MQBNAV001                Naveed Ahmed MaqboolThe Impact of Electric VehiclePenetration on South Africa’s      Demand Profile
Presentation StructureLiterature ReviewCharging ModelsImpact of Charging Models on gridImpact of different EV penetration ...
Literature ReviewWhat is an EV?How does an EV function?Pollution rates? Internal Combustion versus EVBattery Technologies ...
Charging ModelsModels developed for different charging patterns  Step Loading Model  Uniform Loading Model  Interval Loadi...
South Africa’s Demand Profile      Analysis on the demand profile in different seasonsMWh         Comparison of demand pro...
Off-Peak demand profile for South             Africa
100% Penetration Rate
50% Penetration Rate
20% Penetration Rate
10% Penetration Rate
Comparison of Penetration rates                           100% EV Penetration                                           50...
South Africa’s Energy Supply and            Demand
Impact of EV on RondeboschTop down approachTypical Home Appliance Electricity ConsumptionDemand profile of householdsExtra...
Utility Tariff DevelopmentTime of Use, Fixed Rate or Real time?Controlled, Uncontrolled or Smart chargingBest tariff for c...
AffordabilityICE Toyota Corolla 2.0 versus Ford Focus EVEV uses cheaper electricity, but more expensive tobuy46.83 years f...
EV ManufacturersNissan MotorsFord MotorsToyotaMitsubishiHonda
Limitations of EV’sHomeWorkPower SuppliesRequirements of an EV model for a grid integration  Low power charging  Battery s...
V2G TechnologyProvide a future for the energy crisis?Store off-peak cheap energy and sell at peak hours
Conclusions and Recommendations South Africa cannot integrate a large amount of EV penetration at present EV charging shou...
Contact Details   Naveed Ahmed Maqbool     Cell: +27 74 761 8497Email: Mqbnav001@myuct.ac.za
Thank You
Mqbnav001
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Mqbnav001

  1. 1. MQBNAV001 Naveed Ahmed MaqboolThe Impact of Electric VehiclePenetration on South Africa’s Demand Profile
  2. 2. Presentation StructureLiterature ReviewCharging ModelsImpact of Charging Models on gridImpact of different EV penetration rates on gridSouth Africa energy supply and demandImpact of EV on RondeboschUtility Tariff DevelopmentAffordabilityEV ManufacturersLimitations of EV’sV2G TechnologyConclusions and Recommendations
  3. 3. Literature ReviewWhat is an EV?How does an EV function?Pollution rates? Internal Combustion versus EVBattery Technologies Li-Ion NiMH PbAFuel Cell EV versus BEV
  4. 4. Charging ModelsModels developed for different charging patterns Step Loading Model Uniform Loading Model Interval Loading Model
  5. 5. South Africa’s Demand Profile Analysis on the demand profile in different seasonsMWh Comparison of demand profiles in summer and winter
  6. 6. Off-Peak demand profile for South Africa
  7. 7. 100% Penetration Rate
  8. 8. 50% Penetration Rate
  9. 9. 20% Penetration Rate
  10. 10. 10% Penetration Rate
  11. 11. Comparison of Penetration rates 100% EV Penetration 50% EV Penetration W/O EV Step Interval Uniform W/O EV Step Interval UniformPeak Load Peak Load(GW) 42.2 55 45.6 46.2 (GW) 42.2 44.2 42.2 42.2Peak Hour 12:00 20:00 02:00 02:00 Peak Hour 12:00 20:00 12:00 12:00Energy Sales Energy Sales(GWh) 645.12 909.0579 909.0579 909.0579 (GWh) 645.12 777.0889 777.0889 777.089Load Factor Load Factor(%) 63.696682 68.86802 83.06450 81.985742 (%) 63.6966824 73.254992 76.72679 76.72679 20% EV Penetration 10% EV Penetration W/O EV Step Interval Uniform W/O EV Step Interval UniformPeak Load Peak Load(GW) 42.2 42.2 42.2 42.2 (GW) 42.2 42.2 42.2 42.2Peak Hour 12:00 12:00 12:00 12:00 Peak Hour 12:00 12:00 12:00 12:00Energy Sales Energy Sales(GWh) 645.12 697.9076 697.9076 697.9076 (GWh) 645.12 818.3938 818.3938 818.3938Load Factor Load Factor(%) 63.69668 68.90873 68.90873 68.90873 (%) 63.69668 80.80507 80.80507 80.80507
  12. 12. South Africa’s Energy Supply and Demand
  13. 13. Impact of EV on RondeboschTop down approachTypical Home Appliance Electricity ConsumptionDemand profile of householdsExtra energy required for accommodation of EV
  14. 14. Utility Tariff DevelopmentTime of Use, Fixed Rate or Real time?Controlled, Uncontrolled or Smart chargingBest tariff for charging patterns
  15. 15. AffordabilityICE Toyota Corolla 2.0 versus Ford Focus EVEV uses cheaper electricity, but more expensive tobuy46.83 years for EV to cover up for extra cost asopposed to ICE
  16. 16. EV ManufacturersNissan MotorsFord MotorsToyotaMitsubishiHonda
  17. 17. Limitations of EV’sHomeWorkPower SuppliesRequirements of an EV model for a grid integration Low power charging Battery swapping Quick charging batteries
  18. 18. V2G TechnologyProvide a future for the energy crisis?Store off-peak cheap energy and sell at peak hours
  19. 19. Conclusions and Recommendations South Africa cannot integrate a large amount of EV penetration at present EV charging should be controlled and charging must be done in off-peak hours V2G technology should be adapted
  20. 20. Contact Details Naveed Ahmed Maqbool Cell: +27 74 761 8497Email: Mqbnav001@myuct.ac.za
  21. 21. Thank You
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