Eight essays from Rachel Carson to Agroforestry Cheryl Lans
Rachel Carson’s book had an impact in the Caribbean. For example the (March 1976) Surveillance Report of the Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC) (affiliated to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the World Health Organization (WHO)) described how chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides revolutionized the control of insects of public health and agricul- tural importance in the 1940s. This first paragraph then continues by stating how these chemicals, including DDT remain in the environment and accumu- late in the food chains of various species and how Silent Spring the well- known book of Rachel Carson focused public attention on the danger posed by these chemicals.Rachel Carson paved a path of limited advocacy for other scientists
Science is politics by other means when it comes to witchcraftThis essay focusses on the commoditisation of womens medical knowledge which some feminists saybegan in the sixteenth century with the great European witch burning. The burning was apparently oneof the mechanisms to control and subordinate women, the peasants and the artisans, who in their eco-nomic and sexual independence constituted a threat for the emerging bourgeois order, (Mies, 1986:81),some academic women were also burned. They suggest that christianity, capitalism and science are allchildren of patriarchy and that all existing knowledge and its commercialisation has to be seen in a patri-archal light. What they say goes against all common wisdom, but also makes you question why somewisdom is more common than others, and why some [female] scholars are so little known that feministresearchers can claim that they have been erased from HIStory.
Ants, academic politics andintegrityPeople typically cannot choose a moral orethical stance outside of the normative con-straints of society at large but have to staywithin the norms of the community. Unless ofcourse they are using praxis research toguide society to a path that they consider tobe more sustainable, ethical and moral whichcan be proved to benefit the whole. Integrityin this scenario is individual behavior that im-proves the lives of everyone in society (soundcitizenship).
Co-operatives as an alternative model of social organizationIn this essay I argue that co-operatives offer an alter-native model of social organization in the form of thesocial economy. People and organizations turn to thesocial economy to overcome some of the core problemswithin contemporary capitalism such as global genderand gage inequality and unemployment. There are ex-amples in Europe in which co-operatives have alteredentire regions from rundown to dynamic. Writers havereferred to these regional successes using terms suchas transformative and utopian.
In this essay I illustrate how the consoli-dation of the media has had a negative On how the media influence Canadi-influence on Canadian democracy. I de- an democracyfine democracy as the ability of all, eventhe little guy, to have her viewpoint rep-resented in the national media and tohave the government look after her inter-ests, and not only the interests of themultinational companies. I am not call-ing for “advocacy journalism” (a rightwingers epithet for a progressive view-point); nor do I want to call for “fair andbalanced” reporting now that Fox Newshas hijacked that famous phrase. Per-haps “equal opportunity, equal access” isthe best motto for a newspaper that aimsto promote democracy.
Methods in EVM - North America and theNetherlandsDr. Cheryl Lans and Drs A.G.M. (Tedje) van Asseldonk*Research in Veterinary Anthropology in Europe and North America isbest conducted using a participatory data collection and dissemina-tion method. This method bridges the gap between scientists andknowledge holders (farmers), and it also generates a large amountof usable data. The method is ethically-sound and gender-friendlyand it allows the participants (farmers, herbalists, alternative practi-tioners) to improve themselves economically and socially throughmutual self-help. It is a collaborative venture in that participants canpool resources, abilities and information thus multiplying the likeli-hood that they can obtain useful solutions and it minimizes the riskof failure.
The moral case for animal welfare forsnakes and alligatorsIn the 1990a the struggle over the proper use of the Nariva Swamp – as apark or for rice production was framed in terms of co-management. At thattime conservation and preservation approaches were being challenged aca-demically and were even criticized by Hanna Siurua in 2006 as “fortressconservation.”The core of the issue is that large and potentially dangerous species suchas snakes and caimans which depend on the Nariva Swamp cannot be co-managed. Specific animals and their treatment in terms of welfare and eth-ics are also discussed: these are Happy Feet the Emperor penguin, Elvisand Eric, two Australian crocodiles and several nameless snakes.
Eco-alternatives to slash and burn agriculture for T&TSustainable agriculture is the best alternative for Trinidad and Tobago which has the problemsof increasing soil erosion and degradation, and shortages of livestock fodder. Historically landwas given out for farming without any consideration of their suitability for the purpose this hasled to soil loss and flooding causing property damage. Hillside farmers could be encouraged todevelop mixed farming systems including livestock production which would facilitate the incor-poration of grasses and fodder trees for livestock feed. Labor intensive traditional agriculturewith its emphasis on multiple cropping, multiple storeys and multiple uses are more ecologicallysound in the humid tropics than conventional agriculture.
Eight essays from Rachel Carson to Agroforestry [PAPERBACK]Dr Cheryl Lans (Author)http://www.amazon.com/Eight-essays-Rachel-Carson-Agroforestry/ Eight essays from Rachel Carson to Agroforestry by Dr Cheryl Lans Permalink: http://amzn.com/0988085240