Basketry exemplifies the creative use of materials for the environment and implies extensive knowledge of different materials and their natural properties. Methods include: bamboo method, large leaves method.
Basketry has a communal meaning and function: mediate between humans and nature.
The local fabric that caught the attention of the Spaniards was the nipis, which is woven from stalks of the abaca plant. They were colorfully dyed, striped or embroidered in white, and made into different items of clothing for both men and women, including the Barong Tagalog. It was introduced into the international market in the late 19 th century. The different techniques of making/embroidering the nipis were passed down from generation to generation.
The religious practices the Spaniards introduced to the Filipinos also gave rise to new weaving practices: palaspas —long stalks of coconut or buri palm with their fronds plaited into decorative patterns and embellished with crepe-paper flowers.