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Creativity Past Present And Future
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Creativity Past Present And Future

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Buffalo
May, 2008

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  • 1. Creativity: Past Present and Future International Conference: Integrating Enquiry and Action, Buffalo, NY, (May 28th - 30th, 2008) Tudor Rickards The University of Manchester
  • 2. Creative Treats Ahead
  • 3. Our Journey Together Recollections Today’s perspectives Future possibilities
  • 4. The Female Essence of Creativity can be found in the Earliest Creation Myths
  • 5. Later, Creativity became the Preserve of (Male) Genius …
  • 6. … Associated with
    • Madness
    • Mystery
    • Muses
    • Magic
  • 7. Creativity, the Individual and Cosmology Early mythologies assumed creativity was a gift to ‘ chosen ones’, individuals who were destined to use the gift to celebrate the ultimate creator of the Universe
  • 8. Historically, Creativity operated within a Patronage System
  • 9. Science, Modernism, and Rationality rejected Earlier Beliefs
  • 10. But ‘Gifted’ Individuals are still Highly Respected today .. … in many walks of life
  • 11. Although sometimes, Genius is not Recognized … Edison was among many great scientific pioneers rated stupid at school. Would he have been dismissed today as having too low an IQ to amount to anything in life?
  • 12. In the 20 th Century, attempts were made to ‘tame’ Creativity.. Guilford Wallas Sid and Bea Parnes Koestler Eysenck
  • 13. Structures to Assist Creativity were Developed Paul Torrance Alex Osborn Tony Buzan Edward De Bono Genrich Altshuller
  • 14. Studies of Creativity in Teams and Organizations were carried out
  • 15. Creative Leaders were identified
  • 16. Creative Industries Emerged Today, creative industries, through their organizations are the fastest-growing economic sectors around the world. They include Architecture; Arts & antiques; Design; Performing arts; Electronic games; and Multi- Media
  • 17. Creativity is found in many and diverse Walks of Life
  • 18. ‘… But does it Work in Theory?’
  • 19. So Many Theories … Insight theories Self-actualization Transcendence Cognitive reframing Darwinism Information processing Problem-solving Experiential learning Intrinsic motivation
  • 20. Today’s Knowledge Guides come from around the World Michael Kirton [Innovation styles] Teresa Amabile [Intrinsic motivation; contextual modelling] Ikujiro Nonaka [Knowledge creation]
  • 21. Modernity itself has changed …
  • 22. How Modernity forced yet more Creativity “ Painting is washed up. Who will ever do anything better than that propeller?” Marcel du Champs [at an early exhibition of aviation Technology]
  • 23. A Triumph of Serendipity “ I was modelling heat storage (wind power) … Intuition: One more stored quantity Insight: But heat leaks! Serendipity: Ignore boundary conditions …mix the deterministic and stochastic in a single equation ” Dr Syd Howell, University of Manchester (2008)
  • 24. A Triumph of Creative Hope … “ So hope for a great sea-change On the far side of revenge. Believe that further shore Is reachable from here .” Seamas Heaney
  • 25. Beyond the frontiers …
  • 26. Creative Imperatives Creativity will be even More vital as we address 21 st century imperatives of human and environmental Well-being
  • 27. Creativity in the Future Buffalo, May 2008 The EEC Year of Creativity And Innovation 2009 The Global Creativity Network, 20…??
  • 28.