BANGKOK SYNERGY    Tridti Patarakiatsan      01 November 2011     Complexity studio  Graduation Lab Urbanism           TU ...
[Krung-Thep]BKKsBangkok SynergyA model to preserve urbanheritages,integrated withrapid mass transit system
BKKs 00CONTENTIntroduction                  Bangkok was ...               Bangkok is ...                 Bangkok will ...B...
Bangkok’s profile
BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE           BKKs 01WITH THE WORLD                                                                        ...
BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE    BKKs 01WITH THE SATELLITE                                              40 km                        ...
BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE   BKKs 01WITH THAILAND                                                                                 ...
N                                                       N                                                   N             ...
BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE   BKKs 01WITH LONDONHead                                     London, England                   BANGKOK,...
BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE   BKKs 01WITH ITS PORTRAITSBangkok’s icons  1. Siam paragon                  1       2       3  2. Khao...
BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE                  BKKs 01WITH THE REALITY Area                         7,761.50 sq.km.   Concentration o...
BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE     BKKs 01WITH BUILT-UP AREASHead                                                                     ...
How did Bangkoklook in the past?
WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST?   BKKs 021782-1852Estrablishment of orginal Bangkok                                    ...
WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST?   BKKs 021853-18851st modernization wave                                      Infrastru...
WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST?   BKKs 021886-1934City expansion with transportation structures                        ...
WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST?   BKKs 021935-1959Road network development                                      Infrast...
WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST?   BKKs 021960-1990Urban development and landuse change                                 ...
WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST?                 BKKs 02URBAN GROWTH           A Establishment of Original          B 1s...
WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST?             BKKs 02P L A N N I N SYSTEMPLANNING GPATTERN                               ...
100%                                                                                                                      ...
Population                              (200000 ppl)                              Built-up area                           ...
request from Westerns                1889 - Ratchadamnoen rd.       Transpor  Intrastructur                               ...
What is theconsequencesfrom the past?
WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST?                 BKKs 03THE CONSEQUENCES                                           ...
WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST?   BKKs 03PAST ASSEMBLED PRESENT            1782 Venice of the east:               ...
WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST?   BKKs 03THE CHALLENGEUrban development interrelates to infrastructure development...
WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST?   BKKs 03THE CHALLENGEUrban development interrelates to infrastructure development...
WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST?   BKKs 03THE CHALLENGEUrban development interrelates to infrastructure development...
WHAT DOES THE PAST EFFECT THE PRESENT?   BKKs 03CONDITIONS OF MTSPlanned                 Weakness                 - Not in...
WHAT DOES THE PAST EFFECT THE PRESENT?      ?                                                                             ...
WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST?   BKKs 03THE DUAL CITY [                ]Plan - unplanFormal - informal economic a...
What wouldBangkok be in2030?
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04CONFRONTATIONSource : BMA mass transit master plan(2010)
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04CONFRONTATIONSource : BMA mass transit master plan(2010)
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04THE PROBABLE SCENARIO           Secession          Confliction         Displacement...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?                          BKKs 04REPETITIOUS EXPERIENCESSecesstion                 Weakness  ...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?                    BKKs 04REPETITIOUS EXPERIENCESConfliction                  Weakness      ...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?     BKKs 04     REPETITIOUS EXPERIENCES     Replacement                      Weakness       ...
Source : www.flickr.com
Secession                           Secession          Confliction                                               Conflicti...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04THE DESIRABLE SCENARIO            Secession                   Confliction          ...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04RESEARCH QUESTIONHow to avoid the de-struction of historicareas when the masstransi...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?     BKKs 04ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS                        How to avoid the destruction of histo...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?     BKKs 04ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS                        How to avoid the destruction of histo...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?     BKKs 04ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS                        How to avoid the destruction of histo...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?          BKKs 04RELEVANT THEORIES                                         Process    The dua...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?          BKKs 04RELEVANT THEORIES                                         Process    The dua...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?          BKKs 04RELEVANT THEORIES                                         Process    The dua...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04PROJECT POSITIONING                          Land use                         manag...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04PROJECT POSITIONING                          Land use                         manag...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04POSSIBLE INTERVENTION       Management                      Spatial Components     ...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04          SYNERGY[                                     ] MEANS...             Inter...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?   BKKs 04BANGKOK IN 2030                                                                    ...
WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030?        BKKs 04WHAT IS NEXT?                                                       P1        ...
Thank youSource : www.flickr.com
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

111028 p1 tridti_resized.

653 views
584 views

Published on

Published in: Travel
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
653
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
287
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

111028 p1 tridti_resized.

  1. 1. BANGKOK SYNERGY Tridti Patarakiatsan 01 November 2011 Complexity studio Graduation Lab Urbanism TU Delft
  2. 2. [Krung-Thep]BKKsBangkok SynergyA model to preserve urbanheritages,integrated withrapid mass transit system
  3. 3. BKKs 00CONTENTIntroduction Bangkok was ... Bangkok is ... Bangkok will ...Bangkok with the world 1782-1852 The consequences ConfrontationBangkok with the satellite 1853-1885 Past assembled present The probable scenarioBankok with Thailand 1886-1934 The challenge Repetitous experiencesBangkok with its government 1935-1959 Conditions of MTS The desirable sc enarioBangkok with London 1960-1990 Conditions of historic cores Research questionBangkok with its portrait Urban growth The dual city Essential componentsBangkok with the reality Development planning system Relevant theoriesBangkok with built-up areas Urban development Project positioning Transportation Possible intervention The interrelation Bangkok in 2030 What is next?Source : www.flickr.com
  4. 4. Bangkok’s profile
  5. 5. BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE BKKs 01WITH THE WORLD Shanghai Tokyo 13,447,000 12,790,000 Bangkok 10,161,694 Kuala lumpur Singapore 7,300,000 5,000,000 Jakarta 8,500,000 Bangkok Metropolitan Region[BMR] ThailandSource : www.mapofworld.com
  6. 6. BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE BKKs 01WITH THE SATELLITE 40 km 20 kmSource : www.earth.google.com
  7. 7. BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE BKKs 01WITH THAILAND 350% 0.3% BMA:72% 20% BMR:28% 99.7% 50% BMA:80% 1% BMR:20% 80% 50% Area GDP Population DensitySource : Bangkok assessment report(2008), www.nationalgeographic.com
  8. 8. N N N BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE BKKs 01GOVERNMENTAL POLICIES W WRegional and Bangkok WVision N E N E E N W W First city W CBD Second city W Commercial center E Third city Community center S S S S S S SSource : Bangkok planning standard(2010)
  9. 9. BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE BKKs 01WITH LONDONHead London, England BANGKOK, Thailand Population : 7,825,200 Population : 10,161,694 Area : 1,572 sq.km. Area : 1,568 sq.km. Density : 4,978 people/sq.km. Density : 5,258 people/sq.km.Source : UK office of National statistics
  10. 10. BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE BKKs 01WITH ITS PORTRAITSBangkok’s icons 1. Siam paragon 1 2 3 2. Khaosan road 3. Traffic congestion 4. The grand palace 5. Jatujak outdoor market 6. Food vendors and motorcycle taxi 7. Skyline 8. Suvarnabhumi airport 9. Bangkok rapid mass transit system4 5 67 8 9Source : www.flickr.com
  11. 11. BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE BKKs 01WITH THE REALITY Area 7,761.50 sq.km. Concentration of urban population Inhabitants 11,971,000 ppl Registered 5,695,956 ppl Density 4,051 ppl/sq.m. Non-Urban population : Districts 50 42,802,000 Infrastructure Airport 2 Urban population : 50 Districts 19,361,000 0 km. 10 km. Port 1 Population of Bangkok Metropolitan : Highways 6 11,971,000 Expressways 8 Subway 1 Rail system 4,346 km. Population Density (person/sq.m.) Bus 7,064 More than 30,000 Minivan 5,519 25,000 - 30,000 Population of Bangkok 20,000 - 25,000 Water bus 9 15,000 - 20,000 10,000 - 15,000 Facilities Density 5,000 - 10,000 Governance Paliament Education 45 universities Expo/ Conference 4 Park 16 Economic Stock market, CBD, internat- Infrastuctures Main Highway ional offices Registered East-Asians Indian Population (Thai) Toll way (Motor way) International Embassies Non-registered Expressway Population (Thai) Thai-Chinese Others Ring road Metro Infrastructure Airport link railSource : Department of Interior(website)
  12. 12. BANGKOK ‘S PROFILE BKKs 01WITH BUILT-UP AREASHead 40x20 km. BMA landuse planLegend Living Low density residential area (51.12%) Medium density residential area High density residential area Commercial area Industrial area Working & Facilities Cargo area (7.74%) Country-side &Agriculture protected area Country-side &Agriculture area Protected area Governance area Landscape Public space (41.15%)Source : Bangkok Comprehensive Plan
  13. 13. How did Bangkoklook in the past?
  14. 14. WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 021782-1852Estrablishment of orginal Bangkok Infrastructure Built up area Built-up area WaterSource : : Committee for the Conservation and Development of Krung Rattanakosin and The Old Towns(2004)
  15. 15. WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 021853-18851st modernization wave Infrastructure Built up area Built-up area Water RoadSource : Committee for the Conservation and Development of Krung Rattanakosin and The Old Towns(2004)
  16. 16. WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 021886-1934City expansion with transportation structures Infrastructure Built up area Built-up area Water Road TrainSource : Committee for the Conservation and Development of Krung Rattanakosin and The Old Towns(2004)
  17. 17. WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 021935-1959Road network development Infrastructure Built up area Built-up area Water Road TrainSource : Committee for the Conservation and Development of Krung Rattanakosin and The Old Towns(2004)
  18. 18. WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 021960-1990Urban development and landuse change Infrastructure Built up area Built-up area Water Road TrainSource : Committee for the Conservation and Development of Krung Rattanakosin and The Old Towns(2004)
  19. 19. WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 02URBAN GROWTH A Establishment of Original B 1st Modernization wave C City Expansion withTransporta- D Road Network Development Suburb Development and E Land use Change(1960- 990) Bangkok( 782- 852) 1 1 ( 852- 885) 1 1 tion Structure( 886- 934) 1 1 ( 935- 959) 1 1 1 A B C D E C A D E BSource : www.flickr.com, R. Kanjanapanyakom(2008)
  20. 20. WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 02P L A N N I N SYSTEMPLANNING GPATTERN Water-Based Transport Governance and Walking Period Transport Modernisation Period Modernisation Period Stratigies (Rama I-IV) (Rama V-VIII) (Rama IX) Areas Establishment of Original 1st Modernization wave City Expansion withTransporta- Road Network Development Suburb Development and Outcome Bangkok( 782- 852) 1 1 tion Structure( 886- 934) 1 1 ( 935- 959) 1 1 Land use Change( 960- 990) 1 1 ( 852- 885) 1 1 Governance Absolute Monarchy Constitutional Monarchy Implementation/ Kings, Royal Government of Kings, Royal Government of Kings, Royal Government of Kings, Royal Government of Kings, Royal Government of leader Thailand Thailand Thailand Thailand Thailand Master Plan - Chakri ‘s Dynastry Plan for Dusit Area Road network develop- Greater Bangkok’90 /Plans Revolution ment plan Social Economic Develop- ment Plan 1960 General Plan’92 Vision Rebuilding of Modernization of Modernization of - - Ayutthaya Bangkok Bangkok Scope and Coverage Old castle Bangkok Dusit Area Nationwide Bangkok Planning tool Smoke control (temples and Height control(partially) Height control(partially) Building code, Zonning factories) Minimun open space ratio, Material control, Height control Developement Built of temples along canals, Foreign residences in BKK, Interest of EU on SE Asia, Financial from U.S.A, Industrailization, Greater Military service for the Infrastructure, shophouses, King Rama V tour Europe, Public housing, Building Bangkok Plan, Urban plan construction of general Open route to China, New political system, code, Commercial buildings code, 1st socio-economic infrastructure Public facilities, Slave Import Dutch and Uk for immigrants development plan, FAR, liberation planners Condominium, ZonningSource : A. Kishiue et al.(2005)
  21. 21. 100% WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 02URBANUSE /LAND DEVELOPMENT TransportationTRANSPORT Water transportation Water-Based Transport Phrasing and Walking Period Transport Modernisation Period Modernisation Period 50% (Rama V-VIII) Train (Rama IX) Physicle info. (Rama I-IV) Public trans. Establishment of Original 1st Modernization wave City Expansion withTransporta- Road Network Development Suburb Development and Tram Private vehi. Bangkok( 782- 852) 1 1 ( 852- 885) 1 1 tion Structure( 886- 934) 1 1 ( 935- 959) 1 1 Land use Change( 960- 990) 1 1 King RAMA Road transportation (I-IX) Private vehicles Year ( 700s- 900s) 1 1 A B C D E Population (200000 ppl) Built-up area ( 000 ha) 1 Density (25 ppl/ha) Canal length ( 50 km) 1 100% Road length (400 km) Bus/ 100 ppl Trams/ 100 ppl 50% Rail route length Urban development ( 0 km) 1 Population Rail route length ( km/10000 sq.km) 1 Urban area Motorcycle/ 10000 ppl Density Car/10000 ppl A B C D ESource : A. Kishiue et al.(2005)
  22. 22. Population (200000 ppl) Built-up area WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 02 ( 000 ha) 1TRANSPORTATION Density (25 ppl/ha) Canal length ( 50 km) 1 Road length (400 km) Bus/ 100 ppl Trams/ 100 ppl Rail route length ( 0 km) 1 Rail route length ( km/10000 sq.km) 1 Motorcycle/ 10000 ppl Car/10000 ppl 100% Transportation Water transportation 50% Train Tram Road transportation Private vehicles A B C D ESource : A. Kishiue et al.(2005)
  23. 23. request from Westerns 1889 - Ratchadamnoen rd. Transpor Intrastructur 1906 - Road network plan 1990 - First automobile WHAT DID BANGKOK LOOK IN THE PAST? BKKs 02 1903 - Emerge of 4S area 1934 - First bridgeTHE INTERRELATION 1782 - Define theOriginal Establishment of Palace, 1880s - trading firm, embas- 1887 - Class A residential area City Expansion withTransporta- 1936 Network area 4300 ha, Road - urban Development 1960s - Large shopping Suburb Development and 1st Modernization wave Uban Developmetn walled city(7 1852) .23 km length) Bangkok( 782- 1 sies 1885) ( 852- 1 by private investors 934) tion Structure( 886- 1 1 Control 959) ( 935- of Townscape in BKK 1 1 center constructed 1 Land use Change( 960- 990) 1 1785 - 346 ha for BKK, 1851 - Urban area 640 ha 1890s - Hub of cargo 1947 - Lost of role of com- 1971 - population double, 1782temples, emerged of built - 3 Canala and Chao 1880s -- Population 400,000 1854 Private sector in 1886 - 1892 Railway to Dusit 1897 - Palace moved mercial district - Infrastructure development suburb development 1976- Inner ring roadIntrastructure Development Phraya river district commercial as transport Infrastructure firms from 1855 - Foreign 1919 - Removal of wall 1888 - Sathon rd., canal - Road network built of trade - 1950s - prohibition 1979 - BKK sprawl, 1981 - Expressway means - BKK double size 1840s Bowring Treaty (527 ,000 ppl) - Canal for irrigation Thialand between China and 1992 - 4S became hish rise Transportation and 1853 - Rama IV road, canal 1897 - Surawong rd, canal 1853 - Wall destruction along 1852 - Pradung Krungkasem 1861 - Silom canal to China, 1882 - Open trade 1894 - 1934 Tramway, 1951 - Commercializationppl, - 1957 - pop. 1831000 of bd. canals canal 370000 migrants 1862 - Charoen Krung rd., Streetlight Railway of 4S changed to Landuse request from Westerns 1889 - Ratchadamnoen rd. commercial aspect 1906 - Road network planPriority 1990 - First automobile +3 1903 - Emerge of 4S area 1934 - First bridge +2 +1 1782 - Define the Palace, 1880s - trading firm, embas- 1887 - Class A residential area 1936 - urban area 4300 ha, 1960s - Large shopping Uban Developmetn walled city(7 km length) .23 sies by private investors Control of Townscape in BKK center constructed 1785 - 346 ha for BKK, II I 1851 - Urban area 640 ha IV III 1890s - Hub of cargo V 1947 - Lost of role of com- VI VII VIII 1971 - population double, IX built temples, emerged of 1854 - Population 400,000 1897 - Palace moved to Dusit mercial district suburb development commercial district 1855 - Foreign firms from 1919 - Removal of wall - 1950s - prohibition of trade 1979 - BKK sprawl, 1840s - BKK double size 1782 Bowring Treaty 1852 (527,000 ppl)1885 between China1934Thialand and 1959 - 4S became hish rise 1992 1992 1853 - Wall destruction along 1882 - Open trade to China, - 1957 - pop. 1831000 ppl, bd. canals 370000 migrants Landuse of 4S changed to commercial aspect PriorityPriority +3 +3 +2 +2 +1 +1 I I II II III III IVIV VV VIVI VII VII VIII VIII IX IX 1782 1782 1852 1852 1885 1885 1934 1934 1959 1959 1992 1992Source : A. Kishiue et al.(2005)
  24. 24. What is theconsequencesfrom the past?
  25. 25. WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST? BKKs 03THE CONSEQUENCES Urban development Infrastuctures 1782-1852 Main Highway 1853-1885 Motor way 1886-1934 Expressway 1935-1959 Ring road 1960-1990 Metro  BKK model . . ( ( ( ) ( )Source : Reproduced from a map produced by BMA planning standard(2009)
  26. 26. WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST? BKKs 03PAST ASSEMBLED PRESENT 1782 Venice of the east: 1853 Foreign influences: an ending 1886 Modernizing Bangkok: Road net- Life and transportation on Canals of monopoly of the government work, train and tram lines adopted network and an emergence of foreigners from Europe (Fernao Mendez Pinto 1554) (Tasaka T. 1998) (Pattanaek W. 2000) 1935 New towns in town: Rapid urban- 1960 Planning act: A plan for 2000 The two lines: ization enclaves on infrastructure expressways and ring roads and Scatterded CBD and CSD were tied node the period of high rise buildings up by the Sky train (Kaothien U. 1997) (Amano K., Kishiue A. 2005) (McGrath B. 2009)Source : Reproduced from a picture of R.Kanjanapanyakom(2008)
  27. 27. WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST? BKKs 03THE CHALLENGEUrban development interrelates to infrastructure development1st - 2nd period Urban Development interrealates with infrastructure develpment 1782-1885 Public transportation Urban Development leads infrastructure Community-based development develpment Urban Development follows with infrastructure 1886-2010 Private transportation Resource-based development develpment Mass transit transportation Using built infrastructure development to strengthen 2011-???? Civic-based development the historic core
  28. 28. WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST? BKKs 03THE CHALLENGEUrban development interrelates to infrastructure development3rd- 5th period Urban Development interrealates with infrastructure develpment 1782-1885 Public transportation Urban Development leads infrastructure Community-based development develpment Urban Development follows with infrastructure 1886-2010 Private transportation Resource-based development develpment Mass transit transportation Using built infrastructure development to strengthen 2011-???? Civic-based development the historic core
  29. 29. WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST? BKKs 03THE CHALLENGEUrban development interrelates to infrastructure development6th period Urban Development interrealates with infrastructure develpment 1782-1885 Public transportation Urban Development leads infrastructure Community-based development develpment Urban Development follows with infrastructure 1886-2010 Private transportation Resource-based development develpment Mass transit transportation Using built infrastructure development to strengthen 2011-???? Civic-based development the historic core
  30. 30. WHAT DOES THE PAST EFFECT THE PRESENT? BKKs 03CONDITIONS OF MTSPlanned Weakness - Not integrated with local(mass) - ExpensiveFormal economic - Commuters - Segregated transport Strength - More and more people using it - Increasing develop-Globalization ment and investments - Upgrading landuse and price - Fast, clean, unpoluted Mass transit system - Linking with public facili- ties Airport link Sky train UndergroundSource : www.flickr.com
  31. 31. WHAT DOES THE PAST EFFECT THE PRESENT? ? BKKs 03CONDITIONS OF HISTORIC CORES OF BKKUnplanned Weakness - The consequence of economic recession caused people movingInformal economic area out of the - Urban fragmentaion - Lack of conectivity and accessibility - Market oriented StrengthLocalization - High historic value and Urban development cultural identity 1782-1852 - Tourists’ attraction 1853-1885 1886-1934 1935-1959 1960-1990Source : www.flickr.com
  32. 32. WHAT IS THE CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PAST? BKKs 03THE DUAL CITY [ ]Plan - unplanFormal - informal economic activitiesGlobalization - localizationSource : www.flickr.com
  33. 33. What wouldBangkok be in2030?
  34. 34. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04CONFRONTATIONSource : BMA mass transit master plan(2010)
  35. 35. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04CONFRONTATIONSource : BMA mass transit master plan(2010)
  36. 36. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04THE PROBABLE SCENARIO Secession Confliction Displacement Spatial fragmentation Lifestyles Unintended economic eviction Demograhic Generic city
  37. 37. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04REPETITIOUS EXPERIENCESSecesstion Weakness - Not integrated with local(mass) - Expensive - Commuters Sathon Road Secession - Segregated transport Confliction DisplacementSpatial fragmentation Aristocratic family Developers Government Lifestyles Local people Market Unintended economic eviction Demograhic Generic city Strength - More and more people Secession Spatial fragmentation Confliction Lifestyles Demograhic Displacement Unintended economic eviction Generic city using it - Increasing develop- ment and investments - Upgrading landuse and price - Fast, clean, unpoluted Mass transit system - Linking with public facili- ties Airport link Sky train UndergroundSource : www.flickr.com
  38. 38. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04REPETITIOUS EXPERIENCESConfliction Weakness - Not integrated with local(mass) - Expensive - CommutersSuanlum night bazaar Confliction - Segregated transport Displacement Lifestyles Unintended economic eviction Aristocratic family Developers Government Local people Market Demograhic Generic city Strength - More and more people Secession Confliction Displacement using it Spatial fragmentation Lifestyles Unintended economic eviction Demograhic Generic city - Increasing develop- ment and investments - Upgrading landuse and price - Fast, clean, unpoluted Mass transit system - Linking with public facili- ties Airport link Sky train UndergroundSource : www.flickr.com
  39. 39. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04 REPETITIOUS EXPERIENCES Replacement Weakness - Not integrated with local(mass) - Expensive - Commuters Nakornkasem Displacement - Segregated transportUnintended economic eviction Generic city Demograhic Unintended economic eviction Lifestyles Spatial fragmentation Displacement Confliction Secession Aristocratic family Developers Government Local people Market Generic city Strength - More and more people using it - Increasing develop- ment and investments - Upgrading landuse and price - Fast, clean, unpoluted Mass transit system - Linking with public facili- ties Airport link Sky train Underground Source : www.flickr.com
  40. 40. Source : www.flickr.com
  41. 41. Secession Secession Confliction Confliction Replacement Displacement Spatial fragmentation Lifestyles Unintended economic eviction Demograhic Generic citySource : www.flickr.com
  42. 42. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04THE DESIRABLE SCENARIO Secession Confliction Displacement Spatial fragmentation Lifestyles Unintended economic eviction Demograhic Generic city Preservation Enhancement Tranformation Historic value Socio - economic sustainability Spatial fragmentation into Cultural identity a coherent urban space
  43. 43. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04RESEARCH QUESTIONHow to avoid the de-struction of historicareas when the masstransit comes at thesame time enhancingsocial cohesion andeconomic viability?
  44. 44. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS How to avoid the destruction of historic areas when the mass transit comes at the same time enhance social cohesion and economic viability? SUB RESEARCH QUESTIONS Preserve historic value, identity A What is the historic value, cultural identity and • Revitalization its potentials of the area? • Maintain value, identity • Develop potentials What are benefits and conflicts of the combination B of historic and new dynamics? Enhance socio-economic sustainablity What are strategies for urban historic cores revitalization? C • Generate mutual benefits Are strategies related to TOD? • Conflicts solved • Positive gentrification What are the spatial indicators and key components D of urban vitality? Transform Are there strategies to avoid indiscriminate gentrification • Urban vitality E and preserve lifestyles? METHODOLOGY Literature review| Historic research| Interview| Case study| Technical research A Context understanding B C Tools for design D Implementation and evaluation E
  45. 45. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS How to avoid the destruction of historic areas when the mass transit comes at the same time enhance social cohesion and economic viability? SUB RESEARCH QUESTIONS Preserve historic value, identity A What is the historic value, cultural identity and • Revitalization its potentials of the area? • Maintain value, identity • Develop potentials What are benefits and conflicts of the combination B of historic and new dynamics? Enhance socio-economic sustainablity What are strategies for urban historic cores revitalization? C • Generate mutual benefits Are strategies related to TOD? • Conflicts solved • Positive gentrification What are the spatial indicators and key components D of urban vitality? Transform Are there strategies to avoid indiscriminate gentrification • Urban vitality E and preserve lifestyles? METHODOLOGY Literature review| Historic research| Interview| Case study| Technical research A Context understanding B C Tools for design D Implementation and evaluation E
  46. 46. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS How to avoid the destruction of historic areas when the mass transit comes at the same time enhance social cohesion and economic viability? SUB RESEARCH QUESTIONS Preserve historic value, identity A What is the historic value, cultural identity and • Revitalization its potentials of the area? • Maintain value, identity • Develop potentials What are benefits and conflicts of the combination B of historic and new dynamics? Enhance socio-economic sustainablity What are strategies for urban historic cores revitalization? C • Generate mutual benefits Are strategies related to TOD? • Conflicts solved • Positive gentrification What are the spatial indicators and key components D of urban vitality? Transform Are there strategies to avoid indiscriminate gentrification • Urban vitality E and preserve lifestyles? METHODOLOGY Literature review| Historic research| Interview| Case study| Technical research A Context understanding B C Tools for design D Implementation and evaluation E
  47. 47. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04RELEVANT THEORIES Process The dual city Traditional Historic Development Revitalization Synergy Urban Vitality Social Polarization Gentrification MTS TOD Development
  48. 48. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04RELEVANT THEORIES Process The dual city Traditional Historic Development Revitalization Synergy Urban Vitality Social Polarization Gentrification MTS TOD Development
  49. 49. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04RELEVANT THEORIES Process The dual city Traditional Historic Development Revitalization Synergy Urban Vitality Social Polarization Gentrification MTS TOD Development
  50. 50. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04PROJECT POSITIONING Land use management Comprehensive Regional integrated economic Plan Build Use Urbanism Current Desirable Land use management Participate Comprehensive Regional integrated economic Monitor Build Urbanism
  51. 51. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04PROJECT POSITIONING Land use management Comprehensive Regional integrated economic Plan Build Use Urbanism Current Desirable Land use management Participate Comprehensive Regional integrated economic Monitor Build Urbanism
  52. 52. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04POSSIBLE INTERVENTION Management Spatial Components Nonlinear New Typology Openspace
  53. 53. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04 SYNERGY[ ] MEANS... Intervention Enhancement TranformationSocio - economic sustainability Spatial fragmentation into a coherent urban space Management Spatial Components + + Nonlinear New Typology Openspace Spatial quality economic Social Function Presearved identity,value Viability Positive Gentrification Mixed use Amenities improved Goal
  54. 54. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04BANGKOK IN 2030 Tools for decision Policy Governance makers and planners A model of socio economic restructuring Redefine the role Pilot project integrated with Policy of denification the network of Bangkok MTS Land use, zonning changed Specific project plan
  55. 55. WHAT WOULD BANKOK BE IN 2030? BKKs 04WHAT IS NEXT? P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 Research - Study on current conditions of Bangkok and its potential - Specified research in the field of design - Technical research Theoretical framework - Relation of TOD and urban revitalization - Spatial indicators of urban vitality - Positive gentrification - Conflicts between social and economic development Design task - Preliminary design proporsal - Design proporsal - Evaluation and reflection - Possibility study Literature study Implementation on vision Detailed design Specific project plan Theory paper Strategy Design parameter Evaluation Case study Design parameter Screnarios Conclusion Interview Analysis on existing layers Statistic research Vision Design
  56. 56. Thank youSource : www.flickr.com

×