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The Ancient Civilization of Mali
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The Ancient Civilization of Mali


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  • 1. The Ancient Civilization ofMali
    By: Joao, Ryan, Tom
  • 2. Today, Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa, but it’s history is rich and vast, dating back to the 14th Century
  • 3. Mali was once part of the three famed
    West African Empires, which included:
  • A map of the 3 Western African Empires
  • 6. The ancient civilization of Mali was located on the lower part of Western Africa, near the Niger River
  • 7. Under the powerful rule of the great Mali Empire, cities like Djenne and Timbuktu developed
  • 8. The Great Mosque of Djenne was built out of mud for weary traveler's who wished to speak with God
  • 9. During it’s peak, Mali controlled trans-Sahara trade along with Ghana and Songhai (Trans-Saharan Trade is any trade that goes through the Saharan Desert)
  • 10. The trans-Saharan trade route was Mali’s main income source, which gave the region rich trade and powerful rulers
  • 11. Mali was formed by Sundiata, it's most known leader. Mali also greatly developed under Mansa Musa, who influenced Mali’s Golden Age and many Africans to become Muslims
  • 12. Beneath is a depiction of Sundiata, while on the right is a portrait of Mansa Musa
  • 13. The rich trade allowed Mali to gain hold over the salt trade. Mali also had many professional traders, who exported gold dust and agricultural produce north to Europe
  • 14. A caravan of camels with salt on their backs
  • 15. Wherever there is trade, currency is needed. And for that they used Cowrie shells which were also used for taxation
  • 16. Mali became very important after 1235, but it’s first city (Jenne-Jeno) developed in 200 B.C.
  • 17. Mali’s decline started in the 14th century, when trans-Saharan trade became worthless, due to European sea trade
  • 18. Overall Mali was once a great empire of great wealth and filled with riches, but decline was unavoidable when European sea trade eliminated their biggest source of income