Trevor Gumbi: The Cold War

404 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
404
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Trevor Gumbi: The Cold War

  1. 1. TREVOR GUMBI PRESENTING MATCH-UP PRESENTATION ON COLD WAR SEE REFERENCES AT END
  2. 2. What is a Cold War? A State of Diplomatic hostility among nations without direct armed conflict USSR USA
  3. 3. COMPETING IDEOLOGICAL SYSTEMS UNION UNITED STATES VS. SOVIET 1. Wanted to spread democracy & capitalism to Eastern Europe. 1. Continued to occupy Eastern Europe & turned countries into satellites (puppet states), to protect the Soviet Union from 2. NATO - North Atlantic invasion from the west. Treaty Organization. U.S. & 2. Warsaw Pact - Soviet Union & several Western European Eastern European satellite countries. Countries. Government controls radio, T.V. & Newspapers Secret police One party leadership Freedom of press Collectivization Citizens have basic rights Government controls all production Freedom of Religion Freedom of Press Citizens elect representatives Dictatorship Use of propaganda Censorship People & corporations can own land People can form own political parties
  4. 4. How do you Fight a Cold War? power – Arms, A) Need a threat of force and technology, influence B) Use of Propaganda – created hatred and paranoia of other side C) Send economic aid to weaker nations to spread influence and gain allies D) Support with military aid nations in conflicts to protect interests or agitate other side
  5. 5. • • FEBRUARY, 1945 THE YALTA CONFERENCE U.S., BRITAIN & SOVIET UNION GOALS: 1. TO PROMOTE WORLD PEACE 2. TO PROVIDE EMERGENCY RELIEF 3. TO HELP FORM INTERIM GOVERNMENTS BASED ON THE WILL OF THE PEOPLE OUTCOMES: CHURCHILL, ROOSEVELT, STALIN 1. GERMANY DIVIDED INTO ZONES OF OCCUPATION 2. GERMANY WOULD PAY SOVIET UNION FOR LOSSES 3. SOVIET UNION PROMISED FREE ELECTIONS IN EASTERN EUROPE. POLITICAL CARTOON ACTIVITY
  6. 6. FEAR  Fear was the motivation behind many decisions made during the cold war The West was afraid of communist USSR The USSR was afraid of the
  7. 7. Why was Communism scary? “ the communist revolution will not merely be a national phenomenon but must take place simultaneously in all civilized countries “Marx
  8. 8. “(Communists) openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win!” - Marx.
  9. 9. Why was the USSR afraid of the West? The USA, UK, & France had sent soldiers to Russia in 1917 to stop the Revolution Their “communist” revolution was not very successful The USSR had just lost tens of millions of people in the war and Stalin’s purges… they were not prepared to fight the USA & UK They were a paper tiger
  10. 10. Truman Doctrine in full effect 1) $400 million in aid to Greece & Turkey 2) The Marshall Plan: $12 billion in aid to help western European countries rebuild after the war
  11. 11. Germany After the war, the Allies divided up German y into 4 zones Berlin
  12. 12. Operation Vittles
  13. 13. THE BERLIN WALL- 1961 USSR supports East German plan to build wall.  Berlin becomes divided: East Berliners and East Germans may NOT leave the city or the country. 
  14. 14. THE BERLIN WALL- 1961
  15. 15. THE BERLIN WALL “DEATH STRIP”  Towers, guards, dogs and landmines ( 地雷 ) only in Berlin but between ALL of West & East Germany  Not  200 East Berliners killed in Death Strip, 19611989
  16. 16. Berlin Airlift  Berlin (capital of Germany, largest city) was in the Soviet Zone & the city itself was divided
  17. 17. BERLIN AIRLIFT ‘47-’48
  18. 18. The U-2 Incident (how the Cold War almost ended early)  The spy plane had been spying on the USSR since 1956.  President Eisenhower knew that the USA had far more bombers, missiles, & weapons than the USSR.  Because of this, Ike wanted to end the Cold War at a peace conference in Paris in 1960.
  19. 19. Vietnam Vietnam was a French colony Vietnamese communists led by Ho Chi Minh (Uncle Ho) defeated the French in 1954 International Peace Conference temporarily divided Vietnam into 2 zones (not separate countries) North Vietnam (Communist) {USSR} South Vietnam (Capitalist) {USA}
  20. 20. Burma
  21. 21. Cuba  Issue: In 1959 Fidel Castro led a successful communist revolution in Cuba
  22. 22. Superpower Actions (part 1)  The Bay of Pigs Invasion: The Soviet Union gave Cuba a lot of $ and support. The CIA trained a group of Cuban exiles to invade Cuba & overthrow their government. The invasion was a total failure.
  23. 23. Superpower Actions (part 2) The Cuban Missile Crisis: USSR begins building missile bases in Cuba. Nukes threatened the US. JFK warned that he would stop any Soviet boat carrying missiles to Cuba. The USSR backed off. The closest the world has ever come to total nuclear war
  24. 24. “The Button”
  25. 25. REFERENCES  Cooke,E.2011. The cold war global. http://www.slideshare.net/eben_cooke/the-cold-war-global. ACCESSED ON 06/03/2014  Green, H. S. 2013. The cold war part two. http://www.slideshare.net/HStevenGreen/b-fall-lecture-6-2013. Accessed ON 06/03/2014  Clouse. C. 2012. The Cold War. http://www.slideshare.net/CarlClouse1/untitledpresentation-12656504 . ACCESSED 06/03/2014

×