jerusalem in Judah and build the temple of the Lord”
  • About 200 years earlier, Isaiah says “This is what the Lord says to his anointed, to Cyrus,… though you do not acknowledge me… I will raise up Cyrus… He will rebuild my city and set my exiles free.” Isaiah 45:1, 4, 13
  • Zerubbabel leads 42,000 people back to Jerusalem
  • They begin to rebuild the Temple, laying the foundationEzra 4:1-5 Samaritans asked to join in effort to rebuild TempleEzra 4:3 “You have no part with us in building the temple to our God.”Samaritans brought such opposition
  • Ezra 4:24 Opposition halts the work on the TempleThus begins the hatred between the Jews & Samaritans.To prompt to finish the Temple, God sent two prophets
  • HaggaiHaggai 1:2-3 “These people say, ‘The time has not yet come for the Lord’s house to be built.’ Then the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai: ‘Is it a time for you yourselves to be living in your paneled houses, while this house remains a ruin?’”Haggai promises better times ahead if people commit to God’s work.ZechariahZechariah 1:3-4 “’Return to me,’ declares the Lord Almighty, ‘and I will return to you.’… Do not be like your forefathers… [who] would not listen.”Zechariah had some wild visionsIntended to encourage the peopleSpeaks of salvation to come through JesusZech 12:10 “I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced.”
  • People obeyed and began work on the Temple of the Lord.Ezra 6 complete the Temple & celebrate the PassoverPoor replacement for Solomon’s templeGod brought back the peopleBut Jerusalem & Judah would never regain the glory lostSense of longing in these books for greater days to come
  • At this point Ezra goes silent for about 55 years.During which time in the far off capital of Persia, we have…
  • Xerxes emperor of Persia reigns in Susa
  • Through a series of events Esther becomes Xerxes’ queenEsther is a JewXerxes doesn’t know it
  • Xerxes advisor Haman convinces to command all provinces toEsther 3:13 “destroy, kill and annihilate all the Jews – young and old, women and little children – on a single day”
  • Esther’s uncle Mordecai convinces her to change Xerxes mindEsther 4:14 “And who knows but that you have come to royal position for such a time as this?”Esther risks her life and approaches the Xerxes
  • Xerxes kills Haman & issues a new decreeEsther 8:11“The king’s edict granted the Jews in every city the right to assemble and protect themselves; to destroy, kill, and annihilate… and to plunder… their enemies.”God used Esther to save the Jews throughout Persian Empire
  • 2nd ReturnOver 50 years have passedEzra leads a second group of exiles back to Jerusalem (maybe 5,000)
  • Upon arrival they made sacrifices to GodEzra 9:1 “The people of Israel, including the priests and the Levites, have not kept themselves separate from the neighboring peoples with their detestable practices.”They had intermarried like forefathers God punished.To repent, they sent away all of the foreign women and their children.That is radical repentance.People are trying to re-establish righteous worship of God in Jerusalem.But they were cutting corners & in comes our last prophet
  • They were bringing sacrifices to God that were unacceptable.
  • Deals with ungodly leaders & marriage to foreigners
  • Malachi 3:10 “Bring in the whole tithe… Test me in this… and see if I will not throw open the floodgates of heaven and pour out so much blessing that you will not have room enough for it.”After so much, God still begs His people to worship Him whole-heartedly.
  • 3rd Return (Nehemiah)About 10 years after Ezra
  • Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem with orders to rebuild the city
  • He inspects the wall and everyone in Jerusalem contributes to buildingSamaritans oppose and plot to stop the JewsNehemiah becomes aware of the plot & they arm themselves
  • Nehemiah 4:17 “Those who carried materials did their work with one hand and held a weapon in the other.”Despite opposition, they complete the wall in 52 days.
  • Upon completion they have a great spiritual revivalEzra reads from the LawCelebrate before the LordConfess sinRecommitted themselves to GodNehemiah brought about other reformsProphesy ceased &
  • left waiting for their Messiah.
  • ConclusionIn these closing days of the Old Testament, we see radical men of God.Daniel & Esther took a stand in a foreign landEzekiel went to great lengths to deliver God’s messageProphets Haggai, Zechariah, & Malachi continued to call for repentanceEzra & Nehemiah were radical leaders leading back to GodOld Testament comes to a closeIsraelites exiled to Babylon make their return to JerusalemThey rebuild the Temple & the WallThey revive worship of God in JerusalemAnd then they waited for the day of their Messiah – Jesus Christ
  • Incredible lessons of God in the Old TestamentGod spent thousands of years setting the stage for Jesus & our salvation.Know the whole story of the BibleGlean from God’s Word the amazing lessons we can know about Him.

Transcript

  • 1. OLD TESTAMENT OVERVIEW
  • 2. Old Testament Timeline Conquest Judges Kingdom Divides God Calls Abraham Judah DestroyedCreation Enslaved Prophecy Ceased 17 Historical Books (Genesis – Esther) 17 Historical Books (Genesis – Esther)2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Move to Egypt Exiles Return Flood Israel Destroyed United Kingdom Exodus 22 Books of Poetry & Prophecy (Job – Malachi)
  • 3. OLD TESTAMENT OVERVIEW Part 1 Creation - Judges
  • 4. Old Testament Timeline Conquest Judges Kingdom Divides God Calls Abraham Judah DestroyedCreation Enslaved Prophecy Ceased 17 Historical Books (Genesis – Esther)2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Move to Egypt Exiles Return Flood Israel Destroyed United Kingdom Exodus 22 Books of Poetry & Prophecy (Job – Malachi)
  • 5. Patriarchs, Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua God Calls Abraham & Conquest Jacob JudgesCreation Move to Egypt EnslavedGenesis2600 2350 2100 1850 1600 1350 1100 Flood Exodus & the Law Isaac Moses Born
  • 6. GOD CREATED THE HEAVENS & THE EARTH Genesis 1:1
  • 7. “SIN ENTERED THE WORLD THROUGH ONE MAN, AND DEATH THROUGH SIN” Romans 5:12
  • 8. “MEN BEGAN TO INCREASE IN NUMBER ON THE EARTH” Genesis 6:1
  • 9. “EVERY INCLINATION OF THE THOUGHTS OFMAN‟S HEART WAS ONLY EVIL ALL THE TIME” Genesis 6:5
  • 10. GOD SENT THE FLOOD & SAVED NOAH Genesis 6-7
  • 11. GOD CALLED ABRAHAM “All peoples on earth will be blessed through you.” Genesis 12:3
  • 12. “FOR THE SIN OF THE AMORITES HAS NOT YET REACHED ITS FULL MEASURE.” Genesis 15:16
  • 13. “Consider Abraham: „He believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.‟ Understand, then, that those who believe are children of Abraham.” Galatians 3:6-7 NIV
  • 14. ABRAHAM ISAAC JACOB Galatians 3:6-7 NIV
  • 15. JACOB BECAME ISRAEL “You have struggled with God.” Genesis 32:28
  • 16. ISRAEL HAD 12 SONS Genesis 3
  • 17. JOSEPH SAVES ISRAEL “God sent me… to save your lives by a great deliverance.” Genesis 45:7
  • 18. ISRAEL & 12 SONS MOVED TO EGYPT Genesis 46
  • 19. Patriarchs, Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua God Calls Abraham & Conquest Jacob JudgesCreation Move to Egypt EnslavedGenesis2600 2350 2100 1850 1600 1350 1100 Flood Exodus & the Law Isaac Moses Born Book of Poetry Job
  • 20. “THERE IS NO ONE ON EARTH LIKE HIM; HE IS BLAMELESS & UPRIGHT, A MAN WHO FEARS GOD & SHUNS EVIL.” Job 1:8
  • 21. FRIENDS ACCUSE JOB “I am angry with you and your two friends, because you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has.” Job 42:7
  • 22. Patriarchs, Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua God Calls Abraham & Conquest Jacob JudgesCreation Move to Egypt EnslavedGenesis Exodus2600 2350 2100 1850 1600 1350 1100 Flood Exodus & the Law Isaac Moses Born Book of Poetry Job
  • 23. ISRAELITES ENSLAVED BY EGYPTIANS Exodus 1
  • 24. MOSES CHOSEN, SAVED, & PREPARED Exodus 2
  • 25. MOSES LEAD EXODUS OUT OF EGYPT “You will know that I am the Lord your God.” Exodus 6:7, 7:5
  • 26. “When we heard of it, our hearts melted…because… The Lord your God is God in heaven above and on the earth below.” Joshua 2:11
  • 27. GOD GAVE ISRAEL THE LAW “Love the Lord your God.” Exodus 19, Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 28. Patriarchs, Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua God Calls Abraham & Conquest Jacob JudgesCreation Move to Egypt EnslavedGenesis Exodus2600 2350 2100 1850 1600 1350 1100 Flood Exodus & the Law Isaac Moses Born Book of Poetry Job
  • 29. Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua & the Conquest Judges Leviticus Samuel Exodus1325 1275 1225 1175 1125 1075 1025 Ruth Moses, the Exodus & The Law
  • 30. “THE LAW IS HOLY, AND THE COMMANDMENT IS HOLY, RIGHTEOUS AND GOOD.” Romans 7:12
  • 31. LEVITICUS 26 – GUIDE TO PARENTING• Expressed Expectations• Spells out Reward for Obedience• Spells out Consequences for Disobedience
  • 32. “TAKE A CENSUS.” Numbers 1:2
  • 33. Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua & the Conquest Judges Leviticus Samuel Exodus Numbers1325 1275 1225 1175 1125 1075 1025 Ruth Moses, the Exodus & The Law
  • 34. ISRAEL LEAVES MT SINAI Numbers 10
  • 35. “WE SHOULD CHOOSE A LEADER AND GO BACK TO EGYPT.” Numbers 14:4
  • 36. “NOT ONE OF YOU WILL ENTER THE LAND… AS FOR YOUR CHILDREN, I WILL BRING THEM IN TO ENJOY THE LAND” Numbers 14:30-31
  • 37. Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua & the Conquest Judges Deuteronomy Leviticus Samuel Exodus Numbers1325 1275 1225 1175 1125 1075 1025 1 Samuel Ruth Moses, the Exodus & The Law
  • 38. “LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOURHEART AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL AND WITH ALL YOUR STRENGTH” Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 39. Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua & the Conquest Judges Deuteronomy Leviticus Samuel Exodus Numbers Joshua1325 1275 1225 1175 1125 1075 1025 Ruth Moses, the Exodus & The Law
  • 40. “Be strong and courageous because you will lead these people to inherit the land I swore to their forefathers.” Joshua 1:6
  • 41. ISRAEL & JOSHUA CONQUER PROMISE LAND Joshua
  • 42. Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua & the Conquest Judges Deuteronomy Leviticus Samuel Exodus Numbers Joshua Judges1325 1275 1225 1175 1125 1075 1025 1 Samuel Ruth Moses, the Exodus & The Law
  • 43. CYCLE OF JUDGES Forgot God Served Other Judge Died gods Judges Handed over Delivered to Raiders Judges 2
  • 44. JUDGES LEAD ISRAEL “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did whatever he wanted.” Judges 21:25
  • 45. Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua & the Conquest Judges Deuteronomy Ruth Leviticus Samuel Exodus Numbers Joshua Judges1325 1275 1225 1175 1125 1075 1025 1 Samuel Ruth Moses, the Exodus & The Law
  • 46. “I‟ve been told all about what you have done foryour mother-in-law… May you be richly rewardedby the Lord, the God of Israel, under whose wings you have come to take refuge.” Ruth 2:11-12
  • 47. Patriarchs, Exodus, Conquest, & Judges Joshua God Calls Abraham & Conquest Jacob JudgesCreation Move to Egypt EnslavedGenesis Exodus2600 2350 2100 1850 1600 1350 1100 Flood Exodus & the Law Isaac Moses Born Book of Poetry Job
  • 48. OLD TESTAMENT OVERVIEW Part 2 The United Kingdom
  • 49. Old Testament Timeline Conquest Judges Kingdom Divides God Calls Abraham Judah DestroyedCreation Enslaved Prophecy Ceased 17 Historical Books (Genesis – Esther)2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Move to Egypt Exiles Return Flood Israel Destroyed United Kingdom Exodus 22 Books of Poetry & Prophecy (Job – Malachi)
  • 50. The United Kingdom Samuel King David Jerusalem Becomes Kingdom Divides Capital David & Bathsheba 1 Samuel1085 1045 1005 965 925 Temple Built David Slays Goliath King Solomon King Saul
  • 51. SAMUEL Judge & Prophet 1 Samuel
  • 52. “APPOINT A KING TO LEAD US, SUCH AS ALL THE OTHER NATIONS HAVE.” 1 Samuel 8:5
  • 53. ISRAEL DEMANDED A KING “They have rejected Me as their king.” 1 Samuel 8:7
  • 54. KING SAUL 1 Samuel 9-31
  • 55. KING SAUL “You have rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord has rejected you as king over Israel.” 1 Samuel 15:26
  • 56. SAMUEL ANOINTS DAVID TO BE THE NEXT KING “The Lord looks at the heart” & “I have found David son of Jesse aman after my own heart.” 1 Samuel 16:7 , Acts 13:22
  • 57. DAVID SLAYS GOLIATH 1 Samuel 17
  • 58. KING SAUL TRIES TO KILL DAVID 1 Samuel 18-31
  • 59. The United Kingdom Samuel King David Jerusalem Becomes Kingdom Divides Capital David & Bathsheba 1 Samuel 2 Samuel1085 1045 1005 965 925 Temple Built David Slays Goliath King Solomon King Saul
  • 60. KING DAVID Jerusalem 2 Samuel
  • 61. DAVID SINS WITH BATHSHEBA 2 Samuel 11-12
  • 62. The United Kingdom Samuel King David Jerusalem Becomes Kingdom Divides Capital David & Bathsheba 1 Chronicles 1 Samuel 2 Samuel1085 1045 1005 965 925 Temple Built David Slays Goliath King Solomon King Saul Books of Poetry Psalms
  • 63. “My soul finds rest in God alone; my salvationcomes from him. He alone is my rock and my salvation; he is my fortress, I will never be shaken.” Psalm 62:1-2
  • 64. “I pour out my complaint before him; before him I tell my trouble. ” Psalm 142:2
  • 65. “Praise the Lord, all you nations; extol him, all you peoples. For great is his love toward us, and thefaithfulness of the Lord endures forever. Praise the Lord.” Psalm 117
  • 66. “Of David… When he had fled from Saul into the cave.” Psalm 57
  • 67. “A psalm of David. When the prophet Nathancame to him after David had committed adultery with Bathsheba.” Psalm 51
  • 68. “Lead me to the rock that is higher than I” Psalm 61:2
  • 69. USING THE PSALMSLearn about GodExamples of openness & expression to GodBreak up rather than read straight throughUse as guides in prayer & worship
  • 70. The United Kingdom Samuel King David Jerusalem Becomes Kingdom Divides Capital David & Bathsheba 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings1085 1045 1005 965 925 Temple Built David Slays Goliath King Solomon King Saul Books of Poetry Psalms
  • 71. KING SOLOMON 1 Kings 2
  • 72. KING SOLOMON“I will give you a wise and discerning heart, so thatthere will never have been anyone like you, nor will there ever be. Moreover, I will give you what you have not asked for – both riches and honor – so that in your lifetime you will have no equal among kings. ” 1 Kings 3:12-13
  • 73. KING SOLOMON Jerusalem 1 Kings 1-11
  • 74. KING SOLOMON “He spoke three thousand proverbs.” 1 Kings 4:32
  • 75. The United Kingdom Samuel King David Jerusalem Becomes Kingdom Divides Capital David & Bathsheba 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings1085 1045 1005 965 925 Temple Built David Slays Goliath King Solomon King Saul Books of Poetry Psalms Proverbs
  • 76. “FOR ATTAINING WISDOM AND DISCIPLINE” Proverbs 1:2
  • 77. PROVERBS 1-9
  • 78. “Lazy hands makes a man poor, but diligent hands bring wealth. ” Proverbs 10:4
  • 79. “Starting a quarrel is like breaching a dam; so drop the matter before a dispute breaks out.” Proverbs 17:14
  • 80. “The words of a gossip are like choice morsels; they go down to a man‟s inmost parts.” Proverbs 18:8
  • 81. “Do not slander a servant to his master, or he will curse you, and you will pay for it.” Proverbs 30:10
  • 82. “Do not slander a co-worker to his boss, or he will curse you, and you will pay for it.” Proverbs 30:10
  • 83. “Like a madman shooting firebrands or deadlyarrows is a man who deceives his neighbor and says, „I was only joking!‟” Proverbs 26:18-19
  • 84. The United Kingdom Samuel King David Jerusalem Becomes Kingdom Divides Capital David & Bathsheba 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings1085 1045 1005 965 925 Temple Built David Slays Goliath King Solomon King Saul Books of Poetry Psalms Proverbs, Song of Songs Proverbs
  • 85. “SONG OF SONGS”
  • 86. “Your teeth are like a flock of sheep just shorn, coming up from the washing.” Song of Songs 4:2
  • 87. KING SOLOMON “The king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stones.” 1 Kings 10:27
  • 88. KING SOLOMON Jerusalem 1 Kings 1-11
  • 89. KING SOLOMON BUILT TEMPLE OF THE LORD 1 Kings 5-8
  • 90. KING SOLOMON “King Solomon, however, love d many foreign women… from nations the Lord had told the Israelites, „You must not intermarry‟… and his wives led him astray.” 1 Kings 11:1-3
  • 91. The United Kingdom Samuel King David Jerusalem Becomes Kingdom Divides Capital David & Bathsheba 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings1085 1045 1005 965 925 Temple Built David Slays Goliath King Solomon King Saul Books of Poetry Psalms Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, S Song of Songs ong of Songs
  • 92. “ECCLESIASTES”
  • 93. “Meaningless! Meaningless!... Utterly meaningless! Everything is meaningless.” Ecclesiastes 1:2
  • 94. “Now all has been heard; here is the conclusion of the matter: Fear God and keep hiscommandments, for this is the whole duty of man.” Ecclesiastes 12:13
  • 95. The United Kingdom Samuel King David Jerusalem Becomes Kingdom Divides Capital David & Bathsheba 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings1085 1045 1005 965 925 Temple Built David Slays Goliath King Solomon King Saul Books of Poetry Psalms Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, S Song of Songs ong of Songs
  • 96. OLD TESTAMENT OVERVIEW Part 3 The Divided Kingdom
  • 97. Old Testament Timeline Conquest Judges Kingdom Divides God Calls Abraham Judah DestroyedCreation Enslaved Prophecy Ceased 17 Historical Books (Genesis – Esther)2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Move to Egypt Exiles Return Flood Israel Destroyed United Kingdom Exodus 22 Books of Poetry & Prophecy (Job – Malachi)
  • 98. KING REHOBOAM TAKES WRONG ADVICE “The king answered the people harshly. Rejecting the advice given him by the elders, he followed the advice of young men.” 1 Kings 12:13-14
  • 99. ISRAEL 1 Kings 12
  • 100. JUDAHISRAEL 1 Kings 12
  • 101. KING JEROBOAM OF ISRAEL (NORTH) “Made two golden calves…Here are your gods who brought you out of Egypt.” 1 Kings 12:28
  • 102. KING REHOBOAM OF JUDAH (SOUTH) “Did evil in the eyes of the Lord.” 1 Kings 14:22
  • 103. The Divided KingdomI E Kingdom Divides Elah Ahab Jehoahaz Israel Destroyed Zechariah Jeroboam Zimri Elijah Jehoash ShallumS Nadab Omri Ahaziah Jeroboam II MenahemR Baasha Jehoram (Joram) Elisha Pekahiah PekahA L Jehu Hoshea 2 Chronicles 1 Kings 2 Kings 930 860 790 720JU Jehoshaphat Uzziah (Azariah) Hezekiah H Asa Amaziah AhazD Abijah Joash Jotham Queen AthaliahA Rehoboam Ahaziah Jehoram
  • 104. “HE DID EVIL IN THE EYES OF THE LORD.” 1 Kings 15:25
  • 105. The Divided KingdomI E Kingdom Divides Elah Ahab Jehoahaz Israel Destroyed Zechariah Jeroboam Zimri Elijah Jehoash ShallumS Nadab Omri Ahaziah Jeroboam II MenahemR Baasha Jehoram (Joram) Elisha Pekahiah PekahA L Jehu Hoshea 2 Chronicles 1 Kings 2 Kings 930 860 790 720JU Jehoshaphat Uzziah (Azariah) Hezekiah H Asa Amaziah AhazD Abijah Joash Jotham Queen AthaliahA Rehoboam Ahaziah Jehoram
  • 106. “ASA DID WHAT WAS RIGHT IN THE EYES OF THE LORD.” 1 Kings 15:11
  • 107. ISRAEL Samaria JerusalemJUDAH
  • 108. The Divided KingdomI E Kingdom Divides Elah Ahab Jehoahaz Israel Destroyed Zechariah Jeroboam Zimri Elijah Jehoash ShallumS Nadab Omri Ahaziah Jeroboam II MenahemR Baasha Jehoram (Joram) Elisha Pekahiah PekahA L Jehu Hoshea 2 Chronicles 1 Kings 2 Kings 930 860 790 720JU Jehoshaphat Uzziah (Azariah) Hezekiah H Asa Amaziah AhazD Abijah Joash Jotham Queen AthaliahA Rehoboam Ahaziah Jehoram
  • 109. KING AHAB & JEZEBEL OF ISRAEL “Did more to provoke the Lord… than did all the kings of Israel before him.” 1 Kings 16:33
  • 110. KING JEHOSHAPHAT OF JUDAH “He did not consult the Baals but sought the God of his father and followed his commandsrather than the practices of Israel.” 2 Chronicles 17:3-4
  • 111. “THE LORD WARNED ISRAEL AND JUDAH THROUGH ALL HIS PROPHETS” 2 Kings 17:13
  • 112. “TURN FROM YOUR EVIL WAYS AND KEEP MY COMMANDMENTS.” 2 Kings 17:13
  • 113. The Divided KingdomI E Kingdom Divides Elah Ahab Jehoahaz Israel Destroyed Zechariah Jeroboam Zimri Elijah Jehoash ShallumS Nadab Omri Elijah Ahaziah Jeroboam II MenahemR Baasha Jehoram (Joram) Elisha Elisha Pekahiah PekahA L Jehu Hoshea 2 Chronicles 1 Kings 2 Kings 930 860 790 720JU Jehoshaphat Uzziah (Azariah) Hezekiah H Asa Amaziah AhazD Abijah Joash Jotham Queen AthaliahA Rehoboam Ahaziah Jehoram
  • 114. ELIJAH & ELISHA Elijah Defeats Baal Elijah & Chariot of Fire Elisha Sees Army of God “Those who are with us are more than those who are with them.” 1 Kings 18, 2 Kings 2, 2 Kings 6:16
  • 115. The Divided KingdomI E Kingdom Divides Elah Ahab Jehoahaz Israel Destroyed Zechariah Jeroboam Zimri Elijah Jehoash ShallumS Nadab Omri Elijah Ahaziah Jeroboam II MenahemR Baasha Jehoram (Joram) Elisha Elisha Pekahiah PekahA L Jehu Hoshea 2 Chronicles 1 Kings 2 Kings 930 860 790 720JU Jehoshaphat Uzziah (Azariah) Hezekiah H Asa Amaziah AhazD Abijah Joash Jotham Queen AthaliahA Rehoboam Ahaziah Jehoram
  • 116. ASSYRIAN EMPIRE
  • 117. PROPHET JONAH “Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it” Jonah 1:1
  • 118. JONAH RUNS Tarshish Nineveh
  • 119. PROPHET JONAH “They turned from their evil ways” Jonah 3:10
  • 120. The Divided Kingdom Books of Prophecy to Israel (North) HoseaI E Kingdom Divides Elah Ahab Jehoahaz Amos Israel Destroyed Zechariah Jeroboam Zimri Elijah Jehoash ShallumS Nadab Omri Elijah Ahaziah Jeroboam II MenahemR Baasha Jehoram (Joram) Elisha Elisha Pekahiah PekahA L Jehu Hoshea 2 Chronicles 1 Kings 2 Kings 930 860 790 720JU Jehoshaphat Uzziah (Azariah) Hezekiah H Asa Amaziah AhazD Abijah Joash Jotham Queen AthaliahA Rehoboam Ahaziah Jehoram Book of Prophecy to Nineveh, Assyria Jonah
  • 121. PROPHET AMOS “Woe to you who are complacent in Zion, and to you feel secure on Mount Samaria” Amos 6:1
  • 122. PROPHET AMOS “Jeroboam will die by the sword, and Israel will surely go into exile” Amos 7:11
  • 123. PROPHET HOSEA “Take to yourself an adulterous wife and children of unfaithfulness, because the land is guilty of the vilest adultery in departing from the Lord.” Hosea 1:2
  • 124. PROPHET HOSEA “Go show your love to your wife again though she is loved by another and is an adulterous. Love her as the Lord loves the Israelites.” Hosea 3:4-5
  • 125. The Divided Kingdom Books of Prophecy to Israel (North) HoseaI E Kingdom Divides Elah Ahab Jehoahaz Amos Israel Destroyed Zechariah Jeroboam Zimri Jehoash ShallumS Nadab Omri Elijah Elijah Ahaziah Jeroboam II MenahemR Baasha Jehoram (Joram) Elisha- Elisha Pekahiah PekahA L Jehu Hoshea 2 Chronicles 1 Kings 2 Kings 930 860 790 720JU Jehoshaphat Uzziah (Azariah) Hezekiah H Asa Amaziah AhazD Abijah Joash Jotham Queen AthaliahA Rehoboam Ahaziah Jehoram Isaiah Books of Prophecy to Judah (South) Micah Book of Prophecy to Nineveh, Assyria Jonah
  • 126. PROPHET ISAIAH “Though your sins arelike scarlet, they shall be white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool.” Isaiah 1:18
  • 127. PROPHET ISAIAH “Come, let us go up to the mountain of theLord, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths. The law will go out from Zion, the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.” Isaiah 2:3
  • 128. PROPHET ISAIAH “The virgin will be with child and will give birthto a son and will call him Immanuel.” Isaiah 7:14
  • 129. PROPHET ISAIAH“He was pierced for ourtransgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities.” Isaiah 53:5
  • 130. PROPHET MICAH“Bethlehem… out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, who origins are from of old, from ancient times.” Micah 5:2
  • 131. PROPHET MICAH “Who is a God like you, who pardons sin and forgives thetransgression… You do not stay angry forever but delight to show mercy.” Micah 7:18
  • 132. “TURN FROM YOUR EVIL WAYS AND KEEP MY COMMANDMENTS.” 2 Kings 17:13
  • 133. “BUT THEY WOULD NOT LISTEN.” 2 Kings 17:14
  • 134. “The king of Assyria invaded the entireland, marched against Samaria and laid siege to it for three years. In the ninth year of Hoshea, theking of Assyria captured Samaria and deported the Israelites to Assyria.” 2 Kings 17:5-6
  • 135. ISRAEL“The Lord was very angry with Israel, and He removed them from His presence.” JUDAH 2 Kings 17:18
  • 136. The Divided Kingdom Books of Prophecy to Israel (North) HoseaI E Kingdom Divides Elah Ahab Jehoahaz Amos Israel Destroyed Zechariah Jeroboam Zimri Jehoash ShallumS Nadab Omri Elijah Elijah Ahaziah Jeroboam II MenahemR Baasha Jehoram (Joram) Elisha- Elisha Pekahiah PekahA L Jehu Hoshea 2 Chronicles 1 Kings 2 Kings 930 860 790 720JU Jehoshaphat Uzziah (Azariah) Hezekiah H Asa Amaziah AhazD Abijah Joash Jotham Queen AthaliahA Rehoboam Ahaziah Jehoram Isaiah Books of Prophecy to Judah (South) Micah Book of Prophecy to Nineveh, Assyria Jonah
  • 137. OLD TESTAMENT OVERVIEW Part 4 Judah‟s Final Years
  • 138. Old Testament Timeline Conquest Judges Kingdom Divides God Calls Abraham Judah DestroyedCreation Enslaved Prophecy Ceased 17 Historical Books (Genesis – Esther)2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Move to Egypt Exiles Return Flood Israel Destroyed United Kingdom Exodus 22 Books of Poetry & Prophecy (Job – Malachi)
  • 139. Judah’s Final Years Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria
  • 140. ASSYRIAN EMPIRE 2 Kings 17
  • 141. SAMARIA RESETTLED 2 Kings 17:24
  • 142. “The people you deported and resettled in thetowns of Samaria do not know what the god of that country requires. He has sent lions among them, which are killing them off.” 2 Kings 17:26
  • 143. SAMARIA Mixed people who worshipped many gods. 2 Kings 17:24-41
  • 144. Micah Judah’s Fall Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria
  • 145. KING HEZEKIAH“Hezekiah trusted in theLord, the God of Israel. There was no one likehim among all the kings of Judah, either before him or after him.” 2 Kings 18:5
  • 146. PROPHET ISAIAH“Do not be afraid… He will return to his owncountry, and there I willhave him cut down with the sword.” 2 Kings 19:6-7
  • 147. KING HEZEKIAH WITH BABYLONIANS 2 Kings 18:5
  • 148. Micah Judah’s Fall Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria
  • 149. KING MANASSEH “He did much evil in the eyes of the Lord.” 2 Kings 21:6
  • 150. KING MANASSEH “Shed so much innocent blood that he filled Jerusalem from end to end.” 2 Kings 21:16
  • 151. KING MANASSEH “I am going to bring such disaster on Jerusalem and Judah that the ears of everyone who hears of it will tingle.” 2 Kings 21:12
  • 152. Micah Judah’s Fall Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria Books of Prophecy about Others Nahum
  • 153. “Celebrate your festivals, O Judah and fulfill your vows. No more will the wicked invade you; they will be completely destroyed. An attacker advances against you, Nineveh.” Nahum 1:15-2:1
  • 154. Micah Judah’s Fall Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria Books of Prophecy about Others Nahum
  • 155. KING JOSIAH“He did what was right inthe eyes of the Lord andwalked in the ways of hisfather David, not turning aside to the right or to the left.” 2 Chronicles 34:2
  • 156. JOSIAH REFORMS JUDAH “None of the kings of Israel had every celebrated such a Passover as did Josiah.” 2 Chronicles 35:18
  • 157. PROPHET ZEPHANIAH “The great day of the Lord is near – near and coming quickly… That day will be a day of wrath, a day of distress and anguish, a day of trouble and ruin, a day of darkness and gloom.” Zephaniah 1:14-15
  • 158. PROPHET ZEPHANIAH “Before the fierce anger of the Lord comes upon you… Seek the Lord… perhaps you will be sheltered on the day of the Lord‟s anger.” Zephaniah 2:2-3
  • 159. Micah Judah’s Fall Habakkuk Zephaniah Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria Books of Prophecy about Others Nahum
  • 160. PROPHET HABAKKUK HABAKKUK GOD “Why do you tolerate “I am raising up the wrong?” Babylonians” Habakkuk 1:2, 6
  • 161. PROPHET HABAKKUK HABAKKUK GOD“Why are you silent while the “You have plundered manywicked swallow up those more nations, the peoples who are righteous than themselves?” left will plunder you.” Habakkuk 1:13, 2:8
  • 162. PROPHET HABAKKUK “I stand in awe of your deeds, O Lord.” Habakkuk 3:2
  • 163. PROPHET JOEL‟S LOCUSTS Joel 1-2
  • 164. “Return to the Lord your God, for he is graciousand compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love.” Joel 2:13
  • 165. Micah Judah’s Fall Habakkuk Zephaniah Joel Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Jeremiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria Books of Prophecy about Others Nahum
  • 166. PROPHET JEREMIAH “I do not know how tospeak; I am only a child.” Jeremiah 1:6
  • 167. PROPHET JEREMIAH “Why does the way of the wicked prosper?” Jeremiah 12:1
  • 168. PROPHET JEREMIAH “O Lord, you deceivedme, and I was deceived.” Jeremiah 20:7
  • 169. PROPHET JEREMIAH “If I say, „I will notspeak… any more in hisname,‟ his word is in my heart like a fire, a fire shut up in my bones. Iam weary of holding it in; indeed I cannot.” Jeremiah 20:9
  • 170. PROPHET JEREMIAH“But the Lord is with me like a might warrior; so my persecutors willstumble and not prevail.” Jeremiah 20:11
  • 171. PROPHET JEREMIAH “This whole country... will serve the king ofBabylon seventy years.” Jeremiah 25:11
  • 172. Micah Judah’s Fall Habakkuk Zephaniah Joel Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Jeremiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria Books of Prophecy about Others Nahum
  • 173. BABYLON DESTROYED JERUSALEM 2 Chronicles 36:15-20
  • 174. “How deserted lie the city, once so full of people!... Her foes have become her masters.” Lamentations 1:1, 5
  • 175. LAMENTATIONS SPEAKS OF JERUSALEM‟S FALL
  • 176. “Because of the Lord‟s great love we are not consumed, for his compassions never fail. Theyare new every morning; great is your faithfulness.” Lamentations 3:22
  • 177. JUDAH 2 Kings 25, 2 Chronicles, Jeremiah 39
  • 178. EXILED TO BABYLON Babylon “Those who escaped from the sword he deported to Babylon.” 2 Chronicles 36:20
  • 179. Micah Judah’s Fall Habakkuk Lamentations Zephaniah Joel Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Jeremiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria Books of Prophecy about Others Nahum Obadia h
  • 180. “You should not look down on your brother in theday of his misfortune… As you have done, it will be done to you… there will be no survivors from the house of Esau” Obadiah 12, 15, 18
  • 181. Micah Judah’s Fall Habakkuk Lamentations Zephaniah Joel Books of Prophecy to Judah Isaiah Jeremiah Hezekiah Jehoahaz Manasseh Jehoiakim Amon Jehoiachin Josiah Zedekiah Josiah’s Jerusalem Reforms Destroyed 2 Chronicles 2 Kings730 680 630 580 3rd Exiles 2nd Exiles Jerusalem Siege 1st Exiles Taken Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Invades Judah Assyria Invades Judah Babylon Defeats Egypt Samaria Resettled Egypt Subjects Judah Israel Destroyed by Assyria Babylon Conquers Assyria Daniel Books of Prophecy in Exile Ezekiel Books of Prophecy about Others Nahum Obadia h
  • 182. OLD TESTAMENT OVERVIEW Part 5 – The Exile & Return
  • 183. Old Testament Timeline Conquest Judges Kingdom Divides God Calls Abraham Judah DestroyedCreation Enslaved Prophecy Ceased 17 Historical Books (Genesis – Esther)2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Move to Egypt Exiles Return Flood Israel Destroyed United Kingdom Exodus 22 Books of Poetry & Prophecy (Job – Malachi)
  • 184. Habakkuk Lamentations Exile & Return Joe Books of Prophecy l Jeremiah to Jerusalem Jehoahaz Jehoiachin Released in Exile 2nd Exiles Return w/Ezra Jehoiakim 1st Exiles Return w/Zerubabbel Jehoiachin 3rd Exiles Return w/Nehemiah Foundations of Temple Laid 1st Exiles Taken & Rebuild Wall Opposition Halts Temple Zedekiah Temple Construction Resumes 2nd Exiles Taken Temple Completed Prophecy Ceased 3rd Exiles Taken 2 Chronicles 2 Kings610 560 510 460 410 Judah & Jerusalem Persian Emperor Darius I Destroyed Persian Emperor Artaxerxes Babylon Sieges Darius the Mede of Daniel Jerusalem Esther Saves Jews in Persia Persian Emperor Cyrus Conquers Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Esther Becomes Persian Queen Babylon Subjects Judah Babylonian Regent Belshazzar Persian Emperor Xerxes Babylonian Emperor (Ahasuerus) Nebuchadnezzar Babylonian Emperor Evil-Merodach Daniel Books of Prophecy in Exile Obadia Book of Prophecy about Edom h
  • 185. DANIEL TAKEN TO BABYLON Nebuchadnezzar Daniel 1
  • 186. SHADRACH, MESHACH, & ABEDNEGO“The God we serve is able to save us… but even ifhe does not, we want you to know, O king, that we will not serve your gods ” Daniel 3:17-18
  • 187. DANIEL TO NEBUCHADNEZZAR “The God of heaven has given you dominion.” Daniel 2:37
  • 188. NEBUCHADNEZZAR HUMBLED BY GOD“Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and exalt and glorify the King ofheaven, because everything he does is right and all his ways are just. And those who walk in pride he is able to humble.” Daniel 4:37
  • 189. 1ST EXILES TO BABYLON 2 Kings 24:14
  • 190. Habakkuk Lamentations Exile & Return Joe Books of Prophecy l Jeremiah to Jerusalem Jehoahaz Jehoiachin Released in Exile 2nd Exiles Return w/Ezra Jehoiakim 1st Exiles Return w/Zerubabbel Jehoiachin 3rd Exiles Return w/Nehemiah Foundations of Temple Laid 1st Exiles Taken & Rebuild Wall Opposition Halts Temple Zedekiah Temple Construction Resumes 2nd Exiles Taken Temple Completed Prophecy Ceased 3rd Exiles Taken 2 Chronicles 2 Kings610 560 510 460 410 Judah & Jerusalem Persian Emperor Darius I Destroyed Persian Emperor Artaxerxes Babylon Sieges Darius the Mede of Daniel Jerusalem Esther Saves Jews in Persia Persian Emperor Cyrus Conquers Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Esther Becomes Persian Queen Babylon Subjects Judah Babylonian Regent Belshazzar Persian Emperor Xerxes Babylonian Emperor (Ahasuerus) Nebuchadnezzar Babylonian Emperor Evil-Merodach Daniel Ezekiel Books of Prophecy in Exile Obadia Book of Prophecy about Edom h
  • 191. EZEKIEL SEES CHARIOT OF GOD Ezekiel 24:24
  • 192. EZEKIEL PREDICTS JERUSALEM‟S DOOM “When thishappens, you will knowthat I am the Sovereign Lord.” Ezekiel 24:24
  • 193. JERUSALEM DESTROYED &2ND EXILES TAKEN TO BABYLON 2 Kings 25
  • 194. SURVIVOR REPORTS TO EZEKIEL “The city has fallen.” Ezekiel 33:21
  • 195. EZEKIEL PROPHESIES RESTORATION“I will cleanse you from all your impurities… Iwill put my Spirit in youand move you to follow my decrees.” Ezekiel 36:25-27
  • 196. PERSIAN EMPIRE CONQUERS BABYLON “You did not honor the God who holds in His hand your life.” Daniel 5:23
  • 197. PERSIAN EMPIRE CONQUERS BABYLON “That very night Belshazzar… was slain and Darius the Mede took over the kingdom.” Daniel 5:30
  • 198. DANIEL‟S VISIONS DANIEL 7-12
  • 199. CYRUS, KING OF PERSIA Daniel 6:28
  • 200. Habakkuk Lamentations Exile & Return Joe Books of Prophecy l Jeremiah to Jerusalem Jehoahaz Jehoiachin Released in Exile 2nd Exiles Return w/Ezra Jehoiakim 1st Exiles Return w/Zerubabbel Jehoiachin 3rd Exiles Return w/Nehemiah Foundations of Temple Laid 1st Exiles Taken & Rebuild Wall Opposition Halts Temple Zedekiah Temple Construction Resumes 2nd Exiles Taken Temple Completed Prophecy Ceased 3rd Exiles Taken 2 Chronicles 2 Kings Ezra610 560 510 460 410 Judah & Jerusalem Persian Emperor Darius I Destroyed Persian Emperor Artaxerxes Babylon Sieges Darius the Mede of Daniel Jerusalem Esther Saves Jews in Persia Persian Emperor Cyrus Conquers Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Esther Becomes Persian Queen Babylon Subjects Judah Babylonian Regent Belshazzar Persian Emperor Xerxes Babylonian Emperor (Ahasuerus) Nebuchadnezzar Babylonian Emperor Evil-Merodach Daniel Ezekiel Books of Prophecy in Exile Obadia Book of Prophecy about Edom h
  • 201. CYRUS, KING OF PERSIA “This is what Cyrus king of Persia says: „TheLord, the God of heaven… has appointed me tobuild a temple for him at Jerusalem… Anyone ofhis people… let him go up to Jerusalem in Judah and build the temple of the Lord.” Ezra 1:2-3
  • 202. PROPHET ISAIAH – ABOUT 200 YEARS EARLIER “This is what the Lordsays to his anointed, toCyrus,… though you donot acknowledge me… Iwill raise up Cyrus… He will rebuild my city and set my exiles free.” Isaiah 45:1, 4, 13
  • 203. 1ST RETURN WITH ZERUBBABEL Ezra 1-2
  • 204. ZERUBBABEL REBUILDS TEMPLE “You have no part with us in building the temple to our God.” Ezra 4:3
  • 205. ZERUBBABEL REBUILDS TEMPLE “Thus the work on the house of God in Jerusalem came to a standstill.” Ezra 4:24
  • 206. HAGGAI & ZECHARIAH “These people say, „The time has not yet come for “‟Return pour outdeclares “I will to me,‟ on the the Lord‟s house to be house of David and the built.‟ Then the word of the Lord Almighty, „and I inhabitants of Jerusalem will return to you.‟… Do the Lord came throughthe prophet Haggai: „Is it a a not be like your spirit of grace and time for you yourselves to supplication. They will forefathers… [who] would be living in your paneled look on me, the one they not listen.‟” houses, while this house have pierced. ” remains a ruin?‟” Zechariah 12:10 Zechariah 1:3-4 Haggai 1:2-3
  • 207. TEMPLE REBUILT Ezra 6
  • 208. Habakkuk Lamentations Exile & Return Joe Haggai Books of Prophecy l Jeremiah Zechariah to Jerusalem Jehoahaz Jehoiachin Released in Exile 2nd Exiles Return w/Ezra Jehoiakim 1st Exiles Return w/Zerubabbel Jehoiachin 3rd Exiles Return w/Nehemiah Foundations of Temple Laid 1st Exiles Taken & Rebuild Wall Opposition Halts Temple Zedekiah Temple Construction Resumes 2nd Exiles Taken Temple Completed Esther Prophecy Ceased 3rd Exiles Taken 2 Chronicles 2 Kings Ezra610 560 510 460 410 Judah & Jerusalem Persian Emperor Darius I Destroyed Persian Emperor Artaxerxes Babylon Sieges Darius the Mede of Daniel Jerusalem Esther Saves Jews in Persia Persian Emperor Cyrus Conquers Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Esther Becomes Persian Queen Babylon Subjects Judah Babylonian Regent Belshazzar Persian Emperor Xerxes Babylonian Emperor (Ahasuerus) Nebuchadnezzar Babylonian Emperor Evil-Merodach Daniel Ezekiel Books of Prophecy in Exile Obadia Book of Prophecy about Edom h
  • 209. XERXES, KING OF PERSIA Esther 1
  • 210. XERXES & QUEEN ESTHER Esther 2
  • 211. XERXES & QUEEN ESTHER“Destroy, kill and annihilate all the Jews – young and old, women and little children – on a single day.” Esther 3:13
  • 212. QUEEN ESTHER“And who knows but that you have come to royal position for such a time as this?” Esther 4:14
  • 213. XERXES & QUEEN ESTHER “The king‟s edict granted the Jews… the right to assemble and protect themselves; to destroy, kill, and annihilate…and to plunder… their enemies.” Esther 8:11
  • 214. 2ND RETURN WITH EZRA Ezra 7
  • 215. EZRA LEADS REPENTANCE “The people of Israel, including the priests and the Levites, have not kept themselves separate from the neighboring peoples with their detestable practices.” Ezra 9:1
  • 216. PROPHET MALACHI “A son honors hisfather, and a servant his master. If I am a father, where is the honor due me?” Malachi 1:6
  • 217. PROPHET MALACHI “Oh, that one of you would shut the templedoors, so that you wouldnot light useless fires on my altar!” Malachi 1:10
  • 218. PROPHET MALACHI “Bring in the wholetithe… Test me in this…and see if I will not throw open the floodgates ofheaven and pour out so much blessing that you will not have room enough for it.” Malachi 3:10
  • 219. Habakkuk Lamentations Exile & Return Joe Haggai Malachi Books of Prophecy l Jeremiah Zechariah to Jerusalem Jehoahaz Jehoiachin Released in Exile 2nd Exiles Return w/Ezra Jehoiakim 1st Exiles Return w/Zerubabbel Jehoiachin 3rd Exiles Return w/Nehemiah Foundations of Temple Laid 1st Exiles Taken & Rebuild Wall Opposition Halts Temple Zedekiah Temple Construction Resumes 2nd Exiles Taken Temple Completed Esther Prophecy Ceased 3rd Exiles Taken 2 Chronicles Nehemiah 2 Kings Ezra610 560 510 460 410 Judah & Jerusalem Persian Emperor Darius I Destroyed Persian Emperor Artaxerxes Babylon Sieges Darius the Mede of Daniel Jerusalem Esther Saves Jews in Persia Persian Emperor Cyrus Conquers Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Esther Becomes Persian Queen Babylon Subjects Judah Babylonian Regent Belshazzar Persian Emperor Xerxes Babylonian Emperor (Ahasuerus) Nebuchadnezzar Babylonian Emperor Evil-Merodach Daniel Ezekiel Books of Prophecy in Exile Obadia Book of Prophecy about Edom h
  • 220. 3RD RETURN WITH NEHEMIAH Nehemiah 2
  • 221. NEHEMIAH REBUILDS THE WALL Ezra & Nehemiah
  • 222. “THOSE WHO CARRIED MATERIALS DIDTHEIR WORK WITH ONE HAND AND HELD A WEAPON IN THE OTHER.” Nehemiah 4:17
  • 223. COMPLETE THE WALL & WORSHIP THE LORD Nehemiah 6-12
  • 224. “I WILL LOOK TO THE LORD; I WILL WAIT FOR THE GOD OF MY SALVATION” Micah 7:7
  • 225. Habakkuk Lamentations Exile & Return Joe Haggai Malachi Books of Prophecy l Jeremiah Zechariah to Jerusalem Jehoahaz Jehoiachin Released in Exile 2nd Exiles Return w/Ezra Jehoiakim 1st Exiles Return w/Zerubabbel Jehoiachin 3rd Exiles Return w/Nehemiah Foundations of Temple Laid 1st Exiles Taken & Rebuild Wall Opposition Halts Temple Zedekiah Temple Construction Resumes 2nd Exiles Taken Temple Completed Esther Prophecy Ceased 3rd Exiles Taken 2 Chronicles Nehemiah 2 Kings Ezra610 560 510 460 410 Judah & Jerusalem Persian Emperor Darius I Destroyed Persian Emperor Artaxerxes Babylon Sieges Darius the Mede of Daniel Jerusalem Esther Saves Jews in Persia Persian Emperor Cyrus Conquers Babylon Attacks Jerusalem Babylon Esther Becomes Persian Queen Babylon Subjects Judah Babylonian Regent Belshazzar Persian Emperor Xerxes Babylonian Emperor (Ahasuerus) Nebuchadnezzar Babylonian Emperor Evil-Merodach Daniel Ezekiel Books of Prophecy in Exile Obadia Book of Prophecy about Edom h
  • 226. Old Testament Timeline Conquest Judges Kingdom Divides God Calls Abraham Judah DestroyedCreation Enslaved Prophecy Ceased 17 Historical Books (Genesis – Esther)2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Move to Egypt Exiles Return Flood Israel Destroyed United Kingdom Exodus 22 Books of Poetry & Prophecy (Job – Malachi)
  • 227. OLD TESTAMENT OVERVIEW
  • 228. BIBLIOGRAPHY• Barnes, A. (1999). Barnes Notes on the Old Testament. Cedar Rapids: Parsons Technology, Inc.• Clarke, A. (1999). Adam Clarkes Commentary on the Old Testament. Cedar Rapids: Parsons Technology, Inc.• Jamieson, R., Faussett, A. R., & Brown, D. Jamieson-Faussett-Brown Commentary on the Whole Bible. Omaha: Quickverse.• Robinson, T. (2000). The Bible Timeline. Michael Friedman Publishing Group, Inc.• Walton, J. H., Matthews, V. H. , Chavalas, M. W. (2000). IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament. Downers Grove: Intravarsity Press.• Walvoord, J. F., & Zuck, R. B. (1985). The Bible Knowledge Commentary: Old Testament. Hiawatha: Scripture Press Publications, Inc.