A brief history of leadership

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A brief history of leadership

  1. 1. A Brief History of Leadership - . . . . . .rq_} - Q . .s . ... ,. .. ... ... ... . . .. V Ni. .1. . ... wx . . . ... .. ~. .w ~. . . .T. ... »._. .. . v . .?? . it. » 7.
  2. 2. A new idea from ancient times - Today’s behaviours (what we do) are influenced by our biological history (what we were). Leadership development is possible and necessary to help us overcome our more primitive instincts.
  3. 3. Why study the history of leadership? ° To explore leadership concepts (‘map- @ reading’) M M ' TO test leadership Reading Tesatl)ng concepts (‘map- testing’) - To develop richer personal leadership Map maps (‘map—making’) making
  4. 4. Health Warning: Anthropomorphism .9 “" "3 ‘I’ 5 ‘fl 1, 1VI‘[l, .'. '.*é_i"= '; ‘ *'-u—__-_ * Anthropomorphism: ‘seeing’ human behaviour patterns in other animals; inanimate objects; and symbolic entities (Peter Rabbit; ‘Hal’; The Four Horsemen of the apocalypse . ..)
  5. 5. Our ancestors’ tale * Our ancestors’ tale begins with the earliest common ancestor (‘concestor’) of all living creatures. * If we search, we can find the messages from over a billion years of evolution
  6. 6. Concestual links’ (1) . __‘ Animal concestor 1000 Million years (7) Limb‘ Clmnpy Crawlics >500 Million years Mammals Reptiles 100 Million years 500 Million years Lots of other Herd and pack Modem lizards Dynosaurs . ’ Modern ants. bees Birds, fish l Primates . Mammals animals l Homo Wm * Concestor: A shared common l ancestor (‘Best estimates’ of dates)
  7. 7. Concestual links (2 Humanoid: 0111c: Primates chimpanzees Other apes Bonobos Homo Sapiens Monkeys Mandrllls and Gormas baboons
  8. 8. Concestor links (3) Humanoids (3,600,000 -) Homo Sapiens Other Humanoids (150,000 -) Neadertals (130,000 -28,000) Hunter Gatherers Agrarians Industrials (100,000 —) (10,000 -) (200 -)
  9. 9. Leadership: An evolutionary view * The further back we , g _ go into history, the broader the definition l~x, ,. of leadership needed - The closer to our personal leadership experiences, the greater the need for stipulating context
  10. 10. It depends what you mean by leadership . . - Influence processes * Mobilizing resources to arouse, engage, satisfy the motives of followers AM * Making sense [of , ,,. L , what people are 0 doing] . ..articulating purpose and values rv)? ‘ H’-: " ‘ . * '4". ‘I. ’ , ‘ "
  11. 11. Insects, instincts and information ° Insects behave primarily through ‘hard-wired’ instincts , 3 ° Scientists have developed models based on information theory ° Insects with valuable resource information can ‘lead’ followers to food, to safety, into battle
  12. 12. Do insects show creative leadership?
  13. 13. Do birds show leadership? _
  14. 14. What leadership behaviours can be seen in other animal families? . . _- r ? - . - ; . "9. - Y .4 L~ f . o' 5 J I 9;. fir‘. .1‘ F 1 'u‘ 5
  15. 15. Leadership among the primates - ’ ,4" , I a 5 I -'y I K £_n. -Q‘ -‘ ":7. 1
  16. 16. Leadership in our closest ancestors * Early hominoids - Hunter gatherers * Agrarian tribalism - Industrial society * Our informational age
  17. 17. Atavistic Prototypes Animal Animal Leaders (non Leaders human) (human) Territorial Leaders New Leadership School Pack Leadershi Trait Theories Collective Leadership Style and Contingenc
  18. 18. Do we inherit behaviours from concestors? * Insects: Guided foraging, ‘Home’ building Birds, Fish: Flocking, Shoaling, Attraction displays, territorialism Wolves, dogs: Hunting, collaboration, learning through pIay<? > , Horses, elephants: Matriarchal ‘schooling’ for herd conformity (Mature males isolated) Mandrillsz Matriarchal large group: (Mature males isolated) chimpanzees: Complex transactions (grooming, nurturing) provide social stability and status (‘Social capitalists’) (* Selected examples)
  19. 19. Toward a new idea of evolutionary leadership ° Leadership today has preserved residual ancient forms sustained mimetically (through leadership myths) - Social and personal development permits transcendence of more primitive instincts (through consciousness and Ieaming) - We become and create ‘the leaders we deserve’
  20. 20. So what? ° ‘What’s the use ofa baby? ’ (Faraday) ° Helps explain bullying leaders (Mandrills); Charismatic influence (Peacocks); Anthropomorphism (Termites); Dysfunctional behaviours (Horses); Manipulative behaviours (Chimpanzees)

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