Connecting Bellingham

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  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Andy Mortensen of Transpo Group GIS Measures of Connectivity | 05/26/09
  • Connecting Bellingham

    1. 1. Testing Connectivity Metrics in Bellingham, WA American Planning Association Washington State Conference Kennewick, WA October 5-6, 2010
    2. 2. Bellingham, WA – “City of Subdued Excitement” <ul><li>Bellingham = 77,000 residents </li></ul><ul><li>UGA = 9,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Whatcom County = 193,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Bellingham & UGA contains 45% of Whatcom County’s population </li></ul><ul><li>Bellingham is seat of County government and has 18 of the Top 25 employers in Whatcom County, including: </li></ul><ul><li>Western Washington University </li></ul><ul><li>Whatcom Community College </li></ul><ul><li>Bellingham Technical College </li></ul><ul><li>St. Joseph’s Hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Bellingham School District </li></ul><ul><li>City of Bellingham </li></ul><ul><li>Whatcom County </li></ul>Slide
    3. 3. Multimodal Transportation Concurrency Service Areas <ul><li>5 Urban Village (Type 1) Green Concurrency Service Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Downtown-Old Town-Fountain Districts </li></ul><ul><li>Barkley Village District </li></ul><ul><li>WWU IMP District </li></ul><ul><li>N. Samish Way District </li></ul><ul><li>Fairhaven Village District </li></ul><ul><li>4 Transition (Type 2) Yellow Concurrency Service Areas </li></ul><ul><li>5 Suburban (Type 3) Red Concurrency Service Areas </li></ul>Slide
    4. 4. Purpose of the Connectivity Study <ul><li>Establish Importance of “Connectivity” as a Metric </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Citywide Baseline Measurement of Connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Explore Means to Refine Multi-modal Concurrency to Include Connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Use Connectivity Metrics to Supplement Capital Improvement Feasibility Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Explore Use of Connectivity to Refine Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans and Prioritize Projects </li></ul>
    5. 5. Bellingham Comprehensive Plan Guidance <ul><li>TG-7 Focus on improving traffic circulation and reduce demand for constructing costly system improvements designed to accommodate additional single occupancy vehicle trips. </li></ul><ul><li>TG-16 Identify and commit to connecting ‘missing links’ within the land-based transportation network for all modes of transportation, including pedestrian, bicycle, transit, and motor vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>TG-18 Identify and analyze low-cost opportunities to increase street connectivity to create better traffic circulation within neighborhoods and throughout the city. </li></ul><ul><li>TP-60 Discourage cul-de-sacs, where topography allows, and encourage well-connected streets in new and existing neighborhoods. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Bellingham’s Transportation Mode Shift Goals Slide TG-28: Set target goals to increase the mode share of pedestrian, bicycle, and transit trips and reduce automobile trips as a percentage of total trips, as listed below. Mode 2004 1 2010 2 2015 2 2022 2 Auto 87% 84% 80% 75% Transit 2% 3% 4% 6% Bike 3% 4% 5% 6% Ped 8% 9% 11% 13% Notes: 1. 2004 raw data from FTA/Social Data Study 2. City/WTA recommendations based on 2004 raw data from FTA/Social Data Study
    7. 7. Citywide Connectivity - Bellingham
    8. 8. Bellingham’s 16 Concurrency Service Areas Testing Connectivity Quality of Service (QOS) Indices Connectivity Analyses Focused on CSAs #9 & #14
    9. 9. Connectivity by Concurrency Service Area
    10. 10. Measures of Connectivity in Concurrency Service Area #9 <ul><li>Smart Growth Access </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Active Living </li></ul>
    11. 11. CSA #9 Composite Score & Summary Connectivity Indices Composite Scoring
    12. 12. Concurrency Service Area #14 <ul><li>Smart Growth Access </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Active Living </li></ul>
    13. 13. CSA #14 Composite Score & Summary Connectivity Indices Composite Scoring
    14. 14. Connectivity Benefit - Birchwood Arterial Connector <ul><li>Interstate 5 = Barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Birchwood = New east-west arterial grade-separated beneath Interstate 5 via abandoned railroad tunnel </li></ul><ul><li>Connects 900-acre area annexed to city in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>New access to Hospital and medical facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Significant improvement in EMS, fire, and police response times </li></ul><ul><li>New sidewalk, bicycle lane, transit connections </li></ul><ul><li>In conjunction with off-street multi-use trail connecting City parks </li></ul>
    15. 15. St Joseph Hospital – Existing Condition Existing Travel Distance to St. Joseph Hospital
    16. 16. St Joseph Hospital with Birchwood Multimodal Connector Expanded Coverage Area – Birchwood Connector
    17. 17. St Joseph Hospital with Birchwood Multimodal Connector Reduced Travel Distance to St Joseph Hospital
    18. 18. Downtown Library with Birchwood Multimodal Connector Reduced Travel Distance to Bellingham Library
    19. 19. Technical College with Birchwood Multimodal Connector Reduced Travel Distance to Bellingham Technical College
    20. 20. Recommendations – Next Steps <ul><li>Consider Potential Revisions to Connectivity Metric </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Community Values – Weighting Criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add Connectivity Metric to Multimodal Concurrency Program for Pedestrian, Bicycle, Transit Modes </li></ul><ul><li>Examine Connectivity of Remaining CSAs </li></ul><ul><li>Refine and reconsider citywide Pedestrian and </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle System Needs </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare and Adopt Citywide Pedestrian and </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle System Plans </li></ul>
    21. 21. Bellingham Contact Information <ul><li>All questions regarding </li></ul><ul><li>Bellingham’s transportation planning programs </li></ul><ul><li>should be directed to: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Comeau, AICP, Transportation Planner </li></ul><ul><li>City of Bellingham Public Works Department </li></ul><ul><li>(360) 778-7946; or [email_address] </li></ul>Slide

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