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Lesson 1


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  • 1. Unit 5: Lesson 1The lights went out.
  • 2. • We use the past simple to talk about completed past events or actions. It is often used with past time expressions like yesterday, last week, five days ago etc.For examples:1. I went to Darkhan yesterday.2. We stayed in a tent last summer.3. Last year, I traveled to Japan.
  • 3. The past simple is a tense that gets omittedin English conversation by English languagelearners. “Yesterday I go (instead of went)to the supermarket” is an example of avery common mistake. This post will explainthe rules and usage of the past tense alongwith some phrases and exercises that willhelp you remember the correct form.
  • 4. • She goes to the movies on Fridays. She went to the movies last Friday• Did she go to the movies last Friday? Yes, she did. Or Yes, she went to the movies last Friday.• Did she go to the movies last Thursday? No, she didnt. Or No, she didnt go to the movies last Thursday.• You STOLE my cell phone! No, I didnt STEAL your cell phone.
  • 5. How to Make the Simple Verbs Ending In: Examples Past Wave –> Waved e add „d‟ Live –> Livedone vowel + 1 consonant double the consonant Tap –> Tapped not y or w + „ed‟ ‟y‟ after a consonant change „y‟ to „ied‟ Cry –> Cried Call –> Called anything else add „ed Play –> Played Pour –> Poured
  • 6. Positive Negative QuestionSubject + verb (past) Subject + auxiliary (not)+ verb (inf) Auxiliary + subject + verb ?I played I did not / didn‟t play Did I play ?You washed You did not/ didn‟t wash Did you wash ?He liked He did not/ didn‟t like Did he like ?She worked She did not/ didn‟t work Did she work ?It walked It did not/didn‟t walk Did it walk ?We called We did not/didn‟t call Did we call ?They cried They did not/didn‟t cry Did they cry ?The light turned off The light did not/didn‟t turn off Did the light turn off ?
  • 7. • action in the past taking place once, never or several times Example: He visited his parents every weekend.• actions in the past taking place one after the other Example: He came in, took off his coatand sat down.• if sentences type II (If I talked, …) Example: If I had a lot of money, I would share itwith you.
  • 8. • yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday• If-Satz Typ II (If I talked, …)
  • 9. ReallyVeryQuiteAdverbs of degree tell us about the intensity or degree of anaction, an adjective or another adverb.
  • 10. Feelings (Bad) Adjectives Feelings (Good) Adjectivesangry bravebewildered calmembarrassed delightfulgrumpy gentlehelpless happymysterious jollynervous livelypanicky nicescary thankfuluptightworried
  • 11. • When the power goes off leaving you with no TV, Internet, or email you have a lot of time on your hands. Thankfully there are batteries, so my trusty computer will still work for a few hours, and I can follow my fingers into my thoughts. Looking out my window I can‟t see any lights in the neighborhood so at least I know it isn‟t just our house that‟s in the dark. In addition, there are cars running up and down the street, so I know at least it wasn‟t the dreaded EMP blast. The wind was making a strange noise but stopped, so we have come out from under the table since there‟s no indication of a tornado on the way. All these kinds of thoughts run through your mind when the lights go off. In other words, when you‟re in the dark there‟s little light.
  • 12. • First tell the real story “Light go off”• Then answer the question using adjectives with really and quiet.• After that work on exercise. click