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Session 69 Bengt Andersson

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  • 1. Transport SecurityWhat do we mean?NAME Bengt O Andersson, Saab Security, bengt.o.andersson@saabgroup.comDATE 2009-01-09VENUE Transportforum, Linköping
  • 2. SAAB SECURITY Divisions: Offers within : Sea transport and port security Critical infrastructure Energy production and distribution National security Air transport and airport security Land transport and urban security Prison security National security and infrastructure Guard and event solutions Police and rescue solutions Field facility solutions (provided by Saab Aerotech)PAGE 2
  • 3. Background In recent years, various terrorist attacks have caused large-scale destruction and insecurity. These events have also turned the world’s attention to the need to better secure transport systems. There are many reasons why transport is a relatively easy target: 1.Transport systems have not been designed to cope with security threats. Transport authorities have typically stressed the development of transport networks which facilitate a smooth flow of passengers and cargo while meeting safety - not security - standards. 2.Transport means and infrastructure are very accessible. Vehicles, roads, rail lines and waterways, including bridges and tunnels, are in the open and largely without surveillance, and large numbers of people often congregate in a predictable manner. 3.Transport is complex. Each mode has its own specific infrastructure, vehicles and regulatory requirements. International aspects add complexity as national regulations and norms typically differ.PAGE 3
  • 4. Transport Safety - Transport Security Transport Security involves the protection of infrastructure, goods and persons from deliberate attack or intent to cause damage. Transport Safety is concerned with general safeguarding against any form of harm, whether it is a natural disaster, mechanical failure, or attack from an agent. As such, transport safety subsumes some aspects of transport security, but transport security is specifically focused on deliberate action.PAGE 4
  • 5. Definition of Transport Security A broad approach to the transport security concept (in relation to safety): “the protection of human beings, transport means and transport infrastructure against unlawful acts of any kind, including crime, vandalism and terrorism” Ref: UNECE, Transport Division, United Nations Economic Commission for EuropePAGE 5
  • 6. Three Major Areas Of Transport Security REGULATORY INITIATIVES AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL REGULATORY INITIATIVES AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL STANDARDS, INITIATIVES, GUIDELINES, BEST PRACTICES BY THE PRIVATE SECTORPAGE 6
  • 7. REGULATORY INITIATIVES AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL • UN • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development • EU • European Court of Human Rights • International Road Transport Union • European Free Trade Association • IPU • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) • OSZE • European Central Bank (ECB) • Europarat • Free Trade Area of the Americas • NATO • G8 (Group of 8) Information Centre • OECD • G20 (Group of 20) • WHO • Gulf Cooperation Council • IWF • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) • IOM • Inter-governmental Authority on Development • African Union (AU) • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) • Andean Community • International Development Association • Arctic Council • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (UNIDROIT) • Asian Development Bank • International Labour Organization (ILO) • Asian Productivity Organization • International Organization for Migration (IOM) • Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integration • International Telecommunication Union • Association of Southeast Asian Nations • International Trade Centre • CAB International • Inter-Parliamentary Union • Caribbean Community and Common Market • Islamic Development Bank Group • Caribbean Export Development Agency • Latin Union • Central American Bank for Economic Integration • League of Arab States • Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) • Nordic Council and Council of Ministers • Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific • North American Development Bank • Chemical Weapons Convention. See OPCW • North American Free Trade Agreement Secretariat (NAFTA) • North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation • Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) • Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) • The Commonwealth • The Northern Forum • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) • Nuclear Energy Agency • Community of Portuguese Speaking Nations (CPLP) • Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie • Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) • Council of the Baltic States • Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (The • Council of Europe Chemical Weapons Convention Website)PAGE 7
  • 8. UNECE – Review 2001 of Inland Transport Security issues that could benefit from further security considerations Vehicle Regulations Infrastructure networks • vehicle alarm and immobilization • introducing best security practices systems for infrastructure network • immobilizing vehicles after agreements unauthorized use • best practices in surveillance key • positioning systems in vehicles infrastructure points Dangerous Goods and Special • prevent the use of vessels or Cargoes trains by unauthorized persons • security recommendations for • automatic alarm systems in transport of dangerous goods vessels in case of use by an unauthorized person • requirements to train drivers and • security provisions for pipelines other persons employed in the transport of dangerous goods Border Crossing Facilitation Road Transport and Road Safety • modern communications means • regulations to harmonize access among Customs authorities to driving profession • new Annex to the “Harmonization • regulations concerning illegal Convention” concerning security for international goods transport migration • requirements for the issuance of driving permitsPAGE 8
  • 9. International Road Transport Union (IRU) Haulage Security in the EU and beyond: IRU Position • contains a variety of recommendations, designed primarily to combat terrorism. IRU Position on Supply Chain Security • includes proposals for increasing the level of security without impeding the free flow of trade and establishing a common transport framework for Europe. IRU Passenger Transport Security Guidelines • talks about security issues concerning public transport, proposing voluntary guidelines for operators. IRU Road Transport Security Guidelines • provide much the same function to voluntary guidelines for those involved in inland transport. Once again, the report addresses individuals involved in transport, and the security measures they can enact.PAGE 9
  • 10. ISO and standards In the security area, ISO work concerning the following subjects: • Identification of containers • Container door end security • Mechanical seals for containers • Electronic seals for containers • Supply chain application of RFID • Security management for the supply chain • Current list of management systems standards (MSSs) • Quality (ISO 9000 series) • Environment (ISO 14000 series) • Information technology service (ISO/IEC 20000) • Food safety (ISO 22000 series) • Information security management (ISO 27000 series) • Security for the supply chain (ISO 28000 series) • Societal security • ISO/PAS 22399:2007 Societal security - Guidelines for incident preparedness and operational continuity management. • - Essential information and data requirements for command and control, coordination and cooperation • - Inter/intra organizational warning procedures • - Essential data requirements • - Inter/intra warning • Road-traffic management systems • Road-traffic management systems – requirements with guidance for use (possible future ISO 39001)PAGE 10
  • 11. INDUSTRY GUIDELINES FOR THE SECURITY OF THE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY ROAD Introduction Guidelines Annex I - Technical options for securing temporary storage areas Annex II - Management routines and operating practices for reducing the security risk Annex III - Technical options for preventing the theft of, or interference with vehicles or loads during transport operations Annex IV - Company security plan template AISE (International Association for Soaps, Detergents and Maintenance Products) www.aise-net.org CEFIC (European Chemical Industry Council) www.cefic.org CEPE (European Council of the Paint, Printing Ink and Artists’ Colours Industry) www.cepe.org CLECAT (European Association for Forwarding, Transport, Logistics and Customs Services) www.clecat.org ECTA (European Chemical Transport Association) www.ecta.be EFMA (European Fertilizer Manufacturers Association) www.efma.org FECC (European Association of Chemical Distributors) www.fecc.org FIATA (International Federation of Freight Forwarders’ Associations) www.fiata.com IRU (International Road Transport Union) www.iru.orgPAGE 11
  • 12. UNECE Inland transport security initiatives Road Traffic Safety Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations • Driving permits • Vehicle Degradation Systems (VDS). • Registration of vehicles • “Vehicle Tracking Systems" Road Transport Customs Questions affecting Transport • Infrastructure • TIR Convention • Professional drivers and heavy Transport of Perishable Foodstuffs vehicles • securing documents from falsification Rail Transport Transport of Dangerous Goods • Railway safety • UN recommendations ADR, RID, and • Railway security AND, are the basis for harmonization of • International Union of Railways international transport by all modes (UIC), workshop nov 2008 Intermodal Transport and Logistics Inland Water Transport • Considering the issue of "intermodal • “Protection of the network from transport and security". the intentional external influence”:PAGE 12
  • 13. UNECE perceived deficiencies in the area of inland transport security. Security of passengers on urban transport appears to be neglected on international level as compared to efforts undertaken to enhance security in the area of transport of goods. While many protective measures already exist in ports and airports, inland transport seems to be relatively under- protected due to its “open environment”. There is no international body for land transport security, of both goods and passengers, equivalent to IMO and ICAO (which have been instrumental in increasing worldwide maritime and air security).PAGE 13
  • 14. UNECE recommendations … for improving inland transport security in inter alia the following areas of activity: infrastructure, personnel, goods, transport means, information exchange and borders.” In the area of transport of dangerous goods, assessment of the implementation of ADR, ADN and RID. Russia, with assistance of the UNECE, may convene an international conference to address issues of future co-operation in inland transport security. Future security work could include the following inland transport areas: • container security beyond maritime/ports; • public urban transport security, • critical transport infrastructure protection and • research in the area of transport security technology.PAGE 14
  • 15. EU - ITS Action Plan of 16 Dec 2008 What happens if nothing is done? • If no specific measures are taken, • passengers will continue to suffer from lack of security on public transport, • road hauliers from stolen cargo and lack of security on parking places. • Insufficient attention to data security will hinder the uptake of in-vehicle active safety systems. Security Challenge: • Transport security, especially the need to • protect travellers and transport workers and • secure transport facilities and assets, • must be taken into account without jeopardising efficient and effective transport operations.PAGE 15
  • 16. EU - ITS Action Plan INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS In air transport, SESAR will be the framework for the implementation of a new generation of air traffic management. Inland waterways are introducing River Information Services (RIS) to manage waterway utilisation and the transport of freight. The railway network is gradually introducing the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) and Telematics Applications for Freight (TAF-TSI). Shipping has introduced SafeSeaNet and Vessel Traffic Monitoring and Information Systems (VTMIS) and is progressing towards an Automatic Identification System (AIS) and Long-Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT). Examples of Intelligent Transport Systems applications in road transport include urban and motorway traffic management and control systems, electronic toll collection and route navigation. But until now there has been no similar coherent European framework for interconnection between road and the other transport modes.PAGE 16
  • 17. EU - ITS Action Plan The following actions are proposed: Action Area 3: Road safety and security Target Date Promotion of deployment of advanced driver assistance systems and safety and 2009 to security-related ITS systems, including their installation in new vehicles (via type 2014 approval) and, if relevant, their retrofitting in used ones Support the Implementation Platform for the harmonized introduction of pan-European 2009 eCall, including awareness campaigns, upgrading Public Service Access Points‘ infrastructures and an assessment of the need for regulation Development of a regulatory framework on a safe on-board Human-Machine-Interface 2010 and the integration of nomadic devices, building on the European Statement of Principle on safe and efficient in-vehicle information and communication systems Development of appropriate measures including best practice guidelines concerning the 2014 impact of ITS applications and services on the safety and comfort of vulnerable road users Development of appropriate measures including best practice guidelines on secure 2010 parking places for trucks and commercial vehicles and on telematics-controlled parking and reservation systemsPAGE 17
  • 18. IFSEC 2009, 11-14 May 2009, Birmingham The Meeting Place for the Security Industry www.ifsec.co.uk , Security, Fire, Safety & Health, Facilities Over the last 36 years, IFSEC has built on its reputation as the world’s leading annual security event. With a global reach of over 30,000 attendees from 125 countries, 800 plus exhibitors, support from all industry associations and countless media, IFSEC is the largest annual gathering of security professionals under one roof. • Product Areas • Access Control • IP Networks & Integrated Systems • CCTV • Intruder Alarms • Physical Security • Counter Terror • Security SolutionsPAGE 18
  • 19. TranSec World Expo 3-4 June 2009, at the RAI in Amsterdam Transport Security Expo & Conference - www.transec.com Key Focus: Aviation, Maritime, Supply Chain and Mass Transit security Principal themes for TranSec World Expo 2009 include protecting passengers and cargo from international terrorism, organized crime including drug trafficking and people smuggling and the threat presented by weapons of mass destruction. • Aviation Security • Maritime & Supply Chain Security • Mass Transit Security • Free Technology: • Baggage and Cargo Screening • Passenger Screening • Biometrics & Access Control • CCTV and Intrusion Detection • Human FactorsPAGE 19
  • 20. Application areas within focus area Transport Security 1. Situation Awareness - Decision Support System - Joint Situation Picture - Risk & Incident Management 2. Transport Flow Security - Air Transports - Sea Transports - Land Transports 3. Hazardous/Dangerous Goods - Airport and Port security - Surveillance & Tracking (integrated and intelligent tracking systems) - CBRN -Sensors for human & environmental protection - Rescue Solutions - Intelligent seals, sensors and screening technologies; 4. Security of people, goods and critical infrastructure - Valuable goods - Smuggling - Event Solutions - Sabotage - Security of containers, terminals, vessels, and critical infrastructure such as bridges and tunnels;PAGE 20
  • 21. Security Sessions Proposals for ITS World 2009 Executive Sessions: • ”Global Challenges In Transport Security – What Can Be Done In The Near Future?” • ”Secure Logistic Flows In Military – Civil Environments” Special Interest Sessions: • ”From Daily Safety To Security In Crisis - Critical Infrastructure Protection And Business Continuity Planning” • ”Engineering Resilience In The Transport Domain – A Way Of Improving Safety And Security?” N.B. Working titlesPAGE 21