Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

Wcc New York Sep 23 2010

on

  • 850 views

--FUN Research done with MBA students at Indian Maritime University in April 2010

--FUN Research done with MBA students at Indian Maritime University in April 2010

Statistics

Views

Total Views
850
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
850
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • http://history.nasa.gov/SP-168/p193a.jpg "I am not aware of any carbon dating either," said NASA spokesman Michael Braukus, refuting claims by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) that the agency had the Adam's bridge in Palk Strait - known as Ram Sethu in India - carbon dated as being 1.7 million years old. "Some people have taken pictures by our astronauts to make their claim. No position can be taken on the basis of these photographs in any way," Braukus said when asked to comment on the controversy surrounding the site of the proposed Rs 24 billion Sethusamudram canal project off India's southern tip. "The age, substratum, geological structure or anthropological status of the ocean bed in Palk strait cannot be determined by the astronauts' photographs. So there is no basis for these claims," Braukus said. Back in October 2002 too the US agency had rebutted a story circulated by an Indian news agency based on claims made by a couple of NRI websites and Hindu news services that "space images taken by NASA" had revealed "a mysterious ancient bridge in the Palk Strait". "Remote sensing images or photographs from orbit cannot provide direct information about the origin or age of a chain of islands, and certainly cannot determine whether humans were involved in producing any of the patterns seen," NASA official Mark Hess had said then. "The mysterious bridge was nothing more than a 30 km long, naturally-occurring chain of sandbanks called Adam's bridge," Hess had added. "NASA had been taking pictures of these shoals for years. Its images had never resulted in any scientific discovery in the area.
  • The bridge´s unique curvature and composition by age reveals that it is man made. The legends as well as Archeological studies reveal that the first signs of human inhabitants in Sri Lanka date back to the a primitive age, about 1,750,000 years ago and the bridge´s age is also almost equivalent. This information is a crucial aspect for an insight into the mysterious legend called Ramayana, which was supposed to have taken place in tredha yuga (more than 1,700,000 years ago). In this epic, there is a mentioning about a bridge, which was built between Rameshwaram (India) and Srilankan coast under the supervision of a dynamic and invincible figure called Rama who is supposed to be the incarnation of the supreme. This information may not be of much importance to the archeologists who are interested in exploring the origins of man, but it is sure to open the spiritual gates of the people of the world to have come to know an ancient history linked to the Indian mythology.
  • http://www.lankalibrary.com/geo/ancient/nasa.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rama_Setu_(Ramayana)#Yuddha_Kanda The Ramayana became popular in Southeast Asia during the 8th century and was represented in literature, temple architecture, dance and theatre. Today, dramatic enactments of the story of Ramayana, known as Ramlila , take place all across India and in many places across the globe within the Indian diaspora . The Ramayana has inspired works of film as well, most prominently the North American Sita Sings the Blues , which tells the story supporting Sita through song.
  • http://www.humsurfer.com/lord-hanuman-pictureswallpapersgallery Planet of the Apes –Hollywood Blockbuster
  • The Khmer retelling of the tale, the Reamker , is popularly expressed in traditional regional dance theatre. The Javanese dance of Ramayana describe Shinta held as prisoner in Alengka palace surrounded by ladies in waiting .
  • Adam's Bridge ( Tamil : ஆதாம் பாலம் āthām pālam ), also known as Rama's Bridge or Rama Setu ( Tamil : இராமர் பாலம் Rāmar pālam , Sanskrit : रामसेतु , Malayalam : രാമസേതു , rāmasetu ), [1] is a chain of limestone shoals , between Pamban Island , also known as Rameswaram Island , off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu , India , and Mannar Island , off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka . Geological evidence indicates that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka. [2] The bridge is 18 miles (30 km) long [3] and separates the Gulf of Mannar (southwest) from the Palk Strait (northeast). Some of the sandbanks are dry and the sea in the area is very shallow, being only 3 ft to 30 ft (1 m to 10 m) deep in places, which hinders navigation. [2] [4] [5] It was reportedly passable on foot up to the 15th century until storms deepened the channel: temple records seem to say that Rama’s Bridge was complete above sea level until it broke in a cyclone in 1480 CE. [ citation needed ]
  • A team from the Centre for Remote Sensing (CRS) of Bharathidasan University , Tiruchi led by Professor S.M. Ramasamy in 2003 claimed that, "Rama's bridge could only be 3,500 years old" and, "as the carbon dating of the beaches roughly matches the dates of Ramayana, its link to the epic needs to be explored". [48] However, one needs to note that the surveys which have come out with the 3500-year age for the bridge are based on the studies conducted on corals grown on the bridge itself and it has been argued that this represents only the age of what was measured, which is the corals. The bridge underneath the corals has been dated back to hundreds of thousands of years earlier. A former director of the Geological Survey of India , S. Badrinarayanan, claims that such a natural formation would be impossible. He justifies the same by the presence of a loose sand layer under corals for the entire stretch. Corals normally form above rocks. [49] [50] He feels that thorough analysis was not conducted by the Geological Survey of India before undertaking the SSCP project. In connection with the canal project, the Madras High Court in its verdict stated that the Rama Sethu is a man-made structure. [51] .Geological and archaeological findings of Teri formations , a rich assemblage of Mesolithic - Microlithic tools and human fossils found on both sides of the bridge by the Department of Earth-Science in March 2007 are also quoted as evidence for manmade structure
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckingham_Canal
  • The River Cooum, once a fresh water source is today a drainage course collecting surpluses of 75 small tanks of a minor basin. The length of the river is about 65 km, of which 18 km, fall within the Chennai city limits. This once fishing river & boat racing ground has borne the brunt of the city's unplanned explosion. The Kesavaram dam diverts the river into the Chembarambakkam Lake from which water is utilized for the supply of drinking water to the city of Chennai. Buckingham Canal is located 0.4 Kilometres away from Cooum River. The Buckingham Canal is a salt water navigation canal, running parallel to the Coromandel Coast of South India for 420 km. The first segment of the canal was constructed in 1806, from Chennai north t - 1 Photo(s) Featured.
  • Ruthushree, MBA Program in Indian Maritime University Ports, Cities, and Global Supply Chains (Tran…(Hardcover) by James Wang , Daniel
  • Ports, Cities, and Global Supply Chains by James Wang , Daniel Rodrigue, J-P, C. Comtois and B. Slack (2006) The Geography of Transport Systems, London: Routledge, 296 pages. ISBN 0-4153-5440-4. http://people.hofstra.edu/faculty/Jean-paul_Rodrigue/
  • 1Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation , Rutgers University Maritime UniversityMaritime Infrastructure Engineering and Managemen UniversityMaritime Infrastructure Engineering and Managemen UniversityMaritime Infrastructure Engineering and Managemen UniversityMaritime Infrastructure Engineering and Managemen UniversityMaritime Infrastructure Engineering and Management
  • Thanks to JPR and the presentation on Inland Terminals
  • Source: Mi-Jack Products
  • Maritime shipping has a profit margin of only about 2%. Single operator controls the berth-to-gate operations. Maritime shipping lines moving inland to capture value. Port terminal operations. Rail and trucking operations. Distribution centers. Logistics.
  • ISSUE Do Port Functions can be integrated in Regional & Local Activities? Do these Functions create activity and economic added value? Are they attractive? Do they conflict with urban functions and urban development? What is the policy of integrating obsolete port facilities
  • Theo Notteboom and Jean Paul Rodrigue. Port Regionalization :Towards a New Phase in Port Development, Maritime Policy and Management (2005) Suresh,P. Intermodal Transportation: Learning to Adapt Technology and Systems for Policy Development in Kuwait and GCC States, University of Missouri GUST Summer Fellowship paper, July 2007 Theofanis,S. “Port- -City Relationship: Background, Advances and Challenges Research Professor and Director of Program Development, CAIT/Maritime Infrastructure Engineering and Management Program Rutgers University Connected Cities Mount Pelion Conference July 30, 2006 Ports, Cities, and Global Supply Chains (Tran…(Hardcover) by James Wang , Daniel Olivier
  • Theo Notteboom and Jean Paul Rodrigue. Port Regionalization :Towards a New Phase in Port Development, Maritime Policy and Management (2005) Suresh,P. Intermodal Transportation: Learning to Adapt Technology and Systems for Policy Development in Kuwait and GCC States, University of Missouri GUST Summer Fellowship paper, July 2007 Theofanis,S. “Port- -City Relationship: Background, Advances and Challenges Research Professor and Director of Program Development, CAIT/Maritime Infrastructure Engineering and Management Program Rutgers University Connected Cities Mount Pelion Conference July 30, 2006 Ports, Cities, and Global Supply Chains (Tran…(Hardcover) by James Wang , Daniel Olivier
  • Suresh,P. Intermodal Transportation: Learning to Adapt Technology and Systems for Policy Development in Kuwait and GCC States, University of Missouri GUST Summer Fellowship paper, July 2007 -- --, What makes some ports tick, while other do not, Stimulus Indian Maritime University , March 2010
  • Shipping and Ports in the Twenty-first Centur…(Hardcover) by David Pinder , Brian Sla
  • Shipping and Ports in the Twenty-first Centur…(Hardcover) by David Pinder , Brian Sla
  • Shipping and Ports in the Twenty-first Centur…(Hardcover) by David Pinder , Brian Sla
  • GUST - UMSL Summer Fellowship Assignment of the author on Intermodal Transportation July 2007
  • GUST - UMSL Summer Fellowship Assignment on Intermodal Transportation July 2007
  • (Source: http://sethusamudram.tamilar.org/ The Sethusamudram Ship Canal Project (SSCP) is a 167 km long shipping canal, and envisages the creation of a navigable canal from the Gulf of Mannar to the Bay of Bengal to facilitate the movement of ships. The proposed SSCP site is located in a globally significant marine ecosystem – the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, one of world's richest marine biological resources. The project will also adversely affect the Palk Strait between India and Ceylon which is about 75 km-wide, with a water depth of 9-13 m, except where local coral reefs rise above the sea level. The Palk Strait is an inlet of the Bay of Bengal. The Palk Strait is 64 km to 137 km wide and 137 km long. The Palk Bay is also considered as one of the five major reef formations in India. The project documents claim that ships moving from the west coast to the east coast of India do not need to navigate around Sri Lanka but can use the channel to save 36 hours of shipping time and 570 nautical miles. It involves dredging in an 89 km stretch for a width of 300 m and for a depth of 12 m for ships less than 30, 000 DWT (dead weight tonnage) with draft restricted to 10m. The project route is shown below,
  • Proposals with years and suggested alignment routes
  • Philbert Suresh Mob: 0091-96770 43517 Chennai 0091-44-2449 4356 http://ca.linkedin.com/in/aburishi Skype: Translogistique Twitter: Translogistique i-FUN ( Intelligent Friends in the University Network) is an initiative of TransLogistique Canada (TLC) in GCC and South Asia)

Wcc New York Sep 23 2010 Wcc New York Sep 23 2010 Presentation Transcript

  • Sethusamudaram Canal and the Hinterland Logistics Prof Philbert Suresh i-FUN Intelligent Friends in the Université Network
  • Gates and Locks in Canals Rideau Canal, Eastern Ontario A boater's paradise  ....   A visitor's delight 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Sethusamudaram Canal and The Hinterland Logistics
    • ‘ You cannot change your destination overnight, but you can change your direction overnight’ -
    • Port Cities, Logistics Pathways and Networks are very complex process and more so in Hinterland Logistics .
    • So let us look at the horizon, see the end of the finish line and allow your project to move on to its next goal.
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Link to NASA Image : http://history.nasa.gov/SP-168/p193a.jpg Link to NASA Image : http://history.nasa.gov/SP-168/p193a.jpg NASA picture of Sethu Bridge (Ramar Palam) – Evidence of Ramar Palam in Ramayana Epic 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Rama Sethu or Adam’s Bridge
    • Space images taken by NASA reveal a mysterious ancient bridge in the Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka. The recently discovered bridge currently named as Adam´s Bridge is made of chain of shoals, c.18 mi (30 km) long.
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • "Srimad Bhagavatam"
    • NASA Images Find 1,750,000 Year Old Man-Made Bridge between India and Sri Lanka
    • Adam´s Bridge is 30 km long
    • describes the event: Text 22 nara-devatvam apannah sura-karya-cikirsaya samudra-nigrahadini cakre viryany atah param Translation: "In the eighteenth incarnation (of Lord Krishna), the Lord appeared as King Rama. In order to perform some pleasing work for the demigods, He exhibited superhuman powers by controlling the Indian Ocean and then killing the atheist King Ravana, who was on the other side of the sea".
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Reaching Rameswaram and Pamban Island – just a handshaking distance from the promontory
    • Rivers and Canals in Tamilnadu
    • Kaveri River and its tributaries
    • Adyar  • Amaravathi  • Arasalar  • Bhavani  • Cheyyar  • Chittar  • Cooum  • Kaveri  • Kedilam  • Kodaganar  • Kodavanar  • Kokkiliyar  • Kollidam  • Manimuthar  • Nadari  • Nambiyar  • Nanganjiyar  • Noyyal  • Pachaiyar  • Pahrali  • Palar  • Parambikulam  • Ponnaiyar  • Pykara  • Swetha  • Thamirabarani  • Vaigai  • Vaippar  • Vasishta  • Vellar  • Vennaaru
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Rama (right) seated on the shoulders of Hanuman , battles the demon-king Ravana.
    • Ramayan epic gives birth to the existence of Ramar Palam or Adams Bridge – that provides the foundation for SSCP Sethusamudaram Canal Project
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ramayana Epic in World Cultures Through Indian Diaspora 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Adam's bridge (Ramar Palam) as seen from the air
    • Adam's Bridge ( Tamil : ஆதாம் பாலம் āthām pālam ), also known as Rama's Bridge or Rama Setu ( Tamil : இராமர் பாலம் Rāmar pālam , Sanskrit : रामसेतु , Malayalam : രാമസേതു , rāmasetu ), [1] is a chain of limestone shoals , between Pamban Island , also known as Rameswaram Island , off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu , India , and Mannar Island , off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka .
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA CONSTITUTED NINE COMMITTEES BEFORE INDEPENDENCE, AND FIVE COMMITTEES SINCE THEN TO SUGGEST ALIGNMENTS FOR A SETHUSAMUDRAM CANAL PROJECT. MOST OF THEM SUGGESTED LAND-BASED PASSAGES ACROSS RAMESWARAM ISLAND AND NONE SUGGESTED ALIGNMENT ACROSS ADAM'S BRIDGE. [ IN 2001, THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA APPROVED A MULTI-MILLION DOLLAR SETHUSAMUDRAM SHIPPING CANAL PROJECT THAT AIMS TO CREATE A SHIP CHANNEL ACROSS THE PALK STRAIT BY DREDGING THE SHALLOW OCEAN FLOOR NEAR DHANUSHKODI . THE CHANNEL IS EXPECTED TO CUT OVER 400 KM (NEARLY 30 HOURS OF SHIPPING TIME) OFF THE VOYAGE AROUND THE ISLAND OF SRI LANKA . THIS PROPOSED CHANNEL'S CURRENT ALIGNMENT REQUIRES DREDGING THROUGH RAMA'S BRIDGE.
    • Historical map of Adam's Bridge and environs prior to the cyclone of 1964
    • Pearl fishing in the Gulf of Mannar , c.a. 1926
    • Landsat 5 image of Adam's Bridge
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
    • Venice – Canals: Heritage Site of UNESCO
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation Like the fabled city of Atlantis, the city is at risk of being submerged. Autumn and winter high tides flood city streets and raise water levels on the canals, making it difficult or impossible for boats to squeeze under the bridges. The high tides, called aqua alta, are also eroding the foundations of buildings, which are tightly packed along the edge of the canals and the city’s outer shores
  • 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation The Buckingham canal is connected with the Bay of Bengal through the Cooum River Section of the Canal near RA Puram with MRTS
  • 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation The Buckingham Canal is a 420 km long fresh water navigation canal, running parallel to the Coromandel Coast of South India from Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh to Villupuram District in Tamil Nadu .
  • Cooum River to the Buckingham Canal in the City of Chennai
    • Buckingham Canal is located 0.4 Kilometres away from Cooum River.
    • Pamban Bridge at the south eastern tip of Tamilnadu
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation The rare shell collection of a zoologist and marine Researcher stimulated the curiosity of the presenter since childhood - about the rich biodiversity of the Rameswaram and areas adjoining Pamban
  • Port Cities Détermines Global Trade Flow
    • Port cities have to assimilate and accommodate advances in logistics to sustain their competitive status as key interfaces in the building of smooth global trade flows ’.
    • The logistics environment creastes a high degree of uncertainty and leavces port managers and city officials with the question how to respond effectively to market dynamics
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • MORE On Port Cities A students mind is not container to be filled in but a precious receptacle to be ignited
    • What can be done to insert port cities in global supply chains is the focus of the current research endeavour of students at IMU ( Indian Maritime University)
    • Interesting prospect will be high lighted in today’s session on Sethusamudaram Canal and The Hinterland Logistic s
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • What are Port Cities??
    • The modern container port is a collection of separate terminals. Each with different clients, distinctive handling methods and managed by differnt companies with divergent policy objectives
    30/06/2010 Redefining Maritime Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Jean Paul Rodirgue Transport Geography 2004 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Hinterland Logistics: The Realm of the “Last Mile” (or the “First Mile”) Gateway Inland Terminal Distribution Center Capacity Frequency Corridor Customer “ Last Mile” Segment GLOBAL HINTERLAND REGIONAL LOCAL Shipping Network Massification Atomization
  • Terminalization in a Supply Chain Context Gateway Offshore Hub Bottleneck Buffer Distribution center (outbound / inbound) Inland containerized goods flow Inland non-containerized goods flow Maritime container flow Foreland (First Mile) Hinterland (Last Mile) Gateway Suppliers Customers Extended Distribution Center Extended Gate Port regionalization and the creation of a Regional Load Center Network Inland Terminal
  • Supply Chain Terminalization: Import Flows to the Hinterland
    • Bottleneck and buffer-derived terminalization
      • Port regionalization:
        • Regional load center network.
      • Extended gate:
        • Development of inland terminals.
      • Extended distribution center:
        • The terminal as a warehousing unit.
    Gateway Offshore Hub Gateway Suppliers Customers Inland Terminal 1 2 3
  • Container Transloading: A Strong Vector of Terminalization Cause Outcome Consolidation Transferring the contents of smaller containers into larger containers (e.g. three maritime 40 foot containers into two 53 foot domestic containers). Cost savings (number of lifts). Time delays. Weight compliance Transferring the contents of heavy containers into loads meeting national or regional road weight limits. Palletizing Placing loose (floor loaded) containerized cargo unto pallets. Adapting to local load units (e.g. europallet). Demurrage Handing back containers to owner (maritime shipping or leasing company) by transferring its contents into another load unit (e.g. domestic container). Equipment availability Making maritime containers available for exports and domestic containers available for imports. Trade facilitation. Supply chain management Terminal and transloading facility as a buffer. Delay decision to route freight to better fulfill regional demands. Perform some added value activities (packaging, labeling, final assembly, etc.)
  • Automated Transfer Management System for Truck-Rail Transfers
  • The Value Capture Process along Commodity Chains Port Holding Horizontal Integration Vertical Integration Maritime Shipping Offshore hub Inland Port Port Commodity Chain Port Authority Maritime Services Inland Services Port Services Port Terminal Operations Inland Modes and Terminals Distribution Centers
  • Supply Chains and Inland Terminals
    • JVC Belgium (EDC) + TCT Belgium (EG)
      • Four day rule.
      • Free time Rotterdam (5 days).
      • Free time TCT Belgium (21 days).
      • Full containers at TCT; part of stock to JVC Belgium.
  • Port City – Defined under TWIMP Analyses 30/06/2010 Redefine Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation T = Transportation (Convergence of Rail, Road and Sea in Sethu Canal) + W = Warehousing and Inventory Management (Bonded and other types of warehouse) + I = Information Technology (Maritime Software at the shore and sea) + Materials Handling ( Ports Equipment) + P = Packaging, Marking and Labeling ( RFID in Port)
  • Importance of Global Commodity Chains (GCC) in a Global Supply Chain (GSC)
    • Landward extension of GCC – port gateways and restructuring of physical and organizational relationships redefines port hinterlands
    • New spatial infrastructures are established in port hinterland – a process of port regionalization – where inland freight distribution centre's which are physically and logistically linked to ports have been established to GCC
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Importance of Global Commodity Chains (GCC) in a Global Supply Chain (GSC)
    • Landward extension of GCC – port gateways and restructuring of physical and organizational relationships redefines port hinterlands
    • New spatial infrastructures are established in port hinterland – a process of port regionalization – where inland freight distribution centre's which are physically and logistically linked to ports have been established to GCC
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Bulk and Containerized Commodity Chains Bulk Commodity Chain Containerized Commodity Chain Consolidation center Port Supplier Customer Inland Terminal Container port Pendulum Services Point-to-Point Complementarity
  • The Bone of Contention at the SSCP Ship Canal SSCP site is located in a globally significant marine ecosystem – the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, one of world's richest marine biological resources. 42 MBA students researched this aspect as an assignment for MBA program in Indian Maritime University, Chennai, India = April 2010 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Sethusamudaram Canal and The Hinterland Logistics 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
    • Gaining focus is the crucial challenge facing the committees that had to contend with cost révision since the canal inception
    • Sethusamudaram Canal is a dream project of India – if it uses the trimodal container terminal (TCT) infrastructure, it will be able to fulfill the project completion on time.
    • Is this something that the successive committees in the Government of India overlooked since 1860 when the British Canal Engineer, A D Taylor identified it as a feasible one? Which of the modes of transport will be optimized to implement the TCT concept? Are there any examples in the world of the TCT??
    A students mind is not container to be filled in but a precious receptacle to be ignited
  • Sethusamudaram Canal and The Hinterland Logistics
    • As observed all three ports in Southern Cities of India (Chennai, Tuticorin and Cochin ) have a significant number of container vessels using its facilities.
    • Containerization grows rapidly and becomes a dominant technique in the general cargo trade.
    • The Intermodal transportation system expands while improving its operation at sea, on land, and at the interfaces between different modes of transportation.
    • The demands that containerization place on the major segments of the system – ships, terminals and inland carriers – lead to the establishment of the load center (Hayut.Y).
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Sethusamudaram Canal and The Hinterland Logistics Whatsoever may be the reason, it is found that the design of the project is not well planned which may cause adverse effect on the economy and ecology of the nation. So it is advisable to go for a re-planning of the project and find some best alternate solution. T .O. Box 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments The relationship between ports and governments has changed profoundly over the past quarter of a century. Many governments have sought to extract themselves from the business of port operations and, in many cases, the provision of port services has devolved to local governments, communities or private management and administration. As such devolution implies a change in governance model , this trend raises questions about consequent performance. 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Devolution: Governance of Ports
    • Devolution examines the changed port management environment, focusing particularly on government policies such as devolution, regulatory reform and newly imposed governance models, all of which have exerted a significant influence over the nature of that changed environment.
    • The devolution is structured so as to first explore the devolution and port reform approaches for 14 countries or regions , before examining how ports are governed and what the choice of governance might mean for their performance.
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Load Centre and Port Hinterland The load center implies a concentration of container traffic at a limited number of larger ports. Two principal participants play dominant roles in the concentration process- the port and the carriers. In Sethu Canal Project , Tuticorin Port and Port of Jaffna will play a role The concentration of container traffic can be explained in terms of transport –carrier economies in the three geographical sectors of operations: maritime , inland (hinterland) and port terminal activities. 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Operation Freedom – Iraq In times of Iraq war, the ports in Kuwait had high container traffic beyond its physical infrastructure would allow them to handle efficiently, Concentration of fleet a t its port were a great concern Among the factors that contribute to the concentration of container traffic in a limited number of port, the most important appear to be: the economics of containership operation (particularly the time costs of port visits), the economies of large-scale container terminal operations, and the tendency to channel the inland distribution of containers into high volume truck routes ( for example land routes to Saudi Arabia, Syria and Jordancommon facilities. “(Dr Jean Paul Rodrique 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Extent to which transport modes currently satisfy the requirements of container flows through the port (for average, 1 = very inefficient, 10 = very efficient) 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation Average Standard dev. No. of observations Road 8.1 1.63 25 Rail 6.8 2.73 18 Inland waterway 5.8 2.86 5 Short sea shipping 7.6 2.59 10 Coastal shipping 7.3 2.83 10
  • Ports and Governments Located in a globally significant marine ecosystem – the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, one of world's richest marine biological resources. The project will also adversely affect the Palk Strait between India and Ceylon which is about 75 km-wide, with a water depth of 9-13 m, except where local coral reefs rise above the sea level. The Palk Strait is an inlet of the Bay of Bengal. The Palk Strait is 64 km to 137 km wide and 137 km long. 167 km long shipping canal 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments From the vessel size analysis, all vessels up to 20,000 DWT, about 75 per cent of 30,000 DWT, 10 per cent of vessels up to 40,000 DWT and 5 per cent of vessels up to 50,000 DWT, and all empty vessels will fall in this category and can pass through SSCP. The dredging quantity estimation is done taking sections at every 100 m interval and integrating over the length of segment. Based on the model studies report, it is estimated the maintenance dredging to be 2 million cu.m in the first year, reduction to 1.4 million cu.m in 5 years and remaining constant thereaft e r. 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments i-FUN Transport Lab in IMU With draft restriction of 10 m in the SSCP, there could be a growth in number of ships specially built for the purpose of passing through SSCP, may be called `SETHU MAX ', similar to vessels being built like Panamax or Suezmax vessels after the development of Panama and Suez can als. 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments Ships from the east coast of India to the west coast have to circumnavigate Sri Lanka. This is because of a Sand Stone Reef called Adam's bridge, at Pamban, near Rameswaram, where the depth of the sea is hardly 11 feet . 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation In order to reduce the steaming distances and take advantage of navigation along the coast and within India's territorial waters, British Commander A.D. Taylor of the Indian Marines conceived, in 1860, a proposal for cutting a ship canal called the Sethusamudram Ship Canal through Rameswaram island, connecting the G
  • Ports and Governments A students mind is not a container to be filled in but a precious receptacle to be ignited After Independence, the Indian government constituted the Sethusamudram Project Committee in 1955, with Sir Ramaswamy Mudaliyar as chairman. He pegged the initial capital outlay for the integrated Sethusamudram-cum-Tuticorin Port Scheme at Rs 998 lakh and contemplated a draft of 26 ft. 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments In 1963, Tuticorin Harbor Project was sanctioned but the government decided to include Sethusamudram Project for advance action. In 1975, the Tuticorin Harbor Project was completed and the traffic exceeded the forecast made. In January 1981, Ministry of Shipping and Transport (Port Wing) constituted a committee that estimated the cost of the project at Rs 282 crore. 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments
    • In 1994, the Tamil Nadu government requested the Pallavan Transport Consultancy Services Ltd, Chennai, to appraise and revalidate a 1983 report as a result of which the latter submitted its report in March 1996. The cost estimates indicated in the report for:
    • 1. 30' draft Rs 685 crore 2. 31' draft Rs 760 crore 3. 35' draft Rs 1,200 crore
    • They added that it would be worthwhile to implement the project initially for 31 feet draft and increase it to 35 feet wherever the approach channels are deepened in Tuticorin and Haldia
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments A students mind is not a container to be filled in but a precious receptacle to be ignited 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Sethusamudaram Canal Since 1860 Possibly conceived in 1860 by Commander A. D. Taylor of the Indian Marines, the project has been reviewed many times over the years but no decision was ever made. It is usually described as 150 years of Tamil's dream to bring in Economic prospects for the Costal districts of Tamil Nadu. However successive governments since Indian Freedom did not implement this project though it was part of the election manifestos of all political parties during election s 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Various Proposals for Linking Canal Pre-Independence : 1) Commander Taylor’s Proposal – 1860 2) Mr. Townshend’s Proposal – 1861 3) Parliamentary Committee’s Proposal – 1862 4) His Excellency Sir William Dennison’s Proposal (Governor of Madras) – 1863 5) Mr. Robertson’s ( Harbour Engineer to the Govt. of India) Proposal – 1872 6) Sir John Code’s Proposal – 1884 7) S.I. Railway Engineers Proposal – 1903 8) Sir Robert Bristo’s (Harbour Engineer to the Govt. of India) Proposal - 1922 Reports considered after Independence 1) Sethusamudram Project Committee – 1956 2) Nagendra Singh Committee Report – 1967 3) Lakshminarayan Committee Report – 1981 4) Pallavan Transport Consultancy Services Report – 1996 5) Tuticorin Port Trust as Nodal Agency – 1997 6) DPR prepared by L&T T-Ramboll – 2004 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments Sethusamudaram Canal is a dream project of India – if it uses the trimodal container terminal (TCT) infrastructure, it will be able to fulfill the project completion on time. Is this something that the successive committees in the Government of India overlooked since 1860 when the British Canal Engineer, A D Taylor identified it as a feasible one? Which of the modes of transport will be optimized to implement the TCT concept? Are there any examples in the world of the TCT?? 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation Prof Philbert Classroom in Transportation and Logistics at Gulf University, Kuwait – 2006 to 2009
  • Ports and Governments A students mind is not a container to be filled in but a precious receptacle to be ignited Outstanding examples of canal engineering and development of the infrastructure reveals the efficiency of Trimodal Container Terminals in Oresund (Sweden), Antwerp, Belgium and Welland Canal in the Niagara Region These developments serve as a good model for Sethusamudaram Canal embroiled in controversies – more politically rather than in effective transport economic 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Examples of TCT for Hinterland Logistics Trimodal Container Terminal Belgium
    • Strategically situated between Antwerp and Brussels, the Trimodal Container Terminal Belgium (TCT Belgium) handles a substantial part of the logistics activities of its customers .
    • The inland terminal on the Scheldt-Brussels Canal in Willebroek organizes both the transport of containers to and from the seaport and the on-demand pick-up and delivery right at the client's front door .
    • Cargo is always available just-in-time .
    • The impact of TCT is due to the development of intermodal transport network and logistics facilities on hinterland penetration of ports. The infrastructure and institutional problems that limit opportunities of ports in Asia to serve expanded hinterland, and policy guidelines to improve transport and logistics facilities in order to expand port hinterlands like those in Los Angeles, Brisbane, Tauranga, Duisburg and Vancouver
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • SSCP is not alone: Wedding of the Waterways
    • TCT Belgium is situated in the Willebroek area, a region that is quickly developing into a leading centre for European production and distribution.
    • Located at the junction of international transport axe s, TCT Belgium is the ideal link between the North Sea, the Willebroek region and the European market.
    • Substantial service network - Thanks to its well-trained and highly motivated staff, TCT Belgium day in day out offers
    • The impact of TCT is due to the development of intermodal transport network and logistics facilities on hinterland penetration of ports.
    • The infrastructure and institutional problems that limit opportunities of ports in Asia to serve expanded hinterland , and policy guidelines to improve transport and logistics facilities in order to expand port hinterlands like those in Los Angeles, Brisbane, Tauranga, Duisburg and Vancouver
    TCT in Belgium Other Models for SSCP 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments One can conclude that the project has not been adequately assessed for the environmental impacts to the biodiversity of the Palk Strait, Palk Bay and the Gulf of Mannar and will have serious impacts and cause drastic changes to the biodiversity of the region. 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Final Conclusion Any major development project has both benefits and disadvantages to the society. Many development projects have very high economic benefit and at the same time lead to environmental hazard. The poor design of the project, under-estimations of costs, and the poor assessment of risks, hazards and environmental impacts of the project. Most importantly the project itself admits to the loss of corals, sea fans, sponges, holothurians, which are all protected/scheduled species under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 for which the proponents failed to seek clearance from the Chief Wildlife Warden and Central Government as required by law 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation
  • Ports and Governments The modern ships are built in such a way that they can carry huge volumes of tonnage which ultimately increase their drafts. In such cases, these ships will not use canals like SSC. It is likely to also cause major impacts and losses of fisheries and livelihoods to the region. Reviewing the current status of the implementation phase of the project, considerable environmental and economic damage has probably already been done . 30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation A students mind is not a container to be filled in but a precious receptacle to be ignited
  • Thanks for your time and kind attention  )
    • Sethusamudaram Canal
    • Our goal – is to cut the Gordian Knot and resolve Sethu Challenges through coordination of a TCT proposal based on the model in Antwerp and Duisburg
    30/06/2010 Redefing Logistics Leadership for the Next Generation TCT - India