ดเด็ก<br />5 Non-Roman Alphabets<br />A brief outline & repeating shapes<br />
JAPANESE WRITING<br />
MAP OF JAPAN<br />
  		Japanese is written in a combination of 3 scripts:<br /> <br /> Kanji<br />Hiragana<br />Katakana<br /> <br />				    ...
KANJI<br /> <br />It is said there are over 50,000 kanji.<br />2000 of them are frequently used (named Jooyoo Kanji). <br ...
There are approximately 600 pictograms:<br />Eg:  山 (mountain)  人(person )   上(up) and  下(down)<br /> <br />
HIRAGANA<br /><ul><li>Hiragana: used for native Japanese words
There are 46 basic hiragana</li></ul>Common Shapes:<br /><ul><li>Curves, ‘u’ shapes
Horizontal lines often with a curve at the end
Criss-cross ‘t’ shape
Angle connected to a curve (like a ‘3’ shape)</li></li></ul><li>KATAKANA<br /><ul><li>Katakana: used for foreign words and...
There are 46 basic katakana</li></ul>Common Shapes:<br /><ul><li>Diagonal Stoke
Horizontal top stoke
Criss-cross ‘t-shape’
Smaller horizontal stokes</li></li></ul><li>An example of a Japanese newspaper headline using all three scripts:<br /> <br...
ARABIC ALPHABET<br />
In dark green, the countries that use the Arabic as the sole official script; and in light green, the countries that assum...
Arabic – Background and Basic Info<br /><ul><li>Originated from the Phoenician and Aramaic alphabets
Used Widely after the 7th Century AD with the spread of Islam (the Islamic text the Quran was written in Arabic
Script written from right to left, cursive style (connecting to adjacent letters)
With 28 basic letters
There are many different styles of calligraphy used to write Arabic</li></ul>Coca Cola in Arabic<br />
Common Shapes:<br /><ul><li>Diamond shaped ‘dot’
Curved, rounded lines
Vertical lines
Horizontal lines</li></li></ul><li>SANSKRIT<br />
Map of India<br />
Sanskrit संस्कृतम्–<br />a brief background<br /><ul><li>An old classical language of India
Language of the Vedas, (Hindu religious texts) dating back to 1500 BC
Rich tradition of poetry, drama, science and philosophy</li></ul>The Sanskrit symbol ‘om’<br /><ul><li>It is seen as a ‘sa...
Although described as a ‘dead’ language, it is still used in Hindu rituals </li></ul>ie hymns and mantras<br /><ul><li>Sin...
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5alphabets

  1. 1. ดเด็ก<br />5 Non-Roman Alphabets<br />A brief outline & repeating shapes<br />
  2. 2. JAPANESE WRITING<br />
  3. 3. MAP OF JAPAN<br />
  4. 4.   Japanese is written in a combination of 3 scripts:<br /> <br /> Kanji<br />Hiragana<br />Katakana<br /> <br /> (also Romaji for the the roman alphabet)<br /> <br />Why are there 3 scripts?<br /><ul><li>Kanji originated from Chinese characters. (nearly 2000 years ago)</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Hiragana and Katakana were adapted later from kanji to express Japanese symbols phonetically:</li></ul> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br />
  5. 5. KANJI<br /> <br />It is said there are over 50,000 kanji.<br />2000 of them are frequently used (named Jooyoo Kanji). <br />Common shapes:<br /> <br />八 Eight Hachi王King <br />六Six Roku主Master<br />災Disaster生Birth, Life <br />火Fire正Justice<br /> <br />刀 Sword 全Whole Zen <br />力Power, Strength介Mediate, Aid<br />万10,000 Man 分Divide Bun, Fun <br />丸Circle合Fit, agree <br /> <br />
  6. 6. There are approximately 600 pictograms:<br />Eg: 山 (mountain) 人(person ) 上(up) and 下(down)<br /> <br />
  7. 7. HIRAGANA<br /><ul><li>Hiragana: used for native Japanese words
  8. 8. There are 46 basic hiragana</li></ul>Common Shapes:<br /><ul><li>Curves, ‘u’ shapes
  9. 9. Horizontal lines often with a curve at the end
  10. 10. Criss-cross ‘t’ shape
  11. 11. Angle connected to a curve (like a ‘3’ shape)</li></li></ul><li>KATAKANA<br /><ul><li>Katakana: used for foreign words and concepts, and rare words.
  12. 12. There are 46 basic katakana</li></ul>Common Shapes:<br /><ul><li>Diagonal Stoke
  13. 13. Horizontal top stoke
  14. 14. Criss-cross ‘t-shape’
  15. 15. Smaller horizontal stokes</li></li></ul><li>An example of a Japanese newspaper headline using all three scripts:<br /> <br />kanji (red), hiragana (blue), katakana (green)<br /> <br />ラドクリフ、マラソン五輪代表に1*万m*出場にも含み<br /> <br />*Notice that Romaji is also used to represent numbers and measurements (in black)<br /> <br />
  16. 16. ARABIC ALPHABET<br />
  17. 17. In dark green, the countries that use the Arabic as the sole official script; and in light green, the countries that assume the Arabic alphabet as a co-official script.<br />
  18. 18. Arabic – Background and Basic Info<br /><ul><li>Originated from the Phoenician and Aramaic alphabets
  19. 19. Used Widely after the 7th Century AD with the spread of Islam (the Islamic text the Quran was written in Arabic
  20. 20. Script written from right to left, cursive style (connecting to adjacent letters)
  21. 21. With 28 basic letters
  22. 22. There are many different styles of calligraphy used to write Arabic</li></ul>Coca Cola in Arabic<br />
  23. 23. Common Shapes:<br /><ul><li>Diamond shaped ‘dot’
  24. 24. Curved, rounded lines
  25. 25. Vertical lines
  26. 26. Horizontal lines</li></li></ul><li>SANSKRIT<br />
  27. 27. Map of India<br />
  28. 28. Sanskrit संस्कृतम्–<br />a brief background<br /><ul><li>An old classical language of India
  29. 29. Language of the Vedas, (Hindu religious texts) dating back to 1500 BC
  30. 30. Rich tradition of poetry, drama, science and philosophy</li></ul>The Sanskrit symbol ‘om’<br /><ul><li>It is seen as a ‘sacred’ and ‘divine’ language
  31. 31. Although described as a ‘dead’ language, it is still used in Hindu rituals </li></ul>ie hymns and mantras<br /><ul><li>Since the 19th Century, it has been mainly written with the Devanāgāri alphabet however it has been written with many other Indian alphabets</li></ul> (most descending from Brahmi…a descendent of Phoenician)<br />
  32. 32. Devanāgāri alphabet<br /><ul><li>Deva = deity, Nagari = city</li></ul> (‘religious & urban & sophisticated’)<br /><ul><li>Also the alphabet of Hindi
  33. 33. Written from left to right
  34. 34. Lacks distinct letter cases
  35. 35. Horizontal line runs across the top of the letters</li></ul>Common Shapes:<br /> Horizontal line with a vertical line dropping down connecting to mainly curvedbut also square shapes.<br />
  36. 36. HEBREW<br />
  37. 37. Map of Israel<br />
  38. 38. Hebrew עִבְרִית – Basic Info and Background<br /><ul><li>Earliest Hebrewdescended from a Phoenician script
  39. 39. Dates back to 11th Century BC
  40. 40. Early Hebrew script replaced by Aramaic after 586BC
  41. 41. Everyday use had ceased by 70 AD
  42. 42. Classical Hebrew continued to be used for literary and religious reasons by Jewish people around the world.
  43. 43. Mid 19th Century – began to be revived in Israel as an everyday language
  44. 44. Today, Hebrew is spoken by 5-7 million people in Israel where it is an official language (alongside Arabic) </li></li></ul><li>Hebrew:<br /><ul><li>Writes Right to Left
  45. 45. 22 consonants plus final letters & diacritics
  46. 46. There is also a cursive script used in handwriting – letters tend to be more circular</li></ul>Common Shapes:<br /><ul><li>Dominant Square shape
  47. 47. Thick straight rectangles on bottom with tilted L & R sides
  48. 48. Rectangle on top with curved L & R sides.
  49. 49. Thinner vertical lines on L & R sides of square shape</li></li></ul><li>ดเด็ก<br />THAI<br />
  50. 50. Map of Thailand (yellow)<br />
  51. 51. Thai อักษรไทย – Basic Info and Background<br /><ul><li>Derived from Khmer script ( a descendant of Brahmi)
  52. 52. According to tradition it was created in 1283 by</li></ul>King Ramkhamhaeng<br /><ul><li>Used as the everyday language in Thailand
  53. 53. Spoken by approx 65 million people
  54. 54. Also used to write Sanskrit and Pali (religious script of Thai Buddhism)</li></li></ul><li>Thai ภาษาไทย -<br />Brief Info and outline<br /><ul><li>No letter cases
  55. 55. Space is not used between words
  56. 56. 44 consonants representing 21 distinct sounds, each with an inherent vowel. There are many modifications
  57. 57. Tonal language with 5 tones (the use of pitch to distinguish meaning)</li></ul>Common Shapes:<br /><ul><li>Small circular shape in nearly every letter.
  58. 58. Many curved shapes and square shapes</li></li></ul><li>Sources:<br />Japanese Writing:<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_writing_system<br />http://www.omniglot.com/writing/japanese.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanji<br />http://www.luckyicons.com/images/kanji_love.png<br />http://windconcernsontario.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/japan_map.jpg<br />http://gumpas.com/chat/pics/katakana-chart.gif<br />http://www.japanesein20weeks.com/images/hiragana-chart.gif<br />
  59. 59. Arabic Writing:<br />http://www.radioanywhere.co.uk/displayStory.php?story=1525<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_alphabet<br />http://29letters.wordpress.com/2007/05/28/arabic-type-history/<br />http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alphabet_world_distribution.PNG<br />http://www.ey-yar.net/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/alphabet_poster.jpg<br />http://www.stanford.edu/dept/lc/arabic/alphabet/chart.html<br />http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Arabic_alphabet_world_distribution.gif<br />http://www.pbase.com/highlandrover/image/51942137<br />http://http.cdnlayer.com/smoola/00/00/83/b885d78b6476fa1b_m.jpg<br />
  60. 60. Sanskrit<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit<br />http://www.omniglot.com/writing/sanskrit.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindi<br />http://www.ancientscripts.com/devanagari.html<br />http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/Sect6/Sect6_14.html<br />http://www.tititudorancea.com/z/devanagari_sanskrit_alphabet_consonants.htm<br />http://www.yell.com/images/classifications/yoga.jpg<br />
  61. 61. Hebrew<br />http://www.omniglot.com/writing/hebrew.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebrew_language<br />http://ianaloni.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/israel-map1.jpg<br />http://www.hanefesh.com/edu/images/abc.gif<br />
  62. 62. Thai Script<br />http://www.ancientscripts.com/thai.html<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_script<br />http://1steasythaialphabet.com/<br />http://www.omniglot.com/writing/thai.htm<br />http://www.phukhao.com/download/maps/Thailand-map.gif<br />http://chakraclothing.com/worldalphabet_3_files/language%20merge%20jpg/thai%20merge_PXF.JPG<br />http://www.visualeditors.com/apple/wp-content/uploads/2007/09/thaistopsign.jpg<br />
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