Poetic devices
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Poetic devices

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This presentation is in a Virtual Museum format that explores poetic devices and techniques.

This presentation is in a Virtual Museum format that explores poetic devices and techniques.

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Poetic devices Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Museum Entrance Welcome to the Lobby Musical DevicesMusical Devices Figurative Devices 1 Figurative Devices 1 Figurative Devices 3Figurative Devices 3 Figurative Devices 2 Figurative Devices 2 Parlour of Poetic Devices Visit the Curator Visit the Curator Poetic Devices
  • 2. Name of Museum Professor Penelope This museum has been created to assist learners with understanding the different poetic devices used to enhance a poet’s writing. Back to Lobby Note: Virtual museums were first introduced by educators at Keith Valley Middle School in Horsham, Pennsylvania. This template was designed by Lindsey Warneka under the direction of Dr. Christy Keeler during a Teaching American History grant module. View the Educational Virtual Museums website for more information on this instructional technique.
  • 3. Name of Museum Musical Devices Alliteration Assonance Onomatopoeia
  • 4. Name of Museum Figurative Devices 1 Rhyme Personification Repetition
  • 5. Name of Museum Figurative Devices 2 Simile Symbolism Anthropomorphism
  • 6. Name of Museum Figurative Devices 3 Imagery Metaphor Extended Metaphor
  • 7. Name of Museum Poetic Devices and techniques are used to enhance the words chosen by the poet. These include: Poetic Devices Back to Room 1 • Alliteration • Assonance • Onomatopoeia • Rhyme • Personification • Repetition • Simile • Symbolism • Anthropomorphism • Imagery • Metaphor • Extended Metaphor
  • 8. Name of Museum • The repetition of the same consonantal sound in several words placed close together or stressed syllables e.g. on the same line of a poem to create an image and sound effect, either gentle or harsh. • Word group where most of the words start with the same sound. Alliteration Back to Room 1 Examples: •Six small sausages smeared with sauce. •Little light. •Big brown boots. •Slippery Sam the snake, slithered silently through the snow. •Forty beefy buffalo. •Sitting in the swamp. •The wind whistled as it wound between the trees. Image retrieved from http://doblelol.com/uploads/1/alliterations-funny.jpg
  • 9. Name of Museum • The echoing or repetition of vowel sounds – a e i o u (rather than consonants) to create an image. • The creation of a sound effect by combination of vowel sounds. Assonance Back to Room 1 Examples: •3 long ‘i’ sounds – ‘Full fathom five thy father lies…..’ •Bright, shining light. •Sheep need feet. •All day the wind blows low with mellower tone. •School is just way too cool. •feet, need, week. •day, shape, wake The rain in Spain falls mainly in the plains.
  • 10. Name of Museum • Sound is matched to meaning of the words. • The word sounds like the action – resembles the sound it describes. • Words which imitate natural sounds. Onomatopoeia Back to Room 1 Examples: •hiss, crash, thud, splash, plop, buzz, zoom, click-clack, drip, crack, bang •duck – quack; crow – caw; frog – croak; owl – hoot; mouse – squeak; •“Buzz”, said the bee.
  • 11. Name of Museum • The repetition of the final sound of a word. • Can be at the end of a line or within the line. Rhyme Back to Room 2 Image retrieved from http://timwit.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/youwords.png Examples: •blue, grew, too •flight, night, sight, light •Roses are red, violets are blue, Sugar is sweet and so are you.
  • 12. Name of Museum • When a lifeless object or idea is given human characteristics or qualities and spoken of as if alive – gives personality to it. • The attribution of human characteristics to an inanimate object. • An object, emotion or abstract quality can be personified. Personification Back to Room 2 Examples: •Gentle waves crept up the beach whispering quietly to the sand. •Computer going to sleep. •The sun beat mercilessly down. •The book begged to be opened. •The breeze whistled as it glided between the trees. •The branches of the trees waved a greeting to the weary travellers. Image retrieved from http://www.mywordwizard.com/image-files/poems-with-personif
  • 13. Name of Museum • Repeated use of a word, phrase or line. • Used to reinforce an idea or sound. • Adds emphasis to the author’s message, creates atmosphere; can make another aspect of the text stand out. Repetition Back to Room 2 Examples: •So much noise so much sound Now it’s quiet silence is found. •Alone, alone, all, all alone. Image retrieved from http://b2b.cbsimg.net/blogs/08212012figure_a.gif
  • 14. Name of Museum • A directly expressed comparison of two things. • Relies on the use of the words ‘like’, ‘than’, and ‘as’ • Used to create images or word pictures. • More explicit than metaphor but mostly lack the force of metaphor so are usually less evocative. Simile Back to Room 3 Examples: •His face was like a thundercloud. •She sang like a bird. •The dress was as white as snow. •She is as strong as an ox. •She is like a wet blanket. Image retrieved from http://www.mywordwizard.com/image-files/similes-for-kids.jpg
  • 15. Name of Museum • The consistent use throughout a literary work of an object to refer to a concept. • The word or image signifies something other than what it literally denotes. • The practice of representing things by symbols, or of giving things a symbolic meaning. Symbolism Back to Room 3 Examples: •TS Eliot’s use of ‘the river’ to symbolise life •The sun is often used as a symbol for light, warmth and clarity. •Colours are often used as symbols too such as red for passion, white for purity. •Black is often symbolic of death etc. •A red rose could symbolise love, romance, blood etc. Image retrieved from http://fashionsbylynda.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Re
  • 16. Name of Museum • Animals, insects or birds are given human characteristics or feelings. Anthropomorphism Back to Room 3 Example: •The tired old dog longed for the energy and vitality of the small puppies Image retrieved from http://images3.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20121011213637/di sney/images/d/d6/Mickey_Mouse_Clubhouse_-_Mickey_- _Playhouse_Disney_Canada.png
  • 17. Name of Museum • Used to make a description more vivid and to stir up mental pictures. • Used to create sensory impressions. • Feelings and ideas: words that help people feel the emotions of ideas. • Visual imagery: words that make pictures in people’s minds. • Sound imagery: words that help people hear sounds in their minds. Imagery Back to Room 4 Examples: •Her mind was an eagle. (word) •“I’ll fight, but I won’t surrender”. (feelings and ideas) •Shape poems (visual) •Hiss, hiss. (sound) Image retrieved from http://th03.deviantart.net/fs50/PRE/i/2009/284/b/b/Clown_S hape_Poem_by_VAlZARD.jpg
  • 18. Name of Museum • Draws attention to the resemblances between two things by stating that one thing is another. • An implied comparison. • Says something is something else, or speaks of it as though it is something else. • Implies a relationship between two things, apparently disconnected. • Usually more striking than a simile. • Makes a comparison without using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’. Metaphor Back to Room 4 Examples: •He is a real tiger. •She is an angel. •The sand was a hot griddle under my feet. •The road was a ribbon of moonlight. •Your eyes are a ocean I could swim in. Image retrieved from http://personalsuccesstoday.com/wp- content/uploads/2011/08/metaphor-diagram.jpg
  • 19. Name of Museum • A metaphor introduced and then further developed throughout all or part of a literary work, especially a poem. Example: Twelve year old Jo, in a fantasy poem might be the Mystery Master Mind. Throughout the poem s/he would not return to ordinary young Jo, but would always be referred to as a superior being. Extended Metaphor Back to Room 4