Final overview (class 13)
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Final overview (class 13)

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History of digitization in Dutch museums course, last class overview.

History of digitization in Dutch museums course, last class overview.

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Final overview (class 13) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Capita Selecta2012-2013 History of Dutch museum digitization 13- Overview 40 years of digitization Universiteit van Amsterdam Opleiding Culturele Informatiewetenschap © Trilce Navarrete Hernandez
  • 2. Today  •  About  DEconf12   (h4p://www.youtube.com/user/CATCHPlusNL)  •  Final  paper   •  Goals  /  expectaIons  •  Overview   •  (themaIc)  Imeline   •  Some  concluding  thoughts   Image: “Faces of the Rijksmuseum” CS  2012-­‐2013   http://weblab.ab-c.nl/rijksmuseum
  • 3. Goals  •  Know  the  most  important  elements  in  the  digiIzaIon  of   Dutch  museums.   –  Discover  your  history  !  To  be&er  understand  the  present.  •  Know  the  digiIzaIon  process.   –  With  a  focus  on  policy,  finances,  technology,  organizaIonal  change  and   the  user  of  heritage  content.  To  understand  complex  projects.  •  IdenIfy  the  differences  between  Dutch  and  internaIonal   museums.   –  To  compare  interna7onally,  with  other  7mes  and  across  sectors.  •  Apply  CIW  theories.   –  Use  your  CIW  knowledge.  To  strengthen  your  CIW  excellence.  •  Think  strategically  during  criIcal  analysis  of  digiIzaIon   processes.   CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 4. •  Individual  wri4en  analysis  (x4)   Tasks   •  You  chose  a  theme:  policy,  finances,  technology,  organizaIonal   change,  the  user.   ✔ •  You  map  the  history  on  the  one  theme.   Almost: make timeline? •  Group  acIvity   •  Linked  to  final  research  project.   Almost: write intro together✔ •  Literature  review  (x8)   May need to review for final paper •  You  read  and  analyze  the  texts  (summary,  core  ideas,  place  in  history).   •  You  link  it  to  the  present  (e.g.  sIll  valid?)   •  Final  research  project   •  You  chose  a  theme  to  analyze.   ✔ •  You  set  in  history  (based  on  x4  individual  wri4en  documents).   •  You  set  in  CIW  theory.   Review ICI (e.g. market of information JMO) •  You  organize  the  data,  you  idenIfy  the  characterisIcs,  and  you  reflect   on  the  process  =  what  does  it  all  mean?  Write final report (2 weeks) CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 5. Ideas  /  tools  ?  CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 6. Ideas  /  tools  ?  CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 7. Tell  your  story  based  on  all  the  pieces  from  class,  from  the  literature,  from  your  own  sources  …  Support  them  with  CIW  theory.  What  do  you  see?  What  quesIons  emerge?   CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 8. Sodware   development   Policy  towards   selecIon  of  objects  Concept  of   First  Ime  a  new  collecIon   technology  was  used   Grant  and  subsidy   allocaIon   Public  involvement   in  digiIzaIon   Use  of  resources  to   register  collecIons   Policy  towards  use   of  standards   Use  of  the  (pre)web   to  access  content   InternaIonal   Type  of  informaIon   influence/inspiraIon   being  documented   CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 9. Overview  Once  upon  a  Ime…  Museums  began  experimen(ng  with  the  use  of  computers,  there  was  an   interest  in  a  tool  to  support  administra(on  and  increase  data  exchange.   The  government  saw  potenIal  and  supported  adopIon  (naIonal/EC   level).  Netherlands  was  inspired  by  work  abroad.  •  1950s  ‘white  book’  for  collecIons  administraIon  •  1968  Computers  and  their  PotenIal  ApplicaIon  conference  (MET  +  IBM)  •  1969  subsidy  to  document  Salt  Water  Finishing  (literature,  then  objects)  •  1970s  Chenhall  Nomenclature    •  1978  remote  search  conducted  on  ship  models  (data  in  KIM)  •  1987  Basic  RegistraIon  Card  launched  •  1989  EC  European  Museum  Network  (for  data  exchange)  •  1994  NaIonal  AcIon  Program  ECS  2012-­‐2013   Superhighway   lectronic   This story can be told from many different perspectives…
  • 10. Overview  SupporIng  groups  formed:  MARDOC  had  an  unprecedented  leading  role.  This  was  to  an  extent  taken   over  by  SIMIN  and  then  by  DEN.  Smaller  groups  can  be  themaIc  (SVCN,   OKBN)  or  geographic.  All  groups  have  conducted  surveys  and  made   inventories  of  the  state  of  affairs,  have  advised  on  best  pracIce  and  have   taken  a  guiding  role.  These  groups  have  coordinated  answers  to  ‘why   digiIze?’  and  ‘how  to  go  about  it?’  (what  informaIon?  In  what  form?).   They  have  also  advocated  for  museum  needs.  •  1973  VISDOC  formed  •  1976  MARDOC  formed  (1987  absorbed  by  RKD)  •  1977  SIMIN  formed  (InformaIon  Retrieval  SecIon  from  NMV)  •  1982  OKBN  formed  (7  libraries)  •  1990  SVCN  FoundaIon  formed   CS  2012-­‐2013  •  1999  DEN  formed  
  • 11. Overview  InformaIon  became  of  value:  Access  to  collecIon  (informaIon),  now  and  in  the  future,  has  been  the  central   purpose  to  digiIze.  InformaIon  can  be  found  in  many  forms  (not  only  in   museum  objects).  Eventually,  informaIon  about  the  objects,  ‘the  story’,  is   being  valued  as  key  asset.  AutomaIon/digiIzaIon  and  informaIon   management  have  developed  into  a  specializaIon.    •  1990  Museum  Boerhave  adverIsed  a  ‘registrar’  posiIon  •  1990s  organizaIons  (e.g.  Rijks)  separated  CollecIon  InformaIon  from  IT  •  2000  TM  ‘every  object  has  a  story’,  ‘knowledge  is  in  people’s  heads’  •  2007  Images  of  the  Future  was  to  sell  content  •  2010  AM  ‘the  stories  about  Amsterdam  and  residents’  is  core  collecIon,   objects  help  illustrate  •  1013  Rijksmuseum  explores  niche-­‐sourcing  (focused  crowd  to  conIrbute)   CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 12. Overview  DigiIzaIon  supports  the  economy:  ProducIon  and  distribuIon  of  digital  heritage  content  has  increasingly   resulted  from  the  collaboraIon  of  memory  insItuIons  (LAMs),  knowledge   centers  (universiIes),  private  businesses  (creaIve  industries)  and  the  user   (generally  underesImated).  Areas  of  experIse  include  heritage,  IT,  the   market  and  the  user.  Interdisciplinary,  cross  sector  collabora(ons  are  core   to  innovaIve  market  soluIons.  •  1990  ICES-­‐KIS  R&D  >  2000  ICES-­‐KIS  for  culture  •  1999  Digital  Delta  R&D  for  heritage  (managed  by  DEN)  •  2004  CATCH  >  2009  CATCH  Plus  (valoriza7on)  •  2011  EC  recommendaIons:  foster  public-­‐private  partnerships  •  2012  COMMIT   CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 13. Overview  But,  li4le  is  known  of  digiIzaIon  costs:  A  number  of  models  have  been  devised  to  es(mate  costs.  InsItuIons  sIll   generally  lack  a  structural  digiIzaIon  budget.  The  lack  of  oversight  hinders   long  term  planning  and  preservaIon  (of  past  investments).  Financing  with   private  moneys  further  raises  issues  of  responsibili(es  towards  the   informaIon.  New  innovaIve  forms  of  (open)  private  support  could  be   beneficial.  Meten  is  weten  ?  •  1987  SIMIN  (R=(T*S)+M+F)  •  1990  Delta  Plan  for  the  PreservaIon  of  Cultural  Heritage  (T*#  objects)  •  1995  MusIP  (T*available  informaIon  +  #  collecIons)  •  2008  NUMERIC  (The  Digital  Facts)  (FTEs)  (archive  cost  model)  •  2012  ENUMERATE  (FTEs)  •  2012  digiIzaIon  is  generally  financed  internally   CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 14. We now can ‘proof’ what we already knew…Concluding  thoughts   Overview  AdopIon  of  computers  fundamentally  changed  work  in  museums.  Changes   can  be  mapped  in  organizaIonal  change,  in  policy  development,  in   resource  allocaIon,  in  choice  of  technology,  in  relaIon  to  the  public,   demand  expectaIons  and  in  the  concept  of  a  (virtual)  museum  and  its   (digital)  collecIon.  AdopIng  computers  has  required  adapta(on  to  a  new  way  of  thinking.  New   skills,  new  work  forms,  new  standards  and  new  possibiliIes  all  come   together.  Key  is  valua(on  of  informa(on  from  mulIple  sources  (e.g.   objects,  stories,  library).  DigiIzaIon  is  a  con(nuous  process.  The  knowledge  infrastructure  is  slowly  being  built/funded.  Transparency  and   professionalism  have  increased  to  benefit  understanding  of  informaIon   management.  DocumentaIon  and  infrastructural  work  generally  lacks  the   reputaIon  publicaIon/exhibiIons  have.  The  Internet,  however,  can  only   show  what  has  been  done.  UlImately,  digiIzaIon  is  a  tool  to  facilitate  knowledge  transfer.  As  such,   issues  of  IPR,  mass  digiIzaIon,  use  of  (open)  standards,  market  value,   CS  2012-­‐2013   financing,  sustainability,  and  selecIon  must  be  dealt  with  accordingly.      
  • 15. Overview  QuesIons:    There  are  810  museums  and  ca.  16  million  in  habitants  in  the  Netherlands.   What  is  the  raIo  of  museum  (virtual)  visits?  What  does  that  mean?  If  digiIzed/digital  heritage  is  also  property  of  the  government,  will  user   generated  content  also  be  regarded  as  such?  Is  informaIon  inherently   public?  We  are  all  waiIng  for  the  next  thing  (e.g.  digital  humaniIes),  what  are  the   challenges  ahead?    How    would  you  tell  the  story  of  digiIzaIon  in  Dutch  museums?     CS  2012-­‐2013  
  • 16. Next  Ime  •  Wed  12  Dec:  last  class  with  presentaIons:   think  of  bringing  a  guest.  •  NB  Wed  6  Feb  CIW-­‐AW  meeIng  (15:00hrs)   CS  2012-­‐2013