Buses with High Level of Service                    Fundamental characteristics and recommendations                       ...
www.cost.esf.euCourtesy Francois Rambaud CERTU
What is Certu ?    Centre for studies on urban planning, transportation and public facilities                     Agency o...
European overview of BHLSIn 2007 Certu and the cityof Nantes launched agroup of experts    14 countries + UITP    involved...
How we see american BRT from Europe                                        Very high capacity system, speed and           ...
Which context in Europe for BHLS ?                           Trains, metro and tramway already deliver the                ...
TramsBHLS in FranceRebirth of tramways between 1985 and 2008 :400 km of tramwayAdditional 350 km planned by 201391 km BHLS...
TEOR in Rouen in 2001/2007 :   a way to enhance streets/urban q       y                          quality                  ...
TEOR Transport Est - Ouest Rouennaise                                  0,4 M inhabitants                                  ...
Nantes Busway® 2006Ombyggd motorvägsinfart, särskilda bussar, stadsutvecklingsprojektKomplett systemlösning; P+R, fordon, ...
The Busway® line 4 in Nantes 2006 :« the bus as the tramway »                       y                                     ...
Triskell                                Lorient 2007                               Buss- och cykelgata                    ...
Triskell Lorient 2007:the BHLS concept adapted to smaller cities                                      New city bridge for ...
Spain   Madrid   M d id HOV lanes              l         Madrid region = 6 M Inhabitants         12,5 km in operation in A...
Netherlands12 bus systems may be called « BHLS »                    Zuidtangent (2001)                       Amsterdam = 1...
Germany 3 bus systems which may be called « BHLS » « MetroBusse » in Hamburg (2005)       1,7 i h       1 7 M inh.       B...
SuperCAM, världens längsta busstråk, 40 km varav 23,5 km bussbana
United Kingdom      Deregulation -> difficult to integrate lines, fares and information                                   ...
Ireland      QBC in Dublin (started 1997)          1,2 M inh.          200 km -> 400 km                   >          55 to...
Italy Concept of LAM (Linea Alta Mobilita)    Prato (0,2 M inh.), Brescia (0 2 M inh )           (0 2 inh )            (0,...
To Sum Up,Organisation of this COST action (TU 603)                                                                       ...
To find out more: www.bhls.eu, www.bhns.fr www.certu.fr www bhls eu www bhns fr , www certu fr        BHLS – Concept and r...
2004       1994                    2005          20052005             2007   2007          2008
International BRT definitions:Levinson et al.Bus Rapid Transit - Implementation GuidelinesTCRP Report 90-Volume II•    “A ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Session 14 1 Sven-Allan Bjerkemo

173

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
173
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Session 14 1 Sven-Allan Bjerkemo

  1. 1. Buses with High Level of Service  Fundamental characteristics and recommendations  for decision‐making and research  EU‐COST Action TU 0630 Mellanstatligt vetenskapligt och tekniskt samarbete inom FP7 Certu & Nantes Metropole leading partners Vinnova finansierar svensk medverkan i fi i k d k Sven‐Allan BjerkemoBjerkemo Konsult Transportforum Linköping 100113
  2. 2. www.cost.esf.euCourtesy Francois Rambaud CERTU
  3. 3. What is Certu ? Centre for studies on urban planning, transportation and public facilities Agency of the French Ministry of Ecology, sustainable Development and Spatial Planning Capitalizes, develops and disseminates knowledge and methodologies on a wide variety of urban issues For local government agencies, local authorities, institutes and companies which are involved in public service activities Courtesy Francois Rambaud CERTU3
  4. 4. European overview of BHLSIn 2007 Certu and the cityof Nantes launched agroup of experts 14 countries + UITP involved during 4 years (2007-2011) Sharing experiences, Best Practices Recommendations for decisions-makers and research About 50 systems in the world, about 40 more planned. N t all f ll BRT or l d Not ll full BHLS Involved countries Bus with High Level of Service Courtesy Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  5. 5. How we see american BRT from Europe Very high capacity system, speed and long trips Demand and space to build « highways for buses » System approach: not only a rolling stock – merely surface Metro systems Ottawa (Canada) Different prerequisities North Amercia: Cost effectivness South America, Indonesia: High mass transport demand, low driver costs demand Transmilenio in Bogota (Colombia) Courtesy after Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  6. 6. Which context in Europe for BHLS ? Trains, metro and tramway already deliver the mass transit function Dense cities with narrow streets The « at-grade » urbanism, integrationMetro in Madrid (Spain) ( p ) Need to fill the gap between regular bus and tramway – « the pyramid perspective » Focus on • reliability/regularity, • accessibility y • comfort and urban qualityTramway in Lyon (France)Tramway in Lyon (France) Courtesy after Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  7. 7. TramsBHLS in FranceRebirth of tramways between 1985 and 2008 :400 km of tramwayAdditional 350 km planned by 201391 km BHLS in operation234 km of urban BHLS planned by 2014Important where tramway profitability isquestioned (< 2500 pass/h/direction)Also for suburban transport: Bhls Experiment A48 in Grenoble Courtesy Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  8. 8. TEOR in Rouen in 2001/2007 : a way to enhance streets/urban q y quality y Before B f After Aft The TEOR/BHLS System: • Vehicules: moderns, comfortable • Infrastructure: dedicated lanes • Stations: accesibility, guided docking • ITS: ticketing, information • Operation: crossroad priority guidance priority, • Image, communication: special name, logoCourtesy after Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  9. 9. TEOR Transport Est - Ouest Rouennaise 0,4 M inhabitants 3 lines = 30 km 13 km reserved lanes 5,5 M€/km Frequency 6 min/line in peak hours Av. Speed: 17 25 A S d 17,25 km/h 45 000 pass./day Courtesy Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  10. 10. Nantes Busway® 2006Ombyggd motorvägsinfart, särskilda bussar, stadsutvecklingsprojektKomplett systemlösning; P+R, fordon, info, tillgänglighet, stadsmiljö
  11. 11. The Busway® line 4 in Nantes 2006 :« the bus as the tramway » y 0,6 M inh., 0,3 M empl. 24 communes 190 PT trips/inh./year 3 tramlines: 42 km Line 4: 7 km 15 stations Place Foch 7 M€/km Hô tel Dieu 4 P+R 1100 cars Greneraie Trentemoult Roquios 20/21 biogas buses Bi- Chapeau Verni articulated planned Goudy Trentemoult Freq.: 4/3 5 min PH F 4/3,5 i Bourdonni è res Porte de Vertou Av. speed: 21 km/h 24 600 pass./day /d Courtesy Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  12. 12. Triskell  Lorient 2007 Buss- och cykelgata genom rondell med väjningsplikt för bilar ”Circular junctions, not roundabouts!””Virtuell bussgata” – signalprioritet även för g p bilar så bussen kommer först …
  13. 13. Triskell Lorient 2007:the BHLS concept adapted to smaller cities New city bridge for buses, cycling, walking. Triskell (old Celtic sign), 1st phase:190 000 inh. Cap Lorient 4,6 km, 15 stations19 communities 31 M€, 6.7 M€/km21 bus lines Bus priority, savings 2-7 min/line89 trips/inh/yearPolycentric, three branches Red-paved linear dedicated lanesconnected in a small, dense area Flat surface, all stations alike Readability
  14. 14. Spain Madrid M d id HOV lanes l Madrid region = 6 M Inhabitants 12,5 km in operation in A6 p Program of 200 km in 6 radial highways The HOV concept not else in Europe ! Moncloa HOV interchange Madrid MB ( M d id MBus (regional plan) i l l ) First investments based on metro Program of 4 lines – 40 km, 585 M€ g Castellon (Valencia Region) 0,3 0 3 M inhabitants The 1st urban BHLS in Spain (2008) 20 km when finished Optical guidance system (Civis)Courtesy after Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  15. 15. Netherlands12 bus systems may be called « BHLS » Zuidtangent (2001) Amsterdam = 1,5 M inh. 42 km tangential line (as TVM in Paris) km, 1,9 km between stops 35 km/h 40 000 pass/day (+ 15%/year) Eindhoven (2005) 0,4 inh 0 4 M inh. 18 km Phileas (magnetic guidance) Almere (« new towns ») 0,2 M inhab. There are still more new PT-suburbs Utrecht (2002) 0,3 M inhab. Double-articulated bus Courtesy after Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  16. 16. Germany 3 bus systems which may be called « BHLS » « MetroBusse » in Hamburg (2005) 1,7 i h 1 7 M inh. Bi-articulated buses 15 km – 60 000 trips/day p y 60% exclusive running ways (former tram) Essen O bahn (started 1980) O-bahn 0,5 M inh. 4 km Kerb guidance system with rollersCourtesy after Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  17. 17. SuperCAM, världens längsta busstråk, 40 km varav 23,5 km bussbana
  18. 18. United Kingdom Deregulation -> difficult to integrate lines, fares and information lines Quality Bus Corridor (QBC), reserved lanes, quality vehicles & stops QBC in Manchester 280 km, 120 M€ Focus on bus stops (1st contact) 2000 -> 2013 Reflection on guidance & vehicle Partially segregated BHLS Leeds Superbus (0,4M. inh., 2 km 1995/1998) Edinburgh Fastlink (0,4M. inh., 8 km 2004) Kent Fastrack (14 km route - 6 km dedicated 2006 2006, new HST station Ebbsfleet 2007) Crawley Fastway Gatwick (0,1 M. inh., 24 km route – 6 km dedicated 2003/2006)Courtesy after Sébastien Rabuel CERTU. See also Bjerkemo/Vinnova VR 2007:03
  19. 19. Ireland QBC in Dublin (started 1997) 1,2 M inh. 200 km -> 400 km > 55 to 80 M€/year Bus modal split 41% -> 57% Bus and bicycle lanes consequentlyDublin O’Connel Street, 1700 buses a day (mostly Volvo)
  20. 20. Italy Concept of LAM (Linea Alta Mobilita) Prato (0,2 M inh.), Brescia (0 2 M inh ) (0 2 inh ) (0,2 inh.), Pisa (0,09 M inh.) Not as thorough as previous presented 12 to 50 % reserved lanes 4 to 8 min. frequency during PH Identification (travel map, colour) Trends Insufficient knowledge, operators Messina : 6 k Ci i or Phil M i km, Civis Phileas system t Bologna : 20 km, 250 M€, Civis, mixed with tramway Courtesy Sébastien Rabuel CERTU
  21. 21. To Sum Up,Organisation of this COST action (TU 603) In co-operation co operation WG1 WG2 WG3 WG4 with UITP, EBSF Infrastructure Rolling- Operating Social, European Bus stock issues economical issues and System of the y networking Future WP1 State of the art BRT World-wide- Identification of best practices case st dies regarding the s stem practices, studies system h WP2 Analysis of the state of the art WG reports for each WG topic WP3 Recommendations WG reports for each WG topic – final report WP4 Dissemination - Web site – final conference Picture courtesy by Francois Rambaud CERTU
  22. 22. To find out more: www.bhls.eu, www.bhns.fr www.certu.fr www bhls eu www bhns fr , www certu fr BHLS – Concept and recommendations (Certu 2005) – Practical advice BHLS – From the choice of the system to the implementation (to be p y p ( published) ) Executive summary on the relevance of tramway/BHLS (to be published) Thanks for Your Attention! Bjerkemo Konsult Hubertusv. 29 S-226 53 LUND Sweden +46 46 211 51 00, mobile +46 70 593 10 81 Transportation Planning, Public Transport Sustainable & Integrated Transport Strategies bjerkemo.konsult@swipnet.se
  23. 23. 2004 1994 2005 20052005 2007 2007 2008
  24. 24. International BRT definitions:Levinson et al.Bus Rapid Transit - Implementation GuidelinesTCRP Report 90-Volume II• “A flexible, high performance rapid transit mode that• combines a variety of physical, operating and system elements into physical• a permanently integrated system with a• quality image and unique identity.”BRT Planning Guide (IDTP 2007):• A high-quality bus based transit system that• delivers fast, comfortable, and cost-effective urban mobility through• the provision of segregated right-of-way infrastructure, p g g g y• rapid and frequent operations and• excellence in marketing and customer service.Bjerkemo Konsult Vinnova/KTH 080903
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×