Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in TrinidadCheryl Lans1*, Tisha Harper2, Karla Georges2 and Elmo Bridgewater2BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2001, 1:10 doi:10.1186/1472-6882-1-10The electronic version of this article can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6882/1/10 Barleria lupulina Lindl. , Pithocellobium Aristolochia rugosa Lam. unguis-catiPlants used for snakebitesIf dogs are bitten by snakes, the injury is usually on the nostrils, forehead or front shoulder.For snakebites of hunters and their dogs a piece of the woody flexible vine called monkeyladder (Bauhinia cumanensis orBauhinia excisa, Fabaceae) is pounded and put on the bite. Itis claimed that this stops the flesh around the bitten area from dropping off. Alternatively atincture is made with a piece of the vine and kept in a snake bottle. Tinctures are also madewith single or multiple ingredients and plant parts. A typical tincture would contain one ormore of the following plants: mat root (Aristolochia rugosa), cats claw (Pithocellobium unguis-cati), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), snake bush (Barleria lupulina), obie seed (Cola nitida), andwild gri gri root (Acrocomia ierensis, tentative ID). Some snake bottles also contain the caterpillars(Battus polydamus, Papilionidae) that eat tref leaves (Aristolochia trilobata). The leaf juice ofEclipta prostrata is used for scorpion stings. Emergency snake medicines are obtained by chewing athree-inch piece of the root of bois canôt (Cecropia peltata) taken from the east part of the tree andadministering this chewed-root solution to the dog. Alternatively four or five berries of mardi gras(Renealmia alpinia), are crushed with the juice of wild cane (Costus scaber) and the dog is giventwo spoonfuls of the resulting solution. All the respondents claimed that their snake medicines wereeffective against bites/stings of mapepire. One respondent who used mardi gras (Renealmia alpinia)for his dog claimed that the dogs throat became swollen after the snake bite. After he gave the dogthe medicine it stood up and it was completely recovered hours later.
Aristolochia trilobata, Eclipta prostrata, Acrocomia ierensis, wild hog/quenk (Tayassu tajacu)The bravery dogs need to hunt quenk has been documented . Of anoriginal pack of nine native curs trained in quenk and lappe hunting,two received deep flesh wounds inflicted by the tusks of two quenks dur-ing a hunt. Four others were bitten by a Lachesis muta muta that one dogpulled out of a hollow tree . Two of the bitten dogs ran off beforethey could be treated and died within fifteen minutes. The two otherdogs bitten by his snakeship (7 ft, 10 ins) on the neck and paw wereheld and treated with the local folk medicine of roots, barks and seeds ina tincture with rum . These two were carried home and recovered inthree days.27. Carr AB: A quank "hunt". Club Papers. Journal of the Trinidad Field Naturalist Club 1893, 1:269-277. Lachesis muta muta