strategies for examinations• Pay attention to what the question asks. – The causes of the Revolution are not the same as the results of the Revolution.• Use logic & use what you know. – Cities of colonial period were on or near Atlantic Ocean.• Pick out what is relevant from everything you know.• What is the significance of what you know?
learning to learn• memorization of facts.• analysis – thinking critically.• context?• significance?
questions about fall final exam?• What do you need to analyze to understand ?• What can you easily look up on the internet?
past & present: Constitution• Billions of $$ are spent on presidential campaigns.• 2012 is presidential election year.• 2010, Citizens United v FEC (Federal Election Commission), Supreme Court found a law which prohibited corporations & unions from paying for campaign ads 60 days before elections, unconstitutional under 1st Amendment.• What does 1st Amendment protect?
possible Republican candidates Democratic candidate: president usually runs for 2nd term
past & present: Constitution1868, 14th Amendment granted citizenship, dueprocess, equal protection to persons, regardlessof previous condition of servitude.1886, Supreme Court interpreted corporationsas persons.2010, Citizens United, Supreme Court gavecorporations (& unions) unlimited spendingpowers to influence elections.
US 1800 - 1877• territorial expansion to Pacific Ocean. Almost all land & borders of 2012 were established by 1877. (Hawaii & Puerto Rico added in 1890s.)• wars with England, Mexico, Native people, and itself (Civil War).• industrialization, new transportation, urbanization, immigration.• abolition of slavery; development of segregation.• social justice, reform, & extension of democracy.
announcements• volunteer to post power points on Facebook every week?• volunteer to arrange to copy reading some weeks?• do you have parents or other folks who speak English & live in Izmir?• reading for 28/2/2012: Crevecoeur, Letters from an American Farmer, Letter 3, “What is an American?” (1782), p. 49 – 61.• http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/CREV/letter03.htm