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Ethnoveterinary medicines used for pets in bc

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  • 1. Ethnoveterinary Medicines Used for Pets in BC • Ethnoveterinary medicines used for pets in British Columbia by Dr. Cheryl Lans Permalink: http://amzn.com/097834 6890 • Book on Kindle - Ethnoveterinary medicines used for pets in British Columbia by Cheryl Lans • Permalink: http://amzn.com/B007W O8GHG
  • 2. Introduction• Research conducted in 2003/2004 documented and validated (in a non- experimental way) ethnoveterinary medicines used in British Columbia (B.C.), Canada.• Interviews were conducted with 60 participants who were organic farmers or holistic medicinal/veterinary practitioners. BC shipping map
  • 3. Related slideshare presentations• http://www.slideshare.net/Triyl/sept-19-11079783Herbal medicine used for animals in BC
  • 4. Time Wed Oct 1 Thurs Oct 2 Fri Oct 3 Sat Oct 4 Sun Oct 5 8-12 Poultry Sheep, Goats, Cows Horses Pets Synthesis 1-5 Horses Sheep, Goats, Cows Pets BCVMA (2.30-5.30)Workshop scheduleLunch and snacks will be provided. Please indicate if accommodation is needed (see contact infobelow) Event locations at the University of Victoria:Wednesday Oct 1, 2003, CIT 128 8:00am- 5:00pm (CIT= Centre for Innovative Teaching)Thursday Oct 2, 2003, Sedgewick B125 8:00am- 5:00pmFriday Oct 3, 2003, CIT 128 8:00am- 5:00pmSat Oct 4, 2003, 8:00am- 5:00pm Clearihue A201, 2:30pm- 5:30pm Clearihue A206 (BCVMA event)Sun Oct 5, 2003, 8:00am- 5:00pm Clearihue A201 Herbal Medicine workshop
  • 5. Chapter 1• MEDICINAL PLANTS USED FOR INJURIES AND ARTHRITIS IN PETS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADAAbstract• This chapter deals with the medicinal plants used to treat injuries and arthritis in pets in British Columbia, Canada. The injuries treated include abscesses, sprains and abrasions. Treatment of dogs with rheumatoid arthritis, joint pain and articular cartilage injuries with plant-based remedies are also reported.• Anal gland problems are treated with Allium sativum L. (Liliaceae), Aloe vera L. (Liliaceae), Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae), Plantago major L. (Plantaginaceae), Ulmus fulva Michx. (Ulmaceae), Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae) and the lichen Usnea longissima Ach. (Parmeliaceae). Antioxidants in Ethnovet Workshop plants, such as diarctigenin from Arctium lappa, used participants at UVic in our research for rheumatoid arthritis and joint pain in pet are said to be of use in treating pathological conditions such as inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis that are linked to excess production of reactive oxygen species.
  • 6. Chapter 1 plants• MEDICINAL PLANTS USED FOR INJURIES AND ARTHRITIS IN PETS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA• Anal gland problems are treated with 738px-Arctium_lappa02.jpg Allium sativum L. (Liliaceae), Aloe vera L. (Liliaceae), Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae), Plantago major L. (Plantaginaceae), Ulmus fulva Michx. (Ulmaceae), Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae) and the lichen Usnea longissima Ach. (Parmeliaceae). Antioxidants in plants, such as diarctigenin from Arctium lappa, used in our research for rheumatoid arthritis and joint pain in pet are said to be of use in treating pathological conditions such as inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis that are linked to excess production of reactive oxygen species. Usnea longissima.jpg
  • 7. Chapter 2• ETHNOVETERINARY REMEDIES USED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA FOR MEGACOLON, URINARY, GASTROINTESTINAL, ENDOC RINOPATHIES AND HEPATIC DISEASES AND OTHER PROBLEMS IN DOGS AND CATS• Abstract• This chapter presents the plants reported to be used for gastrointestinal, urinary and other problems in dogs and cats. The plants used included ginger (Zingiber officinale), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), oregano (Origanum majorana), turmeric (Curcuma longa), gentian (Gentiana lutea), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) and peppermint (Mentha piperita). Cushings/hyperadrenocorticism is treated with ginkgo leaf (Ginkgo biloba). Parsley piert (Alchemilla arvensis), Hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens) and nettles (Urtica dioica) are used as kidney tonics. http://ring.uvic.ca/97oct17/Nancy%20_Turner.html Ethnobotanist Dr. Nancy Turner (Environmental Studies) edited this book/
  • 8. Chapter 3• MEDICINAL PLANTS USED FOR SKIN PROBLEMS AND ALLERGIES IN PETS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA• Abstract• The plants used for skin problems are: Aesculus hippocastanum, Aloe vera, Arctium lappa, Taraxacum officinale, Echinacea purpurea, Calendula officinalis, Cupressus sempervirens, Equisetum palustre, Galium aparine, Hydrastis canadensis, Hypericum perforatum, Plantago major, Thymus vulgaris, Rosmarinus officinalis, Rumex crispus, Stellaria media, Symphytum officinalis, Thuja occidentalis, Trigonella foenum- graecum and Urtica dioica. Inhalant atopic dermatitis was treated with Mahonia aquifolium, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Silybum marianum, Arctium lappa and Urtica dioica. Arctium lappa, Urtica dioica and Verbascum thapsus are used for allergies. The development of holistic antiseptics and antimicrobial agents for the treatment of skin infections is increasingly important to deal with antibiotic- This manual was given to all resistant bacteria. of the research participants
  • 9. Chapter 3 –plantsused for skin problems• An extract of horse chestnuts (Aesculus hippocastanum) can generate contraction forces in fibroblasts. The extract from the seeds of Aesculus hippocastanum protects blood vessels, is anti-inflammatory, and has astringent properties causing it to constrict blood vessels. It contains a group of triterpene glycosides (saponins), termed escin (or aescin), which inhibit both elastase and hyaluronidase, and may protect the vessels from degradation by these enzymes. Beta-escin may have anti- inflammatory, anti-hyaluronidase, and anti-histamine properties.• Fujimura et al., 2006; Patiolla et al., 2006 Aesculus hippocastanum, Horse-chestnut tree
  • 10. Chapter 4• ETHNOVETERINARY REMEDIES USED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA TO TREAT CANCER IN PETS• Abstract• Ethnoveterinary data for British Columbia was collected over a six-month period in 2003. This chapter presents the medicinal plants used for cancer in dogs and cats. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 60 participants obtained using a purposive sample.• There are two case studies in the chapter. Dog A was given Phytolacca decandra, Ganoderma lucidum, Lentinula edodes, Rumex acetosella leaf, Arctium lappa root, Ulmus fulva bark and Rheum palmatum root. This dog was also given six herbs for lymphatic drainage. Dog B was given Frangula purshiana bark, Zingiber officinale root, Glycyrrhiza glabra root, Ulmus fulva bark, Althaea officinalis root, Rheum palmatum stem, Rumex crispus root and Plantago psyllium seeds. Trifolium pratense is used for tumours in the prostate. The following plants are also used to treat cancer: Artemisia annua, Taraxacum officinale and Rumex crispus. These treatments were said to prolong the lives of the dogs treated. Ganoderma_lucidum_01.jpg
  • 11. Cancer in pets• Dog A was given Phytolacca decandra, Ganoderma lucidum, Lentinula edodes, Rumex acetosella leaf, Arctium lappa root, Ulmus fulva bark and Rheum palmatum root. This dog was also given six herbs for lymphatic drainage.Phytolacca decandra• Pokeweed antiviral protein, a ribosome- inactivating protein from Phytolacca 450px-Shiitakegrowing.jpg americana, has antiviral activity. It has potent cytotoxic activity once it enters the cytoplasm of a cell but it is incapable of entering cells by itself.• DCruz, O.J., Waurzyniak, B., Uckun, F.M. 2004. Mucosal toxicity studies of a gel formulation of native pokeweed antiviral protein. Toxicologic Pathology 32, 212-21.• Yang, W.H., Wieczorck, M., Allen, M.C., Nett, T. M. 2003. Cytotoxic activity of gonadotropin- releasing hormone (GnRH)-pokeweed antiviral Phytolacca decandra. protein conjugates in cell lines expressing GnRH receptors. Endocrinology. 144, 1456-63.
  • 12. Chapter 5• ETHNOVETERINARY REMEDIES USED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA CANADA FOR ANXIETY, RESPIRATORY AND CARDIAC PROBLEMS IN DOGS AND CATS• Abstract• In 2003 we conducted semi-structured interviews with 60 participants involved in animal health care obtained using a purposive sample. We found that medicinal plants are used to treat a range of conditions in animals. This chapter presents the medicinal plants used to treat anxiety, respiratory and cardiac problems in British Columbia. The following plants were used for asthma: borage (Borago officinalis L., Boraginaceae), pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L., Cucurbitaceae), flaxseed oil (Linum usitatissimum L., Linaceae), lobelia (Lobelia inflata L., Lobeliaceae), mullein (Verbascum thapsus L., Scrophulariaceae), and ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Zingiberaceae). Heart problems were treated with balm of Gilead (Cedronella canariensis (L.) Willd. ex Webb & Berth, Labiatae), hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha L., Rosaceae), lady slipper (Cypripedium calceolus L., Orchidaceae), horsetail (Equisetum palustre L., Equisetaceae), hops (Humulus lupulus L., Cannabinaceae), lobelia (Lobelia inflata L., Campanulaceae), pine (Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex Lawson, Pinaceae), wood betony (Stachys officinalis (L.) Trev., Lamiaceae), valerian (Valeriana officinalis L., Valerianaceae), and mistletoe (Viscum album L., Loranthaceae). Twenty species of plants were used for motion sickness, anxiety and epilepsy in pets including Valeriana officinalis, skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora l., Lamiaceae) and passion flower (Passiflora incarnata L. (Passifloraceae). Oatstraw (Avena sativa L., Poaceae), wild lettuce Lactuca muralis (L.) Fresen., Asteraceae), summer savoury (Satureja Artist Dr. Fang Zhang hortensis L., Lamiaceae) and lady slipper Cypripedium calceolus L., Orchidaceae) were the only plants with no known clinical studies to support the ethnoveterinary uses.
  • 13. ETHNOVETERINARY REMEDIES USED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR ANXIETY, RESPIRATORY AND CARDIAC PROBLEMS IN DOGS AND CATS• A purchased product called Bach Flower Rescue Remedy was used by several respondents for anxiety in pets. Dogs were given 1 - 4 drops, diluted in 50 ml drinking water or drops are given directly in the animal’s mouth. Rescue Remedy was also given one hour before or after meals. Cats were given 1 to 4 drops applied to the paw or the back of the neck or the remedy is diluted in 50 ml water before being applied. Anxious show animals were given 1 drop Rescue Remedy on the tongue 20 minutes before going into the show ring. Anxious pets were also given 1 to 2 drops per 18 – 23 kg (40 to 50 lb) patient bodyweight of any of the following purchased tinctures on the tongue: valerian (Valeriana officinalis), skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora), hops (Humulus lupulus) and passion flower (Passiflora incarnata). 220px- Cypripedium_calceolu s_wiki_mg-k01.jpg
  • 14. Chapter 6• ETHNOVETERINARY REMEDIES USED IN BRITISH COLUMBIA CANADA FOR PETS WITH VIRAL AND BACTERIAL ILLNESSES• Abstract• The use of medicinal plants for specific viral and bacterial diseases in pets in British Columbia is addressed in this chapter.• The following plants are used instead of an antibiotic:(L.) Spreng, Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa, Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.), Hydrastis canadensis L., Ulmus fulva Michx. and Usnea longissima Ach. The following plants are used for infectious tracheobronchitis: Allium sativum L., Althaea officinalis L., Berberis aquifolium Pursh./ Mahonia aquifolium, Tussilago farfara L. and Verbascum thapsus L.,Calendula officinalis L.,Plantago major L., Stellaria media (L.) Cyrill., and Trifolium pratense . An unidentifed virus was treated with Crataegus oxycantha (Rosaceae) and Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (Asteraceae). Campylobacter jejuni (dog show crud) is treated with Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench, Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt and Hydrastis canadensis L. Parvovirus was treated with Hydrastis canadensis L, Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.), Mentha piperita L., Origanum vulgare L., "Lillooet Indians drying berries," 1954. Symphytum officinale L., Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz- Photo: British Columbia Archives Bip. and Ulmus fulva Michx.• The majority of the plants had antiviral and bacteriocidal activity against common pathogens, immunostimulation ability, antioxidant activity, and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • 15. ETHNOVETERINARY REMEDIES FOR PETS WITH VIRAL AND BACTERIAL ILLNESSES• Unknown infections in pets were treated with a commercial extract of goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) and black cohosh (Actaea racemosa) (3 mg/lb). A homemade extract of black cohosh dried root was also used (10 – 25 mg/lb three times a day). Another treatment consisted of 2 tbsp each of powdered Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus) and slippery elm bark (Ulmus fulva) with enough water to make a liquid that was given to the dog (40 to 45 lbs bodyweight) orally with a syringe. Hydrastis_canadensis_- _Köhler–s_Medizinal- Pflanzen-209.jpg
  • 16. Some Related PublicationsMedicinal plants used in British Columbia, Canada for reproductive health in pets.Lans C, Turner N, Brauer G, Khan T. Prev Vet Med. 2009 Aug 1;90(3-4):268-73.Medicinal plant treatments for fleas and ear problems of cats and dogs in BritishColumbia, Canada. Lans C, Turner N, Khan T. Parasitol Res. 2008 Sep;103(4):889-98.Ethnoveterinary medicines used to treat endoparasites and stomach problems inpigs and pets in British Columbia, Canada. Lans C, Turner N, Khan T, Brauer G. VetParasitol. 2007 Sep 30;148(3-4):325-40.Ethnoveterinary medicines used for ruminants in British Columbia, Canada.Lans C, Turner N, Khan T, Brauer G, Boepple W. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2007 Feb26;3:11.Ethnoveterinary medicines used for horses in Trinidad and in BritishColumbia, Canada.Lans C, Turner N, Brauer G, Lourenco G, Georges K. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2006Aug 7;2:31.
  • 17. Ethnoveterinary medicines used for pets inBritish Columbia by Dr. Cheryl Alison LansPermalink: http://amzn.com/0978346890 List Price: $7.89 • Ethnoveterinary medicines used for pets in British Columbia • Authored by Dr. Cheryl Alison Lans Ethnoveterinary medicine used for dogs, cats and a raccoon in British Columbia, Canada Publication Date: Apr 17 2012 ISBN/EAN13: 0978346890 / 9780978346898 Page Count: 232 Binding Type: US Trade Paper Trim Size: 8.5" x 11" Language: English Color: Black and White Related Categories: Medical / Holistic Medicine http://www.amazon.com/Ethnoveterinary-medicines- British-Columbia-ebook/dp/B007WO8GHG [Kindle Edition]

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