THERMAL TOURISM AND THE CALYPSO PREPARATORY ACTION CONGRESO INTERNACIONAL DE TURISMO TERMAL OURENSE, SPAIN Alan Vella Policy Officer, Tourism Unit DG ENTR 2 ND March 2011 European Commission Enterprise and Industry
Top destination in the world
Tourism has a growing economic impact in Europe:
1,8 millions enterprises, primarily SMEs
5,2% of total workforce
More than 5% of EU GDP
370 million international tourist arrivals in 2008, 40% of arrivals around the world
Tourism is an industry that can generate sustainable economic growth as well as employment
The European Tourism Industry
Title I, Article 6(d) TFEU
The Union shall have competence to carry out actions to support, coordinate or supplement the actions of the Member States. The areas of such action shall, at European level, be: (…) (d) tourism
Title XXII, Article 195 TFEU
1. The Union shall complement the action of the Member States in the tourism sector, in particular by promoting the competitiveness of Union undertakings in that sector.
To that end, Union action shall be aimed at:
(a) encouraging the creation of a favourable environment for the development of undertakings in this sector;
(b) promoting cooperation between the Member States, particularly by the exchange of good practice.
2. The European Parliament and the Council, acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure, shall establish specific measures to complement actions within the Member States to achieve the objectives referred to in this Article, excluding any harmonisation of the laws and regulations of the Member States.
EU Cross Border Healthcare Directive 1
Health systems and policies across the EU are becoming more interconnected than ever , due mainly to:
movement of patients and professionals
increasingly shared expectations of people across Europe
dissemination of new medical technologies and techniques
This increased interconnection raises many challenges :
easier access to healthcare abroad with reimbursement rules
quality of such healthcare
information requirements for patients, health officials and policy-makers
the scope for cooperation on healthcare and service provision
how to reconcile national policies with European obligations
EU Cross Border Healthcare Directive 2
The directive will be applicable across the EU around 2013.
It wants to provide legal certainty over patients' rights to seek healthcare in another EU country and reinforce cooperation between those countries.
The directive paves the way for residents to seek health care anywhere in the European Union, expanding rights that will particularly help:
- patients with rare diseases seeking advanced treatments;
- people living along borders where the nearest hospital is across the border
- people in one country that want to get treatment near family members in another country.
EU Cross Border Healthcare Directive 3
Do I need authorisation from my national authority before going abroad for treatment?
National authorities can introduce a system of "prior authorisation":
1) For healthcare which involves overnight hospital stay of at least one night;
2) for highly specialised and cost-intensive healthcare;
3) in serious and specific cases relating to quality or safety.
In these 3 cases, patients may need to ask for permission in advance from their national health authority in charge of reimbursement.
Can this authorisation be refused?
National health authorities can refuse authorisation if the treatment in question, or the healthcare provider in question, could present a risk for the patient. Also, if appropriate healthcare can be provided at home in good time, authorisation can be refused but Member States will need to explain why such a decision is necessary.
Main Challenges and Opportunities
The financial and economic crisis
Information and communication technologies
Increasing competition from emerging markets
21 actions envisaged to encourage a coordinated approach and to give the European tourism sector the means to adapt to the changes it is facing today and develop its competitiveness and its capacity for a modern, sustainable and responsible growth.
Stimulate competitiveness in the European Tourism sector
Promote the development of sustainable, responsible and high quality tourism
Consolidate the image and profile of Europe as home to sustainable and high-quality destinations
Maximise the potential of EU policies and financial instruments
A new consolidated framework for the EU Tourism Policy - The four axes of action
Action. 6 :”Provide a voluntary exchange mechanism between Member States enabling…key groups…to travel, particularly during the low season”
Encourage extension of tourist season
Make better use of existing tourist infrastructure
Improve employment patterns
Provide more stable and motivated workforce
Calypso : Background
Conferences by the Tourism Unit (Jan 2006, Feb 2007, June 2007, April 2008)
Preparatory Action Adopted by European Parliament in 2008 : “Social Tourism in Europe”
Three Year Programme. Funding Guaranteed Year By Year (1 Million Euros, up to 1.5 million Euros)
Open to Member States and Candidate Countries
Calypso : Target Groups
Seniors: over 65 years or Pensioners / Early Retired Citizens that Receive Pension Benefits
Youths: aged 18-30 years
Disabled adult citizens, together with one accompanying person (if needed)
Families (children, parents and/or grandparents) certified by their country’s coordinating authority as facing difficult social (financial, personal and/or disability) circumstances .
Enhances employment (more and better jobs)
Extends the tourism seasonality spread
Strengthens European citizenship
Generates Economic Activity and Growth Across Europe
Improves regional/local economies through the development of social tourism
Work Programme for 2009 - 2010
Calypso Expert Group
Awareness Building Meetings: Spain; Poland; France; Belgium, Italy and Romania. Concluding Conference with Spanish Presidency in Palma de Mallorca (June 2010).
Communication/Visibility to Calypso on Internet
Call for Tender: Study on Tourism Exchanges in Europe (2009)
Call for Proposals: Facilitating Transnational Low Season Exchanges (2010)
Catalogue the Main Good Practices
Identify Existing Measures and Examine Difficulties at European and National Level concerning Exchanges in the Four Target Groups
Propose Mechanisms in Tourist Low Season Enabling Target Groups to Travel in Other Countries on the basis of themed programmes and accommodation offers
21 Participating Countries
Need to Strengthen Structures at Member State level
Call for Proposals Objectives
To support tourism-related public authorities to undertake trans-national low season exchanges in CALYPSO groups.
To Support Public Authorities in Setting Up, Developing and/or Strengthening CALYPSO office infrastructures
To Provide Networking Opportunities Enhancing Collaboration Between Public Authorities to promot e low season exchanges in any of the CALYPSO target groups.
To conduct relevant studies that could improve the knowledge base, eventually facilitating low season exchanges.
Work Programme for 2011
Monitoring of 4 successful projects (2010 Call)
Two workshops in June and November
Call for Proposals: Facilitating Transnational Low Season Exchanges (2011)
Call for Proposals: Demand-Supply Web Platform
CRITERIA to be defined (ex. Accessibility) CRITERIA to be defined (ex. Sustainability) Etc. HOLIDAY STAY OFFERS One Calypso platform with one channel per target SUPPLY Hostels Spas Gites Holiday villages Campings Hotels Etc. DEMAND Local councils NGOs Travel agents Reg. authorities Member States Parishes INFORMATION